FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
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Encyclopedia > Death rates in the 20th century
Nanjing Road is the main street in Shanghai, China's largest city with a population over 14 million people. Plummeting death rates have led to huge population growth throughout China and the world.
Nanjing Road is the main street in Shanghai, China's largest city with a population over 14 million people. Plummeting death rates have led to huge population growth throughout China and the world.

Death rates in the 20th century from natural causes, including disease and malnutrition, plummeted in wealthier countries, but increased in impoverished nations/regions. Image File history File links Crowded_Nanjing_Road_in_Shanghai. ... Image File history File links Crowded_Nanjing_Road_in_Shanghai. ...

(statistics needed for world wide death rates, including ones caused by warfare: personal and collective)

In 1900 around 17 Americans per 1000 died in any given year. At the close of the century the number was around 9 per thousand.

Age-adjusted death rates fell even more dramatically. Children in 1999 were 10 times less likely to die than children in 1900. For adults 24-65, death rates have been halved. The death rate for Americans aged 65 to 74 fell from nearly 7% per year to fewer than 2% per year.

The introduction of vaccines for several disease led to reduced mortality from them. Again developed countries felt the greatest benefit. In the 20th century, vaccines became available for many diseases which caused deaths: Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tuberculosis, Tetanus, Yellow Fever, Polio, Measles, Hepatitis among others. A vaccine is an antigenic preparation used to produce active immunity to a disease, in order to prevent or ameliorate the effects of infection by any natural or wild strain of the organism. ... Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is a highly contagious disease that is one of the leading causes of vaccine-preventable deaths. ... Tuberculosis is an infection with the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) but can also affect the central nervous system (meningitis), lymphatic system, circulatory system (miliary TB), genitourinary system, bones and joints. ... Tetanus is a serious and often fatal disease caused by the neurotoxin tetanospasmin which is produced by the Gram-positive, obligate anaerobic bacterium Clostridium tetani. ... Poliomyelitis (polio), or infantile paralysis, is a viral paralytic disease. ... Hepatitis is a gastroenterological disease, featuring inflammation of the liver. ...

However, war, genocide and holocaust led to many millions of deaths throughout the century, and late in the century AIDS had already killed millions, particularly in Africa and south-east Asia. Cancer also killed millions with cigarette smoking and pollution generated by industrialization as its main cause. War is a state of widespread conflict between states, organisations, or relatively large groups of people, which is characterised by the use of lethal violence between combatants or upon civilians. ... Genocide is defined by the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (CPPCG) article 2 as any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group, as such: Killing members of the group; Causing... Concentration camp inmates during the Holocaust The Holocaust was Nazi Germanys systematic genocide (ethnic cleansing) of various ethnic, religious, national, and secular groups during World War II. Early elements include the Kristallnacht pogrom and the T-4 Euthanasia Program established by Hitler that killed some 200,000 people. ... The Red Ribbon is the global symbol for solidarity with HIV-positive people and those living with AIDS. AIDS is an acronym for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and is defined as a collection of symptoms and infections resulting from the depletion of the immune system caused... When normal cells are damaged beyond repair, they are eliminated by apoptosis. ... Environmental Pollution is the release of harmful environmental contaminants, or the substances so released. ...

See also

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Around the world, death rates gradually decreased in the late 19th and the 20th centuries, with death rates in developing countries plummeting after World War II thanks to the spread of modern medicine that allowed control of infectious diseases.
Stabilizing birth rates and increasing death rates (the latter being a result of aging populations; see Chapter 8) have already led to a natural population decrease in Italy and Germany.
Birth rates in the transition countries of Europe have dropped sharply in the past 5 to 10 years, just as the death rates were on the increase.
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