FACTOID # 23: Wisconsin has more metal fabricators per capita than any other state.
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Encyclopedia > Deadweight

The weight of a ship when empty; i.e, the weight of an oil tanker without barrels of oil.

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Chapter 8 (1363 words)
Taxes have deadweight losses because they cause buyers to consume less and sellers to produce less, and this change in behavior shrinks the size of the market below the level that maximizes total surplus.
deadweight loss:  the fall in total surplus that results from a market distortion, such as a tax.
         The deadweight loss is the area of a triangle and the area of a triangle depends on the square of its size.
Deadweight loss - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (463 words)
In economics, a deadweight loss (also known as excess burden) is a loss of economic efficiency that can occur when equilibrium for a good or service is not Pareto optimal.
The term deadweight loss may also be referred to as the "excess burden of monopoly" or the "excess burden of taxation".
The latter is related to the concept of consumer surplus, such that it can be shown that the Marshallian deadweight loss is zero where demand is perfectly elastic or supply is perfectly inelastic.
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