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Encyclopedia > Deadbeat dad

Deadbeat Dad or Deadbeat Mom are pejorative terms (primarily U.S.) that are commonly used by the child support agency to refer to men and women who have fathered or mothered a child but fail to pay child support ordered by a family law court or statutory agency such as the Child Support Agency. The real definition is an unrestricted parent treated equally who chooses not to be a regular or supportive parent in their child or children's lives. Deadbeat parents is a gender neutral term referring to parents of either gender that have freely chosen not to be a regular or supportive parent in their children's lives. Family Law was a television drama starring Kathleen Quinlan as a divorced lawyer who attempted to start her own law firm after her lawyer husband took all their old clients. ... The Child Support Agency (or CSA) is a UK Government Executive Agency, part of the Department for Work and Pensions, launched on April 5, 1993. ...

Contents

Child support arrears

The US Department of Health and Human Services estimates that 68% of child support cases had arrears owed in 2003 (a figure up from 53% in 1999). However, these estimates are based on information supplied only by the custodial parent. Many of these arrearage cases are due to the practice of imputing income to parents where it does not exist and issuing default orders of support.


Child support assessments are made based on a variety of formulae, and vary from state to state in the United States. According to one study 38% of Illinois non-custodial parents not paying child-support said they lacked the money to pay. 23% used non-payment to protest a lack of visitation rights. 14% complained of no accountability over the spending of their child support money, while 13% said they didn't want their child(ren) and 12% denied parentage. Additionally, some non-custodial parents who have been subject to acrimonious divorces often see these payments as unfair and excessive. Some custodial parents who have been victimized in abusive relationships view the avoidance of child support payments as another means of their spouses perpetuating the abuse.


Deadbeat dad legislation in the US

Main article: Bradley Amendment

The U.S. law commonly known as the Bradley Amendment was passed in 1986 to automatically trigger a non expiring lien whenever child support becomes past-due. In United States law, the Bradley Amendment is the common name given to any of a number of amendments offered by Senator Bill Bradley, the most notable of which is the amendment to US Code Title IV-D (42, U.S.C. 666(a)(9)(c)) which requires state courts... In United States law, the Bradley Amendment is the common name given to any of a number of amendments offered by Senator Bill Bradley, the most notable of which is the amendment to US Code Title IV-D (42, U.S.C. 666(a)(9)(c)) which requires state courts...

  • The law overrides any state's statute of limitations.
  • The law disallows any judicial discretion, even from bankruptcy judges.
  • The law requires that the payment amounts be maintained without regard for the physical capability of the person owing child support (the obligor) to make the notification or regard for their awareness of the need to make the notification.

Many U.S. states have passed "deadbeat dad laws" that allows the Department of Motor Vehicles in the state to use its information to find the "deadbeat dad" and call him to account for his actions. Of course, such laws apply to both men and women who owe child support, but the corresponding term would be "deadbeat mom". Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... In the United States of America, Department of Motor Vehicles (or DMV) is a commonly used name of the government agency of a U.S. state which administers the registration of automobiles (e. ...


There are now many collections-oriented sites on the Internet that mention or highlight deadbeat dads, some even showing mug shots and marking the photos as "found" in the style of the FBI's "most wanted" list.[citation needed] The FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list arose from a conversation held in late 1949, during a game of Hearts between J. Edgar Hoover, Director of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation, and William Kinsey Hutchinson,[1] International News Service (the predecessor of the United Press International) Editor-in...


Action taken against defaulting parents

In the United States, many states suspend an individual's licenses (i.e. driver's license, business license, contractor license) if that individual has significant arrearage in support payments or does not consistently pay support. This authority does not extend to professionals who receive licensure through non-governmental agencies. In 2000, the state of Tennessee revoked the driver’s licenses of 1,372 people who collectively owed more than $13 million in child support. In Texas non-custodial parents behind more than three monthsin child-support payments can have court-ordered payments deducted from their wages, can have federal income tax refund checks, lottery winnings, or other money that may be due from state or federal sources intercepted by child support enforcement agencies, can have licenses (including hunting and fishing licenses) suspended, and a judge may sentence a nonpaying parent to jail and enter a judgment for past due child support. Some have taken the view that such penalties are unconstitutional, even alleging that "The People employed in the family courts and family court services are criminals" However, on September 4, 1998, the Supreme Court of Alaska upheld a law allowing state agencies to revoke driver's licenses of parents seriously delinquent in child support obligations. And in the case of United States of America v. Sage, U.S. Court of Appeals (2nd Cir., 1996), the court upheld the constitutionality of a law allowing federal fines and up to two years imprisonment for a person willfully failing to pay more than $5,000 in child support over a year or more when said child resides in a different state from that of the non-custodial parent. Child Support Recovery Act of 1992 Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... The Texas Lottery is run by the state of Texas. ... Constitutionality is the status of a law, a procedure, or an acts accordance with the laws or guidelines set forth in the applicable constitution. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...


Terminology

A note about the term “Dead-beat parent” this a descriptive term used more by Child Support advocacy groups than by Child Support Agencies. Child Support Agencies described clients either as in compliance, not in compliance or criminally non compliant. Compliance is judged by the paying party's performance in meeting the terms of the Child Support court order. However, some local authorities have mounted campaigns targeting so called "deadbeats". In the animated cartoon show the Simpson's, Homer Simpson accidentally locks his youngest child inside a newspaper vending machine while getting a newspaper. The headline of the paper that day, read, "Deadbeat Dad Beat Dead".


Opposition to the use of the term

The men's rights activist Glenn Sacks regularly publicises situations in which government authorities target so called deadbeat parents, noting that jailing people for non-payment (whether men or women), vilifying public campaigns naming and shaming such people can be ineffective and fraught with error where the identification is incorrect. This box:      Mens Rights involves the promotion of male equality, rights, and freedoms in society. ... Glenn Sacks is an American mens and fathers issues columnist and a nationally syndicated radio talk show host. ...


The men's rights activist Thomas Lessman is a regular participant on talk radio programs in his home of Topeka, Kansas. Thomas has been a victim of these programs, even though he and his ex-wife have a stipulated agreement to avoid any government involvement in their children's lives. This box:      Mens Rights involves the promotion of male equality, rights, and freedoms in society. ... Thomas Lessman was born on October 23, 1977, in Topeka, Kansas, United States. ...


The late men's rights activist Wilbur Street was an activist in the Father's Rights Movement. Wilbur lost his high paying job when he developed Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (also known as "Lou Gehrig’s disease"). The New Jersey system ignored Wilbur's disease and imputed a high income to him, despite his level of disability. In 2005, Wilbur was jailed for a child support arrearage based upon his imputed income. He died in a New Jersey jail on the second day of his incarceration from complications of ALS. Wilbur's daughter has taken up Wilbur's campaign and has become an activist in the cause of Father's Rights. This box:      Mens Rights involves the promotion of male equality, rights, and freedoms in society. ... Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, sometimes called Lou Gehrigs Disease, Maladie de Charcot or motor neurone disease) is a progressive, fatal, neurodegenerative disease caused by the degeneration of motor neurons, the nerve cells in the central nervous system that control voluntary muscle movement. ...


Shared Parenting Advocate - Stephen Rene [1] has also been lobbying State and Federal Legislators since 2001 to share the message that comes from sharing positive parenting results. Congress responded with the new "Federal Child Custody Protection Act" [2]. This balances the legislation passed in 1996 on Child Support Enforcement for parents that should not be discriminated against based on race, gender, religion or parenting status.


Removal of this Legal Case information and actual quote from N.O.W. President is intentionally withholding the truth from others and should not be deleted based on factual events in the last 7 years based on the efforts of both genders working together to change the laws in place:


Apr 2007 - The Washington State Legislature passed into law Body: Apr 2007 - The Washington State Legislature passed into law SB5470 is a bill which removes barriers that kept judges from awarding shared parenting. Although this bill is a far cry from an actual shared parenting bill, it is another positive step forward for non-custodial parents in 40 years! SB5470 removed the requirement that both parties needed to agree to shared parenting before it could be awarded. With passage of the bill, judges will now be able to award custody that is in the best interest of the child, even if one parent feels shared parenting should not be allowed [for the 1st time in history].


Jan 2007 - Gov in California signs bill. A Shared Parenting Bill has not yet emerged from California's legislature, but a bill by Assembly Member Merv Dymally encouraging collaborative divorce was signed by the governor and became law in January 2007 (AB 402). Collaboration for divorcing parents who can cooperate is a step in the right direction. We still need further reform in family law to reduce high conflict and destructive litigation [for the 1st time in history].


Jan 2005 - Gov in Florida reforms child support to make it simpler for mom's and dad's and child support revenue increases [for the 1st time in history].


Apr 2004 - Gov in Iowa signs the 1st "child support with visitation" order parental rights bill [for the 1st time in history].


Apr 2004 - CA State Supreme Court rules that "no child shall be removed from the state of California under objection from a non-custodial parent" [for the 1st time in history].


"In a more balanced and less adversarial legal process, 1 glaring statistic may help...in the last 10 years 300,000 non-custodial & custodial parents have taken their own lives, and that of their own children based on the current adversarial process in place. SRene2004


According to Karen DeCrow, former president of the National Organization for Women:


"If there is a divorce in the family, I urge a presumption of joint custody of the children. Shared parenting is not only fair to men and children, it is the best option for women. After observing women's rights and responsibilities for more than a quarter of a century of feminist activism, I conclude that shared parenting is great for women, giving time and opportunity for female parents to pursue education, training, jobs, careers, profession and leisure. There is nothing scientific, logical or rational in excluding men or forever holding women and children as if in swaddling clothes in an eternally loving bondage. Most of us have acknowledged that women can do everything that men can do. It is time now for us to acknowledge that men can do everything women can do [in parenting of our children equally]."


See also

Child custody and guardianship are legal terms which are sometimes used to describe the legal and practical relationship between a parent and his or her child, such as the right of the parent to make decisions for the child, and the parents duty to care for the child. ... Divorce or dissolution of marriage is the ending of a marriage before the death of either spouse. ... Family Law was a television drama starring Kathleen Quinlan as a divorced lawyer who attempted to start her own law firm after her lawyer husband took all their old clients. ... This box:      Mens Rights involves the promotion of male equality, rights, and freedoms in society. ... Paternity is the social and legal acknowledgment of the parental relationship between a father and his child. ... The Child Support Agency Australia is a Government of Australia agency established in 1988 that administers the child support arrangements where parents do not reside together in Australia It replaced the ad hoc child maintenance system, dealt with by the courts. ... The Child Support Agency (or CSA) is a UK Government Executive Agency, part of the Department for Work and Pensions, launched on April 5, 1993. ...

References

  • The Deadbeat Dad Myth: Strategies and Research in Defense of Men in Divorce by William N. Bender and Renet L. Bender, The University Of Georgia, Institute of Government. NBA Legend [(Larry Bird)] has been referred to as a "Deadbeat Dad".

Further reading

  • Shackelford, T. K., Weekes-Shackelford, V. A., & Schmitt, D. P. (2005). An evolutionary perspective on why men refuse or reduce their child support payments. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 27, 297-306. Full text

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Deadbeat dad - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1039 words)
Deadbeat parents are non-custodial parents who avoid their child support obligations.
Many U.S. states have passed "deadbeat dad laws" that allows the Department of Motor Vehicles in the state to use its information to find the "deadbeat dad" and call him to account for his actions.
There are now many collections-oriented sites on the Internet that mention or highlight deadbeat dads, some even showing mug shots and marking the photos as "found" in the style of the FBI's "most wanted" list.
The facts about Deadbeat Dads, by Bruce Walker. (903 words)
The real deadbeat dad is seldom a model citizen, but he is even more seldom the mythical monster described by politicians.
A large percentage of deadbeat dads are remarried and are supporting several step-children or biological children from a second marriage.
It is also common for the ex-wife of a deadbeat dad to have remarried another deadbeat dad, who is supporting her and her children.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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