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Encyclopedia > DeKalb, Illinois
City of DeKalb, Illinois
Coordinates: 41°55′53″N 88°45′1″W / 41.93139, -88.75028
Country United States of America
State Illinois
County DeKalb
Incorporated 1856
Government
 - Mayor Frank Van Buer
Area
 - Total 12.6 sq mi (32.7 km²)
Population (2000)
 - Total 39,018
 - Density 3,093.9/sq mi (1,194.7/km²)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Website: www.cityofdekalb.com

DeKalb is a city in DeKalb County, Illinois, United States. The population was 39,018 at the 2000 census. The city's name (as well as the name of DeKalb County, IL where it is located) is pronounced "dee-KALB" (di-kalb') (IPA]/di:'kaelb/) (the L sound is present), not as "dee-KABB" (di-kab') (IPA /di:'kaeb/) or "dee-KAHB" (di-kohb') (IPA /di:'ka:b/) with the L silent, which are common pronunciations for similarly spelled locations, mostly located in the southern US, such as in DeKalb County, Georgia. This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Listed are the 102 counties of the state of Illinois. ... Location in the state of Illinois Formed 1836 Seat Sycamore Area  - Total  - Water 1,645 km² (634 mi²) 2 km² (1 mi²) 0. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Location in the state of Illinois Formed 1836 Seat Sycamore Area  - Total  - Water 1,645 km² (634 mi²) 2 km² (1 mi²) 0. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... DeKalb County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... IPA may refer to: The International Phonetic Alphabet or India Pale Ale ... IPA may refer to: The International Phonetic Alphabet or India Pale Ale ... IPA may refer to: The International Phonetic Alphabet or India Pale Ale ... DeKalb County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. ...

Contents

History

Two examples of Joseph Glidden's early barbed wire.
Two examples of Joseph Glidden's early barbed wire.
The 1857 George Gurler House In DeKalb is affiliated with dairy farmers in the Gurler family.
The 1857 George Gurler House In DeKalb is affiliated with dairy farmers in the Gurler family.

Founded in 1837, DeKalb remained a small community until the arrival of the Chicago and Northwestern Railroad in 1853. DeKalb's central location brought easier shipping of crops and access to larger markets. Agriculture was the primary economic activity until 1873-4 when farmer Joseph Glidden developed barbed wire and began commercial mass production of his new invention. Glidden sold half of his interest to hardware merchant Isaac L. Ellwood and together the two formed the Barb Fence Company. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 401 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 401 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Chicago and North Western Railway (AAR reporting marks: CNW, CNWS, CNWZ; unofficial abbreviation: C&NW) was a Class I railroad in the United States. ... Joseph Glidden Joseph Farwell Glidden (January 18, 1813–1906) was an American farmer who patented barbed wire, a product that forever altered the development of the American West. ... Typical modern agricultural barbed wire. ... Barbed wire baron Isaac Ellwood played prominently in the history of DeKalb. ...


Two months after Glidden filed his application for a patent, lumber salesman Jacob Haish also applied for a patent and on June 25, 1874 ran interference papers against Glidden's patent. After several years of legal wrangling, in 1877 Glidden's patent won and Glidden was declared the "Father of Barbed Wire".[1] The industry gave DeKalb a place in history and the nickname "Barb City". Jacob Haish (March 9, 1826–February 19, 1926) was one of the first inventors of barbed wire. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


In 1865 H. B. Gurler moved to DeKalb, and later attempted to create high-grade milk. Gurler began shipping his "Pure Milk" to Chicago in 1895.


The founding of Northern Illinois State Normal School in 1895 added education to DeKalb's landscape. It later became Northern Illinois University which is known for its business, nursing, education, engineering, and music programs. Northern Illinois University is a public university located in DeKalb, Illinois. ...


Agriculture again came to the forefront with the creation of the DeKalb County Farm Bureau in 1912, one of the first organizations of its kind. In the 1930s the DeKalb AgResearch Corporation (today MONSANTO) marketed its first hybrid seed corn.


Supermodel Cindy Crawford was born here and graduated as a valedictorian from DeKalb High School in 1984. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Actor Richard Jenkins was born and raised in DeKalb. Richard Jenkins (born 2 December 1953 in DeKalb, Illinois, USA) is an American actor. ...


L.A. Rams linebacker Mel Owens graduated from DeKalb High School in 1976. Mel Owens is a former American football linebacker. ...


1990s hardcore punk/power violence thrash band Charles Bronson was formed in DeKalb. Hardcore punk, now commonly known as hardcore, is a subgenre of punk rock that originated in North America in the late 1970s. ... Power violence is a cross breeding of the musical genres hardcore punk and grindcore. ...


Author Richard Powers graduated from DeKalb High School in 1975. Richard Powers (born June 18, 1957) is a novelist whose works explore the effects of modern science and technology. ...


Geography

DeKalb is located at 41°55′53″N, 88°45′1″W (41.931274, -88.750151).GR1


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 32.7 km² (12.6 mi²). 32.7 km² (12.6 mi²) of it is land and 0.08% is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
2007 Kishwaukee River Flood

On August 24, 2007, the Kishwaukee River at DeKalb, Illinois crested at 15.27 feet (all time record 15.8 feet) causing major flooding. This was only the second time the river rose above 15 feet since the level of the river has been recorded.[2] Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The Kishwaukee River is a river in Illinois. ...


Government

DeKalb is governed by a Council-Manager government. Policy is developed by an elected City Council then implemented by an appointed professional City Manager. DeKalb's City Council is made up of a Mayor elected at-large and seven alderpersons elected by ward. Each serves a four year term, with half the council being elected every two years. A City Clerk is also elected every four years who serves as the official record keeper of the city. The current record keeper, Francis Longbottom, also holds the position of Keeper of Signs and Precepts. Also, he holds the goat while the mayor sacrifices it to Satan at the annual cornfest. The council-manager government is one of two main variations of representative municipal government in the United States. ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ...


Industry

(please add content)


Park facilities

DeKalb has over 44 community facilities. Some of the main parks, golf courses and museum include:

  • River Heights Golf Course
  • Buena Vista Golf Course
  • Hopkins Park Pool and Community Center
  • DeKalb County Forest Preserves
  • Ellwood House Museum and Park

The Ellwood House was built as a private home by barbed wire entrepreneur Isaac Ellwood in 1879. ...

Health systems

  • Kishwaukee Hospital
  • DeKalb Clinic

The DeKalb Clinic is a multi-specialty clinic. ...

Demographics

A home in the neighborhood north of downtown DeKalb, near the Gurler House.
A home in the neighborhood north of downtown DeKalb, near the Gurler House.

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 39,018 people, 13,081 households, and 6,566 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,194.7/km² (3,093.9/mi²). There were 13,619 housing units at an average density of 417.0/km² (1,079.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.00% White, 9.08% African American, 0.24% Native American, 4.62% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 4.35% from other races, and 2.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.04% of the population. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... The George H. Gurler House or simply, the Gurler House, is a home in the DeKalb County, Illinois city of DeKalb. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 13,081 households out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.0% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 49.8% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.02. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 16.9% under the age of 18, 39.2% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 12.0% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $35,153, and the median income for a family was $53,017. Males had a median income of $36,255 versus $26,422 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,261. About 9.0% of families and 21.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Education

Northern Illinois University

Altgeld Hall, the first building to be constructed at NIU.
Altgeld Hall, the first building to be constructed at NIU.

Northern Illinois University (NIU) was founded in DeKalb as the Northern Illinois State Normal School in 1895. NIU is a comprehensive teaching and research institution with a student enrollment of around 25,000. Some famous NIU alumni include Dan Castellaneta (the voice of Homer Simpson), Former U.S. House Speaker Dennis Hastert, Oscar-nominated actress Joan Allen, and Steve Harris from David E. Kelley's legal Drama The Practice. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 2. ... Northern Illinois University is a public university located in DeKalb, Illinois. ... Daniel Louis Castellaneta (born October 29, 1957) is an Emmy award winning American voice actor, actor and comedian best known for providing the voice of Homer Simpson and other characters on the long-running FOX animated series The Simpsons. ... Homer Simpson is also a character in the book and film The Day of the Locust. ... The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives is the presiding officer—or speaker—of the United States House of Representatives. ... John Dennis Denny Hastert (born January 2, 1942) is an American politician. ... Joan Allen in a scene from The Contender Joan Allen (b. ... Steve J. Harris (born December 3, 1965) is an African-American actor who has appeared in a number of films including Tyler Perrys Diary of a Mad Black Woman, The Rock, The Mod Squad and Minority Report. ... The Practice was an American legal drama created by David E. Kelley centering on the partners and associates at a Boston, Massachusetts law firm. ...


Public Schools

DeKalb is served by both public and private school systems. DeKalb Community Unit School District 428 operates seven Elementary Schools (Grades K-4), Clinton Rosette and Huntley Middle Schools (Grades 5-8), and DeKalb High School (Grades 9-12). DeKalb is also home to St. Mary School (Grades K-8) and is served by Cornerstone Christian Academy in nearby Sycamore and Malta. DeKalb High School is a public four-year high school located in DeKalb, Illinois, in the United States. ... Sycamore is a city in DeKalb County, Illinois, United States. ...


Transportation

DeKalb forms the western anchor of the I-88 corridor. It is 30 miles away from Aurora and 65 miles from downtown Chicago and O'Hare International Airport. Voluntary Action Center provides two types of transportation services, TRANS-VAC and MED-VAC. TRANS-VAC provides transportation to activities and businesses in DeKalb County and has one bus route (the green line) that runs a regular hourly route Monday through Friday and some limited evening hours for special needs persons. MED-VAC provides transportation to out-of-town medical appointments when the client registers in advance for the ride. NIU Huskie Bus Line Serves NIU and the DeKalb area. It is Illinois' second largest bus company behind the Chicago CTA.[citation needed] It is also the largest student run bus company in the US. The Paramount Theatre under renovation, downtown Aurora. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... OHare International Airport (IATA: ORD, ICAO: KORD, FAA LID: ORD) is an airport located in Chicago, Illinois, United States, 17 miles (27 km) northwest of the Chicago Loop. ...


Airport

DeKalb Taylor Municipal Airport (DTMA), serving the general aviation community, is located at 3232 Pleasant Street, DeKalb, Illinois.


See also

Joseph Glidden Joseph Farwell Glidden (January 18, 1813–1906) was an American farmer who patented barbed wire, a product that forever altered the development of the American West. ... Barbed wire baron Isaac Ellwood played prominently in the history of DeKalb. ... Jacob Haish (March 9, 1826–February 19, 1926) was one of the first inventors of barbed wire. ... The Haish Memorial Library (also known as the DeKalb Public Library) was designed by Chicago architects White and Weber [3] and built in the art deco style of the 1930s with funds left to the library by Jacob Haish in his 1928 will. ... The Kishwaukee River is a river in Illinois. ...

External links

References

  1. ^ Barbed Wire History. Retrieved on 2007-06-13.
  2. ^ South Branch Kishwaukee River at DeKalb, Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service, National Weather Service. Retrieved 25 August 2007.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

Other links


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Bridges of RiverMist in DeKalb, Illinois ::: New Homes for Sale :::  Residential Neighborhood  :::  ... (567 words)
DeKalb Ag Research (now Monsanto) and the DeKalb County Farm Bureau both began in DeKalb near the turn of the century.
DeKalb is home of Northern Illinois University, the second largest university in the State of Illinois, with a student enrollment of nearly 23,000.
Chartered in 1895, Northern Illinois University is a comprehensive teaching and research institution The university is composed of seven degree-granting colleges that together offer 51 undergraduate degree programs and 70 graduate degree programs, including 10 Ph.D. programs, doctoral degrees in Education and the Juris Doctorate.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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