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Encyclopedia > De Havilland Vampire
DH.100 Vampire
WZ507, a Vampire T 11 trainer variant, operated by the Vampire Preservation Group at North Weald, Essex, UK.
Type Fighter aircraft
Manufacturer de Havilland
Maiden flight 20 September 1943
Introduced 1945
Retired 1955 (RAF)
Primary users Royal Air Force
Fleet Air Arm
Number built >4,300

The de Havilland DH.100 Vampire was the second jet-engined aircraft commissioned by the Royal Air Force during the Second World War (the first being the Gloster Meteor), although it did not see combat in that conflict. The Vampire served with front-line RAF squadrons until 1955. It also served with numerous other air forces worldwide (see Operators). Almost 4,400 Vampires were built, a quarter of them under licence. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1800x1154, 860 KB) The mid wing of a de Havilland Vampire T11 at Kemble Air Day, Gloucestershire, England. ... Trainer may refer to: An aircraft trainer used for training pilots. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, and/or spacecraft. ... For other uses, see De Havilland (disambiguation). ... The Maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground of its own accord. ... September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1945: // Events January January 1 - the Luftwaffe begins targeting Allied airfields in Europe as Operation Bodenplatte February February 13-15 - Allied bombers attack Dresden with incendiary weapons, destroying most of the city and killing some 50,000 people. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1955: Events February February 26 - George F. Smith becomes the first person to survive a supersonic ejection, from a North American F-100 Super Sabre travelling (Mach 1. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Fleet Air Arm is the operational group of the Royal Navy responsible for the operation of the aircraft on board their ships. ... A Pratt & Whitney F100 turbofan engine for the F-15 Eagle and the F-16 Falcon is tested at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia, USA. The tunnel behind the engine muffles noise and allows exhaust to escape. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The Gloster Meteor was the Allies first operational jet fighter. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1955: Events February February 26 - George F. Smith becomes the first person to survive a supersonic ejection, from a North American F-100 Super Sabre travelling (Mach 1. ...

Contents

Design and development

The Vampire began as an experimental aircraft, unlike the Gloster Meteor which was always specified for production. Under specification E.6/41, design work on the DH-100 began at the de Havilland works at Hatfield in mid-1942, two years after the Meteor. The Gloster Meteor was the Allies first operational jet fighter. ... This is a partial list of the British Air Ministry specifications for aircraft. ... For other uses, see De Havilland (disambiguation). ... Arms of the former Hatfield Rural District Council Hatfield, originally Bishops Hatfield, is in the Welwyn Hatfield district of Hertfordshire, in the south of England. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1942: Events January January 30 - Canadian Pacific Air Lines formed by the acquisition and merger of Arrow Airways and Canadian Airways, along with all the various subsidiaries of the latter. ...


Originally named the "Spider Crab," the aircraft was entirely a de Havilland project, exploiting the company's extensive experience in using moulded plywood for aircraft construction, as used in the Mosquito bomber. It was the last time composite wood and metal construction was used in high performance military aircraft. It had conventional straight mid-wings and a single jet engine placed in an egg-shaped, aluminium-surfaced fuselage exhausting in a straight line. To reduce the losses caused by a long jetpipe the designers used the distinctive tail with twin booms, similar to that of the Lockheed P-38. For other uses, see De Havilland (disambiguation). ... Toy constructed from plywood. ... The de Havilland Mosquito (The Wooden Wonder, also known as The Timber Terror) was a British combat aircraft that excelled in a number of roles during the Second World War. ... General Name, Symbol, Number aluminium, Al, 13 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 13, 3, p Appearance silvery Standard atomic weight 26. ... The P-38 Lightning, a successfull twin boom aircraft Twin-boom aircraft have their tailplanes and vertical stabilizers mounted on the tail of either two fuselages or on two booms fixed to either both sides of the single fuselage, the wings or the engine nacelles. ... The Lockheed P-38 Lightning was one of the most important American fighters of the Second World War. ...


Production

Geoffrey de Havilland Jr, the de Havilland chief test pilot and son of the company's president, test flew prototype LZ548/G on its maiden flight 20 September 1943 from Hatfield. The flight took place only six months following the Meteor's maiden flight. The first Vampire flight had been delayed due to the need to send the sole remaining flight engine to Lockheed to replace one destroyed in ground engine runs in the prototype XP-80. The production Vampire Mk I did not fly until April 1945 with most built by English Electric Aircraft due to the pressures on de Havilland's production facilities, busy with other types. Although eagerly taken into service by the RAF, it was still being developed at war's end, consequently the Vampire never saw combat in the Second World War. A total of 3,269 Vampires were built in the UK, and about 1,100 in other countries although there is some uncertainty about the numbers built in Italy. There were 15 versions, e.g. a twin seated night fighter, trainer and carrier-based aircraft. Geoffrey de Havilland Junior, (b. ... September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1943: Events January January 27 - the USAAF makes its first daylight raid on Germany January 30 - Royal Air Force de Havilland Mosquitos make the first daylight air-raid on Berlin January 30-31 – the H2S radar is used by RAF... The Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star was the first operational jet fighter used by the United States Army Air Forces. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1945: // Events January January 1 - the Luftwaffe begins targeting Allied airfields in Europe as Operation Bodenplatte February February 13-15 - Allied bombers attack Dresden with incendiary weapons, destroying most of the city and killing some 50,000 people. ... English Electric logo English Electric was a 20th-century British industrial manufacturer, initially of electric motors, and expanding to include railway locomotives and aviation, before becoming part of GEC. // 1917: Dick, Kerr & Co. ...


It was used by some 31 air forces. Of the major Western powers, Germany and the US were the only ones not to use the aircraft type.


Operational RAF service

The Vampire was first powered by a Halford H1 (later renamed the "Goblin") producing 2,100 lbf (9.3 kN) of thrust, designed by Frank B Halford and built by de Havilland. The engine was a centrifugal-flow type, a design soon superseded post-war by the slimmer axial-flow units. Initially, the Goblin gave the aircraft a disappointingly limited range, a common problem with all the early jets. Later marks were distinguished by greatly increased fuel capacities. As designs improved the engine was often upgraded. Later Mk Is used the Goblin II; the F 3 onwards used the Goblin III. Certain marks were test-beds for the Rolls-Royce Nene but did not enter production. An unusual characteristic of the low positioning of the engine meant that a Vampire could not remain on idle for longer than a certain time because it would melt the tarmac on which it stood. Cutaway Goblin II A cutaway diagram of the internal workings of the de Havilland Goblin, as fitted to the Vampire. ... Frank B Halford - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Nene or RB.41, was Rolls-Royces third jet engine to enter production, designed and built in an astonishingly short five month period in 1944, first running on October 27th, 1944. ...


In postwar service, the RAF employed the Gloster Meteor as an interceptor and the Vampire as a ground-attack fighter-bomber (although their roles probably should have been reversed[1]). The first prototype of the "Vampire Fighter-Bomber Mk 5 (FB 5)," modified from a Vampire F 3, carried out its initial flight on 23 June 1948. The FB 5 retained the Goblin 2 engine of the F 3, but featured armor protection around engine systems, wings clipped back by 30 centimeters (1 foot), and longer-stroke main gear to handle greater takeoff weights and provide clearance for stores/weapons load (an external tank or 225 kilogram (500 pound) bomb outboard on each wing, and eight "3 inch" rocket projectiles ("RPs") stacked in pairs on four attachments inboard of the booms). Although an ejection seat was considered, it was not fitted. The Gloster Meteor was the Allies first operational jet fighter. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... The RP-3 (for Rocket Projectile 3), was a British air to ground rocket used in the Second World War. ... US Air Force F/A-22 Raptor ejection seat test using a mannequin. ...


At its peak, 19 RAF squadrons flew the FB 5 in Europe, the Middle East and the Far East. The FB 5 undertook attack missions during the successful British campaign to suppress the insurgency in Malaya in the late 1940s and early 1950s. The RAF eventually relegated the Vampire to advanced training roles in the mid-1950s and the type was generally out of RAF service by the end of the decade. The Malayan Emergency was an insurrection and guerrilla war of the Malay Races Liberation Army against the British and Malayan administration from 1948-1960 in what is now Malaysia. ...


The Mk 5 was navalised as the Sea Vampire, the first Royal Navy jet aircraft. The navy had been very impressed with the aircraft since 3 December 1945, when a Vampire carried out the flying trials on the carrier HMS Ocean. The RAF's Mk 5 was altered to extend the aircraft's role from a fighter to a ground-attack aircraft, the wings being clipped, strengthened and fitted with hard-points for bombs or rockets. The Mk 5 (FB 5) fighter-bomber became the most numerous variant with 473 aircraft produced. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... December 3 is the 337th (in leap years the 338th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... The fifth HMS Ocean was a Royal Navy Colossus-class light fleet aircraft carrier of 13,190 tons built in Glasgow. ...

Two-seat Vampire trainer.
Two-seat Vampire trainer.

The final Vampire was the T 11 trainer. First flown in 1950, over 600 were produced in both air force and naval models. The trainer remained in service with the RAF until 1966. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2211x1196, 253 KB) Description: De Havilland Vampire Source: own picture This picture may have usage restrictions File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): De Havilland Vampire ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2211x1196, 253 KB) Description: De Havilland Vampire Source: own picture This picture may have usage restrictions File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): De Havilland Vampire ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1950: Events Arrow Air is founded March March 20 - Royal Air Force Avro Lincoln bombers are sent to Singapore to be used against the Communist guerillas of Malaya in the Malayan Emergency. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1966: Events Puerto Rican International Airlines begin services. ...


Records

The Vampire was an exceptionally versatile aircraft, setting many aviation firsts and records, being the first RAF fighter with a top speed exceeding 500 mph. Piloted by Captain Eric "Winkle" Brown, a Sea Vampire was the first jet to take off from and land on an aircraft carrier and in 1948, John Cunningham set a new world altitude record of 59,446 ft (18,119 m). On 14 July 1948, Vampire F 3s of No. 54 Squadron RAF became the first jet aircraft to fly across the Atlantic Ocean. They went via Stornoway, Iceland and Labrador to Montreal on the first leg of a goodwill tour of Canada and the US where they gave several formation aerobatic displays. (The USAF, which had assigned a squadron of P-80 Shooting Stars of the 56th Fighter Group to reinforce U.S. forces in Germany during the Berlin blockade, delayed the trans-Atlantic flight, known as Fox Able, so as not to steal the Vampires' thunder.)[citation needed] Captain Eric Brown CBE DSC AFC FRAeS After World War Two‚ Captain Eric ‘Winkle’ Brown served as Commanding Officer of Enemy Aircraft Flight – an elite group of pilots whose job it was to test-fly captured German aircraft. ... Four aircraft carriers, (front-to-back) Principe de Asturias, amphibious assault carrier USS Wasp, supercarrier USS Forrestal and light V/STOL carrier HMS Invincible, showing size differences. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1948: Events January January 17 - BOAC begins to replace flying boat routes with the Lockheed Constellation March the Israeli Air Force is formed, with the new state of Israel March 10 - VF-5 becomes the first US Navy carrier squadron to... John Cats Eyes Cunningham (1917-July 2002), was an Officer in the Royal Air Force during World War II. Flying first Blenheims and then the powerful Bristol Beaufighter, by the end of the Blitz in May 1941 he had become the most famous night fighter pilot, successfully claiming 14... July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 170 days remaining. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... No. ... Stornoway Airport is an airfield outside the town of Stornoway on the Isle of Lewis, off the coast of Scotland. ... Labrador (also Coast of Labrador) is a region of Atlantic Canada. ... Nickname: City of Mary (Ville-Marie) Motto: Concordia Salus (salvation through harmony) Coordinates: Country Canada Province Quebec Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1] [2] [3]  - City 365. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... The Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star was the first operational jet fighter used by the United States Army Air Forces. ... Occupation zones after 1945. ...


Survivors

Several Vampires are still airworthy, and many have been preserved. Some examples are on display at Temora Aviation Museumat Temora, New South Wales, Australia, the Canada Aviation Museum, the Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum, the Indian Air Force Museum, Palam, New Delhi, Mosquito Aircraft Museum in Hertfordshire, the Museum of Transport and Technology in Auckland and the Royal New Zealand Air Force Museum. The Canada Aviation Museum (French: Musée de laviation du Canada) is the national aviation history museum, located in Ottawa, Ontario. ... Museum building with a CF-104 Starfighter mounted as a monument The Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum is one of the major aviation museums in Canada. ... The Indian Air Force (भारतीय वायु सेना : Bharatiya Vayu Sena) is the air-arm of the Armed Forces of India and has the prime responsibility of conducting air-based warfare and securing Indian airspace. ... The Mosquito Aircraft Museum is a small volunteer run aviation museum in the English county of Hertfordshire, just north of Greater London. ... The Museum of Transport and Technology (MOTAT) is a museum located in Western Springs, Auckland, New Zealand. ... Schematic map of Auckland. ... The Royal New Zealand Air Force Museum is primarily a museum of the Royal New Zealand Air Force, its predecessor, the New Zealand Permanent Air Force and New Zealand squadrons of the Royal Air Force. ...


One example, a two-seater, is hangared at Tatui, São Paulo, Brazil, after establishing the longest travel ever for a Vampire. The last airworthy Vampire T 11 in the world is operated by the Vampire Preservation Group from North Weald in Essex, UK. Several ex-Swiss and ex-Australian Vampires operate as collectors' aircraft in the US. One ex-Australian two-seat Mk 35W Vampire, S/N A79-617 was restored by Red Star Aviation of Hackettstown,, New Jersey and then repatriated to Australia where it is displayed in airshows regularly, thus undoubtably setting the record for most miles traveled by a civil Vampire. Several other US-based Vampires are abandoned and in disrepair, as is an ex-airworthy example presently stored at Sullivan County Airport, in New York State.


Variants

  • DH 100 : Three prototypes.
  • Vampire Mk I : Single-seat fighter version for the RAF, 244 production aircraft being built.
  • Vampire Mk II : Three prototypes, with Rolls-Royce Nene turbojet engine. One built and two conversions.
  • Vampire F 3 : Single-seat fighter for the RAF. Two prototypes were converted from the Mk 1 and 202 production aircraft were built.
  • Vampire Mk IV : Nene engined project, not built.
  • Vampire FB 5 : Single-seat fighter-bomber version. Powered by the Goblin 2 turbojet, 930 being built for the RAF and 88 for export.
  • Vampire FB 6 : Single-seat fighter-bomber built in Switzerland for the Swiss Air Force. Powered by a Goblin 3 turbojet, 178 being built.
  • Vampire Mk 8: Ghost engined, one conversion from Mk 1.
  • Vampire FB 9 : Tropicalised fighter-bomber . Powered by Goblin 3 turbojet, 326 being built.
  • Vampire Mk 10 : Goblin powered two-seater prototype, two built.
  • Vampire NF 10 : Two-seat night fighter version for the RAF, 95 built including 29 as the NF54.
  • Sea Vampire Mk10 : Prototype for deck trials. One conversion.
  • Vampire Mk 11 or DH 115 Vampire Trainer : Private venture, two-seat jet trainer prototype.
  • Vampire T 11 : Two-seat training version for the RAF. Powered by a Goblin 35 turbojet engine, 731 were built.
  • Sea Vampire F 20 : Naval version of the FB 5, 18 were built.
  • Sea Vampire Mk 21 : Three aircraft converted for trials.
  • Sea Vampire T 22 : Two-seat training version for the Royal Navy, 73 were built.
  • Vampire FB 25 : FB 5 variants, 25 exported to New Zealand
  • Vampire F 30 : Single-seat fighter-bomber version for the RAAF. Powered by Roll-Royce Nene turbojet, 80 built in Australia.
  • Vampire FB 31 - Nene engined, 29 built in Australia.
  • Vampire F 32 - One Australian conversion with air conditioning.
  • Vampire T 33 : Two-seat training version. Powered by the Goblin turbojet, 36 were built in Australia.
  • Vampire T 34 : Two-seat training version of the Royal Australian Navy, five were built in Australia.
  • Vampire T 34A : Vampire T 34s fitted with ejector seats.
  • Vampire T 35 : Modified two-seat training version, 68 built in Australia.
  • Vampire T 35A - T33 conversions to T35 configuration.
  • Vampire FB 50 - exported to Sweden as the J 28B, 310 built, 12 of which were eventually rebuilt to T 55 standard.
  • Vampire FB 51 - export prototype (one conversion) to France.
  • Vampire FB 52 - Export version of Mk 6, 101 built.
  • Vampire FB 52A : Single-seat fighter-bomber for the Italian Air Force, 80 built in Italy.
  • Vampire FB 53 : Single-seat fighter-bomber for the Armee de l'Air, 250 built in France, as the Sud-Est SE 535 Mistral.
  • Vampire NF 54 : Export version of Vampire NF 10 for the Italian Air Force, 29 being built.
  • Vampire T 55 : Export version of the DH 115 trainer, 216 built and six converted from the T 11.
de Havilland Vampire built under license for the Swiss Air Force in 1969 as an FB-6 painted as a F 3 in RCAF service (Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum).
de Havilland Vampire built under license for the Swiss Air Force in 1969 as an FB-6 painted as a F 3 in RCAF service (Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum).

RAF is an three letter acronym for: Royal Air Force -- the Air Force of the United Kingdom (see also Air Ministry) Red Army Faction (Rote Armee Fraktion) -- a German terror organisation Rigas Autobusu Fabrika -- a factory making buses in Riga, Latvia Rapid Action Force in India Računarski Fakultet RAF... The Swiss Air Force (Schweizer Luftwaffe) It was established on July 31 1914 but did not become a separate service until 1936. ... The RAAF Roundel is based on that of the British Royal Air Force, with the central circle replaced by a Kangaroo, a symbol of Australia. ... The Aeronautica Militare Italiana is the Italian air force. ... The French Air Force is the air force branch of the French Armed Forces. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2217x1560, 1227 KB) Summary DH-100 Vampire (Taken By Redkryptonite) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2217x1560, 1227 KB) Summary DH-100 Vampire (Taken By Redkryptonite) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Museum building with a CF-104 Starfighter mounted as a monument The Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum is one of the major aviation museums in Canada. ...

Operators

Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) is the air force branch of the Australian Defence Force. ... The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is the naval branch of the Australian Defence Force. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Myanmar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sri_Lanka. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chile_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_the_Congo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Dominican_Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_(bordered). ... Map of Éire Éire (pronounced AIR uh, in the Irish language, translated as Ireland) is the name given in Article 4 of the 1937 Irish constitution to the 26-county Irish state, created under the 1921 Anglo-Irish Treaty, which was known between 1922 and 1937 as the Irish Free... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iraq_1959-1963. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jordan. ... Anthem عاش المليك As-salam al-malaki al-urdoni(transliteration)1 Long live the King Capital (and largest city) Amman Official languages Arabic Government  -  King Abdullah II  -  Prime Minister Marouf al-Bakhit Independence  -  End of UKs League of Nations mandate 25 May 1946  Area  -  Total 92,342 km² (112th) 45,495... Image File history File links Flag_of_Katanga. ... Capital Lubumbashi Created June 1960 Dissolved January 1963 Demonym Katangan Currency Katanga franc Katanga is the southern province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, regional capital Lubumbashi (formerly Elizabethville). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... The Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) is the air force arm of the New Zealand Defence Force. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Image File history File links Flag of Rhodesia, 1965–1968. ... Southern Rhodesia, todays Zimbabwe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Syria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Fleet Air Arm is the operational group of the Royal Navy responsible for the operation of the aircraft on board their ships. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Venezuela. ...

Vampires in Canada

An F Mk 1 version began operating on an evaluation basis in Canada at the Winter Experimental Establishment in Edmonton in 1946. The F 3 was chosen as one of two types of operational fighters for the Royal Canadian Air Force and was first flown in Canada on 17 January 1948 where it went into service as a training aircraft at Central Flying School at RCAF Station Trenton. With 86 in total, the F 3 was the first jet fighter to enter RCAF service in any significant numbers. It served to introduce fighter pilots not only to jet flying, but also to cockpit pressurization and the tricycle landing gear. The "Vamp" was a popular aircraft, easy to fly and considered a bit of a "hot rod." It served in both operational and air reserve units until retirement in the late 1950s. Edmonton is the capital of Alberta, a Canadian province. ... The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) was the air force of Canada from 1924 until 1968 when the three branches of the Canadian military were merged into the Canadian Forces. ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... Canadian Forces Base Trenton (IATA: YTR, ICAO: CYTR) (also CFB Trenton), is a Canadian Forces Base located approximately 2. ...


Vampires in Finland

The Finnish Air Force received six FB 52 Vampires in 1953. The model was nicknamed "Vamppi" in Finnish service. An additional nine twin-seat T 55s were purchased in 1955. The aircraft were initially assigned to 2nd Wing at Pori, but were transferred to 1st Wing at Tikkakoski at the end of the 1950s. The last Finnish Vampire was decommissioned in 1965.


Vampires in Sweden

The Swedish Air Force purchased its first batch of 70 FB 1 Vampires in 1946, looking for a jet to replace the P-51D Mustangs and the outdated J 22s of its fighter force. The aircraft was designated J 28A and was assigned to the F 13 air wing at Norrköping. It provided such good service that it was selected as the backbone of the fighter force. A total of 310 of the more modern FB 50, designated J 28B, were purchased in 1949. The last one was delivered in 1952, after which all piston-engined fighters were decommissioned. In addition, a total of 57 two-seater DH 115 Vampire called J 28C were used for training. Coat of arms of the Swedish Air Force. ... The North American P-51 Mustang was a successful long range fighter aircraft which entered service in the middle years of World War II. Mostly used to escort bomber raids over Germany, the P-51 was a key factor in the defeat of the German Luftwaffe and, by the middle... J 22B at the Swedish Air Force Museum The FFVS J 22 was a single-engine fighter aircraft developed for the Swedish Air Force during World War II. // At the onset of World War II, the Swedish Air Force (Flygvapnet) was equipped with largely obsolete Gloster Gladiator (J 8) biplane... Nickname: Peking Coordinates: Area  - City 1,503. ...


The Swedish Vampire fighters were retired in 1956 and replaced with J 29 (SAAB Tunnan) and J 34 (Hawker Hunter). The trainers remained in service well into the 1960s. The last Vampire was retired in 1968. (All Vampire warbirds being flown in Sweden today originate from the Swiss Air Force.) SAAB J 29 Tunnan (The Barrel) was a Swedish fighter aircraft designed and manufactured by Saab 1950 - 1956. ... Sixteen Hunters of the RAF Black Arrows perform aerobatics at the Farnborough Air Show, England. ... The Swiss Air Force (Schweizer Luftwaffe) It was established on July 31 1914 but did not become a separate service until 1936. ...


Specifications (Vampire FB 5)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 30 ft 9 in (9.37 m)
  • Wingspan: 38 ft 0 in (11.6 m)
  • Height: 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)
  • Wing area: 262 ft² (24.3 m²)
  • Empty weight: 7,270 lb (3,300 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 12,385 lb (5,618 kg)
  • Powerplant:de Havilland Goblin 2 turbojet, 3,100 lbf (13.8 kN)

Performance

Armament

  • Guns: 4× 20 mm (0.787 in) Hispano Mk.V cannon
  • Rockets: 8× 3 in (76 mm) rockets or
  • Bombs: 2× 1,000 lb (455 kg) bombs

The distance AB is the wing span of this Aer Lingus Airbus A320. ... In aviation, the Maximum Take-Off Weight (or MTOW) is the maximum weight with which an aircraft is allowed to try to achieve flight. ... Cutaway Goblin II A cutaway diagram of the internal workings of the de Havilland Goblin, as fitted to the Vampire. ... Turbojets are the simplest and oldest kind of general purpose jet engine. ... VNO of an aircraft is the V speed which refers to the velocity of normal operation. ... The maximal total range is the distance an aircraft can fly between takeoff and landing as limited by its fuel capacity. ... In aeronautics, the service ceiling is the maximum density altitude where the best rate of climb airspeed will produce a 100 feet per minute climb(twin engine) and 50 feet(single engine) at maximum weight while in a clean configuration with maximum continuous power. ... The Hispano-Suiza HS.404 20 mm autocannon was one of the most widely used aircraft weapons of the 20th century, used by British, American, French, and many other military services. ... M242 Bushmaster autocannon on an M2 Bradley. ...

References

  1. ^ Watkins 1996, p. 58. Quote: "The Vampire had been conceived during the war as a high-altitude fighter..."
  • Bain, Gordon. De Havilland: A Pictorial Tribute. London: AirLife Publishing Ltd., 1992. ISBN 1-85648-243-X.
  • de Havilland Vampire and Sea Vampire (1946 - 1969). [1] Access date; 27 December 2006.
  • Watkins, David. de Havilland Vampire: The Complete History. Thrupp, Stroud, Great Britain: Budding Books, 1996. ISBN 1-84015-023-8.

External links

  • Vampire Preservation Group's Web Site
  • Autobiography of Bill Wood who flew Vampires and was part of the team that crossed the Atlantic by jet for the first time

Related content

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
De Havilland Vampire

Related development

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... The first DH. 108 built - TG283. ... The de Havilland DH.112 Venom was a post- war jet single-seat fighter-bomber of the Royal Air Force. ...

Designation sequence

Related lists

See also

  • Portal:British aircraft since World War II

  Results from FactBites:
 
de Havilland Vampire F3 airplane pictures & aircraft photos - RAF Museums (177 words)
The Vampire was a first generation jet fighter which saw service in the immediate post-war period with Royal Air Force front-line fighter squadrons in the United Kingdom and Germany, followed by further service with the Royal Auxiliary Air Force.
The Vampire F3 was a long-range version of the basic F1, with a re-designed tail unit.
On 14 July 1948 six Vampire 3s of No.54 Squadron became the first ever jet aircraft to fly across the Atlantic under their own power.
De Havilland Vampire (385 words)
The Vampire was designed towards the end of World War 2 but entered service too late to see active duty.
In 1946 the mk1 Vampire entered RAF service as an interceptor, it was a simple design but the Mk 1 lacked range having a combat radius of aboutr320miles (515km), the Mk 3 introduced a bigger fuel tank and the option for under wing drop tanks increasing the range to 550miles (885km).
De Havilland Twin-Boom Fighters: Vampire, Venom and Sea Vixen, Barry Jones.
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