FACTOID # 3: South Carolina has the highest rate of violent crimes and aggravated assaults per capita among US states.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Dayton Agreement
Bosnia and Herzegovina

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Image File history File links Bosnia_and_Herzegovina_Coats_of_Arms. ... Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...



Other countries · Politics Portal
view  talk  edit

The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, also known as the Dayton Agreement, Dayton Accords, Paris Protocol or Dayton-Paris Agreement, is the peace agreement reached at the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio in November 1995, and formally signed in Paris on December 14, 1995. These accords put an end to the three and a half year long war in Bosnia, one of the armed conflicts in the former Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia. Some articles erroneously refer to the agreement as The Treaty of Dayton. The Peace Implementation Council is an international body charged with implementing the Dayton Peace Agreement for Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, with the Office of the High Representative (OHR) in Bosnia and Herzegovina, was created in 1995 immediately after the Dayton Peace Agreement to oversee the civilian implementation of this agreement. ... Christian Schwarz-Schilling, born in 1930 in Insbruck, Austria, is a German politician who served from 1982 to 1992 as Germanys federal post and communications minister. ... The Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina (PredsjedniÅ¡tvo Bosne i Hercegovine/Предсједништво Босне и Херцеговине) is the head of state of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Chairmen of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina Alija Izetbegovic (20 December 1990 - 5 October 1996) Alija Izetbegovic (1st time) (5 October 1996 - 13 October 1998) Zivko Radisic (1st time) (13 October 1998 - 15 June 1999) Ante Jelavic (15 June 1999 - 14 February 2000) Alija Izetbegovic (2nd time) (14 February... Dr. Haris Silajdžić (born on October 1, 1945) is a Bosnian politician and academic. ... The Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian: Stranka za Bosnu i Hercegovinu) is a political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Željko KomÅ¡ić (IPA: ) (born January 20, 1964, Sarajevo) is a Bosnian-Herzegovinian politician of Croatian descent. ... The Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Socialdemocrats (Socijaldemokratska Partija BiH - Socijaldemokrati / Социјалдемократска Партија БиХ - Социјалдемократи), is a political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... NebojÅ¡a Radmanović is a Bosnian Serb politician. ... The Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (Serbian Cyrillic: Савез независних социјалдемократа, Serbian Latin: Savez nezavisnih socijaldemokrata) is a parliamentary party in the Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the executive branch of the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Nikola Å pirić (born on September 4, 1956 in Drvar, Bosnia-Herzegovina) is a Bosnian politician and the current Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Parliamentary Assembly (Parlementarna SkupÅ¡tina) has two chambers. ... The Parliamentary Assembly (Parlementarna SkupÅ¡tina) has two chambers. ... The House of Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina, also known as the Predstavnicki Dom, is the upper house of the National Assembly in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues with the aim to participate in power, usually by participating in elections. ... Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina Categories: Election related stubs | Elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina ... The Bosnia and Herzegovina general election of 2006 occurred on October 1, 2006. ... Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Categories: Bosnia and Herzegovina | Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina | Lists of subnational entities | Bosnia and Herzegovina geography stubs ... The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ... Borjana KriÅ¡to (born 13 August 1961) is the president of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina since February 22, 2007. ... Anthem: Bože Pravde2 (English: God of Justice) Patron Saint: Saint Stephen3 The location of Republika Srpska as part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... National Assembly of Republika Srpska is the legislative body of the Republika Srpska (Serbian Cyrillic: Народна Скупштина Републике Српске, Serbian Latin: Narodna SkupÅ¡tina Republike Srpske or NSRS). ... Milan Jelić Dr. Milan Jelić (Cyrillic: Милан Јелић) (born 26 March 1956 in Koprivna near Modriča, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (today Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina)) is a Serb politician in Bosnia and Herzegovina and President of Republika Srpska. ... Milorad Dodik (Serbian: Милорад Додик) is the Prime Minister of the Republika Srpska, one of the two entities of the Bosnia and Herzegovina, since 28 February 2006. ... Official language Serbian, Bosnian (Serbo-Croation) and Croatian Official script Cyrillic alphabet, Latin alphabet Capital Brčko Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  208 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total  â€“ Density  80,000  ? Ethnic groups (current est. ... The implementation of the Dayton Accords of 1995 has focused the efforts of policymakers in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as the international community, on regional stabilization in the former Yugoslavia. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Wright-Patterson Air Force Base is a U.S. Air Force base in Greene and Montgomery counties, adjacent to Riverside, Fairborn, Beavercreek, and Dayton, Ohio. ... Nickname: Motto: Birthplace of Aviation Coordinates: Country United States State Ohio County Montgomery Founded April 1, 1796 Incorporated 1805 Government  - Mayor Rhine L. McLin Area  - City  56. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Combatants Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Predominantly Bosniak) Army of Republika Srpska, Yugoslav Peoples Army, various paramilitary units from Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian) Croatian Defence Council, Croatian Army (Croatian) Commanders Alija Izetbegović (President of Bosnia and Herzegovina) Sefer Halilović (Army chief of staff 1992-1993) Rasim... This does not cite its references or sources. ...


The negotiations were initiated following the unsuccessful previous peace efforts and arrangements, the August 1995 Croatian military Operation Storm and its aftermath, the government military offensive against the Republika Srpska, in concert with NATO's Operation Deliberate Force, i.e the bombardment of the Bosnian Serb military. It was also held in the shadow of the massacre in the Srebrenica safe zone, and the indictments against the main military and government leaders of Bosnian Serbs before the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). During September and October 1995 the international community (especially the USA and Russia), gathered in the Contact Group, applied intense pressure to the leaders of the three sides to attend the negotiations in Dayton, Ohio. Three major peace plans were offered before and during the Bosnian War by European Community (EC) and United Nations (UN) diplomats before the conflict was settled by the Dayton Agreement in 1995. ... Combatants Croatia (HV) Bosnia and Herzegovina (ABiH) Republic of Serbian Krajina (VSK) Republika Srpska (VRS) Commanders Zvonimir ÄŒervenko (HV) Atif Dudakovic (ABiH) Mile MrkÅ¡ić (VSK) Strength 150,000 soldiers, 350 tanks, 400 artillery pieces, 50 rocket launchers, 50 aircraft and helicopters 40,000 soldiers, 150 tanks, 350 artillery pieces... Anthem: Bože Pravde2 (English: God of Justice) Patron Saint: Saint Stephen3 The location of Republika Srpska as part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... “Operation Deliberate Force” was a sustained air campaign conducted by NATO to undermine the military capability of Bosnian Serb who threatened or attacked UN designated safe areas in Bosnia. ... Serbs (in the Serbian language Срби, Srbi) are a south Slavic people living chiefly in Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Srebrenica (Cyrillic: Сребреница; IPA: /srÉ›.brÉ›.ni. ... Serbs (in the Serbian language Срби, Srbi) are a south Slavic people living chiefly in Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Tribunal building in The Hague. ... The Contact Group is the name for an informal grouping of influential countries that have a significant interest in policy developments in the Balkans. ... Nickname: Motto: Birthplace of Aviation Coordinates: Country United States State Ohio County Montgomery Founded April 1, 1796 Incorporated 1805 Government  - Mayor Rhine L. McLin Area  - City  56. ...


The conference took place from November 1 to November 21, 1995. The main participants from the region were Serbian President Slobodan Milošević (representing the Bosnian Serb interests due to absence of Karadzic), Croatian President Franjo Tuđman, and Bosnian President Alija Izetbegović with Bosnian Foreign Minister Muhamed "Mo" Sacirbey. November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian language 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian, English 3 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  First unified state c. ... Slobodan MiloÅ¡ević (Požarevac, Nedićs Serbia, 20 August 1941 – The Hague, 11 March 2006) was President of Serbia and of Yugoslavia. ... Radovan Karadžić during a visit to Moscow in 1994. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Alija Izetbegović (August 8, 1925 – October 19, 2003) was a Bosniak activist, lawyer, author, philosopher and politician, who, in 1990, became the first president of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Muhamed Sacirbey (born Muhamed Å aćirbegović on July 20, 1956 in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, then Yugoslavia) is a Bosnian-American lawyer and businessman who served at the pleasure of the Bosnian government during the 1992-1995 Bosnian War and shortly after. ...


The peace conference was chaired by American negotiator Richard Holbrooke with two Co-Chairmen in the form of EU Special Representative Carl Bildt and the First Deputy Foreign Minister of Russia Igor Ivanov. A key participant in the US delegation was General Wesley Clark (later to become NATO's Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) in 1997). The UK military representative was Col Arundell David Leakey (later to become Commander of EUFOR in 2005). The Public International Law & Policy Group (PILPG) served as legal counsel to the Bosnian Government delegation during the negotiations. Richard Charles Albert Holbrooke (born April 24, 1941) is an American diplomat, magazine editor, author, Peace Corps official, and investment banker. ...   (born July 15, 1949) is a Swedish politician and diplomat, currently serving as Minister for Foreign Affairs in the cabinet of Fredrik Reinfeldt. ... Igor Sergeyevich Ivanov (Russian: ) (b. ... Wesley Kanne Clark (born December 23, 1944) is a retired four-star general of the United States Army. ... NATO military is divided into two commands, Atlantic and Europe. ... Major General Arundell David Leakey CBE (1952-)is a British military commander. ... EUFOR former Commander General David Leakey Soldier of the EUFOR participating in operation Spring Lift, as part of Althea The EUFOR or European Union Force is an international military force under the supervision of the European Council. ... The Public International Law & Policy Group (PILPG) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, operating as a global pro bono law firm providing free legal assistance to developing states and sub-state entities involved in conflicts. ...


The secure site was chosen in a bid to curb the participants' ability to negotiate in the media rather than at the bargaining table.


After having been initialed in Dayton, Ohio on November 21, 1995 the full and formal agreement was signed in Paris, France, on December 14, 1995[1] also by French President Jacques Chirac, U.S. President Bill Clinton, UK Prime Minister John Major, German Chancellor Helmut Kohl and Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin. November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Jacques René Chirac (born 29 November 1932) is a French politician. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Sir John Major, KG, CH, PC (born 29 March 1943) was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and leader of the British Conservative Party from 1990 to 1997. ... Helmut Josef Michael Kohl (born April 3, 1930) is a German conservative politician and statesman. ... Viktor Stepanovich Chernomyrdin (Russian: Ви́ктор Степа́нович Черномы́рдин) (born April 9, 1938) is a Russian politician. ...


The present political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina and its structure of government were agreed upon as part the constitution that makes up Annex 4 of the General Framework Agreement concluded at Dayton. A key component of this was the delineation of the Inter-Entity Boundary Line, to which many of the tasks listed in the Annexes referred. Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Categories: Bosnia and Herzegovina | Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina | Lists of subnational entities | Bosnia and Herzegovina geography stubs ... Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... The Inter-Entity Boundary Line (IEBL) divides Bosnia and Herzegonina into two entities, the Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


The agreement mandated a wide range of international organizations to monitor, oversee, and implement components of the agreement. The NATO-led IFOR (Implementation Force) was responsible for implementing military aspects of the agreement and deployed on the 20th December 1995, taking over the forces of the UNPROFOR. The acronym IFOR may also refer to the International Fellowship of Reconciliation. ... Pocket badge of the UNPROFOR The United Nations Protection Force, UNPROFOR, were the primary UN peacekeeping troops in Croatia and in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Yugoslav wars. ...


See also

In March and May 1994, a peace agreement was mediated between the warring Bosnian Croats and the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and signed in Washington and Vienna. ...

External links

  • The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Bosnia: a single country or an apple of discord?, Bosnian Institute, 12 May 2006
  • Beyond Dayton: The Balkans and Euro-Atlantic Integration U.S. Institute of Peace Event, November 2005 (Audio & Transcripts)

The Bosnian Institute is an organization principally devoted to providing information on, and promoting the common good of, Bosnia_Herzegovina. ... The United States Institute of Peace is an independent, nonpartisan federal institution created by Congress to promote the prevention, management, and peaceful resolution of international conflicts. ...

References

  1. ^ Dayton Peace Accords on Bosnia. USA State Department (1996-03-30). Retrieved on 2006-03-19.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Review of the Dayton Accords (3384 words)
Unless the civilian components of the agreement are fully implemented and greater arms reductions carried out, IFOR may simply provide a time out for the warring parties before they resume the war in 1997, rested and rearmed.
Unfortunately, this agreement on Human Rights does not take into consideration the war-like situation at hand and thus is very similar to agreements in countries that are not at war.
This agreement calls upon the UN Security Council to designate a High Representative who is to carry out the tasks of the Agreement and be in charge of the implementation of a peace settlement in RBH.
Dayton Agreement - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (579 words)
the Dayton Agreement or Dayton Accords (or even Dayton-Paris Agreement') is the name of the peace agreement reached at the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio.
In a far-from-subtle hint of the consequences should agreement not be reached, early in the talks a dinner for the participants was held in a hangar at the nearby U.S. Air Force Museum.
The agreement mandated a wide range of international organizations to monitor, oversee, and implement components of the agreement.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m