FACTOID # 7: The top five best educated states are all in the Northeast.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Day of Ashurah
Day of Ashurah
Day of Ashurah
Shi'a Muslims observe Ashurah in Lebanon
Official Name Arabic: عاشوراء (Ashurah)
Also Called Translation: Tenth
Observed By Shi'a Muslims, although other Muslims may observe some practices
Type Religious
Significance Marks the martrydom of Husayn ibn Ali, the traditional date Noah's Ark came to rest, the birthdate of Ibrahim, and the day the Kaaba was built
Begins {{{begins}}}
Ends {{{ends}}}
Date 10 Muharram
Gregorian Date (2006) February 9
Celebrations {{{celebrations}}}
Observances Prayer, Fasting, Flagellation, Beating of chests
Related To Remembrance of Muharram, which encompasses the first ten days of Muharram and Ashurah, and Yom Kippur, which corresponds with Ashurah in the Jewish calendar
This article refers to the Islamic remembrance. For the mythical demon in Hindu and Buddhist mythology, see Asura
For the Canaanite and Ugaritic mother-goddess, see Asherah.

The Day of Āshūrāh, sometimes spelled Aashurah, ‘Ashurah, Ashoura or Aashoorah (Arabic: عاشوراء, ʿĀšūrāʾ), is on the 10th day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar and marks the climax of the Remembrance of Muharram but not the Islamic month. For Shi'a Muslims, it commemorates the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of Muhammad at the Battle of Karbala in the year 61 AH (AD 680), and is a day for mourning. Image File history File links 28794607_2dc0935235. ... Shia Islam, also Shi`ite Islam or Shi`ism (Arabic: ‎ translit: Persian: ‎ ) is the second largest denomination of the religion of Islam. ... The Arabic language (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), or simply Arabic (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... Shia Islam, also Shi`ite Islam or Shi`ism (Arabic: ‎ translit: Persian: ‎ ) is the second largest denomination of the religion of Islam. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) is an adherent of Islam. ... Husayn ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib (c. ... A painting by the American Edward Hicks (1780–1849), showing the animals boarding Noahs Ark two by two. ... Ibrahim (Arabic: ابراهيم), also known as Abraham, is very important in Islam, both in his own right as prophet and as the father of the prophet Ismail (Ishmael), his firstborn son, who is considered the Father of the Arabs. ... Masjid al Haram The Kaaba (Arabic: ‎ translit: Persian: ‎) also known as al-Ka‘abatu’l-Musharrafat (Arabic: ‎), al-Baytu l-‘AtÄ«q (Arabic: ‎), or al-Baytu’l-HÌ£arām (Arabic: ‎ The Sacred House), is a building located inside the mosque known as al-Masjidu’l-HÌ£arām in... Muharram (Arabic: محرم ) is the first month of the Islamic calendar. ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Salah (also known as salat, solat, solah and several other spellings) (Arabic: صلاة, Quranic Arabic: صلوة) refers to the five daily ritual prayers that Muslims offer to Allah (God). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Whipping on a post Flagellation is the act of whipping (Latin flagellum, whip) the human body. ... The Remembrance of Muharram (Arabic: احتفال محرم or مناسبة محرم) is an important period of mourning in the Shiite branch of Islam. ... Muharram (Arabic: محرم ) is the first month of the Islamic calendar. ... Yom Kippur (יום כיפור yom kippÅ«r) is the Jewish holiday of the Day of Atonement. ... This figure, in a detail of a medieval Hebrew calendar, reminded Jews of the palm branches ( Lulav) and the citron ( Etrog) to be brought to the synagogue at the end of sukkot, closing the solemn convocations of the calendar in autumn. ... // In Hinduism In Hindu mythology, the Asura (Sanskrit: असुर) are a group of power-seeking deities, sometimes misleadingly referred to as demons. ... For other uses, see Canaan (disambiguation). ... The Ugaritic language is known to us only in the form of writings found in the lost city of Ugarit since its discovery by French archaeologists in 1928. ... For the small research submarine, see Asherah (submarine). ... The Arabic language (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), or simply Arabic (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... Muharram (Arabic: محرم ) is the first month of the Islamic calendar. ... The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar (also called Hijri calendar, Arabic التقويم الهجري) is the calendar used to date events in many predominantly Muslim countries, and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate Islamic holy days. ... The Remembrance of Muharram (Arabic: احتفال محرم or مناسبة محرم) is an important period of mourning in the Shiite branch of Islam. ... Historically, a martyr is a person who dies for his or her religious faith. ... Husayn ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib (c. ... For other people named Muhammad, see Muhammad (disambiguation). ... Combatants Umayyads forces of Husayn ibn Ali Commanders Yazid I Husayn ibn Ali Strength 4500 or less 72 Casualties unknown 72 The Battle of Karbala was a military engagement that took place on 10 Muharram, 61 AH (October 10, 680) in Karbala, in present day Iraq, between the Islamic prophet... The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar (also called Hijri calendar, Arabic التقويم الهجري) is the calendar used to date events in many predominantly Muslim countries, and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate Islamic holy days. ... Events October 10 - Battle of Kerbela November 12 - The Sixth Ecumenical Council opens in Constantinople The Bulgars subjugate the country of current-day Bulgaria Pippin of Herstal becomes Mayor of the Palace Umayyad caliph Muawiyah I succeeded by Yazid I ibn Muawiyah Erwig deposes Wamba to become king of the...


Ashurah is also commemorated by Muslims as the traditional date on which Noah's ark came to rest, the prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) was born and the Ka'ba was built in Mecca. Ashurah corresponds to the Jewish festival of Yom Kippur, which was held by the Jews of Medina. A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) is an adherent of Islam. ... A painting by the American Edward Hicks (1780–1849), showing the animals boarding Noahs Ark two by two. ... Ibrahim (Arabic: ابراهيم), also known as Abraham, is very important in Islam, both in his own right as prophet and as the father of the prophet Ismail (Ishmael), his firstborn son, who is considered the Father of the Arabs. ... The Kaaba or Kaabah, is a building located inside the mosque known as Masjid al Haram in Mecca (Makkah). ... CITY OF TRASH ... Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people with around 15 million followers as of 2006 [1]. It is one of the first recorded monotheistic faiths and one of the oldest religious traditions still practiced today. ... Yom Kippur (יום כיפור yom kippūr) is the Jewish holiday of the Day of Atonement. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ...


The word ashurah means simply tenth in Arabic; hence the name of the remembrance, literally translated, means "the tenth day". The scholars, however, give various explanations as to why it is thus called. sdvsgvsvsv This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ...

Contents


Shi'a commemoration

Main article: Remembrance of Muharram
Shi'a Muslims process through downtown Montreal in commemoration of Ashurah.
Enlarge
Shi'a Muslims process through downtown Montreal in commemoration of Ashurah.

This day is of particular significance to Shi'a Muslims, who consider Hussein the third Imam and a rightful successor of Muhammad. Many Shi'a make pilgrimages on Ashurah to the Mashhad al-Husayn, the shrine in Karbala, Iraq that is traditionally held to be Husayn's tomb. Shi'as also express mourning by thumping their chests. This is intended to connect them with Husayn's suffering and death. Husayn's martyrdom is widely interpreted by Shi'a as a symbol of the struggle against injustice, tyranny, and oppression. The regime of Saddam Hussein saw this as a potential threat and banned Ashurah commemorations for many years. In neighboring Iran, the remembrance became a major political symbol during the Islamic Revolution, as also occurred in the Lebanese Civil War, and in Bahrain during the History of Bahrain. The Iranian Revolution and social and political change and the anti-government uprising of the 1990s. In the 1884 Hosay Massacre, 22 people were killed in Trinidad and Tobago when civilians attempted to carry out the Ashura rites, locally known as Hosay, in defiance of the British colonial authorities. The Remembrance of Muharram (Arabic: احتفال محرم or مناسبة محرم) is an important period of mourning in the Shiite branch of Islam. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 720 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 720 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... City motto: Concordia Salus (Latin: Well-being through harmony) Province Quebec Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area  - % water 366. ... Shia Islam, also Shi`ite Islam or Shi`ism (Arabic: ‎ translit: Persian: ‎ ) is the second largest denomination of the religion of Islam. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) is an adherent of Islam. ... Imam (Arabic: إمام , Persian: امام ) is an Arabic word meaning Leader. The ruler of a country might be called the Imam, for example. ... For other people named Muhammad, see Muhammad (disambiguation). ... Imam Husayn Shrine 3D Model of Imam Husayn Shrine The Imam Husayn Shrine is a holy place in Shia Islam in the city of Karbala, Iraq. ... Eastern Orthodox shrine Buddhist shrine just outside Wat Phnom. ... Karbalā (Arabic: ; also transliterated as Kerbala, Kerbela, or Karbila) is a city in Iraq, located about 100 km southwest of Baghdad at 32. ... Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti, (Arabic ), born April 28, 1937 , was the President of Iraq from 1979 until he lost power over Iraq when American troops arrived in Baghdad on April 9, 2003. ... Protestors take to the street in support of Ayatollah Khomeini. ... For the civil conflict of 1958, see Lebanon crisis of 1958. ... // The Dilmun Era The history of Bahrain goes back more than five thousand years to its role as the centre of the ancient civilisation of Dilmun, which dominated the trade routes between Sumeria and the Indus Valley. ... The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive. ... The Hosay Massacre (also known as the Hosay Riots or the Hosein Riots or the Jahaji Massacre) was took place on Thursday October 30, 1884 in San Fernando when the British colonial authorities fired on participants in the annual Hosay procession (the local name for the Shia Festival of... Hosay is the local manifestation of the Shia Muslim Festival of Muharram in Trinidad and Tobago[1] and Jamaica[2] (where is it spelled Hussay). ...

Shi'a Muslims in Bahrain strike their chests during the Remembrance of Muharram.

Some Shi'a observe Ashurah with a traditional flagellation ritual called zanjeer zani or zanjeer matam, involving the use of a zanjeer (a chain with a set of curved knives at the end). [1] The practice is not universal - many Shi'a enact the ritual by beating their chests symbolically. [2] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x773, 160 KB) Summary Young men striking their chests with their hands in union at a procession during the Festival of Muharram. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x773, 160 KB) Summary Young men striking their chests with their hands in union at a procession during the Festival of Muharram. ...


Many of the events associated with Ashurah are held in special congregation halls known as "Hussainia". A Hussainia is a congregation hall for Shia ritual ceremonies, especially those associated with the Festival of Muharram. ...


Sunni commemoration

Sunnis also commemorate Āshūrā', but for different reasons. According to Sunni tradition, The prophet Muhammad observed the Ashura fast in Makkah, as did the local population where it was a common practice. When Muhammad led his followers to Madinah, he found the Jews of that area fasting on the day of Āshūrā' - or Yom Kippūr - in remembrance of Moses, inter alia. At this juncture, Muhammad confirmed and underlined the Islamic aspect of the fast, and it became mandatory for the Muslims. Ibn Hajar al-asqālānī, in his commentary on Bukhari's collection, says that the obligatoriness of the fast was superseded by fasting in RamaDān, a year later. Today, Sunnis regard fasting on the 10th of Muharram as recommended, though not obligatory. The day carries considerably less significance for Sunnis than it does for Shi'as. Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... Moses or Móshe (מֹשֶׁה, Standard Hebrew, Tiberian Hebrew Mōšeh, Arabic موسى MÅ«sa, Geez ሙሴ Musse) was a son of Amram and his wife, Jochebed, a Levite. ... Muhammad Ibn Ismail Ibn Ibrahim Ibn al-Mughirah Ibn Bardizbah al-Bukhari محمد بن اسماعيل بن ابراهيم بن المغيرة بن بردزبه البخاري (born (AD 810) - died (AD 870)), author of the most generally accepted collection of traditions (Hadith) from Muhammad, was born at Bokhara (Bukharä), of an Iranian family, in AH 194 (AD 810). ...


While Sunnis generally consider the martyrdom of Husayn to be an extremely poignant and heartrending event and one of great historical importance, they do not ascribe credal significance to it as the Shi'a do. Hence, Sunni practices commemorating Ashurah generally do not involve Husayn or his death and consist mainly of fasting and prayers.


At 'folk' level however, popular Sunnī practices can resemble those of the Shī'a. Most Sunnis are unaware that Āshūrā' is pre-Madinan (or indeed pre-Karbalā). The incident is often used in some circles as a precedence for adopting practices from other religious communities in the context of 'modernisation' e.g. using the Christian calendar, which has practically supplanted the Hijrī in most Muslim states.


Violence during Ashura

The Sunni and Shi'a schism is highlighted by the difference in observance by Sunni and Shi'a Muslims. In countries that have significant populations of both sects, there is often violence during the holiday. Recently, Pakistan, Iraq and Afghanistan have all seen suicide Sunni bombers killing Shi'ite mourners. [3]


The 2004 (1425 AH) Shi'a pilgrimage to Karbala, the first since Saddam Hussein was removed from power in Iraq, was marred by bomb attacks, which killed and wounded hundreds despite tight security. Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti, (Arabic ), born April 28, 1937 , was the President of Iraq from 1979 until he lost power over Iraq when American troops arrived in Baghdad on April 9, 2003. ... The Ashoura Massacre was a series of planned terrorist explosions, that killed 170 and injured 500 Iraqi Shiite Muslims commemorating the Ashoura festival. ...


Etymology of Ashurah

The word Ashurah is Arabic for tenth. In his book Ghuniyatut Talibin, Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani writes that the Islamic scholars have a difference of opinion as to why this day is known as Ashurah. The general consensus is that the day is the tenth day of the month of Muharram. Some scholars, however, suggest that this day is the tenth most important day that God has blessed Muslims with; hence the name Ashurah.


Ashurah in the Gregorian calendar

While Ashurah is always on the same day of the Islamic calendar, the date on the Gregorian calendar varies from year to year due to differences between the two calendars, since the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar and the Gregorian calendar is a solar calendar. Furthermore, the method used to determine when each Islamic month begins varies from country to country. (For details, please see Islamic calendar.) Inscription on the tomb of Pope Gregory XIII celebrating the introduction of the Gregorian Calendar The Gregorian calendar is the calendar that is used nearly everywhere in the world. ... A lunar calendar is a calendar whose date indicates the moon phase. ... A solar calendar is a calendar whose dates indicate the position of the earth on its revolution around the sun (or equivalently the apparent position of the sun moving on the celestial sphere). ... The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar (also called Hijri calendar, Arabic التقويم الهجري) is the calendar used to date events in many predominantly Muslim countries, and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate Islamic holy days. ...

(Please note that future dates listed above are only estimates.) March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... March 2 is the 61st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (62nd in leap years). ... February 19 is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (362nd in leap years). ... December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


See also

The Remembrance of Muharram (Arabic: احتفال محرم or مناسبة محرم) is an important period of mourning in the Shiite branch of Islam. ... Combatants Umayyads forces of Husayn ibn Ali Commanders Yazid I Husayn ibn Ali Strength 4500 or less 72 Casualties unknown 72 The Battle of Karbala was a military engagement that took place on 10 Muharram, 61 AH (October 10, 680) in Karbala, in present day Iraq, between the Islamic prophet... Dr. Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin is the 52nd Dai al-Mutlaq of the largest group of Mustali Ismailis, the Dawoodi Bohras. ...

External links

  • Ashura.com – explains the background and significance of the remembrance
  • What is Ashura? (BBC News)
  • Date of Islamic Holy Days (moonsighting.com)
  • Description of Husayn's martyrdom on the day of Ashurah
  • Annual Muharram Procession in New York, the largest Shi'a gathering in North America.
  • Description of breast beating during an Ashurah gathering in North America
  • A Collection of articles and poetry related to Ashura and pictures from Ashura Awareness Week
  • Dates of Ashurah until 2010
Muslim holidays and observances
Muslim New Year | Festival of Muharram | Day of Ashurah | Imamat Day | Arba'een | Mawlid
Imam Musa al Kazim day | Lailat al Miraj | Shab-e-baraat | Ramadan | Laylat al-Qadr | Eid ul-Fitr | Eid ul-Adha

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m