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Encyclopedia > David Peterson

The Honourable David Robert Peterson, PC , LL.B , BA (born December 28, 1943 in Toronto, Ontario) was the twentieth Premier of the Province of Ontario, Canada, from June 26, 1985 to October 1, 1990. He was the first Liberal premier of Ontario in 42 years. The prefix The Honourable or The Honorable ( or formerly The Honble) is a title of quality attached to the names of certain classes of persons. ... The Queens Privy Council for Canada is the ceremonial council of advisors to the Queen of Canada, whose members are appointed by her Governor General in Canada for life on the advice of the Prime Minister. ... The degree of Bachelor of Laws is the principal academic degree in law in most common law countries. ... A Bachelor of Arts (B.A. or A.B., from the Latin Artium Baccalaureus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or program in the arts and/or sciences. ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... }|135px|City of Toronto, Ontario Official Flag]]|Coat Image=[[Image:{{{Coat Image}}}|135px|City of Toronto, Ontario Coat of Arms]]}} {{Canadian City/Disable Field={{{Disable Motto Link}}}}} Motto: Diversity Our Strength {{Canadian City/Location Image is:{{{Location Image Type}}}|[[Image:{{{Location Image}}}|thumbnail|center|250px|City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Loyal it began, loyal it remains) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Area 1,076,395 km² (4th)  - Land 917,741 km²  - Water 158,654 km² (14. ... Dalton McGuinty The Premier of Ontario is the first minister for the Canadian province of Ontario. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in Leap years). ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Ontario Liberal Party is a centrist provincial political party in the province of Ontario, Canada. ...


Peterson is married to actress Shelley Peterson, and is the younger brother of Jim Peterson, currently a federal cabinet minister in the government of Paul Martin. Both his sister-in-law Deb Matthews and Tim Peterson, a third brother, were elected to the Ontario legislature in the 2003 provincial election. Shelley Peterson is a Canadian television and film actress. ... Jim Peterson The Honourable James Scott Jim Peterson, PC (born July 30, 1941) is a Canadian politician and current (as of December 12, 2003) Minister of International Trade. ... A Cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. ... The Right Honourable Paul Edgar Philippe Martin, PC , MP , LL.B , BA (born August 28, 1938 in Windsor, Ontario) is the Prime Minister of Canada. ... Deborah Drake Matthews (born 1953 in London, Ontario) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Tim Peterson (born June 6, 1947 in London, Ontario) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Map of Ontarios ridings and their popular vote for their party elected The Ontario general election of 2003 was held on October 2, 2003, to elect the 103 members of the Legislative Assembly (Members of Provincial Parliament, or MPPs) of the Province of Ontario, Canada. ...

The Hon. David Peterson
David Peterson
Rank: 20th
Term of Office: June 26, 1985 - October 1, 1990
Predecessor: Frank Miller
Successor: Bob Rae
Date of Birth: 1943
Place of Birth: Toronto, Ontario
Spouse: Shelley Peterson
Profession: Lawyer
Political Party: Liberal

Peterson earned his Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Western Ontario and his LL.B from the University of Toronto. He was called to the bar in 1969. Despite his legal background, most of Peterson's early career was spent in the world of private enterprise. He became president of C.M. Peterson Company Limited, a wholesale electronics firm founded by his father, at age twenty-six, and joined the Chamber of Commerce's Young Presidents Club in the same period. Government portrait of David Peterson of Ontario File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in Leap years). ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about Frank Miller, the Canadian politician. ... The Honourable Robert Keith (Bob) Rae, PC , OC , O.Ont, QC (born August 2, 1948 in Ottawa, Ontario) was the 21st premier of Ontario, and the first leader of the Ontario New Democratic Party (NDP) to serve in that capacity. ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... Motto: Diversity Our Strength Map of Ontario Counties, Toronto being red Area: 641 sq. ... Shelley Peterson is a Canadian television and film actress. ... A profession is a specialized work function within society, generally performed by a professional. ... For information on the type of fish called Lawyer, see the article on Burbot. ... The Elections and Parties Series Democracy Representative democracy History of democracy Referenda Liberal democracy Representation Voting Voting systems Ideology Elections Elections by country Elections by calendar Electoral systems Politics Politics by country Political campaigns Political science Political philosophy Related topics Political parties Parties by country Parties by name Parties by... The Ontario Liberal Party is a centrist provincial political party in the province of Ontario, Canada. ... A Bachelor of Arts (B.A. or A.B., from the Latin Artium Baccalaureus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or program in the arts and/or sciences. ... The University of Western Ontario is a public, non-denominational university located in London, Ontario, Canada. ... The degree of Bachelor of Laws is the principal academic degree in law in most common law countries. ... Founded in 1827, the University of Toronto (U of T), in Toronto, Ontario, is the largest university in Canada, and by many definitions its most prestigious. ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday For other uses, see Number 1969. ...


Peterson was first elected as the Liberal Member of Provincial Parliament for London Centre in the 1975 provincial election. Less than one year later, he campaigned for the leadership of the party following Robert Nixon's resignation. Considered by some to be inexperienced, Peterson nevertheless came within 45 votes of defeating Stuart Smith on the third and final ballot of a delegated convention held on January 25, 1976. Smith represented the left-wing of the party, while Peterson was seen as representing its right-wing. Some blamed Peterson's loss on the banal delivery of his convention speech. A Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) is an elected member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, Canada. ... The Ontario general election of 1975 was held to elect the 125 members of the Legislative Assembly (Members of Provincial Parliament, or MPPs) of the Province of Ontario, Canada. ... Ballot-by-ballot results of leadership races in the Ontario Liberal Party. ... Robert Fletcher Nixon (born July 17, 1928 in St. ... Stuart L. Smith (born 1938) is a politician, psychiatrist, academic and public servant in Ontario, Canada. ... January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Peterson was re-elected in the provincial elections of 1977 and 1981, and ran for the Liberal leadership a second time after Smith's resignation in 1982. Again considered to be on the right of the party, he defeated the more left-leaning Sheila Copps on the second ballot of a convention vote, held on February 21, 1982. One of his most prominent supporters in this period was Keith Davey. The Ontario general election of 1977 was held to elect the 125 members of the Legislative Assembly (Members of Provincial Parliament, or MPPs) of the Province of Ontario, Canada. ... William Daviss Progressive Conservatives finally won a majority government after winning only minorities in the 1975 and 1977 elections. ... The Honourable Sheila Maureen Copps, PC, (born November 27, 1952, in Hamilton, Ontario) is a Canadian journalist and politician. ... February 21 is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1982 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Keith Douglas Davey (born April 21, 1926) is a Canadian politician. ...


Peterson was not initially regarded as a strong challenger to the Progressive Conservative government of Bill Davis. The Liberals lost two seats in late 1984 by-elections, and another caucus member defected to the Progressive Conservatives that same year, claiming that Peterson was an ineffective leader. Polling in late 1984 showed Peterson's Liberals in third place, behind the Progressive Conservatives and New Democratic Party. For the actor, professor, and waterskiier, see William B. Davis The Honourable William (Bill) Grenville Davis, PC , CC , O.Ont. ... 1984 is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Ontario New Democratic Party (formerly known as the Ontario Cooperative Commonwealth Federation) is a social democratic political party in Ontario, Canada. ...


Peterson's fortunes improved when Davis retired as leader of the Progressive Conservative Party in early 1985. His successor, Frank Miller, took the party further to the right, and was unable to convince the electorate of his leadership abilities. Though Miller's Tories began the election in 1985 with a significant lead, Peterson's Liberals gradually increased their support throughout the campaign. To the surprise of many, Peterson won a narrow plurality of the popular vote and came within four seats of defeating Miller's government. The Progressive Conservatives won 52 seats and the Liberals 48, leaving the NDP holding the balance of power with 25. 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about Frank Miller, the Canadian politician. ... David Petersons Liberals, with support from Bob Raes New Democrats, form a minority government despite having fewer seats than Frank Millers Progressive Conservatives. ...


Following the election, NDP leader Bob Rae entered negotiations with both the Liberals and Progressive Conservatives, seeking a formal accord in which the NDP would pledge not to defeat the government in return for the passage of certain progressive legislation. Miller's Tories attempted to win the NDP's support, but were unable to agree to Rae's terms. Negotiations with the Liberals were more fruitiful, and the two parties signed an accord allowing the Liberals to govern for a two-year period. (The NDP did not receive any cabinet seats, and the accord was not a formal coalition.) The Honourable Robert Keith (Bob) Rae, PC , OC , O.Ont, QC (born August 2, 1948 in Ottawa, Ontario) was the 21st premier of Ontario, and the first leader of the Ontario New Democratic Party (NDP) to serve in that capacity. ... A Cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. ...


The Liberals and NDP defeated Miller's government on June 18, 1985 on a motion of non-confidence, and Peterson was sworn in as Premier of Ontario eight days later. After the expiration of the Liberal-NDP Accord in 1987, the Liberals called another provincial election, and were returned with a majority in the legislature, taking 95 seats out of 130. June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... David Petersons Liberals were returned to power with a large majority. ... In the Westminster System, a majority government is one in which the government enjoys an absolute majority of seats in the legislature or Parliament. ...


Peterson's government introduced several pieces of progressive legislation. It eliminated "extra billing" by doctors, brought in pay equity provisions, and reformed the province's rent review and labour negotiation laws. His government also brought in pension reform, expanded housing construction, and resolved a long-standing provincial controversy by extended full funding to Catholic secondary schools. Peterson was also a vocal opponent of free trade with the United States in 1988. His administration was less activist in its later years, though it still introduced progressive measures on environmental protection, eliminated health insurance premiums, and brought in no-fault automobile insurance for the province. Free trade is an economic concept referring to the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. ... 1988 is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Peterson administration also developed a reputation for fiscal prudence, under the management of Treasurer Robert Nixon. The Liberal government was able to introduce a balanced budget for 1989-90 following several years of deficit spending in Ontario, at a time when deficit spending was commonplace in most of North America. The Ministry of Finance is responsible for managing the fiscal, financial and related regulatory affairs of the Canadian province of Ontario. ...


Peterson remained personally popular during his time in power, and some spoke of him as a future Prime Minister of Canada. Peterson improved his public speaking abilities in the early 1980s, and projected the image of an active, charismatic figure when in office. Some believed his image was perfectly suited to the young, urban professional demographic of the 1980s. The Prime Minister of Canada, the head of the Canadian government, is usually the leader of the political party with the most seats in the Canadian House of Commons. ...


Both Peterson and his government were still popular at the beginning of 1990. The end of his career in politics came suddenly, and was the result of several factors.


The first was Peterson's prominent role in creating and promoting the "Meech Lake" constitutional accord. While initially popular, this attempt at revising Canada's constitution proved extremely divisive in most of English-speaking Canada. Many believed that it gave too many concessions to Quebec, while others believed that it weakened the federal government's authority in relation to the provinces. Peterson's continued support for the accord, in the face of increased opposition, damaged his personal popularity in Ontario. (The accord was not endorsed by Manitoba and Newfoundland, and did not pass.) The Meech Lake Accord was a set of failed constitutional amendments to the Constitution of Canada proposed by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and Robert Bourassa, premier of Quebec. ... Beginning in 1963, a terrorist group that became known as the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) launched a decade of bombings, robberies and attacks on government offices and at least two murders by FLQ gunfire and three violent deaths by bombings. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Glorious and free) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Lieutenant Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Area 647,797 km² (8th) Land 553,556 km² Water 64,241 km² (14. ... Newfoundland (French: Terre-Neuve; Irish: Talamh an Éisc; Latin: Terra Nova) Newfoundland (originally, Terra Nova) was very likely named by the Portuguese João Vaz Corte-Real in 1472, which would make it the oldest European name in North America. ...


The second reason for Peterson's downfall was the controversy resulting from the Patti Starr scandal. Starr, a prominent Liberal fundraiser, was found to have improperly diverted money from land-development and charitable organizations to the provincial Liberal Party. She was eventually sentenced to six months jail time. Although no-one in Peterson's administration was accused of criminal activity, the scandal eroded public confidence in the integrity of the ministry. Patti Starr was the chair of Ontario Place and involved in a scandal that damaged the Liberal government of David Peterson in the late 1980s. ...


The third reason was the weaking North American economy. Productivity levels were falling throughout the United States and Canada during this period, and were likely worsened in Ontario and other jurisdictions by the recent passage of a Free Trade Accord involving the two countries. While there was little that Peterson, or any other Ontario Premier, could have done to prevent this downturn, it weakened his government's reputation for fiscal competence. (Indeed, the government's projected surplus budget for 1990-91 ultimately yielded a deficit of at least three billion dollars.)


Notwithstanding all of this, Peterson's Liberal Party still retained a comfortable lead over the Progressive Conservatives and NDP in mid-1990 public opinion polls. As a result, Peterson decided to call an early election, less than three years into his mandate. This proved to be his greatest mistake.


Many voters saw the early election as a mark of arrogance, and a sign that Peterson's Liberals had become detached from the electorate. There was no defining issue behind the campaign, and many believed that Peterson was simply trying to win re-election before the economic downturn reached its worst phase. Some Liberal cabinet ministers, most notably Greg Sorbara, were strongly opposed to the early election call. Sean Conway, a member of Peterson's inner circle, would later acknowledge that most backbench MPPs also opposed the timing of the campaign. Greg Sorbara (born September 4, 1946 in Toronto, Ontario) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Sean Conway (born July 24, 1951 in Pembroke, Ontario) is a long-serving politician in Ontario, Canada. ...


The election of 1990 began with the Liberals holding at 50% popular support, and a 54% approval rating for Peterson. However, his luck turned immediately upon calling the election. Disappointed by high expectations, groups representing several interests (such as teachers, doctors, and environmentalists), came out against Peterson on television, radio, in print, and at Liberal campaign events. The public regarded the election call as cynical, and the party appeared desperate when they unexpectedly proposed to cut the provincial sales tax halfway through the campign. As a result of serious scandals, David Petersons Liberal government was defeated by a large protest vote. ...


The campaign also took place at a time when the federal New Democratic Party was performing well in the polls. This trend carried over to the provincial level; the provincial NDP under Bob Rae ran a strong campaign, and saw its fortunes gradually increase in the time leading up to election day. Some voters believed that Peterson deserved to be reduced to a minority government, while others believed the NDP should be given a chance to govern. On September 5, 1990, the NDP won one of the greatest upsets in Canadian political history, outpolling the Liberals 38% to 34% and forming a majority government. The New Democratic Party (French: Nouveau Parti démocratique) is a left wing political party in Canada that advocates varying forms of socialism . ... September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ...


David Peterson even lost his own seat, having been resoundingly defeated by NDP candidate Marion Boyd in London Centre. The loss ended Peterson's career as a politician. He announced his resignation as party leader on the night of the election, and formally resigned as premier on October 1, 1990. Marion Boyd (born March 26, 1946 in Toronto, Ontario) is a former Canadian politician, who represented the riding of London Centre in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1990 to 1999 as a member of the Ontario New Democratic Party. ...


In 1992, Peterson endorsed former Minister of Health Murray Elston as the next leader of the Ontario Liberal Party. Elston was narrowly defeated, in part because many party delegates saw him as a throwback to the Peterson years. 1992 was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... The Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care is the Government of Ontario ministry responsible for administering the healthcare system and providing services through such programs as: health insurance - OHIP drug benefits - Trillium Drug Program assistive devices care for the mentally ill long-term care home care community and public... Murray John Elston (born October 8, 1949 in Wingham, Ontario) is an executive and former Canadian politician. ...


David Peterson was the founding chairman of the Toronto Raptors Basketball Club of the National Basketball Association, and was a member of Toronto's Olympics Bid Committee. Since leaving politics, he has been a professor at York University in Toronto, a senior partner and chairman of the Toronto law firm Cassels, Brock & Blackwell, and has been director or member of several charitable, cultural, and environmental organizations. He is or has been a member on several corporate boards, being particularly associated with the Rogers family of businesses. In his legal practice he provides international advice to a wide range of clients about public policy issues and government affairs in Canada. The Toronto Raptors are a National Basketball Association team based in Toronto, Ontario. ... Basketball is very popular in U.S. colleges. ... NBA logo, depicting former star Jerry West The National Basketball Association, more popularly known as the NBA, is the worlds premier mens professional basketball league and one of the major professional sports leagues of North America. ... The Olympic Games, or Olympics, is an international multi-sport event taking place every two years and alternating between Summer and Winter Games. ... York University (YorkU) is a large comprehensive university, located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ...


In 1999, Peterson found himself at the center of controversy due to his membership on the board of YBM Magnex, a firm which was discovered to have links to the Russian mafia. Peterson maintained that he was unaware of illegal activities at the company, and referred to the accusations against him as "guilt by association". A subsequent investigation by the Ontario Securities Commission found that Peterson's actions met "the legal test of due diligence", but expressed disappointment that he had not shown more leadership on the board.[1] A 2004 report from the Globe and Mail newspaper notes that Peterson was chastened by this experience, and has become "a cautious and more conscientious director" since this time.[2] 1999 is a common year starting on Friday Anno Domini (or the Current Era), and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... The Russian Mafia is a name given to various groups of organized criminals in Russia after the fall of the Soviet Union. ... The Ontario Securities Commission administers and enforces securities legislation in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Globe and Mail is a large Canadian English language national newspaper based in Toronto. ...


Since 2003, Peterson has been contracted by the federal government to be its Chief Negotiator, in talks with the government of the Northwest Territories and Aboriginal leaders, to transfer federal powers over lands and resources to the territory. Mr. Peterson has been quoted as noting this as an opportunity to try again and play a part in nation-building.


Peterson has continued over the years as a powerful organizer and fundraiser for the federal and Ontario provincial Liberals. In May 2005, he played the central role in helping Belinda Stronach, a federal Conservative MP, to cross the floor to the ruling Liberal Party, days before a crucial confidence motion on the federal budget of Paul Martin's Liberal minority government. The defection proved critical to the survival of Martin's government, with the final outcome of the budget vote 153-152 in favour of the government. This article is about the month of May. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Belinda Stronach The Honourable Belinda Stronach, PC, MP, (born May 2, 1966 in Newmarket, Ontario) is a Canadian businesswoman, politician, and a Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) in the Canadian House of Commons. ... The Conservative Party of Canada (French: Parti conservateur du Canada) is a right wing political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ... In politics, crossing the floor is to vote against party lines. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: Parti libéral du Canada) is Canadas current governing political party. ... The Right Honourable Paul Edgar Philippe Martin, PC , MP , LL.B , BA (born August 28, 1938 in Windsor, Ontario) is the Prime Minister of Canada. ... For minority régime, see Apartheid. ...

Preceded by:
Frank Miller
1985
This article is about Frank Miller, the Canadian politician. ...

Premier of Ontario
1985-1990

Succeeded by:
Bob Rae
1990-1995
This is a list of the premiers of the province of Ontario, Canada, since Confederation (1867). ... The Honourable Robert Keith (Bob) Rae, PC , OC , O.Ont, QC (born August 2, 1948 in Ottawa, Ontario) was the 21st premier of Ontario, and the first leader of the Ontario New Democratic Party (NDP) to serve in that capacity. ...

Preceded by:
Stuart Smith Stuart L. Smith (born 1938) is a politician, psychiatrist, academic and public servant in Ontario, Canada. ...

Ontario Liberal leaders

Succeeded by:
Robert Nixon The Ontario Liberal Party is a centrist provincial political party in the province of Ontario, Canada. ... Robert Fletcher Nixon (born July 17, 1928 in St. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Martial Direct- David Peterson Interview (1443 words)
David Peterson is well-known as a student of the late great Wing Chun master Wong Shun Leung.
Peterson continues to spread the philosophies and teachings of Wong Shun Leung as a lasting tribute to his mentor.
Peterson is fiercely loyal to his late instructor and continues to share the teachings that were imparted to him.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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