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Encyclopedia > David M. Shoup
David M. Shoup
December 30, 1904January 13, 1983

22nd Commandant of the Marine Corps (1960-1963)
Place of birth: Battle Ground, Indiana
Place of death: Arlington, Virginia
Allegiance: USMC
Years of service: 1926-1963
Rank: General
Unit: HQMC
Commands: 2nd Marine Regiment
Service Command, FMF, Pacific
Basic School
USMC Inspector General
1st Marine Division
3rd Marine Division
MCRD Parris Island
Commandant of the Marine Corps
Battles/wars: Battle of Tarawa
Battle of Saipan
Battle of Tinian
Awards: Medal of Honor
Legion of Merit (2)
Distinguished Service Medal
Purple Heart (2)
   
United States Marine Corps Portal

General David Monroe Shoup (13 January 1983) was a World War II Medal of Honor recipient and the twenty-second Commandant of the United States Marine Corps (January 1, 1960December 31, 1963). December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Battle Ground is a town located in Tippecanoe County, Indiana. ... Arlington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia (which calls itself a commonwealth), directly across the Potomac River from Washington, DC. By an act of Congress July 9, 1846, the area south of the Potomac was returned to Virginia effective in 1847 As of 2000... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ... The 2nd Marine Regiment is an infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. ... The Fleet Marine Force is a combined command of the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps which comprises a combination of permanent afloat personnel, stationed on U.S. Navy ships, and ground units of the United States Marine Corps infantry branch. ... The Basic School (TBS) is where all newly commissioned United States Marine Corps officers are sent to learn the art and science of being a Marine officer. ... The 1st Marine Division is the oldest, largest (active duty), and most decorated division-sized unit in the United States Marine Corps representing a combat-ready force of more than 19,000 men and women. ... The U.S. 3rd Marine Division is a unit of the United States Marine Corps, one of three active divisions. ... Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island is an 8,500 acre military installation near Beaufort, South Carolina tasked with the training of enlisted Marines. ... The Commandant of the United States Marine Corps is the highest ranking officer of the United States Marine Corps, who is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and reports to the Secretary of the Navy but not to the Chief of Naval Operations. ... Combatants United States Japan Commanders Julian Smith Shibasaki Keiji Strength 35,000 2,600 troops, 1,000 Japanese workers and 1,200 Korean laborers Casualties 1,009 killed, 2,101 wounded 4,690 killed, 17 POWs and 129 Koreans freed The Battle of Tarawa was a battle in the Pacific... Combatants United States Japan Commanders Richmond K. Turner, Holland Smith Yoshitsugu Saito Strength 71,000 31,000 Casualties 3,500 killed; 13,160 wounded 21,000 KIA and 8,000 suicide; 921 prisoners {{{notes}}} The battle of Saipan was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought... The battle of Tinian was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought on the island of Tinian in the Mariana Islands from 24 July 1944 to 1 August 1944. ... Three different versions of the Medal of Honor are awarded: one each for the Army, Navy, and Air Force. ... The Legion of Merit is an awesome award which only the bravest of Americans will ever win. ... The Distinguished Service Medal (D.S.M.) is a military decoration for courage. ... The Purple Heart is a U.S. military decoration awarded in the name of the President of the United States to those who have been wounded or killed while serving in, or with, the U.S. military after April 5, 1917. ... Source: http://www. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Allies: • Poland, • UK & Commonwealth, • France/Free France, • Soviet Union, • USA, • China, ...and others Axis: • Germany, • Italy, • Japan, ...and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total: 50 million Full list Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total: 12 million Full list World War II... Three different versions of the Medal of Honor are awarded: one each for the Army, Navy, and Air Force. ... The Commandant of the United States Marine Corps is the highest ranking officer of the United States Marine Corps, who is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and reports to the Secretary of the Navy but not to the Chief of Naval Operations. ... United States Marine Corps seal The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the U.S. military. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ...

Contents


Early years

David Monroe Shoup was born on 30 December 1904 in Battle Ground, Indiana. A 1926 graduate of DePauw University, he was a member of the Reserve Officers Training Corps at the University. He served for a month as a second lieutenant in the Army Infantry Reserve before he was commissioned a Marine officer. December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Battle Ground is a town located in Tippecanoe County, Indiana. ... Founded in 1837, DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana, is a selective private liberal arts college with a 2002 enrollment of 2,339. ... The Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) is a training program of the United States armed forces present on college campuses to recruit and educate commissioned officers. ...


Marine Corps career

Shoup was commissioned a Marine second lieutenant on 20 July 1926. Ordered to Marine Officers Basic School at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, 2ndLt Shoup’s instruction was interrupted twice by temporary duty elsewhere in the United States and by expeditionary duty with the 6th Marine Regiment in Tientsin, China. After serving in China during most of 1927, he completed Basic School in 1928. He then served at Quantico, Virginia; Pensacola, Florida; and San Diego, California. Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Basic School (TBS) is where all newly commissioned United States Marine Corps officers are sent to learn the art and science of being a Marine officer. ... The Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, formerly Navy Yard, was the first naval shipyard of the United States. ... Quantico, Virginia is in Prince William County, 23 miles north-northeast of Fredericksburg, Virginia, near Dumfries and Stafford along Highway 619. ... Nickname: The City of Five Flags Motto: Official website: http://www. ... Nickname: Americas Finest City Motto: Official website: http://www. ...


From June 1929 to September 1931, 2ndLt Shoup was assigned to the Marine detachment aboard the USS Maryland. On his return from sea duty, he served as a company officer at the Marine Corps Base (later Marine Corps Recruit Depot), San Diego until May 1932 when he was ordered to the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington. He was promoted to first lieutenant in June 1932. USS Maryland (BB-46), a Colorado-class battleship, was the third ship of the United States Navy to be named in honor of the seventh state. ... Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego is a United States military installation in San Diego, California. ... Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (PSNS) is a United States Navy shipyard covering 179 acres (0. ... Bremerton is a city located in Kitsap County, Washington, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 37,259. ...


First Lieutenant Shoup later served on temporary duty with the Civilian Conservation Corps in Idaho and New Jersey from June 1933 to May 1934. Following duty in Seattle, Washington, he was again ordered to China in November 1934, serving briefly with the 4th Marine Regiment in Shanghai and, subsequently, at the American Legation in Peiping. He returned to the United States, via Japan, early in June 1936 and was again stationed at the Puget Sound Navy Yard. He was promoted to captain in October 1936. Civilian Conservation Corps workers restoring the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. ... This article is about the city. ... 4th Marines Insignia courtesy of www. ... Shanghai (Chinese: 上海 pinyin: (help· info); Shanghainese: Zanhe ), situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta, is Chinas largest city. ...


Captain Shoup entered the Junior Course, Marine Corps Schools, Quantico, in July 1937. On completing the course in May 1938, he served as an instructor for two years. In June 1940, he joined the 6th Marines in San Diego. He was promoted to major in April 1941.


Major Shoup was ordered to Iceland with the 6th Marines in May 1941, and after serving as Regimental Operations Officer, became Operations Officer of the 1st Marine Brigade in Iceland in October 1941. For his service in Iceland during the first three months after the United States entered World War II, he was awarded the Letter of Commendation with Commendation Ribbon. He assumed command of the 2nd Battalion 6th Marines, in February 1942. On returning to the States in March, the 1st Marine Brigade was disbanded and he returned with his battalion to San Diego. In July 1942, he became Assistant Operations and Training Officer of the 2nd Marine Division. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel in August 1942.


Sailing from San Diego aboard the USS Matsonia in September 1942, LtCol Shoup arrived at Wellington, New Zealand, later that month. From then until November 1943, he served as G-3, Operations and Training Officer of the 2nd Marine Division during the unit’s training period in New Zealand. His service in this capacity during the planning of the assault on Tarawa earned him his first Legion of Merit with Combat “V.” During this period, he also served briefly as an observer with the 1st Marine Division on Guadalcanal in October 1942 and as an observer with the 43rd Army Division on Rendova, New Georgia, in the summer of 1943, earning a Purple Heart in the latter operation. Alternative meanings at Wellington (disambiguation) A view of Wellington from the top of Mount Victoria. ... The U.S. 2nd Marine Division is a division of the United States Marine Corps, which forms the ground-force component of the II Marine Expeditionary Force. ... The Legion of Merit is an awesome award which only the bravest of Americans will ever win. ... The 1st Marine Division is the oldest, largest (active duty), and most decorated division-sized unit in the United States Marine Corps representing a combat-ready force of more than 19,000 men and women. ... The 43rd Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War II. Pre-world War II Activated: 21 March 1925 as a National Guard Division in Connecticut, Maine, Rhode Island, and Vermont. ... Categories: Oceania geography stubs | Solomon Islands ... The Purple Heart is a U.S. military decoration awarded in the name of the President of the United States to those who have been wounded or killed while serving in, or with, the U.S. military after April 5, 1917. ...


Promoted to colonel on November 9, 1943, Col Shoup was placed in command of the 2nd Marines, the spearhead of the assault on Tarawa. During this action he earned the Medal of Honor as well as a second Purple Heart. He earned the Medal of Honor at Betio, a bitterly contested island of Tarawa Atoll, 20-22 November 1943, while commanding all ground troops ashore. The British Distinguished Service Order was also awarded him for this action. Combatants United States Japan Commanders Julian Smith Shibasaki Keiji Strength 35,000 2,600 troops, 1,000 Japanese workers and 1,200 Korean laborers Casualties 1,009 killed, 2,101 wounded 4,690 killed, 17 POWs and 129 Koreans freed The Battle of Tarawa was a battle in the Pacific... Three different versions of the Medal of Honor are awarded: one each for the Army, Navy, and Air Force. ... Betio is the main port island in the Tarawa chain and the site of the infamous Battle of Tarawa in World War II Categories: Oceania geography stubs | Pacific Ocean atolls | Kiribati ...


In December 1943, he became Chief of Staff of the 2nd Marine Division. For outstanding service in this capacity from June to August 1944, during the battles for Saipan and Tinian, he was again awarded the Legion of Merit with Combat “V.” He returned to the United States in October 1944. The U.S. 2nd Marine Division is a division of the United States Marine Corps, which forms the ground-force component of the II Marine Expeditionary Force. ... Combatants United States Japan Commanders Richmond K. Turner, Holland Smith Yoshitsugu Saito Strength 71,000 31,000 Casualties 3,500 killed; 13,160 wounded 21,000 KIA and 8,000 suicide; 921 prisoners {{{notes}}} The battle of Saipan was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought... The battle of Tinian was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought on the island of Tinian in the Mariana Islands from 24 July 1944 to 1 August 1944. ...


On his return to the States, Col Shoup served as Logistics Officer, Division of Plans and Policies, Headquarters Marine Corps. He was again ordered overseas in June 1947. Two months later he became Commanding Officer, Service Command, Fleet Marine Force (FMF), Pacific. In June 1949, he joined the 1st Marine Division at Camp Pendleton as Division Chief of Staff. A year later, he was transferred to Quantico where he served as Commanding Officer of the Basic School from July 1950 until April 1952. He was then assigned to the Office of the Fiscal Director, Headquarters Marine Corps (HQMC), serving as Assistant Fiscal Director. He was promoted to brigadier general in April 1953. The Fleet Marine Force is a combined command of the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps which comprises a combination of permanent afloat personnel, stationed on U.S. Navy ships, and ground units of the United States Marine Corps infantry branch. ... Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton is near Oceanside, California. ...


In July 1953, BGen Shoup was named Fiscal Director of the Marine Corps. While serving in this capacity, he was promoted to major general in September 1955. Subsequently, in May 1956, he began a brief assignment as Inspector General for Recruit Training. Following this, he served as Inspector General of the Marine Corps from September 1956 until May 1957. He returned to Camp Pendleton in June 1957 to become Commanding General of the 1st Marine Division.


Major General Shoup joined the 3rd Marine Division on Okinawa in March 1958 as Commanding General. Following his return to the States, he served as Commanding General of the Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, from May to October 1959. On 2 November 1959, he was promoted to lieutenant general and assigned duties as Chief of Staff, HQMC. The U.S. 3rd Marine Division is a unit of the United States Marine Corps, one of three active divisions. ... This article is about the prefecture. ... Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island is an 8,500 acre military installation near Beaufort, South Carolina tasked with the training of enlisted Marines. ...


Lieutenant General Shoup was nominated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on 12 August 1959 to be the 22d Commandant of the Marine Corps. Upon assuming his post as Commandant of the Marine Corps on 1 January 1960, he was promoted to four-star rank. Dwight David Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969, popularly known as Ike) was an American soldier and politician. ...


His time in office saw the beginning of limited operations in Vietnam with Marine helicopter units flying from Soc Trang, an abandoned airstrip south of Saigon.


On 21 January 1964, shortly after his retirement, Gen Shoup was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal by President Lyndon B. Johnson for exceptionally meritorious service as Commandant of the Marine Corps. The Distinguished Service Medal (D.S.M.) is a military decoration for courage. ...


Final days

General Shoup retired to Arlington, Virginia, in 1963. He died on 13 January 1983 after a long illness and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Arlington Cemetery Arlington National Cemetery, in Arlington, Virginia, is an American military cemetery established during the American Civil War on the grounds of Robert E. Lees home. ...


Medals and decorations

Preceded by:
Gen. Randolph M. Pate
Commandant of the United States Marine Corps
1960–1963
Succeeded by:
Gen. Wallace M. Greene, Jr.

Three different versions of the Medal of Honor are awarded: one each for the Army, Navy, and Air Force. ... The Distinguished Service Medal (D.S.M.) is a military decoration for courage. ... The Legion of Merit is an awesome award which only the bravest of Americans will ever win. ... The Purple Heart is a U.S. military decoration awarded in the name of the President of the United States to those who have been wounded or killed while serving in, or with, the U.S. military after April 5, 1917. ... The American Defense Service Medal is a decoration of the United States military which was created in 1941 by Executive Order of President Franklin Roosevelt. ... WWII Victory Medal The World War II Victory Medal is a decoration of the United States military which was created by an act of Congress in July 1945. ... The National Defense Service Medal is a military decoration of the United States military and was the brainchild of President Dwight D. Eisenhower. ... The Commandant of the United States Marine Corps is the highest ranking officer of the United States Marine Corps, who is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and reports to the Secretary of the Navy but not to the Chief of Naval Operations. ...

References

This article incorporates public domain text from an official United States Marine Corps biography.
  • Official USMC biography of General David M. Shoup

 
 

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