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Encyclopedia > David Lean
David Lean

Born March 25, 1908(1908-03-25)
Croydon, Greater London, UK
Died April 16, 1991 (aged 83)
London, England
Spouse(s) Isabel Lean (1930-1936)
Kay Walsh (1940-1949)
Ann Todd (1949-1957)
Leila Matkar (1960-1978)
Sandra Hotz (1981-1984)
Sandra Cooke (1990-1991)

Sir David Lean KBE (March 25, 1908April 16, 1991) was an Academy Award-winning English film director and producer, best remembered for big-screen epics such as Lawrence of Arabia, The Bridge on the River Kwai, Doctor Zhivago and A Passage to India. Widely acclaimed and winning the praise of directors such as Steven Spielberg[1], Martin Scorsese[citation needed], Stanley Kubrick[citation needed], and George Lucas[citation needed], Lean was voted 9th greatest film director of all time in the BFI "Directors Top Directors" poll 2002. is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Croydon (disambiguation). ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Kay Walsh (born August 27, 1914) is an English actress. ... Ann Todd (January 24, 1909-May 6, 1993) was born in Hartford, Cheshire and was educated at St Winifrids School in Eastbourne. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... The Academy Award for Directing is one of the awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; the awards are voted on by other people within the industry. ... The Bridge on the River Kwai is an Academy Award-winning 1957 World War II war film based on the novel Le Pont de la Rivière Kwaï by French writer Pierre Boulle. ... Thomas Edward Lawrence (August 16, 1888 – May 19, 1935), also known as Lawrence of Arabia, and (apparently, among his Arab allies) Aurens or El Aurens, became famous for his role as a British liaison officer during the Arab Revolt of 1916–1918. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... Golden Globe Award for Best Director - Motion Picture has been awarded annually since 1944 by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association. ... The Bridge on the River Kwai is an Academy Award-winning 1957 World War II war film based on the novel Le Pont de la Rivière Kwaï by French writer Pierre Boulle. ... Thomas Edward Lawrence (August 16, 1888 – May 19, 1935), also known as Lawrence of Arabia, and (apparently, among his Arab allies) Aurens or El Aurens, became famous for his role as a British liaison officer during the Arab Revolt of 1916–1918. ... For other uses, see Doctor Zhivago (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority, these are Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross (GBE) Knight Commander... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... Director Herbert Brenon with actress Alla Nazimova on the set of War Brides, 1916 A director is a person who directs the making of a film. ... A film producer creates the conditions for making movies. ... Lawrence of Arabia is an award-winning 1962 film based on the life of T. E. Lawrence. ... The Bridge on the River Kwai is an Academy Award-winning 1957 World War II war film based on the novel Le Pont de la Rivière Kwaï by French writer Pierre Boulle. ... Doctor Zhivago (Russian: Доктор Живаго) is a 1965 film directed by David Lean and loosely based on the famous novel of the same name by Boris Pasternak. ... A Passage to India is a 1984 film directed by David Lean, based on the novel of the same name by E. M. Forster. ... Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... Martin Marcantonio Luciano Scorsese (IPA: AmE: ; Ita: []) (b. ... Kubrick redirects here. ... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ...

Contents

Early life

He was born in Croydon, Greater London to Francis William le Blount Lean and the former Helena Tangye. His parents were Quakers and he was a pupil at the Quaker-founded Leighton Park School in Reading. For other uses, see Croydon (disambiguation). ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, or Friends, is a religious community founded in England in the 17th century. ... Leighton Park School is an independent coeducational Quaker secondary school for both boarding and day pupils in Reading, Berkshire, England. ... , Reading is a town, unitary authority (the Borough of Reading) and urban area in the English county of Berkshire. ...


Film career

Editing

Lean started at the bottom, as a clapperboard assistant. By 1930 he was working as an editor on newsreels, including Gaumont Pictures and Movietone. His career in feature films began with Escape Me Never in 1935. An acrylic glass clapboard with scene details. ... Gaumont is a French film production company and is the worlds oldest film company. ... Movietone was created ever since silent movies came out, and was the primary source of news and current events for moviegoers until the first black and white television set came out in the late 1940s. ...


He went on to edit Gabriel Pascal's film productions of two George Bernard Shaw plays, Pygmalion (1938) and Major Barbara (1941), and Powell & Pressburger's Forty-Ninth Parallel (1941) and One of Our Aircraft is Missing (1942). Gabriel Pascal (June 4, 1894 – July 6, 1954) was a film producer and director. ... George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856–2 November 1950) was a world-renowned Irish author. ... Pygmalion (1938) is a British film based on George Bernard Shaws play of the same name, and adapted by him for the screen. ... Major Barbara is a 1941 United Artists motion picture starring Wendy Hiller as Barbara Undershaft, Rex Harrison as Adolphus Cusins, Robert Morley as Andrew Undershaft, Robert Newton as Bill Walker, and Sybil Thorndike as The General, with Marie Lohr as Lady Britomart, and Deborah Kerr as Jenny Hill. ... Powell and Pressburger were a British film-making partnership of Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, also known as The Archers. ... Forty-Ninth Parallel (1941) is the third film made by the British writer-director team of Powell and Pressburger. ... One of our Aircraft is Missing (1942) is a film by the British-based director-writer team of Powell & Pressburger. ...


While Lean is now chiefly noted as a film director, for his last film, A Passage to India (1984), he chose to both direct and edit, and the two activities were given equal status in the film's credits.[2] Lean was nominated for Academy Awards in directing, editing, and writing for the film. A Passage to India is a 1984 film directed by David Lean, based on the novel of the same name by E. M. Forster. ... The Academy Award for Directing is one of the awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; the awards are voted on by other people within the industry. ... The Academy Award for Film Editing was first given for films issued in 1934. ... The Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay is one of the Academy Awards, the most prominent film awards in the United States. ...


Directing

His first work as a director was in partnership with Noel Coward on In Which We Serve (1942), and he went on to adapt several of Coward's plays into successful films. These included This Happy Breed (1944), Blithe Spirit (1945) and Brief Encounter (1945). These were followed by two celebrated Charles Dickens adaptations - Great Expectations (1946) and Oliver Twist (1948), as well as The Sound Barrier (1952) a collaboration with the playwright Terence Rattigan, and what many consider the definitive version of Hobson's Choice (1954), based on the play by Harold Brighouse. Noël Peirce Coward (December 16, 1899 – March 26, 1973) was an Academy Award winning English actor, playwright, and composer of popular music. ... In Which We Serve is a 1942 war film that tells the story of the British destroyer HMS Torrin, as told in flashbacks by the survivors as they cling to a life raft. ... This Happy Breed was a stage play written by Noel Coward, first staged in 1939 as part of a double bill with the same authors Present Laughter. ... Blithe Spirit (1941) is a comic play written by Noel Coward. ... Brief Encounter is a 1945 British film about the morals of British suburban life, centring on a housewife for whom real love (as opposed to the polite arrangement of her marriage) was an unexpectedly violent thing. ... Dickens redirects here. ... Great Expectations is a 1946 British film directed by David Lean and based on the novel by Charles Dickens. ... Oliver Twist (1948) is the second of David Leans two film adaptations of Charles Dickens novels. ... The Sound Barrier is a 1952 film directed by David Lean. ... Terence Rattigan — British Playwright Sir Terence Mervyn Rattigan (June 10, 1911 – November 30, 1977) was one of Englands most important 20th century dramatists. ... For other uses, see Hobsons choice (disambiguation). ...


Summertime (1955), marked a new direction in for Lean. Filmed in colour, it was shot entirely on location in Venice. U.S.-financed, the film starred Katharine Hepburn as a middle-aged American woman who has a romance while on holiday in Venice. Katharine Hepburn and Rossano Brazzi in Summertime Summertime is a 1955 film directed by David Lean starring Katharine Hepburn and Rossano Brazzi. ... For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ... Katharine Houghton Hepburn (May 12, 1907 – June 29, 2003) was an iconic American actress of film, television and stage. ...


In the following years, Lean went on to make the blockbusters for which he is best known: The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957), for which he won an Academy Award, followed by another for Lawrence of Arabia, (1962). Doctor Zhivago (1965) was another major hit. In addition, Lean directed some scenes of The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965) while George Stevens was doing location work in Nevada. Most of his scenes involved Claude Rains and Jose Ferrer, both of whom had previously worked with Lean on Lawrence of Arabia. Following the moderately successful Ryan's Daughter in 1970, he did not direct another film until A Passage to India (1984), which would be his last. He was knighted in 1984. The Bridge on the River Kwai is an Academy Award-winning 1957 World War II war film based on the novel Le Pont de la Rivière Kwaï by French writer Pierre Boulle. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Lawrence of Arabia is an award-winning 1962 film based on the life of T. E. Lawrence. ... Doctor Zhivago (Russian: Доктор Живаго) is a 1965 film directed by David Lean and loosely based on the famous novel of the same name by Boris Pasternak. ... This article is about the film. ... George Stevens examining film from A Place in the Sun. ... Claude Rains (November 10, 1889 – May 30, 1967) was a British-born theatre and film actor, who later held American citizenship, best known for his many roles in Hollywood films. ... José Vicente Ferrer de Otero y Cintron, known as José Ferrer (January 8, 1912-January 26, 1992), was an actor and director, born in Santurce, Puerto Rico. ... Ryans Daughter is David Leans 1970 film which tells the story of an Irish girl who has an affair with a British soldier during World War I, despite opposition from her nationalist neighbours. ... A Passage to India is a 1984 film directed by David Lean, based on the novel of the same name by E. M. Forster. ...


He was in the midst of planning an epic production of Joseph Conrad's Nostromo when he died from cancer, aged 83. Marlon Brando, Paul Scofield, Anthony Quinn, Christopher Lambert, Isabella Rossellini, and Dennis Quaid were among the ensemble cast set to star in the film. // Joseph Conrad (born Józef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski; 3 December 1857 – 3 August 1924) was a Polish-born English novelist. ... Nostromo is a 1904 novel by Polish-born British novelist Joseph Conrad, set in the fictitious South American republic of Costaguana. ... Marlon Brando, Jr. ... David Paul Scofield, CH, CBE (born 21 January 1922) is a British actor who was born in Hurstpierpoint, Sussex, England. ... For other people named Anthony Quinn see Anthony Quinn (disambiguation) Anthony Quinn (April 21, 1915 – June 3, 2001) was a two-time Academy Award-winning Mexican/American actor, as well as a painter and writer. ... Christopher Lambert (born March 29, 1957 as Christophe Guy Denis Lambert) is an American-born French actor. ... Isabella Fiorella Elettra Giovanna Rossellini (born June 18, 1952 in Rome, Italy) is an Italian actress, filmmaker, author, philanthropist, and former supermodel. ... Dennis William Quaid (born April 9, 1954) is an American actor. ...


Nostromo would eventually be made as a BBC mini-series. Among other films he attempted to make, but was forced to abandon or pass on to others, are The Wind Cannot Read (1958), The Bounty (1984), Out of Africa (1985), and Empire of the Sun (1987). For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... This article is about the 1984 film. ... In 1985, the film Out of Africa was released, based loosely on the autobiographical book by Isak Dinesen published in 1937, as well as Dinesens Shadows on the Grass and other sources. ... Empire of the Sun is a 1987 film directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Christian Bale, John Malkovich, and Miranda Richardson. ...


Reputation

Although he is considered one of the greatest film directors of all time by many, Lean's critical reputation has shifted over the years. While his early British films have generally had near-universal acclaim, his epics have been the cause of much controversy and discussion.


Some critics, including Pauline Kael, Bosley Crowther and Andrew Sarris, disliked Lean's epics as a whole, arguing that they were simply visual spectacles with no depth - a view which many of Lean's stringent critics still hold to this day. Director François Truffaut once referred to Lean's films dismissively as "Oscar packages," while Crowther criticized Lean's epics as having a "chocolate-box view of history". Others felt that while Kwai and Lawrence were accomplished films, his later epics - Zhivago and Ryan's Daughter - were simply attempts to replicate his previous successes. In his review of Doctor Zhivago, Richard Schickel argued that the film, while flawed in many aspects, was a great film if regarded in a purely visual sense - an argument which plays into the hands of Lean's detractors; but many other critics also praised the scripts of Lean's epics (by Carl Foreman, Michael Wilson, and Robert Bolt), which were considered to be more intelligent, literate, and believable than most epic film scripts. Pauline Kael (June 19, 1919 – September 3, 2001) was an American film critic who wrote for The New Yorker magazine from 1968 to 1991. ... Bosley Crowther (July 13, 1905 – March 7, 1981) was an American film critic. ... Andrew Sarris is a film critic and a leading proponent of the Auteur theory of criticism. ... François Roland Truffaut (French IPA: ) (February 6, 1932 – October 21, 1984) was one of the founders of the French New Wave in filmmaking, and remains an icon of the French film industry. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Doctor Zhivago (Russian: Доктор Живаго) is a 1965 film directed by David Lean and loosely based on the famous novel of the same name by Boris Pasternak. ... Richard Warren Schickel (b. ... Carl Foreman Carl Foreman (July 23, 1914 – June 26, 1984) was an American screenwriter and film producer who was blacklisted by the Hollywood movie studio bosses in the 1950s. ... For other persons named Michael Wilson, see Michael Wilson (disambiguation). ... Robert Oxton Bolt (August 15, 1924 – February 12, 1995) was an English playwright and screenwriter. ...


Lean's films in general have always been extremely popular with the general public, with Kwai, Lawrence, and Zhivago all among the highest-grossing films of all-time. While Ryan and India were less successful on release, they have found wide and appreciative audiences since their release on DVD.


As Lean himself pointed out (see Kevin Brownlow: David Lean, p. 483), Lean's films were (and are) perhaps admired most by fellow directors as a showcase of the film maker's art. Steven Spielberg and Martin Scorsese in particular were huge fans of Lean's epic films, and claimed him as one of their primary influences. (Both also helped in the 1989 restoration of Lawrence which, when released, greatly revived Lean's reputation.) George Lucas has referenced his films (Lawrence in particular) throughout his Star Wars film series. John Milius, Sergio Leone, Sam Peckinpah, Stanley Kubrick, and Sydney Pollack also claimed influence from Lean's films. Mel Brooks is also an admirer and parodied several of Lean's films in his sci-fi spoof Spaceballs. Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... Martin Marcantonio Luciano Scorsese (IPA: AmE: ; Ita: []) (b. ... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... This article is about the series. ... John Milius (born April 11, 1944 in St. ... Sergio Leone (January 3, 1929 – April 30, 1989) was an Italian film director. ... David Samuel Sam Peckinpah (February 21, 1925 – December 28, 1984) was an American film director who achieved iconic status following the release of his 1969 Western epic The Wild Bunch. ... Kubrick redirects here. ... Sydney Pollack (born July 1, 1934 in Lafayette, Indiana) is an American actor, producer, and director. ... Mel Brooks (born June 28, 1926) is an Academy Award-winning American director, writer, comedian, actor and producer best known as a creator of broad film farces and comedy parodies. ... Bold text Spaceballs is a 1987 science fiction parody film co-written, directed by, and starring Mel Brooks. ...


Roger Ebert, in writing of Doctor Zhivago, perhaps best sums up this view: [1] Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ...

I agree that the plot of "Doctor Zhivago" lumbers noisily from nowhere to nowhere. That the characters undergo inexplicable changes of heart and personality. That it is not easy to care much about Zhivago himself. . . That the life of the movie is in its corners. . . That "Lara's Theme," by Maurice Jarre, goes on the same shelf as "Waltzing Matilda" as tunes that threaten to drive me mad. And yet the stage has running water, and the horses look real enough to ride. "Doctor Zhivago". . . is an example of superb old-style craftsmanship at the service of a soppy romantic vision, and although its portentous historical drama evaporates once you return to the fresh air, watching it can be seductive.

In answer to his critics, Lean has been quoted as saying "I wouldn't take the advice of a lot of so-called critics on how to shoot a close-up of a teapot."


Influences

Lean often cited John Ford as one of his favorite directors, and used that director's The Searchers (1956) in particular as a reference point while shooting his epic films (e.g. Lawrence and Zhivago). Another major influence was King Vidor's The Big Parade (1926), which he directly referenced in a scene in Zhivago. He was also a major fan of silent directors Charlie Chaplin and Buster Keaton. For other persons named John Ford, see John Ford (disambiguation). ... The Searchers is a 1956 epic Western film directed by John Ford, which tells the story of Ethan Edwards, a bitter, middle-aged loner and Civil War veteran played by John Wayne, who spends years looking for his abducted niece. ... King Vidor King Wallis Vidor (February 8, 1894 – November 1, 1982) was an American film director. ... The Big Parade is a 1925 silent film which tells the story of an idle rich boy who is shipped off to France to fight World War I, becomes friends with two working class men, experiences the horrors of trench warfare, and finds love with a French girl. ... Charles Chaplin redirects here. ... Joseph Francis Kieran Keaton (October 4, 1895 – February 1, 1966) was an Academy Award-winning American silent film comic actor and filmmaker. ...


Casting

Lean worked with Alec Guinness on six of his films. The two frequently fought with each other; Lean had adapted Guinness's stage version of Great Expectations for the screen for his second film, and thus felt responsible for Guinness's screen career; Guinness resented this assertion immensely. This, along with Guinness's perfectionism and difficult personality and what he perceived as Lean's authoritarian attitude while shooting a film, caused the two to quarrel on virtually all of their films together. Despite their differences, the two men held each other in high regard and continued to work together throughout their careers. Sir Alec Guinness CH, CBE (2 April 1914 – 5 August 2000) was an Academy Award and Tony Award-winning English actor. ... For other uses, see Great Expectations (disambiguation). ...


Other actors who worked on multiple Lean films include John Mills, Trevor Howard, Omar Sharif, Jack Hawkins, Celia Johnson, Ralph Richardson, Kay Walsh, Ann Todd, and Claude Rains. John Mills as Professor Bernard Quatermass in the Thames Television science-fiction serial Quatermass (1979). ... Trevor Howard, CBE (29 September 1913 – 7 January 1988), born Trevor Wallace Howard-Smith, was an English movie, stage and television actor. ... For the Pakistani actor of the same name, see Umer Sharif. ... John Edward Jack Hawkins (September 14, 1910 - July 18, 1973) was a British film actor of the 1950s and 1960s. ... Dame Celia Johnson (1908-1982) was an English actress, famous for her role in the 1945 film, Brief Encounter, opposite Trevor Howard. ... Sir Ralph David Richardson (19 December 1902 – 10 October 1983) was an English actor, one of a group of theatrical knights of the mid-20th century who, though more closely associated with the stage, did their best to make the transition to film. ... Kay Walsh (born August 27, 1914) is an English actress. ... Ann Todd (January 24, 1909-May 6, 1993) was born in Hartford, Cheshire and was educated at St Winifrids School in Eastbourne. ... Claude Rains (November 10, 1889 – May 30, 1967) was a British-born theatre and film actor, who later held American citizenship, best known for his many roles in Hollywood films. ...


He frequently attempted to work with Marlon Brando, in such roles as Victor Komarovsky in Doctor Zhivago (which went to Rod Steiger) and the Major in Ryan's Daughter, and was also planning for him to be in his production of Nostromo which he had planned before his death. He did not, however, want to give him the title role in Lawrence, as he preferred an English actor; Spiegel wanted Brando as T. E. Lawrence and not Peter O'Toole. Marlon Brando, Jr. ... For other uses, see Doctor Zhivago (disambiguation). ... Rod Steiger (April 14, 1925 – July 9, 2002) was an American Academy Award-winning actor best known for his intense performances in such films as In the Heat of the Night, On the Waterfront and Doctor Zhivago. ... Ryans Daughter is David Leans 1970 film which tells the story of an Irish girl who has an affair with a British soldier during World War I, despite opposition from her nationalist neighbours. ... Nostromo is a 1904 novel by Polish-born British novelist Joseph Conrad, set in the fictitious South American republic of Costaguana. ... Lawrence of Arabia redirects here. ... Peter Seamus OToole (born August 2, 1932, uncertain but presumed correct date[1]) is an eight-time Academy Award-nominated Irish actor. ...


Peter O'Toole's performance as an eccentric filmmaker in 1980s The Stunt Man was loosely based on Lean, who directed him in Lawrence of Arabia. While O'Toole held Lean in high regard, he declined opportunities to work with him again after Lawrence (O'Toole was offered parts in all of Lean's subsequent films). The two reportedly had a falling out after O'Toole turned down the lead in Zhivago. Peter Seamus OToole (born August 2, 1932, uncertain but presumed correct date[1]) is an eight-time Academy Award-nominated Irish actor. ... The Stunt Man is a 1980 American film directed by Richard Rush, starring Peter OToole, Steve Railsback and Barbara Hershey. ... Lawrence of Arabia is an award-winning 1962 film based on the life of T. E. Lawrence. ...


Lean said at various points that he considered Charles Laughton (star of Hobson's Choice), William Holden (Bridge on the River Kwai), and Claude Rains (of The Passionate Friends and Lawrence of Arabia) as his favorite actors to work with. He also remained close friends with his Summertime star, Katharine Hepburn. Charles Laughton (1 July 1899 – 15 December 1962) was an English stage and film actor. ... William Holden (April 17, 1918 – ca. ... Claude Rains (November 10, 1889 – May 30, 1967) was a British-born theatre and film actor, who later held American citizenship, best known for his many roles in Hollywood films. ... Katharine Houghton Hepburn (May 12, 1907 – June 29, 2003) was an iconic American actress of film, television and stage. ...


Personal life

Lean was a long-term resident of Limehouse, East London. His home on Narrow Street is still owned by his family. He was married six times, and divorced five — his last wife survived him: , Limehouse Town Hall Limehouse is a place in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. ... East London area East London is the name commonly given to the north eastern part of London, England on the north side of the River Thames. ...

  1. Isabel Lean (1930–1936) (David's first cousin) — one son Peter
  2. Kay Walsh (1940–1949)
  3. Ann Todd (1949–1957)
  4. Leila Matkar (1960–1978)
  5. Sandra Hotz (1981–1984)
  6. Sandra Cooke (1990–1991)

A cousin couple is a pair of cousins with a romantic or sexual relationship. ... Kay Walsh (born August 27, 1914) is an English actress. ... Ann Todd (January 24, 1909-May 6, 1993) was born in Hartford, Cheshire and was educated at St Winifrids School in Eastbourne. ...

Academy Awards

With Sir Anthony Havelock-Allan and Ronald Neame CBE* The Academy Award for Directing is one of the awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; the awards are voted on by other people within the industry. ... The Bridge on the River Kwai is an Academy Award-winning 1957 World War II war film based on the novel Le Pont de la Rivière Kwaï by French writer Pierre Boulle. ... Thomas Edward Lawrence (August 16, 1888 – May 19, 1935), also known as Lawrence of Arabia, and (apparently, among his Arab allies) Aurens or El Aurens, became famous for his role as a British liaison officer during the Arab Revolt of 1916–1918. ... The Academy Award for Directing is one of the awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; the awards are voted on by other people within the industry. ... Brief Encounter is a 1945 British film about the morals of British suburban life, centring on a housewife for whom real love (as opposed to the polite arrangement of her marriage) was an unexpectedly violent thing. ... Great Expectations is a 1946 British film directed by David Lean and based on the novel by Charles Dickens. ... Katharine Hepburn and Rossano Brazzi in Summertime Summertime is a 1955 film directed by David Lean starring Katharine Hepburn and Rossano Brazzi. ... Doctor Zhivago (Russian: Доктор Живаго) is a 1965 film directed by David Lean and loosely based on the famous novel of the same name by Boris Pasternak. ... A Passage to India is a 1984 film directed by David Lean, based on the novel of the same name by E. M. Forster. ... The Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay is one of the Academy Awards, the most prominent film awards in the United States. ... Brief Encounter is a 1945 British film about the morals of British suburban life, centring on a housewife for whom real love (as opposed to the polite arrangement of her marriage) was an unexpectedly violent thing. ... Great Expectations is a 1946 British film directed by David Lean and based on the novel by Charles Dickens. ... A Passage to India is a 1984 film directed by David Lean, based on the novel of the same name by E. M. Forster. ... The Academy Award for Film Editing was first given for films issued in 1934. ... A Passage to India is a 1984 film directed by David Lean, based on the novel of the same name by E. M. Forster. ... Sir Anthony James Allan Havelock-Allan, 4th Baronet (28 February 1904–11 January 2003) was a British film producer. ... Ronald Neame is a British film cinematographer, producer, screenwriter, and director. ...


Other Academy Awards in his Films

In Which We Serve 2 Nominations In Which We Serve is a 1942 war film that tells the story of the British destroyer HMS Torrin, as told in flashbacks by the survivors as they cling to a life raft. ...


Blithe Spirit 1 Win The Academy Honorary Award is given irregularly by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to celebrate motion picture achievements that are not covered by existing Academy Awards. ... Noël Peirce Coward (December 16, 1899 – March 26, 1973) was an Academy Award winning English actor, playwright, and composer of popular music. ... // The Academy Award for Writing Original Screenplay is the Academy Award for the best script not based upon previously published material. ... Noël Peirce Coward (December 16, 1899 – March 26, 1973) was an Academy Award winning English actor, playwright, and composer of popular music. ... ©A.M.P.A.S.® The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to artists working in the motion picture industry. ... Noël Peirce Coward (December 16, 1899 – March 26, 1973) was an Academy Award winning English actor, playwright, and composer of popular music. ... This article is about the 1945 film. ...


Brief Encounter 1 Nomination The Academy Award for Visual Effects is an Oscar given to one film each year that shows highest achievement in visual effects. ... Brief Encounter is a 1945 British film about the morals of British suburban life, centring on a housewife for whom real love (as opposed to the polite arrangement of her marriage) was an unexpectedly violent thing. ...


Great Expectations 2 Wins and 1 Nomination Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance while working within the film industry. ... Dame Celia Johnson (1908-1982) was an English actress, famous for her role in the 1945 film, Brief Encounter, opposite Trevor Howard. ... Great Expectations is a 1946 British film directed by David Lean and based on the novel by Charles Dickens. ...


The Sound Barrier 2 Nominations The Academy Awards are the oldest awards ceremony for achievements in motion pictures. ... English art director Wilfred Shingleton (1914 - 1983) enjoyed a distinguished career in the British film industry from his debut in 1937. ... Charles Rosher the first recipient in 1928 The Academy Award for Best Cinematography is awarded each year to a cinematographer for his work in one particular motion picture. ... Guy Green, 1992 Guy Green OBE (November 15, 1913 – September 15, 2005) was an English film director, screenwriter, and cinematographer. ... ©A.M.P.A.S.® The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to artists working in the motion picture industry. ... Ronald Neame is a British film cinematographer, producer, screenwriter, and director. ... The Sound Barrier is a 1952 film by David Lean. ...


Summertime 1 Nomination The Academy Award for Sound Mixing is an Academy Award that recognizes the finest or most aesthetic sound mixing or recording, and is generally awarded to the production sound mixers and re-recording mixers of the winning film. ... London Films was a British film studio founded in 1932 by Alexander Korda. ... // The Academy Award for Writing Original Screenplay is the Academy Award for the best script not based upon previously published material. ... Terence Rattigan — British Playwright Sir Terence Mervyn Rattigan (June 10, 1911 – November 30, 1977) was one of Englands most important 20th century dramatists. ... Katharine Hepburn and Rossano Brazzi in Summertime Summertime is a 1955 film directed by David Lean starring Katharine Hepburn and Rossano Brazzi. ...


The Bridge on the River Kwai 6 Wins and 1 Nomination Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance while working within the film industry. ... Katharine Houghton Hepburn (May 12, 1907 – June 29, 2003) was an iconic American actress of film, television and stage. ... The Bridge on the River Kwai is an Academy Award-winning 1957 World War II war film based on the novel Le Pont de la Rivière Kwaï by French writer Pierre Boulle. ...

Honored posthumously in 1984* Carl Foreman CBE and Michael Wilson posthumously awarded Oscars in 1984 because they received no screen credit The Academy Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role is one of the awards given to actors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... Sir Alec Guinness CH, CBE (2 April 1914 – 5 August 2000) was an Academy Award and Tony Award-winning English actor. ... Charles Rosher the first recipient in 1928 The Academy Award for Best Cinematography is awarded each year to a cinematographer for his work in one particular motion picture. ... Jack Hildyard (1908-1990) was a British cinematographer who worked on more than 80 films during his career. ... ©A.M.P.A.S.® The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to artists working in the motion picture industry. ... Sam Spiegel (11 November 1901 - 31 December 1985) was a successful independent film producer. ... The Academy Award for Film Editing was first given for films issued in 1934. ... Peter Taylor (Portsmouth 28 February 1922 - Rome, Italy 17 December 1997) was a distinguished English film editor. ... The Academy Award for Original Music Score is presented to the best substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically for the film by the submitting composer. ... Sir Malcolm Arnold Sir Malcolm Henry Arnold, CBE (21 October 1921 – 23 September 2006) was an English composer. ... The Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay is one of the Academy Awards, the most prominent film awards in the United States. ... Carl Foreman Carl Foreman (July 23, 1914 – June 26, 1984) was an American screenwriter and film producer who was blacklisted by the Hollywood movie studio bosses in the 1950s. ... For other persons named Michael Wilson, see Michael Wilson (disambiguation). ... Pierre Boulle (20 February 1912 – 30 January 1994) was a French novelist largely known for two famous works, The Bridge over the River Kwai (1952) and Planet of the Apes (1963). ... The Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor is one of the awards given to male actors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... Sessue Hayakawa (早川雪洲 Hayakawa Sessue, June 10, 1889 - November 23, 1973) was a Japanese actor in American films, including two in the U.S. National Film Registry: The Cheat in 1915 The Bridge on the River Kwai in 1957, for which he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting...


Lawrence of Arabia 6 Wins and 3 Nominations Lawrence of Arabia is an award-winning 1962 film based on the life of T. E. Lawrence. ...

The nomination for Wilson was granted on 26 September 1995 by the Academy Board of Directors, after research at the WGA found that the then blacklisted writer shared the screenwriting credit with Bolt. The Academy Awards are the oldest awards ceremony for achievements in motion pictures. ... John Allan Hyatt Box OBE, ( January 27, 1920– March 7, 2005), was a British film production designer and art director. ... Charles Rosher the first recipient in 1928 The Academy Award for Best Cinematography is awarded each year to a cinematographer for his work in one particular motion picture. ... Freddie Young (9th October, 1902 - 1st December, 1998), (sometimes credited as Frederick A. Young) was one of Britains most distinguished and influential cinematographers. ... ©A.M.P.A.S.® The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to artists working in the motion picture industry. ... Sam Spiegel (11 November 1901 - 31 December 1985) was a successful independent film producer. ... The Academy Award for Film Editing was first given for films issued in 1934. ... Anne V. Coates (born 12 December 1925) is a Academy Award winning British film editor with a 40-year-plus career in film editing. ... The Academy Award for Original Music Score is presented to the best substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically for the film by the submitting composer. ... Maurice Jarre (born in Lyon, France, September 13, 1924) is a French composer and conductor. ... The Academy Award for Sound Mixing is an Academy Award that recognizes the finest or most aesthetic sound mixing or recording, and is generally awarded to the production sound mixers and re-recording mixers of the winning film. ... John Cox is: a player in the National Basketball Association, and uncle of Kobe Bryant the birth name of American actor John Howard a British bird artist an Australian ornithologist, after whom the shorebird Coxs Sandpiper was named ... The Academy Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role is one of the awards given to actors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... Peter Seamus OToole (born August 2, 1932, uncertain but presumed correct date[1]) is an eight-time Academy Award-nominated Irish actor. ... The Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor is one of the awards given to male actors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... For the Pakistani actor of the same name, see Umer Sharif. ... The Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay is one of the Academy Awards, the most prominent film awards in the United States. ... Robert Oxton Bolt (August 15, 1924 – February 12, 1995) was an English playwright and screenwriter. ... For other persons named Michael Wilson, see Michael Wilson (disambiguation). ...


Doctor Zhivago 5 Wins and 4 Nominations Doctor Zhivago (Russian: Доктор Живаго) is a 1965 film directed by David Lean and loosely based on the famous novel of the same name by Boris Pasternak. ...


Ryan's Daughter 2 Wins and 2 Nominations The Academy Awards are the oldest awards ceremony for achievements in motion pictures. ... John Allan Hyatt Box OBE, ( January 27, 1920– March 7, 2005), was a British film production designer and art director. ... Charles Rosher the first recipient in 1928 The Academy Award for Best Cinematography is awarded each year to a cinematographer for his work in one particular motion picture. ... Freddie Young (9th October, 1902 - 1st December, 1998), (sometimes credited as Frederick A. Young) was one of Britains most distinguished and influential cinematographers. ... This Academy Award was first given for movies made in 1948 when separate awards were given for black-and-white and color movies. ... The Academy Award for Original Music Score is presented to the best substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically for the film by the submitting composer. ... Maurice Jarre (born in Lyon, France, September 13, 1924) is a French composer and conductor. ... The Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay is one of the Academy Awards, the most prominent film awards in the United States. ... Robert Oxton Bolt (August 15, 1924 – February 12, 1995) was an English playwright and screenwriter. ... The Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor is one of the awards given to male actors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... Tom Courtenay (pronounced Courtney) (born February 25, 1937) is a British actor who came to prominence in the early 1960s with a succession of critically-acclaimed films including The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner (1962), Billy Liar (1963) and Dr. Zhivago (1965). ... The Academy Award for Film Editing was first given for films issued in 1934. ... ©A.M.P.A.S.® The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to artists working in the motion picture industry. ... Carlo Ponti (December 11, 1912 – January 9, 2007) was an Italian film producer with over 140 production credits. ... The Academy Award for Sound Mixing is an Academy Award that recognizes the finest or most aesthetic sound mixing or recording, and is generally awarded to the production sound mixers and re-recording mixers of the winning film. ... Ryans Daughter is David Leans 1970 film which tells the story of an Irish girl who has an affair with a British soldier during World War I, despite opposition from her nationalist neighbours. ...


A Passage to India 2 Wins and 6 Nominations Winner The Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor is one of the awards given to male actors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... John Mills as Professor Bernard Quatermass in the Thames Television science-fiction serial Quatermass (1979). ... Charles Rosher the first recipient in 1928 The Academy Award for Best Cinematography is awarded each year to a cinematographer for his work in one particular motion picture. ... Freddie Young (9th October, 1902 - 1st December, 1998), (sometimes credited as Frederick A. Young) was one of Britains most distinguished and influential cinematographers. ... Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance while working within the film industry. ... Sarah Miles (b. ... The Academy Award for Sound Mixing is an Academy Award that recognizes the finest or most aesthetic sound mixing or recording, and is generally awarded to the production sound mixers and re-recording mixers of the winning film. ... A Passage to India is a 1984 film directed by David Lean, based on the novel of the same name by E. M. Forster. ...

The Academy Award for Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role is one of the awards given to actresses working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... Dame Peggy Ashcroft DBE (22 December 1907 – 14 June 1991) was an acclaimed Academy Award-winning English actress. ... The Academy Award for Original Music Score is presented to the best substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically for the film by the submitting composer. ... Maurice Jarre (born in Lyon, France, September 13, 1924) is a French composer and conductor. ... Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance while working within the film industry. ... Judy Davis (born 23 April 1955) is an Academy Award-nominated and 3-time Emmy Award-winning Australian actress. ... The Academy Awards are the oldest awards ceremony for achievements in motion pictures. ... John Allan Hyatt Box OBE, ( January 27, 1920– March 7, 2005), was a British film production designer and art director. ... Charles Rosher the first recipient in 1928 The Academy Award for Best Cinematography is awarded each year to a cinematographer for his work in one particular motion picture. ... This Academy Award was first given for movies made in 1948 when separate awards were given for black-and-white and color movies. ... ©A.M.P.A.S.® The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to artists working in the motion picture industry. ... The Right Honourable John Ulick Knatchbull, 7th Baron Brabourne, CBE (9 November 1924–23 September 2005) was a British peer and a television producer. ... The Academy Award for Sound Mixing is an Academy Award that recognizes the finest or most aesthetic sound mixing or recording, and is generally awarded to the production sound mixers and re-recording mixers of the winning film. ...

Filmography

Awards
Preceded by
George Stevens
for Giant
Academy Award for Best Director
1957
for The Bridge on the River Kwai
Succeeded by
Vincente Minnelli
for Gigi
Preceded by
Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins
for West Side Story
Academy Award for Best Director
1962
for Lawrence of Arabia
Succeeded by
Tony Richardson
for Tom Jones

In Which We Serve is a 1942 war film that tells the story of the British destroyer HMS Torrin, as told in flashbacks by the survivors as they cling to a life raft. ... This Happy Breed was a stage play written by Noel Coward, first staged in 1939 as part of a double bill with the same authors Present Laughter. ... This article is about the 1945 film. ... Brief Encounter is a 1945 British film about the morals of British suburban life, centring on a housewife for whom real love (as opposed to the polite arrangement of her marriage) was an unexpectedly violent thing. ... Great Expectations is a 1946 British film directed by David Lean and based on the novel by Charles Dickens. ... Oliver Twist (1948) is the second of David Leans two film adaptations of Charles Dickens novels. ... The Passionate Friends is a 1949 film by David Lean. ... Madeleine is a 1950 film by David Lean, based on a true story about a woman tried in 1857 for the murder of her lover. ... The Sound Barrier is a 1952 film by David Lean. ... Hobsons Choice is a 1954 film directed by David Lean, based on the play of the same name by Harold Brighouse. ... Katharine Hepburn and Rossano Brazzi in Summertime Summertime is a 1955 film directed by David Lean starring Katharine Hepburn and Rossano Brazzi. ... The Bridge on the River Kwai is an Academy Award-winning 1957 World War II war film based on the novel Le Pont de la Rivière Kwaï by French writer Pierre Boulle. ... Lawrence of Arabia is an award-winning 1962 film based on the life of T. E. Lawrence. ... Doctor Zhivago (Russian: Доктор Живаго) is a 1965 film directed by David Lean and loosely based on the famous novel of the same name by Boris Pasternak. ... Ryans Daughter is David Leans 1970 film which tells the story of an Irish girl who has an affair with a British soldier during World War I, despite opposition from her nationalist neighbours. ... A Passage to India is a 1984 film directed by David Lean, based on the novel of the same name by E. M. Forster. ... George Stevens examining film from A Place in the Sun. ... Giant is a 1956 film which tells the story of rival ranchers and oilmen in West Texas in the middle years of the 20th century. ... The Academy Award for Directing is one of the awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; the awards are voted on by other people within the industry. ... The Bridge on the River Kwai is an Academy Award-winning 1957 World War II war film based on the novel Le Pont de la Rivière Kwaï by French writer Pierre Boulle. ... Vincente Minnelli (February 28, 1903 – July 25, 1986) was a famous Hollywood director and accomplished stage director, often considered by critics to be the father of the modern musical. ... Not to be confused with Gigli. ... Robert Wise (September 10, 1914 – September 14, 2005) was a sound effects editor, film editor, and Academy Award-winning American film producer and director. ... Jerome Robbins (October 11, 1918 - July 29, 1998) was an American choreographer whose work has included everything from classical ballet to contemporary musical theater. ... West Side Story is a 1961 film directed by Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins. ... Lawrence of Arabia is an award-winning 1962 film based on the life of T. E. Lawrence. ... Tony Richardson (June 5, 1928 - November 14, 1991) was a British theatre and film director and producer. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.theraider.net/information/influences/lawrence_of_arabia.php
  2. ^ Kerr, Walter (1985). "Films are made in the Cutting Room," New York Times, March 17, 1985. Online version retrieved November 15, 2007.

Walter Kerr (July 8, 1913 – October 9, 1996) was an American writer and Broadway theater critic. ... Kevin Brownlow (2 June 1938–) is a film historian, television documentary-maker, and author born in Crowborough, Sussex. ... Faber and Faber is a celebrated publishing house in the UK, notable in particular for publishing the poetry of T. S. Eliot. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
David Lean - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (510 words)
Sir David Lean (March 25, 1908 – April 16, 1991) was a British film director, best remembered for big-screen epics such as Lawrence of Arabia, The Bridge on the River Kwai and Doctor Zhivago.
Lean was a long-term resident of Limehouse, East London.
Kevin Brownlow, David Lean, Faber and Faber, 1997.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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