FACTOID # 27: If you're itching to live in a trailer park, hitch up your home and head to South Carolina, where a whopping 18% of residences are mobile homes.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > David Ervine
David Ervine MLA
David Ervine

Leader of PUP
In office
2002 – 2007
Preceded by Hugh Smyth
Succeeded by Dawn Purvis
Constituency Belfast East

Born July 21, 1953
Belfast
Died January 8, 2007 (aged 53)
Belfast
Political party PUP
Spouse Jeanette (1971)
Children Mark and Owen
Website Progressive Unionist Party

David Ervine (July 21, 1953 - January 8, 2007) was a Northern Irish politician and the leader of the Progressive Unionist Party (PUP). Image File history File links Ervine_d. ... Hugh Smyth is a former leader of the Progressive Unionist Party. ... Dawn Purvis is the current leader of the Progressive Unionist Party (PUP) in Northern Ireland, and was previously party Chairperson. ... July 21 is the 202nd day (203rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 163 days remaining. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 54. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... July 21 is the 202nd day (203rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 163 days remaining. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... Anthem: UK: God Save the Queen Regional: (de facto) Londonderry Air Capital Belfast Largest city Belfast Official languages English (de facto), Irish, Ulster Scots 3, BSL, NISL, ISL Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Ian Paisley  - Deputy First Minister... The Progressive Unionist Party (PUP) are a small political party from Northern Ireland. ...

Contents

Biography

David Ervine was raised in a staunchly Protestant working-class area of east Belfast. Like many in his situation, he grew up closely identifying with his community and absorbed the Ulster Unionism ideals and opinions that go along with this identity. He left Orangefield High School at 14, and at the age of 19 Ervine joined the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), believing this to be the only way to ensure the defence of the Protestant community. Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 54. ... In the Irish context, Unionists form a group of largely (though not exclusively) Protestant people in Ireland, of all social classes, who wish to see the continuation of the Act of Union, as amended by the Government of Ireland Act 1920, under which the Northern Ireland provincial state created in... Orangefield High School is a secondary school in East Belfast, Northern Ireland. ... The Ulster Volunteer Force (more commonly referred to as the UVF) are a loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland. ...


Arrest and imprisonment

Ervine was arrested in November 1974, while an active member of the UVF. He was driving a stolen car containing five pounds of commercial explosives, a detonator and fuse wire. After 7 months on remand in Crumlin Road Gaol he was found guilty of possession of explosives with intent to endanger life, he was sentenced to 11 years and imprisoned in The Maze. Crumlin Road courthouse, linked to the gaol by underground passage Crumlin Road Gaol is a former prison situated in north Belfast, Northern Ireland. ... The personnel gate to the main guard office. ...


He later claimed that his witnessing of the carnage caused by the Provisional Irish Republican Army's bombing of Belfast's city centre in 1972 on Bloody Friday (21 July) drove him into the ranks of the UVF. On that day nine people died and huge devastation was caused to the city as, in little over an hour, 21 bombs exploded one after the other. A Republican mural in Belfast depicting the hunger strikes of 1981. ... Bloody Friday is the name given to July 21, 1972, due to bombing by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) in and around Belfast, Northern Ireland on that day. ...


While in prison, Ervine came under the influence of Gusty Spence who made him question what his struggle was about. Spence's influence unquestionably changed Ervine's direction: after much study and self-analysis, Ervine emerged with the view that change through politics was the only option. Augustus Spence (born 28th June 1933) is a former member of the Ulster Volunteer Force and a leading loyalist politician. ...


He also became friends with Billy Hutchinson while in prison. Billy Hutchinson is a leading member of the Progressive Unionist Party in Northern Ireland. ...


Release

Ervine was released from prison in 1980. He owned a newsagents' in Belfast for several years before taking up full-time politics. He stood in local council elections as a Progressive Unionist Party (PUP) candidate in 1985. In 1998, he was elected to the Northern Ireland Assembly to represent Belfast East and was re-elected in 2003. He was also a member of Belfast City Council from 1997. 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... The Northern Ireland Assembly is a home rule legislature established in Northern Ireland under the terms of the Good Friday Agreement of 1998, but currently under suspension. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Belfast City Council is the largest local council serving the largest city in Northern Ireland which has a population of 277,391. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Loyalist ceasefire

Ervine is said to have played a pivotal role in bringing about loyalist ceasefire of October 1994. He was part of a delegation to Downing Street in June 1996 that met then British Prime Minister John Major to discuss the loyalist ceasefire. 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Sir John Major, KG, CH, PC (born 29 March 1943) was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and leader of the British Conservative Party from 1990 to 1997. ...


Progressive

Ervine was considered to be one of the most progressive unionists in Northern Ireland politics. He had been a strong supporter of the Good Friday Agreement and was one of the few unionist politicians to still actively support the Agreement. At a Labour Party meeting in 2001, then Northern Ireland Secretary, John Reid, described him as "one of the most eloquent politicians in Northern Ireland". Some of the less articulate of his opponents made references to him having swallowed a dictionary. Some saw Ervine as one of the few politicians actively engaged with conflict resolution. In the context of Irish politics, Unionists are people in Northern Ireland, who wish to see the continuation of the Act of Union 1800, as amended by the Government of Ireland Act 1920, under which Northern Ireland, created in that latter Act, remains part of the United Kingdom of Great... The Belfast Agreement (also known as the Good Friday Agreement and, more rarely, as the Stormont Agreement) was a major political development in the Northern Ireland peace process. ... The Labour Party has been, since its founding in the early 20th century, the principal political party of the left in the United Kingdom. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Secretary of State for Northern Ireland is the British cabinet minister who has responsibility for the government of Northern Ireland. ... John Reid (born 8 May 1947) is a British politician who is Home Secretary and Member of Parliament for the Scottish constituency of Airdrie and Shotts. ...


In the Northern Ireland Assembly, he was seen as a Unionist sympathetic to the short term demands of Sinn Fein. He abstained against attempts by the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) to exclude Sinn Fein from office in July 2000 [1] and October 2001[2]. In April 2001, he provoked a direct political attack from the DUP over him being the only Unionist to vote against a motion condemning the display of lillies commemorating the 1916 Easter Uprising at Parliament Buildings.[3]. He also expressed support for the right of Sinn Fein members to make speeches in Irish Gaelic on the floor of the Assembly. Later, political commentators noted how he sat next to Sinn Fein's Martin McGuinness at the funeral of Northern Ireland football legend George Best in December 2005 as a sign of how Northern Ireland had moved on. The Northern Ireland Assembly is a home rule legislature established in Northern Ireland under the terms of the Good Friday Agreement of 1998, but currently under suspension. ... Sinn Féin (in the Irish language ourselves or we ourselves; not as sometimes incorrectly translated, ourselves alone) is an Irish political party. ... DUP redirects here. ... The Easter Rising (Irish: Éirí Amach na Casca) was a militarily unsuccessful rebellion staged in Ireland against British rule on Easter Monday in April 1916. ... James Martin Pacelli McGuinness (Irish: Máirtín Mag Aonghusa,[1] born in Derry 23 May 1950) is an Irish Republican politician and Member of Parliament, and a former Provisional IRA leader. ... For the 1987 album by The Wedding Present, see George Best (album). ...


The PUP, however, had close ties to the loyalist terrorist organisation, the UVF throughout his involvement in democratic politics.


Controversy

In May 2005, the Independent Monitoring Commission recommended a continuation of the financial sanctions on his Assembly salary imposed following its report of April 2004. The IMC was of the opinion that the UVF and the PUP maintain strong links while the UVF is heavily involved in criminality such as drug dealing and tobacco and fuel smuggling. It further noted that the UVF was responsible for a number of acts of violence including murder and was actively maintaining its capacity to wage a terrorist campaign. It concluded that 12 months after the sanctions were originally imposed, the PUP leadership was still not doing enough to address the UVF's criminal and paramilitary activities. The Independent Monitoring Commission is an organisation, founded on 7 January 2004, to promote peace and stability in Northern Ireland. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Ervine appealed against the IMC's recommendation to newly appointed Northern Ireland Secretary Peter Hain on the basis that he could not be held directly responsible for the UVF's actions and thus it was wrong to penalise him personally. Hain accepted his representations and his Assembly salary was fully restored. The Secretary of State for Northern Ireland is the British cabinet minister who has responsibility for the government of Northern Ireland. ... Peter Gerald Hain (born February 16, 1950, Nairobi, Kenya) is a British Labour Party politician, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland and Secretary of State for Wales. ...


The IMC again recommended financial sanctions against him and the PUP in its special report of September 2005 on the violent feud that erupted between the UVF and the Loyalist Volunteer Force that summer in which a number of murders and attempted murders had been committed. It argued that the PUP leadership was still in a position to significantly influence the UVF and as such, the party could not have it both ways by associating with an active paramilitary organisation and not face any political consequences. 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF) is a loyalist terrorist group in Northern Ireland which broke away from the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) and was led by the late Billy Wright. ...


In its final regular reports of Ervine's life in April and October 2006, the IMC concluded that it was satisfied the PUP leadership had taken appropriate action to de-escalate UVF's violence and criminality and withdrew its punitive recommendations. [4] For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


Links with the Ulster Unionists

On 13 May 2006, it was announced that when the Northern Ireland Assembly reconvenes, Ervine would join the Ulster Unionist assembly group, whilst remaining leader of the Progressive Unionists. Under the d'Hondt formula used for allocating places on the Northern Ireland Executive this would entitle the Ulster Unionists to an additional place. [5] May 13 is the 133rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (134th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The Northern Ireland Assembly is a home rule legislature established in Northern Ireland under the terms of the Good Friday Agreement of 1998, but currently under suspension. ... The DHondt method (equivalent to Jeffersons method) is a highest averages method for allocating seats in party-list proportional representation. ...


The Presiding Officer (Speaker) of the Assembly, Ms Eileen Bell, MLA indicated at the first meeting of the 'shadow' Assembly (May 15, 2006) that she would take legal advice before ruling on whether Mr Ervine could be treated as a member of the UUP group. [6] Eileen Bell (born August 15, 1943) is a Northern Ireland politician, member of the Northern Ireland Assembly for North Down and deputy leader of the Alliance Party. ... May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


On the 11 September 2006 Ms Bell announced that the Ulster Unionist Party Assembly Group did not have a headquarters, at least one party leader and a scheme for financial support thus did not qualify as a political party. This means that the UUPAG can't sit in the Assembly so the Alliance, for the time being, is invalid [7] September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


Illness and death

Ervine was reported as having suffered two massive heart attacks and a stroke[8] after attending a football match between Glentoran F.C. and Armagh City F.C. at The Oval in Belfast on Saturday 6 January 2007. It was later confirmed that he had one heart attack, a stroke and brain haemorrhage[9]. He was taken to the Ulster Hospital in Dundonald and was later admitted to the Royal Victoria Hospital in Belfast [10]. Ervine did not die until Monday 8 January 2007[11], however it was reported by RTÉ News at 9pm and on their website on the previous evening Sunday 7 January, that he had died that day.[12][13] RTÉs Northern Editor, an embarrassed Tommie Gorman later apologised for his wrongly reported story of the death of Ervine in a radio interview[9]. Glentoran F.C. are a Northern Irish football club, playing in Belfast. ... Armagh City FC is a Northern Ireland football club playing in the Irish Football League. ... The Oval has been home to the Glens since 1892. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 54. ... January 6 is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 359 days (360 in leap years) remaining. ... The Royal Victoria Hospital (commonly known as The Royal or the RVH) is a hospital in Belfast, Northern Ireland. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Ervine was buried in Roselawn Cemetery on January 12, after a funeral service in east Belfast attended by Mark Durkan, Gerry Adams, Peter Hain, Dermot Ahern, Hugh Orde and David Trimble among others.[14][15] Mark Henry Durkan (born in 1960) is a Roman Catholic nationalist politician in Northern Ireland and the leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party. ... Gerard Adams (Irish Gearóid Mac Ádhaimh[1]; born 6 October 1948) is an Irish Republican politician and abstentionist Westminster Member of Parliament for Belfast West. ... Peter Gerald Hain (born February 16, 1950, Nairobi, Kenya) is a British Labour Party politician, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland and Secretary of State for Wales. ... Dermot Ahern (born 2 February 1955) is a senior Irish Fianna Fáil politician who currently serves as the Minister for Foreign Affairs. ... Sir Hugh Stephen Orde OBE is the Chief Constable of the Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI). ... The Lord Trimble William David Trimble, Baron Trimble, PC (born 15 October 1944), known as David Trimble, is a Northern Irish politician who served as leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) and the first First Minister of Northern Ireland. ...


Tributes

  • Brian Ervine, Ervine's elder brother: "He had the guts and the courage to climb out of the traditional trenches, meet the enemy in no-man's land and play ball with him."
  • Bertie Ahern (Taoiseach): "(Ervine) was a courageous politician who sought to channel the energies of loyalism in a positive political direction."[16]
  • Reg Empey MLA: "Northern Ireland has today lost a unique, charismatic and uncharacteristically spin-free politician."[16]
  • Gerry Adams MLA/MP: "He made a valuable and important contribution to moving our society away from conflict."[16]
  • George Mitchell (Former US Senator): "His legacy is that he has led loyalism out of the dark ages."[17]
  • Trevor Sargent TD: "His death leaves a major vacuum in terms of the quality of political representatives in Northern Ireland. I hope that the legacy of Mr Ervine's bravery will be taken up by others after him."[18]
  • Tony Blair (British Prime Minister): "David was a man who, whatever his past, played a major part in this last 10 years in trying to bring peace to Ulster."[19]

Brian Ervine (born Belfast 1950) is a playwright, songwriter and teacher living in Belfast, Northern Ireland. ... Patrick Bartholomew Ahern (known as Bertie Ahern, Irish: ; born 12 September 1951) is an Irish politician. ... Sir Reg Empey, MLA and Leader of the Ulster Unionist Party. ... Gerard Adams (Irish Gearóid Mac Ádhaimh[1]; born 6 October 1948) is an Irish Republican politician and abstentionist Westminster Member of Parliament for Belfast West. ... There have been several well-known people named George Mitchell, including: George Mitchell (musician) George J. Mitchell (politician) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Trevor Sargent TD Trevor Sargent is a senior Irish politician. ... For other people of the same name, see Tony Blair (disambiguation) Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born May 6, 1953)[1] is the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service, Leader of the Labour Party, and Member of Parliament for the constituency...

See also

Unionism, in the context of Ireland, is a belief in the continuation of the Act of Union 1800 (as amended by the Government of Ireland Act 1920) so that Northern Ireland (created by the 1920 Act) remains part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. ... The Progressive Unionist Party (PUP) are a small political party from Northern Ireland. ... The Ulster Volunteer Force (more commonly referred to as the UVF) are a loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Unionists (Ireland). ...

References

  1. ^ Northern Ireland Assembly Official Report, 4 July 2000.
  2. ^ Northern Ireland Assembly Official Report, 8 October 2001.</}}
  3. ^ Northern Ireland Assembly Official Report, 10 April 2001.</}}
  4. ^ Independent Monitoring Commission Website. All reports can be found in publications section.
  5. ^ Ervine to join UUP assembly group. BBC (2006-05-13).
  6. ^ Row as Ervine joins UUP grouping. BBC (2006-05-15).
  7. ^ UUP-PUP link 'against the rules'. BBC (2006-09-11).
  8. ^ David Irivine critically ill breakingnews.ie
  9. ^ a b PUP leader Ervine dies in hospital. RTE (2007-01-08).
  10. ^ PUP leader 'critical' in hospital. BBC (2007-01-07).
  11. ^ PUP's Ervine has died in hospital. BBC Northern Ireland (2007-01-07).
  12. ^ PUP leader Ervine critical in hospital. RTÉ (2007-01-07).
  13. ^ Unionist leader Ervine remains in critical condition. breakingnews.ie (2007-01-07).
  14. ^ BBC News
  15. ^ UTV
  16. ^ a b c Leaders' condolences after Ervine death. RTE (2007-01-08).
  17. ^ Stormont silent in Ervine tribute BBC (2007-01-09)
  18. ^ PUP's Ervine has died in hospital. BreakingNews.ie (2007-01-07).
  19. ^ Reaction to PUP leader's death. BBC (2007-01-08).
  • Ref: 'David Ervine: Uncharted Waters' by Henry Sinnerton (2003), ISBN 0-86322-312-5
  • Ref: 'Loyalists' by Peter Taylor (1999), ISBN 0-74754-519-7

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Hugh Smyth
Leader of the Progressive Unionist Party
2002 - 2007
Succeeded by
Dawn Purvis

  Results from FactBites:
 
David Ervine: Information from Answers.com (659 words)
David Ervine MLA (born July 21, 1953) is a Northern Ireland politician and the current leader of the Progressive Unionist Party.
David Ervine was raised in a staunchly Protestant working-class area of east Belfast.
Ervine was imprisoned in Long Kesh in 1974 while an active member of the UVF, after being arrested driving a car bomb to its presumed target of a pub frequented by Catholic civilians.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m