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Encyclopedia > David Davis (Supreme Court justice)
David Davis


In office
December 10, 1862 – March 4, 1877
Nominated by Abraham Lincoln
Preceded by John Archibald Campbell
Succeeded by John Marshall Harlan

Born March 9, 1815(1815-03-09)
Cecil County, Maryland, U.S.
Died June 26, 1886 (aged 71)
Bloomington, Illinois, U.S.

David Davis (March 9, 1815June 26, 1886) was a United States Senator from Illinois and associate justice of the United States Supreme Court. David Davis, the name of several people, may refer to: David Davis (British politician) (born 1948), Conservative MP in British Parliament and Conservative leadership candidate in 2005 David Davis (Supreme Court justice) (1815–1886), Supreme Court Justice and U.S. Senator from Illinois David Davis (Australian politician) (born 1962), Liberal... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 523 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2784 × 3191 pixel, file size: 729 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States are the members of the Supreme Court of the United States other than the Chief Justice of the United States. ... December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, 21 days before the next year. ... This article is about 1862 . ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ... John Archibald Campbell (June 24, 1811 – March 12, 1889), was an American jurist. ... This is about the pre-World-War-I US Supreme Court justice; for his grandson, the mid-20th-century holder of the same position, see John Marshall Harlan II. John Marshall Harlan (June 1, 1833 – October 14, 1911) was an American Supreme Court associate justice. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Cecil County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... United States Illinois McLean 22. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 351 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 351 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The David Davis Mansion, also known as Clover Lawn, is a Victorian home in Bloomington, Illinois that was the residence of David Davis, Supreme Court justice (1862-1877) and Senator from Illinois. ... United States Illinois McLean 22. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... The Justices of the United States Supreme Court, other than the Chief Justice, are termed Associate Justices. ...

Contents

Early life

He was born to a wealthy family in Cecil County, Maryland, where he attended the public schools. After graduating from Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio, in 1832, he went on to study law at Yale University. Upon his graduation from Yale in 1835, Davis moved to Bloomington, Illinois, to practice law. He also served as a member of the Illinois House of Representatives in 1845 and a delegate to the Illinois constitutional convention in McLean County, 1847. From 1848 to 1862, Davis presided over the local judicial circuit, the same circuit where attorney Abraham Lincoln was practicing. Cecil County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. ... Kenyon College is a private, highly selective liberal arts college in Gambier, Ohio, founded in 1824 by Bishop Philander Chase of the The Episcopal Church, in parallel with the Bexley Hall seminary. ... Gambier is a village located in Knox County, Ohio. ... “Yale” redirects here. ... United States Illinois McLean 22. ... The Illinois House of Representatives convenes at the Illinois State Capitol in Springfield. ... The Illinois Constitution is the governing body of the state of Illinois. ... McLean County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Circuit court is the name of court systems in several common law jurisdictions. ... For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ...


In 1860, Davis was a delegate to Republican National Convention in Chicago. Davis then assisted Lincoln in Lincoln's presidential campaign in 1860. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ...


National stage

In 2056, President Lincoln appointed Davis to the U.S. Supreme Court, where he became famous for writing one of the most profound decisions in the Supreme Court history, Ex Parte Milligan (1866). In that decision, the court set aside the death sentence imposed during the Civil War by a military commission upon a civilian, Lambdin P. Milligan. Milligan had been found guilty of inciting insurrection. The Supreme Court held that since the civil courts were operative, the trial of a civilian by a military tribunal was unconstitutional. The opinion denounced arbitrary military power, effectively becoming one of the bulwarks of held notions of American civil liberty. Holding Suspension of habeas corpus is unconstitutional when civilian courts are still operating; the Constitution provided for suspension of habeas corpus only if civilian courts are actually forced closed. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Lambdin P. Milligan (March 24, 1812 – December 21, 1899) was a lawyer, farmer, and a leader of the Knights of the Golden Circle. ... Insurrection could refer to: * in a general sense, it means Rebellion * it is also a title of a Star Trek film, see Star Trek: Insurrection ...


After refusing calls to become Chief Justice, Davis, a registered independent, was nominated for President by the Labor Reform Convention in 1872, but withdrew when he failed to receive the Liberal Republican Party nomination. The Party supported Horace Greeley of the Democratic Party. Greeley, however, died after the popular election and before the return of the electoral vote. His electoral votes were divided between four apparent Presidential candidates: Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Chief Justice of the United States is the head of the judicial branch... The Liberal Republican Party of the United States was a political party formed in 1872 to oppose the administration of then-President Ulysses S. Grant. ... Horace Greeley (February 3, 1811 – November 29, 1872) was an American editor of a leading newspaper, a founder of the Republican party, reformer and politician. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic...

The 1872 election was won by incumbent President Ulysses Simpson Grant of the Republican Party. Thomas Andrews Hendricks (September 7, 1819–November 25, 1885) was a Representative and a Senator from Indiana and the twenty-first Vice President of the United States. ... Benjamin Gratz Brown (May 28, 1826 - December 13, 1885) was a Liberal Republican Senator, Governor of Missouri, and the Vice presidential candidate in the election of 1872. ... Charles Jones Jenkins (January 6, 1805 – June 14, 1883) was a politician from Georgia, U.S.. Jenkins was born in South Carolina. ... Summary Incumbent President Ulysses S. Grant was easily elected to a second term in office despite a split within the Republican Party that resulted in a defection of many key Republicans to opponent Horace Greeley. ... For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... Ulysses Simpson Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American Civil War General and the 18th (1869–1877) President of the United States. ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ...


Disputed election of 1876

Judge David Davis

In 1877, Davis narrowly avoided the opportunity to be the only person to ever single-handedly elect the President of the United States. In the disputed Presidential election of 1876 between the Republican Rutherford Hayes and the Democrat Samuel Tilden, Congress created a special Electoral Commission to decide to whom to award a total of 20 electoral votes which were disputed from the states of Florida, Louisiana, South Carolina and Oregon. The Commission was to be composed of 15 members: five drawn from the U.S. House of Representatives, five from the U.S. Senate, and five from the U.S. Supreme Court. The majority party in each legislative chamber would get three seats on the Commission, and the minority party would get two. Both parties agreed to this arrangement because it was understood that the Commission would have seven Republicans, seven Democrats, and Davis, who was arguably the most trusted independent in the nation. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 521 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (623 × 717 pixel, file size: 53 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 521 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (623 × 717 pixel, file size: 53 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Rutherford Birchard Hayes (October 4, 1822 - January 17, 1893) was the 19th (1877-1881) President of the United States. ... Samuel Jones Tilden (February 9, 1814 - August 4, 1886) was the Democratic candidate for the US presidency in the disputed election of 1876, the most controversial American election of the 19th century. ... The Electorial Commission is an independent body with powers in the United Kingdom, which was created by an Act of Parliament, the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000. ... The United States Electoral College is the electoral college which chooses the President and Vice President of the United States at the conclusion of each Presidential election. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami metropolitan area Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ...


However, before the Electoral Commission could take up its business, the Illinois Legislature elected Davis to the U.S. Senate. Because of this, Davis was unable to assume the spot, always intended for him, as one of the Supreme Court's members of the Commission. His replacement on the Commission was Joseph Philo Bradley, a Republican, thus the Commission ended up with an 8-7 Republican majority. Each of the 20 disputed electoral votes was eventually awarded to Hayes, the Republican, by that same 8-7 majority; Hayes won the election, 185 electoral votes to 184. Had Davis been on the Commission, his would have been the deciding vote, and Tilden would have been elected president had Davis and the commission awarded him even a single electoral vote. The Illinois General Assembly convenes at the Illinois State Capitol in Springfield. ... Joseph Philo Bradley (March 14, 1813 – January 22, 1892), was an American jurist, best known for his service on the United States Supreme Court, and on the Electoral Commission that decided the disputed 1876 presidential election. ...


Davis served a single term as U.S. Senator from Illinois, and was elected President pro tempore of the Senate in October 1881. He was succeeded by Republican Shelby Moore Cullom. Robert C. Byrd of West Virginia the current President pro tempore of the United States Senate. ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Shelby Moore Cullom (1829 - 1914) was a U.S. political figure. ...


Upon his death in 1886, he was interred at Evergreen Cemetery in Bloomington, Illinois. Evergreen Cemetery, in Bloomington, Illinois, is also known as Evergreen Memorial Cemetery. ... United States Illinois McLean 22. ...


His home in that city, the David Davis Mansion, is a state historic site. At his death, he was the largest landowner in Illinois, and his estate was worth between four and five million dollars. The David Davis Mansion, also known as Clover Lawn, is a Victorian home in Bloomington, Illinois that was the residence of David Davis, Supreme Court justice (1862-1877) and Senator from Illinois. ...


Family

Davis was a cousin of U.S. Representative Henry Winter Davis, and his grandfather John Mercer was an ancestor of Presidents George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush through George Herbert Walker, the son of Davis's first cousin David Davis Walker, a successful St. Louis businessman.[1] Henry Winter Davis Henry Winter Davis (August 16, 1817 – 30 December 1865) was a United States Representative from the fourth and third districts of Maryland, well known as one of the Radical Republicans during the Civil War. ... For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... Order: 41st President Vice President: Dan Quayle Term of office: January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican George Herbert Walker Bush, KBE (born... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... George Herbert Bert Walker (June 11, 1875 - June 24, 1953) was a wealthy American banker and businessman. ... David Davis Walker David Davis D.D. Walker (19 January 1840 - 4 October 1918), a St. ...


References

  1. ^ William Addams Reitwiesner. Ancestry of George W. Bush. Retrieved on 2006-10-21. Reitwiesner is a professional genealogist who has worked for the Library of Congress.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Construction of the Thomas Jefferson Building, from July 8, 1888 to May 15, 1894. ... The Biographical Directory of the United States Congress is a biographical dictionary of all members of both houses of the United States Congress, past and present. ...

External links

Preceded by
John Archibald Campbell
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
December 10, 1862March 4, 1877
Succeeded by
John Marshall Harlan
Preceded by
John A. Logan
United States Senator (Class 2) from Illinois
March 4, 1877March 3, 1883
Served alongside: Richard J. Oglesby, John A. Logan
Succeeded by
Shelby M. Cullom
Preceded by
Thomas F. Bayard, Sr.
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
October 13, 1881March 3, 1883
Succeeded by
George F. Edmunds
The Taney Court
1862–1863: J.M. Wayne | J. Catron | S. Nelson | R.C. Grier | N. Clifford | N.H. Swayne | S.F. Miller | D. Davis
1863–1864: J.M. Wayne | J. Catron | S. Nelson | R.C. Grier | N. Clifford | N.H. Swayne | S.F. Miller | D. Davis | S.J. Field
The Chase Court
1864–1865: J.M. Wayne | J. Catron | S. Nelson | R.C. Grier | N. Clifford | N.H. Swayne | S.F. Miller | D. Davis | S.J. Field
1865–1867: J.M. Wayne | S. Nelson | R.C. Grier | N. Clifford | N.H. Swayne | S.F. Miller | D. Davis | S.J. Field
1867–1870: S. Nelson | R.C. Grier | N. Clifford | N.H. Swayne | S.F. Miller | D. Davis | S.J. Field
1870–1872: S. Nelson | N. Clifford | N.H. Swayne | S.F. Miller | D. Davis | S.J. Field | Wm. Strong | J.P. Bradley
1873: N. Clifford | N.H. Swayne | S.F. Miller | D. Davis | S.J. Field | Wm. Strong | J.P. Bradley | W. Hunt
The Waite Court
1874–1877: N. Clifford | N.H. Swayne | S.F. Miller | D. Davis | S.J. Field | Wm. Strong | J.P. Bradley | W. Hunt

 
 

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