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Encyclopedia > Datura inoxia
?Datura inoxia

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Datura
Species: D. inoxia
Binomial name
Datura inoxia
Mill.

Datura inoxia (angel's-trumpet, thorn-apple, downy thorn-apple, Indian-apple, moonflower, or sacred datura) is a poisonous species in the family Solanaceae. It is native to the Americas, and introduced in Africa, Asia, Australia and Europe. The scientific name is often cited as D. innoxia. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 316 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Datura inoxia Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta - rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta - zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta - trimerophytes Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are a major group of land plants. ... Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class: this name is formed by replacing the termination -aceae in the name Magnoliaceae by the termination -opsida (Art 16 of the ICBN). ... Families at least the following: Solanaceae Convolvulaceae and others, varying between classification systems; for details see text The Solanales are an order of flowering plants, included in the asterid group of dicotyledons. ... Genera Acnistus Atropa (deadly nightshade) Brugmansia (angels trumpet) Calibrachoa Capsicum (chile peppers) Cestrum Chamaesaracha Combera Crenidium Cuatresia Cyphanthera Cyphomandra Datura (jimsonweed) Hyoscyamus (henbane) Iochroma Lycium (boxthorn) Mandragora (mandrake) Nicandra Nicotiana (tobacco) Nolana Petunia Physalis (tomatillo) Scopolia Solandra Solanum (tomato, potato, eggplant) Streptosolen Wikispecies has information related to: Solanaceae The... Species See text Datura is a genus of 12-15 species of flowering plants belonging to the family Solanaceae. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Philip Miller (1691 - 1771) was a botanist of Scottish descent. ... Moonflower is the common name for several night-blooming plants, some with white flowers, including: Ipomoea species (previously separated into their own genus Calonyction), including I. alba and Datura species, including D. inoxia This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... The skull and crossbones symbol traditionally used to label a poisonous substance. ... Genera Acnistus Atropa (deadly nightshade) Brugmansia (angels trumpet) Calibrachoa Capsicum (chile peppers) Cestrum Chamaesaracha Combera Crenidium Cuatresia Cyphanthera Cyphomandra Datura (jimsonweed) Hyoscyamus (henbane) Iochroma Lycium (boxthorn) Mandragora (mandrake) Nicandra Nicotiana (tobacco) Nolana Petunia Physalis (tomatillo) Scopolia Solandra Solanum (tomato, potato, eggplant) Streptosolen Wikispecies has information related to: Solanaceae The... World map showing the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World consisting of the continents of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a biocentric view. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... World map showing Europe Political map (neighboring countries in Asia and Africa also shown) Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ...

D. inoxia with ripe, split-open fruit
D. inoxia with ripe, split-open fruit

It is an annual shrubby plant that typically reaches a height of 0.6 to 1.5 metres. Its stems and leaves are covered with short and soft grayish hairs, giving the whole plant a grayish appearance. It has elliptic entire-edged leaves with pinnate venation. All parts of the plant emit a foul odor when crushed or bruised. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 234 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Datura Datura inoxia ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 234 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Datura Datura inoxia ... Peas are an annual plant. ... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... The metre, or meter (US), is a measure of length. ... A stem is the above ground axis of a vascular plant. ... The leaves of a Beech tree A leaf with laminar structure and pinnate venation In botany, a leaf is an above-ground plant organ specialized for photosynthesis. ... Gray (Gy) is the derived SI unit for absorbed dose, specific energy and kerma (kinetic energy in matter). ... In botany, the following terms are used to describe the shape of plant leaves: cordate leaf Acicular: slender and pointed Alternate (alternifolia): Arranged alternately Bipinnate (bipinnata): Each leaflet also pinnate Cordate (cordata): Heart-shaped, stem attaches to cleft Cuneate: Triangular, stem attaches to point Deltoid: Triangular, stem attaches to side... The leaves of a Beech tree A leaf with laminar structure and pinnate venation In botany, a leaf is an above-ground plant organ specialized for photosynthesis. ... The leaves of a Beech tree A leaf with laminar structure and pinnate venation In botany, a leaf is an above-ground plant organ specialized for photosynthesis. ...


The flowers are white, trumpet-shaped, 12–19 cm long. They first grow upright, and later incline downward. It flowers from early summer until late fall. White is a color, (more accurately it contains all the colors of the visible spectrum and is sometimes described as an achromatic color—black is the absence of color) that has high brightness but zero hue. ... Trumpeter redirects to here. ... The metre, or meter (US), is a measure of length. ...


The fruit is an egg-shaped spiny capsule, about 5 cm in diameter. It splits open when ripe, dispersing the seeds. Another means of dispersal is by the fruit spines getting caught in the fur of animals, who then carry the fruit far from the mother plant. The seeds have hibernation capabilities, and can last for years in the soil. The seeds are also hallucinogenic. In geometry, an oval or ovoid (from Latin ovum, egg) is any curve resembling an egg or an ellipse. ... Flowers and fruit (capsules) of the ground orchid, Spathoglottis plicata. ... Biological dispersal refers to those processes by which a species maintains or expands the distribution of a population. ... A dogs fur usually consists of longer, stiffer, guard hairs—which can be straight, wiry, or wavy, and of various lengths, hiding a soft, short-haired undercoat. ... Seed hibernation, also called seed dormancy, is the ability of a seed to remain in hibernation when there is a lack of things essential to their development (water, sunlight, nutrients, etc. ... Hallucinogenic drugs or hallucinogens are drugs that can alter sensory perceptions, elicit alternate states of consciousness, or cause hallucinations. ...


Cultivation and Uses

Datura inoxia, like other Datura species, contains the highly toxic alkaloids atropine, hyoscine (scopolamine), and hyoscyamine. Despite their high toxicity, at suitable doses these substances have beneficial medicinal effects, which were recognized in folk medicine throughout the world, and later on in scientific medicine. The Datura plants, containing seeds, are highly toxic, and if ingested, can cause hallucinations, strange behaviors, and even seizures. Diagram of Ephedrine An alkaloid is a nitrogenous organic molecule that has a pharmacological effect on humans and animals. ... Atropine is a tropane alkaloid extracted from the deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna) and other plants of the family Solanaceae. ... Scopolamine, also known as hyoscine, is an alkaloid drug obtained from plants of the Solanaceae family (Nightshade), such as henbane or jimson weed (Datura stramonium). ... Hyoscyamine is a chemical compound, a tropane alkaloid it is the levo-isomer to atropine. ... A traditional healer in Côte dIvoire Folk medicine refers collectively to procedures traditionally used for treatment of illness and injury, aid to childbirth, and maintenance of wellness. ... Medicine is the branch of health science and the sector of public life concerned with maintaining or restoring human health through the study, diagnosis, treatment and possible prevention of disease and injury. ...


It has also been planted throughout the world as an ornamental plant for its attractive large leaves, large white flowers, and distinctive thorny fruit. However, the plant is now considered an invasive species in several locations. For example, because of the similarity of its life cycle to that of cotton, it is a pest in cotton fields. It is also a potential seed contaminant. An ornamental plant is a plant that is grown for its ornamental qualities, rather than for its commercial or other value. ... Lantana Invasion of abandoned citrus plantation; Moshav Sdey Hemed, Israel; May 2, 2006 The term invasive species refers to a subset of those species defined as introduced species or non-indigenous species. ... A life cycle is a period involving one generation of an organism through means of reproduction, whether through asexual reproduction or sexual reproduction. ... Species See text The cotton plant is a tropical and subtropical shrub of the Genus Gossypium (Family Malvaceae). ... Foreign seeds can be caught anywhere, including these harvested flax seeds Seed contamination is the mixing of seeds used for agriculture with other seeds which are not desirable or soil (which may carry seeds). ...


The closely related Datura stramonium differs in having smaller flowers and tooth-edged leaves, and Datura wrightii in having wider, 5-toothed (instead of 10-toothed) flowers. Binomial name Datura stramonium L. Datura stramonium, also called Jimson Weed, Jamestown Weed and Thorn Apple is a common poisonous weed in the Nightshade Family. ... Binomial name Datura wrightii Regel Datura wrightii is the name of a poisonous weed, sometimes used as a hallucinogen, commonly called Sacred Datura. ...


References and external links

  • A. Alon, ed. in chief, Plants and Animals of the Land of Israel, Vol. 11: Flowering Plants B., p. 92; ed. M. Raviv and D. Heler; Ministry of Defence Publications and the Society for Protection of Nature (in Hebrew), 1983.
  • Germplasm Resources Information Network: Datura inoxia Mill.
  • USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service: Datura innoxia Miller

 
 

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