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Encyclopedia > Date Masamune
A modern equestrian statue of Masamune.
A modern equestrian statue of Masamune.

Date Masamune (伊達 政宗?) (1567-1636) was a powerful daimyo in the Tohoku region of Japan. He was known as an outstanding tactician. Image File history File links From. ... Image File history File links From. ... The equestrian Marcus Aurelius on Capitoline Hill displayed uninterruptedly for eighteen centuries was the prototype of Renaissance equestrian sculptures An equestrian sculpture (from the Latin equus meaning horse) is a statue of a mounted rider. ... Events The Duke of Alva arrives in the Netherlands with Spanish forces to suppress unrest there. ... Events February 24 - King Christian of Denmark gives an order that all beggars that are able to work must be sent to Brinholmen Island to build ships or as galley rowers March 26 - Utrecht University founded in The Netherlands. ... Daimyo Matsudaira Katamori visits the residence of a retainer. ... Tohoku region, Japan The Tōhoku region (東北地方; Tōhoku-chihō) is a geographical area of Japan. ...

Contents

Dokuganryū: the One-Eyed Dragon

Date Masamune was the eldest son of Date Terumune, born in Yonezawa Castle (in modern Yamagata Prefecture). At the age of sixteen in 1581 Masamune led his first campaign, helping his father fight the Souma family. In 1584, at the age of 18, Masamune succeeded his father, Terumune, who chose to retire the position of daimyo. Shortly afterwards a Date retainer named Ōuchi Sadatsuna defected to the Ashina clan of the Aizu region. Masamune declared war on the Ashina for this betrayal, but his army was halted by the Ashina general Iwashiro Morikuni, and forced Masamune to retire the campaign. Yonezawa (米沢市; -shi) is a city located in Yamagata, Japan. ... Yamagata Prefecture (山形県; Yamagata-ken) is located in the Tohoku region on Honshu island, Japan. ... Monument to the Byakkotai Samurai Aizu ) is a former feudal domain (Han), part of the modern-day Japanese prefecture of Fukushima, formerly a part of Mutsu province. ...


The Date family was founded in the early Kamakura period by Isa Tomomune, who originally came from the Isa district of Hitachi Province (now Ibaraki Prefecture). The family took its name from the Date district (now Fukushima Prefecture) of Mutsu Province, which had been awarded to Isa Tomomune by Minamoto no Yoritomo, the first Kamakura shogun, for his assistance in the Minamoto-Taira War (1180-85) and in Minamoto no Yoritomo’s struggle for power with his brother, Minamoto no Yoshitsune. Grave of ÅŒshÅ« Sendai Date clan at Mount Koya The Date clan (伊達氏) was a samurai family. ... The Kamakura period (Japanese: 鎌倉時代, Kamakura-jidai; 1185–1333) is a period of Japanese history that marks the governance of the Kamakura Shogunate; officially established in 1192 by the first Kamakura shogun Minamoto no Yoritomo. ... Categories: Japan geography stubs | Old provinces of Japan ... Ibaraki Prefecture ) is located in the Kantō region on HonshÅ« island, Japan. ... Fukushima Prefecture (福島県 Fukushima-ken) is located in the Tohoku region on Honshu island, Japan. ... Mutsu (陸奥国; -no kuni) is an old province of Japan, which today composes Fukushima, Miyagi, Iwate and Aomori prefectures and the city of Kazuno and the town of Kosaka in Akita prefecture. ... Portrait of Yoritomo (copy) Minamoto no Yoritomo May 9, 1147—February 9, 1199) was the founder and the first shogun of the Kamakura Shogunate of Japan, who ruled from 1192 until 1199. ... This wooden Kongorikishi statue was created during the Kamakura shogunate during 14th century Japan. ... The Genpei or Gempei War (源平合戦、寿永・治承の乱) (1180-1185) was a war of ancient Japan, fought between the Taira and Minamoto clans. ... Yoshitsune by Kikuchi Yosai Yoshitsune and Benkei Viewing Cherry Blossoms, by Yoshitoshi Tsukioka Minamoto no Yoshitsune () (1159 – June 15, 1189) was a general of the Minamoto clan of Japan in the late Heian and early Kamakura period. ...


The man Masamune

A letter written by Masamune to Pope Paul V.
A letter written by Masamune to Pope Paul V.

Masamune is known for a few things that made him stand out from other daimyo of the time. In particular his famous crescent moon bearing helmet gained him a fearsome reputation. As a child Date Masamune lost his eye from smallpox, pulling the infected organ out of his skull himself. Because of his missing eye, his own mother condemned him as being unfit to take over as clan leader and began favoring Masamune's brother as heir. According to some historians, Masamune's own mother tried to poison him one night while serving him dinner. Masamune consequently killed his own brother in order to come to power, stating "I thought that we could get along as brothers, perhaps in the next life..." Letter of the Pope to Date Masamune, Daimyo of Sendai, 1615. ... Letter of the Pope to Date Masamune, Daimyo of Sendai, 1615. ... Paul V, né Camillo Borghese (Rome, September 17, 1552 – January 28, 1621) was Pope from May 16, 1605 until his death. ... // A helmet is a form of protective gear worn on the head and usually made of metal or other hard substance, such as Kevlar, resin fiber, or plastic typically for protection of the head in combat, or in civilian life, from sports injuries, falling objects or high-speed collisions. ... Smallpox (also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera) was a highly contagious viral disease unique to humans. ... An organ is the following: In anatomy, an organ is a group of tissues which perform some function. ... It has been suggested that temporal fenestra be merged into this article or section. ...


The Date clan had built an alliance of marriages with neighboring clans over the past generations. With the rise of Masamune, however, formerly amicable relationships were cast aside as he began to attack and conquer all of the surrounding lands, even those owned by his kin in Mutsu and Dewa Provinces. Shocked by his ruthlessness, a neighboring family, the Hatakeyama, desperately appealed to Date Terumune to rein in his son's military campaigns. Called to dinner by the Hatakeyama, Terumune said that he was unable to control his son. In an unheard act of desperation, the family kidnapped Terumune and attempted to take him back with them. Masamune, who was out hunting, received word of the kidnapping. Masamune and his men closed in on the kidnappers as they were about to cross a river, and Terumune shouted, "Don't worry about me! Open Fire! Kill everyone!" Masamune's men did as they were told and killed everyone, including Terumune. Masamune continued the war and tortured and killed the families of those who had kidnapped his father.


After defeating the Ashina in 1589, he made Aizu domain his base of operations.


In 1590, Toyotomi Hideyoshi seized Odawara Castle and compelled the Tohoku daimyos to participate in the campaign. Although Masamune refused Hideyoshi's demand at first, Masamune had no choice since Hideyoshi was the virtual ruler of Japan. Masamune delayed, infuriating Hideyoshi. Expecting to be executed Masamune, wearing his finest clothes and showing no fear, faced his angry overlord. Not wanting further trouble, Hideyoshi spared his life. After serving Hideyoshi for a time, he was given Iwatesawa castle and the surrounding lands as his home domain. Masamune moved there in 1591, rebuilt the castle, renaming it Iwadeyama, and encouraged the growth of a town at its base. Masamune stayed at Iwadeyama for 13 years and turned the region into a major political and economic center. Masamune and his men served with distinction in the Korean invasions under Hideyoshi and, after Hideyoshi's death, began to support Tokugawa Ieyasu. Portrait of Toyotomi Hideyoshi drawn in 1601 Toyotomi Hideyoshi (Shinjitai (modern Japanese) writing: ; Kyūjitai (historical) writing: 豐臣秀吉; born Hiyoshi-maru ; coming of age (Genpuku) as Kinoshita Tōkichirō and later made Hashiba and martial nobility in the style of Hashiba Chikuzen no Kami Hideyoshi ; 1536 - September 18, 1598), was a... Combatants forces of Toyotomi Hideyoshi Hōjō clan army Commanders Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Tokugawa Ieyasu Hōjō Ujimasa Strength 200,000 50,000 Casualties Unknown Unknown The third siege of Odawara ) occurred in 1590, and was the primary action in Toyotomi Hideyoshis campaign to eliminate the Hōjō clan as... Combatants Joseon Dynasty Korea, Ming Dynasty China Japan under Toyotomi Hideyoshi Commanders Korea: Yi Sun-sin, Gwon Yul, Won Gyun, Kim Myung Won, Yi Il, Sin Lip, Gwak Jae-u, Kim Shi-min China: Li Rusong , Li Rubai, Ma Gui , Qian Shi-zhen, Ren Ziqiang, Yang Yuan, Zhang Shijue, Chen... Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu The Tokugawa clan crest Tokugawa Ieyasu (previously spelled Iyeyasu); 徳川 家康 (January 31, 1543 – June 1, 1616) was the founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan which ruled from the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 until the Meiji Restoration in 1868. ...


Tokugawa Ieyasu awarded Masamune the lordship of the huge and profitable Sendai domain, which made Masamune one of Japan’s most powerful daimyo. Tokugawa had promised Masamune a one million koku domain, but alas, even after substantial improvements were made, the land only produced 640,000 koku, most of which was used to feed the Edo Region. In 1604 Masamune, accompanied by 52,000 vassals and their families, moved to what was then the small fishing village of Sendai. He left his fourth son, Date Muneyasu, to rule Iwadeyama. Masamune would turn Sendai into a large and prosperous city. A koku ) is a unit of volume in Japan, equal to ten cubic shaku. ... Sendai ) is the capital city of Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, and the largest city in the Tōhoku (northeast) region. ...


Masamune expanded trade in the otherwise remote, backwater region of Tohoku. Although initially faced with attacks by hostile clans, he managed to overcome them after a few defeats and eventually ruled one of the largest fiefdoms of the later Tokugawa shogunate. He built many palaces and worked on many projects to beautify the region. He is also known to have encouraged foreigners to come to his land. It is unlikely that Masamune himself was secretly a Christian convert. Even though he funded and promoted an envoy to establish relations with the Pope in Rome, he was likely motivated at least in part by a desire for foreign technology similar to that of other lords, such as Oda Nobunaga. Further, once Tokugawa Ieyasu outlawed Christianity, Masamune reversed his position and began persecuting Christians in his domain. For 270 years Tohoku was a place of tourism, trade and prosperity. Matsushima, for instance, a series of tiny islands, was praised for its beauty and serenity by the wandering haiku poet Matsuo Bashō. The Tokugawa shogunate or Tokugawa bakufu (徳川幕府) (also known as the Edo bakufu) was a feudal military dictatorship of Japan established in 1603 by Tokugawa Ieyasu and ruled by the shoguns of the Tokugawa family until 1868. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... One of the islands of Matsushima One of the islands of Matsushima Matsushima (松島) is a group of islands in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. ... Haiku )   is a mode of Japanese poetry, the late 19th century revision by Masaoka Shiki of the older hokku ), the opening verse of a linked verse form, haikai no renga. ... A statue of Bashō in Ogaki, Gifu. ...

The Japanese-built 1613 galleon Date Maru, or San Juan Bautista, in Ishinomaki, Japan (replica).
The Japanese-built 1613 galleon Date Maru, or San Juan Bautista, in Ishinomaki, Japan (replica).

Masamune's greatest achievement was funding and backing one of Japan's only journeys of far-flung diplomacy and exploration in this period. Masamune showed sympathy with Christian missionaries and traders in Japan. In addition to allowing them to come and preach in his province, he also released the prisoner and missionary Padre Sotelo from the hands of Tokugawa Ieyasu. Date Masamune allowed Sotelo as well as other missionaries to practice their religion and win converts in Tohoku. After a while Date Masamune ordered the building of the exploration ship Date Maru or San Juan Bautista using foreign (European) ship-building techniques. He sent one of his retainers, Hasekura Tsunenaga, Sotelo, and an embassy of 180 people on a successful voyage to establish relations with the Pope in Rome. This expedition visited such places as the Philippines, Mexico, Spain and Rome, making it the first Japanese voyage to sail around the world. In prior times Japanese lords had never funded these sorts of ventures so it was probably the first successful voyage. At least 5 members of the expedition stayed in Coria (Seville) of Spain for the rest of their lives to avoid the persecution of Christians in Japan. 600 of their descendants, with the surname Japón (Japan), are now living in Spain. Replica of the Japanese Galleon San Juan Bautista (1613). ... Replica of the Japanese Galleon San Juan Bautista (1613). ... A Spanish galleon A galleon was a large, multi-decked sailing ship used primarily by the nations of Europe from the 16th to 18th centuries. ... San Juan Bautista (“St John Baptist”) (originally called Date Maru, 伊達丸 in Japanese) was one of Japans first Japanese-built Western-style sail warships. ... Ishinomaki (石巻市; -shi) is a city located in Miyagi, Japan. ... A Franciscan friar, 17th century. ... San Juan Bautista (“St John Baptist”) (originally called Date Maru, 伊達丸 in Japanese) was one of Japans first Japanese-built Western-style sail warships. ... San Juan Bautista (“St John Baptist”) (originally called Date Maru, 伊達丸 in Japanese) was one of Japans first Japanese-built Western-style sail warships. ... Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... Itinerary and dates of the travels of Hasekura Tsunenaga Hasekura Rokuemon Tsunenaga (1571–1622) (Japanese: 支倉六右衛門常長, also spelled Faxecura Rocuyemon in period European sources, reflecting the contemporary pronunciation of Japanese[1]) was a Japanese samurai and retainer of Date Masamune, the daimyo of Sendai. ... Nickname: The Eternal City Motto: SPQR: Senatus PopulusQue Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi... Coria del Rio is a small town near Seville, where the descendants of the first Japanese Embassy still use the surname Japón. ...


Although Masamune was a patron of the arts and sympathized with the foreign cause he also was an aggressive and ambitious daimyo. When he first took over the Date clan he suffered a few major defeats from powerful and influential clans such as the Ashina. These defeats were arguably caused by recklessness on Masamune's part. No lord fully trusted Date Masamune. Toyotomi Hideyoshi reduced the size of his land holdings after his tardiness in coming to the Siege of Odawara against Hōjō Ujimasa. Later in his life, Tokugawa Ieyasu increased the size of his lands again but was constantly suspicious of Masamune and his policies. He was suspicious of foreign missionaries, whom he perceived as a threat to his power. Because of this he ordered the death of Padre Sotelo after his journey around the world. Although Tokugawa Ieyasu and other allies of the Date were always suspicious of him, Date Masamune for the most part served the Tokugawa and Toyotomi loyally. He took part in Hideyoshi's campaigns in Korea, and in the Osaka campaigns. When Tokugawa Ieyasu was on his deathbed, Masamune came to visit him and read him a piece of Zen poetry. Odawara Castle in todays Odawara city, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, was sieged three times. ... Hōjō Ujimasa )(1538-1590) was the fourth head of the late Hōjō clan, and daimyo of Odawara. ... The siege of Osaka lasted from 1614 to 1615. ... This article is about the religion Zen. ...


Masamune in popular culture

Date Masamune has featured in several video games including Koei's Kessen series (where he is a relatively minor officer), and Inindo: Way of the Ninja as the daimyo of the Rikuchu province. Namcos Pac-Man was a hit, and became a cultural phenomenon. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Kessen is a PlayStation 2 launch title produced by Koei and published by Electronic Arts. ...

  • He also appears in Capcom's Devil Kings game which is the English version of Sengoku Basara, although he is called Azure Dragon. In Sengoku Basara, he's known to speak some Japanese-style English, or Engrish. This quirky characteristic is absent in Devil Kings, however. His joke weapon is Alastor, formerly used by Dante of Devil May Cry's fame.
  • Masamune also appears in the PC game Shogun: Total War as a general in the Uesugi army but not until later in the game (around 1580)
  • Date Masamune, leading the Date Clan, appears in the Samurai Warlords Mod (aka the Shogun Mod) for the PC game Medieval Total War
  • Date Masamune is the subject of the first 1/6 scale 12 inch samurai action figure produced by DID corporation, due for release in Fall 2006.
  • Masamune is a powerful weapon in the Gameboy game Final Fantasy Legend II

Date Masamune was also the main subject of the Japanese network NHK's popular and famous yearly serialized historical drama, often called Taiga, for 1987. It was called Dokuganryu Masamune (One-eyed Dragon, Masamune) and starred the then young Watanabe Ken as Date Masumune in what still is the most popular of NHK's Taiga ever to air. Samurai Warriors 2 (Sengoku Musou 2) PS2 Japanese game cover. ... This article may not meet Wikipedias content policies because it lacks an encyclopedic perspective. ... A pair of bokken A bokken (, bok(u), wood, and ken, sword), is a wooden Japanese sword used for training, usually the size and shape of a katana, but sometimes shaped like other swords. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Szabla. ... A pistol is a usually small, projectile weapon, normally fired with one hand. ... The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog) For the oleo-resin, see Animé (oleo-resin). ... Manga )   is the Japanese word for comics and print cartoons. ... Samurai Deeper Kyo ) is Akimine Kamijyos first published manga. ... The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog) For the oleo-resin, see Animé (oleo-resin). ... Manga )   is the Japanese word for comics and print cartoons. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog) For the oleo-resin, see Animé (oleo-resin). ... DVD cover of Ronin Warriors. ... Sage Sage is a member of the Ronin Warriors and considered the most mature and aloof member of the team. ... Rowen Rowen is a member of the Ronin Warriors and is considered by some to be the most intelligent of the group. ... Capcom Co. ... Devil Kings, known in Japan as Sengoku Basara (戦国BASARA), is a video game for PlayStation 2 first published on July 21, 2005 by Capcom. ... Sengoku Basara is a video game for PlayStation 2 first published July 21, 2005 by Capcom. ... Engrish on a sweatshirt in Japan An Excellent Room at Fukuoka Station, a staff-only area Engrish refers to the grammatically incorrect variation of English often found in East Asian countries. ... Alastor (avenger) in Greek mythology, was the personification of familial feuds. ... Dante redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Japanese samurai in armour, 1860s. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


External links

  • The official website of the Date clan
  • Zuihoden--The mausoleum of Date Masamune. When he died, twenty of his followers killed themselves to serve him in the next life. They lay in state at Zuihōden
  • Aoba-jo (Sendai Castle) website
  • An example of Date-influenced architecture

  Results from FactBites:
 
Date Masamune (1505 words)
Date Terumune, a lord of the Rikuzen area of Mutsu.
Date and Mogami's efforts allowed Tokugawa to move west in confidence, and, of course, the campaign culminated in the total victory at Sekigahara in October 1600.
Masamune, largely lenient towards the Christians in his lands, interceded on the behalf of a certain Father Soteho who had been condemned to death for preaching his faith in Japan in defiance of the anti-Christian edicts.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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