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Encyclopedia > Dark fantasy
Fantasy

Fantasy media Smaug in his lair: an illustration for the fantasy The Hobbit Fantasy is a genre of art that uses magic and other supernatural forms as a primary element of plot, theme, or setting. ...

Genre studies Fantastic art is a loosely defined art genre. ... Many anime TV series, movies, and OAVs fall into the fantasy genre. ... Fantasy Art by Boris Vallejo Fantasy Art by George Grie Fantasy Art by Michael Parkes Fantasy Art by Heinz Zander Fantasy art is a genre of art that depicts magical or other supernatural themes, ideas, creatures or settings. ... The definition of a fantasy author is somewhat diffuse, and a matter of opinion - Jules Verne considered H. G. Wells to be a fantasy author - and there is considerable overlap with science fiction authors and horror fiction authors. ... A number of fantasy comics abound on the web. ... Fantasy fiction magazines Magazines which publish fantasy fiction primarily, as opposed to other sorts of fiction, or fantasy comics or other forms of visual art (though most have published poetry, illustration and other art, and some have published at least some kinds of cartoons. ... Fantasy films are films with fantastic themes, usually involving magic, supernatural events, make-believe creatures, or exotic fantasy worlds. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Fantasy television is a genre of television featuring elements of the fantastic, often including magic, supernatural forces, or exotic fantasy worlds. ...

Categories The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The fantasy genre has spawned many new subgenres with no clear counterparts in the myths or folklore upon which the tradition of fantasy storytelling is based, although inspiration from mythology and folklore remains a consistent theme. ... Fantastique is a French term for a literary and cinematic genre that overlaps with parts of science fiction, horror and fantasy. ... Illustration by Arthur Rackham to Richard Wagners Die Walküre: the magic sword, such as Nothung, is a common fantasy trope. ... This article is about the word, for other meanings see Quest (disambiguation) A quest is a journey towards a goal with great meaning and is used in mythology and literature as a plot device. ... The term, magic item can be used to refer to several historical and fictional topics: // Historical In a historical context, magic items are those artifacts which have been reputed to contain magical properties such as the Holy Grail. ... Many fantasy stories and worlds call their main sapient humanoid species races rather than species. ... A fantasy world is a type of fictional universe in which magic or other similar powers work. ... A legendary creature is a mythological or folkloric creature (often known as fabulous creatures in historical literature). ... Lovecraftian horror is a sub-genre of horror which emphasizes the psychological horror of the unknown (in some cases, unknowable) over gore or other elements of shock, which may still be present. ... otheruses|Magician}} The Enchanted Garden of Messer Ansaldo by Marie Spartali Stillman: a magician makes his garden bear fruit and flowers in winter. ... Magic Circle by John William Waterhouse Magic in fiction is the endowing of fictional characters or objects with magical powers. ... Tolkienology is a term used by Tolkien fans to describe the study of the works of J. R. R. Tolkien treating Middle-earth as a real world and using academic techniques to determine if chronicler Tolkien has left enough clues to come to some fitting conclusions. ...

  • Fantasy
  • Fantasy television
  • Fantasy subgenres
  • Fantasy tropes
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Dark fantasy is a subgenre that combines elements of fantasy, including marvelous abilities, with those of horror.[1]


It has yet to be solidly connected to its own particular subgenre of fantasy. Stories often described as dark fantasy are therefore more likely to be "officially" placed in either the horror or fantasy genres, based on which genre the story tends more toward. As a natural consequence, the term itself may refer collectively to tales that would more properly belong in very different genres. A genre is any of the traditional divisions of art forms from a single field of activity into various kinds according to criteria particular to that form. ... Smaug in his lair: an illustration for the fantasy The Hobbit Fantasy is a genre of art that uses magic and other supernatural forms as a primary element of plot, theme, or setting. ... Horror can mean several things: Horror (emotion) Horror fiction Horror film This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Smaug in his lair: an illustration for the fantasy The Hobbit Fantasy is a genre of art that uses magic and other supernatural forms as a primary element of plot, theme, or setting. ...


Perhaps the most definitive works of dark fantasy are those of H.P. Lovecraft, whose blend of fantasy and horror (and to a lesser extent, science fiction) cannot reliably be placed in either genre. Howard Phillips Lovecraft (August 20, 1890 – March 15, 1937) was an American author of fantasy, horror and science fiction, noted for combining these three genres within single narratives. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ...

Contents

Tending towards horror

This use of the term "dark fantasy" is considered a variant of the horror genre, but is quickly becoming a genre in and of itself. The difference between the two genres is that the supernatural beings and monsters of horror, particularly vampires, are considered to be potentially sympathetic beings with human motivations. Anne Rice is among the most successful in the genre, with her "Vampire Chronicles", but other writers such as Poppy Z. Brite, Caitlin R. Kiernan, Thomas Ligotti, and C.S. Friedman have also had success. Michelle Sagara West often uses more demonic figures, as in her "The Sundered" tetralogy and her "Sun Sword" series. Stephen Marley in his Chia Black Dragon novels produced a dark fantasy series that was cited as a prime example of the genre in Clute/Grant's The Encyclopedia of Fantasy. Anne Rice (born on October 4, 1941) is a best-selling American author of gothic and later religious themed books. ... Photo of Poppy Z. Brite by J.K. Potter. ... Caitlín Rebekah Kiernan (born May 26, 1964 in Skerries, Dublin, Ireland) is the author of numerous science fiction and dark fantasy works, including many comics, more than seventy published short stories, and numerous scientific papers. ... Thomas Ligotti (born July 9, 1953, in Detroit, Michigan) is a writer of horror stories. ... Celia S. Friedman (born January 12, 1957) is a writer of science fiction. ... Michelle Sagara West, who has also published work as Michelle Sagara (her maiden name) or as Michelle West, is a Japanese-Canadian author of fantasy literature. ... Stephen Marley is a British author and video game designer, best known for his Chia Black Dragon series. ... Chia Black Dragon is the eponymous anti-hero of a dark fantasy series of novels written by Stephen Marley. ... Cover Art. ...


More generally, dark fantasy may be used as a synonym for supernatural horror, to distinguish horror stories that contain elements of the supernatural from those that do not. For example, a story about a mummy or vampire rising from the grave would be most likely described as dark fantasy, supernatural horror, or horror fantasy, while a story about a serial killer is simply horror. In this sense, there is a considerable overlap between dark fantasy and contemporary fantasy. A mummy is a corpse whose skin and dried flesh have been preserved by either intentional or accidental exposure to chemicals, extreme cold, very low humidity, or airlessness. ... Philip Burne-Jones, The Vampire, 1897 Vampires are mythological or folkloric beings that subsist on human and/or animal lifeforce. ... Contemporary fantasy is a subgenre of fantasy, also known as modern-day fantasy, or indigenous fantasy. ...


Tending towards fantasy

Dark fantasy in this context refers to stories that focus on elements usually found in the horror genre but which take place in a setting more alike sword and sorcery or high fantasy. It may or may not take place in its own fantasy world. In this sense, dark fantasy is usually considered a sub-genre of fantasy. Michael Moorcock's Elric stories are probably the best-known examples of this form of dark fantasy. This article is about a fantasy sub-genre. ... High fantasy is a subgenre of fantasy fiction that is set in invented or parallel worlds. ... A fantasy world is a type of fictional universe in which magic or other similar powers work. ... Michael John Moorcock (born December 18, 1939, in London, England) is a prolific English writer primarily of science fiction and fantasy who has also published a number of literary novels. ... Stormbringer (Lancer, 1967) Elric of Melniboné is a fictional character created by Michael Moorcock. ...


The epic poem Beowulf can be thought of as a precursor to this type of dark fantasy. Grendel's attacks on the Heorot established the formula for a great many horror stories and would represent the "horror element" in this type of tale, while the character of Beowulf himself and his later deeds (such as fighting the dragon) would represent the "fantasy element". In mathematics, see epic morphism. ... The first page of Beowulf Beowulf is an Old English heroic epic poem composed in the later Early Middle Ages (in the 8th, 9th or 10th century). ... Heorot is the stronghold of king Hrothgar in the epic poem Beowulf. ...


Dark fantasy is also used to refer to "grittier" fantasy, conducted in settings which represent the brutality of the medieval period of most fantasy, generally with a dash of supernatural horror such as in Charles R. Saunders' early Imaro trilogy which was heavily influenced by Robert E. Howard and H.P. Lovecraft. Charles R. Saunders also credited as Charles Saunders (born 1946[1]) is an African American author and journalist currently living in Canada. ... Imaro 2006, Night Shade Books Imaro 1981, Daw Books Imaro is a Dark Fantasy novel written by Charles R. Saunders, and published by Daw Books in 1981. ... Robert Ervin Howard (January 22, 1906 – June 11, 1936)[1] was a classic American pulp writer of fantasy, horror, historical adventure, boxing, western, and detective fiction. ... Howard Phillips Lovecraft (August 20, 1890 – March 15, 1937) was an American author of fantasy, horror and science fiction, noted for combining these three genres within single narratives. ...


Another example of fantasy mixed with horror is the Ravenloft series of novels. Ravenloft is a fictional campaign setting for the Dungeons & Dragons role-playing game. ...


Dark fantasy in other media

As dark fantasy has yet to be clearly defined, it is often difficult to agree upon what is dark fantasy and what is regular fantasy. The most clear distinction can likely be seen in role-playing games, which have had a number of popular games and campaign settings, especially those who are closer to fantasy but includes horror elements. Dungeons & Dragons used to support three different campaign settings of this type, Ravenloft, Dark Sun and Planescape, however these are now discontinued. This article is about traditional role-playing games. ... A campaign setting is a fictional fantasy world which serves as a setting for a role-playing game or wargame, such as Dungeons & Dragons, Warhammer and various d20 System games. ... Dungeons & Dragons (abbreviated as D&D or DnD) is a fantasy role-playing game (RPG) currently published by Wizards of the Coast. ... A campaign setting is a fictional fantasy world which serves as a setting for a role-playing game or wargame, such as Dungeons & Dragons, Warhammer and various d20 System games. ... Ravenloft is a fictional campaign setting for the Dungeons & Dragons role-playing game. ... Dark Sun is a discontinued Dungeons & Dragons campaign setting featuring the fictional desert world of Athas. ... Planescape - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Other games of this type include Warhammer Fantasy Roleplay, which often claims that it is the "original dark fantasy game", a D20 campaign setting called Midnight, Stormbringer and later the Elric RPG, which takes place in Michael Moorcock's Multiverse and White Wolf's World of Darkness. (Note: These are but a few well-known examples.) Warhammer Fantasy Roleplay (WFRP or WHFRP) is a role-playing game set in the Warhammer Fantasy setting. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Midnight is a campaign setting for the role-playing game Dungeons & Dragons, released under the Open Gaming License. ... The Stormbringer fantasy role-playing game published by Chaosium puts the players in the world of the Young Kingdoms, based on the Elric of Melniboné books by Michael Moorcock. ... Michael John Moorcock (born December 18, 1939, in London, England) is a prolific English writer primarily of science fiction and fantasy who has also published a number of literary novels. ... White Wolf, Inc. ... The World of Darkness (or WoD) is the name given to two related but distinct fictional universes developed by Mark Rein-Hagen. ...


The setting of Blizzard Entertainment's hack-and-slash computer role-playing game Diablo (and, to a slightly lesser degree, its sequel, Diablo II) can be considered dark fantasy. In contrast to the more "typical" fantasy universe of its Warcraft series, Blizzard's Diablo franchise is centered around much darker demonic and horror themes. The video game American McGee's Alice should also be considered a dark fantasy game which utilises a good-world-gone-bad scenario. Blizzard Entertainment is an American based computer game developer and publisher. ... In several different types of video games, hack and slash refers to a type of game or a style of gameplay which primarily comprises defeating enemies and/or monsters in combat, typically with swords or other melee weapons, hence the name. ... Diablo is a dark fantasy-themed hack and slash action role-playing game developed by Blizzard North and released by Blizzard Entertainment on January 2, 1997. ... Diablo II, sequel to the popular game Diablo, is a dark fantasy-themed Action role-playing game in a hack and slash or Dungeon Roaming style. ... // The Kingdom of Azeroth as seen in Warcraft: Orcs & Humans. ... “Fiend” redirects here. ... Horror fiction is, broadly, fiction in any medium intended to scare, unsettle, or horrify the reader. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ...


There are few examples of movies or TV shows who fall into the dark fantasy category.The film series A Nightmare on Elm Street and Friday the 13th are examples of the genre which emphasize the horror aspect of dark fantasy. Pan's Labyrinth, Brazil, The City of Lost Children, and Dark City are examples of films which emphasize the fantasy aspect. Buffy the Vampire Slayer and its spinoff Angel are examples of dark fantasy in television, containing many elements of traditional fantasy (sword fights, battles to save the world, and powerful sorcerors), but using vampires, demons, and hell gods in the place of high fantasy's elves, dwarves, and dragons. Cover art for the first film A Nightmare on Elm Street is a series of horror films that were exceptionally popular in the 1980s. ... DVD cover for Friday the 13th (1980) Friday the 13th is a popular series of American slasher films. ... Pans Labyrinth (Spanish: El laberinto del fauno, literally The Labyrinth of the Faun) is a Spanish, Academy Award-winning,[2] fantasy[1][3] film written and directed by Mexican film-maker Guillermo del Toro. ... The City of Lost Children (French: ) is a French fantasy/drama film by Marc Caro and Jean-Pierre Jeunet released in 1995. ... Dark City is a 1998 science fiction film written by Alex Proyas, Lem Dobbs and David S. Goyer, and directed by Proyas. ... Buffy the Vampire Slayer is an Emmy and Golden Globe-nominated American cult television series that initially aired from March 10, 1997 until May 20, 2003. ... Angel is a spin-off of the American television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... High fantasy is a subgenre of fantasy fiction that is set in invented or parallel worlds. ...


Many comic books and manga are set in dark fantasy worlds, such as Kentaro Miura's Berserk and others. A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... Manga )   (pl. ... Serialized in Young Animal (Hakusensha) Original run 1992 (series), 1990 (volume) – (ongoing) No. ...


References

  1. ^ Philip Martin, The Writer's Guide to Fantasy Literature: From Dragon's Lair to Hero's Quest, p 46, ISBN 0-87116-195-8

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Dark fantasy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (731 words)
Dark fantasy has yet to be solidly connected to its own particular subgenre of Fantasy.
More generally, dark fantasy may be used as a synonym for supernatural horror, to distinguish horror stories that contain elements of the supernatural from those that do not.
Dark fantasy is also used to refer to "grittier" fantasy, conducted in settings which represent the brutality of the medieval period of most fantasy, generally with a dash of supernatural horror such as in Charles R. Saunders' early Imaro trilogy which was heavily influenced by Robert E. Howard and H.P. Lovecraft.
dark: Definition, Synonyms and Much More From Answers.com (1222 words)
Dark, the most widely applicable, can refer to insufficiency of illumination for seeing (a dark evening), deepness of shade or color (dark brown), absence of cheer (a dark, somber mood), or lack of rectitude (a dark past).
In addition to the idioms beginning with dark, also see in the dark; keep someone in the dark; leap in the dark; shot in the dark; whistle in the dark.
shot/stab in the dark andare (colpire) alla cieca
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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