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Encyclopedia > Danube
Danube
Donau, Dunaj, Duna, Dunav, Dunărea, Дунав
The Danube in Budapest from Margit Bridge
Countries Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova, Ukraine
Major cities Ulm, Regensburg, Vienna, Bratislava, Budapest, Novi Sad, Belgrade
Length 2,860 km (1,777 mi)
Watershed 817,000 km² (315,445 mi²)
Discharge at before delta
 - average 6,500 /s (229,545 ft³/s)
Discharge elsewhere
 - Passau 580 /s (20,483 ft³/s)
 - Vienna 1,900 /s (67,098 ft³/s)
 - Budapest 2,350 /s (82,989 ft³/s)
 - Belgrade 6,500 /s (229,545 ft³/s)
Primary source Brigach
 - location St. Georgen, Black Forest, Germany
 - coordinates 48°06′25.02″N 08°16′57″E / 48.10695, 8.2825
 - elevation 925 m (3,035 ft)
 - length 43 km (27 mi)
Other source Breg
 - location Black Forest, Germany
 - elevation 1,078 m (3,537 ft)
 - length 49 km (30 mi)
Source confluence
 - location Donaueschingen
Mouth Danube Delta
Danube River

The Danube (In German: Donau from earlier Danuvius, Celtic *dānu, meaning "to flow, run", ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river in the European Union and Europe's second longest river. It originates in the Black Forest in Germany as two smaller rivers — the Brigach and the Breg rivers—which join at the eponymously named German town Donaueschingen; it is from this point that it is known as the Danube. The river flows eastwards for a distance of some 2850 km (1771 miles), passing through several Central and Eastern European capitals, before emptying into the Black Sea via the Danube Delta in Romania and Ukraine. Danube may refer to: The Danube River Danube, New York Danube, Minnesota The Danube class starship from the Star Trek universe A station on the Paris Métro The Blue Danube, a famous waltz composed by Johann Strauss the younger in 1867 Blue Danube, the first operational British nuclear weapon... Download high resolution version (1632x1232, 147 KB)Budapest with the Danube in foreground, looking south from Margit Bridge. ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... For other uses, see Ulm (disambiguation). ... Regensburg (also Ratisbon, Latin Ratisbona) is a city (population 151. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location of Bratislava within Slovakia Coordinates: , Country Region Districts Bratislava I-V City subdivisions 17 city boroughs Cadastral areas 20 cadastral areas First mentioned 907 Government  - Type City council  - Mayor (Primátor) Andrej ÄŽurkovský  - Headquarters Primates Palace Area [1]  - City 367. ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Novi Sad (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Danube Delta - Landsat satellite photo (2000) The Danube Delta (Delta Dunării in Romanian), split between Tulcea County of Romania and Odessa Oblast of Ukraine, is the largest and best preserved of European deltas, with an area of 3446 km², after the Volga Delta. ... The cubic meter (symbol m³) is the SI derived unit of volume. ... This article is about the unit of time. ... It has been suggested that Thousand Cubic Feet be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the unit of time. ... Passau (Latin: Batavis or Batavia, also Passavium; Italian: Passavia; Czech: Pasov) is a town in Niederbayern, Eastern Bavaria, Germany, known also as the Dreiflüssestadt (City of Three Rivers), because the Danube River is joined there by the Inn River from the South, and the Ilz River coming out of... The cubic meter (symbol m³) is the SI derived unit of volume. ... This article is about the unit of time. ... It has been suggested that Thousand Cubic Feet be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the unit of time. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... The cubic meter (symbol m³) is the SI derived unit of volume. ... This article is about the unit of time. ... It has been suggested that Thousand Cubic Feet be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the unit of time. ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... The cubic meter (symbol m³) is the SI derived unit of volume. ... This article is about the unit of time. ... It has been suggested that Thousand Cubic Feet be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the unit of time. ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... The cubic meter (symbol m³) is the SI derived unit of volume. ... This article is about the unit of time. ... It has been suggested that Thousand Cubic Feet be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the unit of time. ... The Brigach is the shorter of the two German rivers that form the Danube river. ... Sankt Georgen is a German placename for: Sankt Georgen im Schwarzwald in Germany Sväty Jur in Slovakia Sfântu Gheorghe in Romania This is a disambiguation page—a list of articles associated with the same title. ... A map of Germany, showing the Black Forest in red. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... The Breg is a river in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... A map of Germany, showing the Black Forest in red. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... Look up confluence in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Donaueschingen is a city in the southwest of Baden-Württemberg in the Schwarzwald-Baar District. ... Danube Delta - Landsat satellite photo (2000) The Danube Delta (Delta Dunării in Romanian), split between Tulcea County of Romania and Odessa Oblast of Ukraine, is the largest and best preserved of European deltas, with an area of 3446 km², after the Volga Delta. ... Image File history File links Danubemap. ... The Celtic languages are the languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or Common Celtic, a branch of the greater Indo-European language family. ... Note: This article contains special characters. ... For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... A map of Germany, showing the Black Forest in red. ... The Brigach is the shorter of the two German rivers that form the Danube river. ... The Breg is a river in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... “Deutschland” redirects here. ... Donaueschingen is a city in the southwest of Baden-Württemberg in the Schwarzwald-Baar District. ... For other uses, see Black Sea (disambiguation). ... Danube Delta - Landsat satellite photo (2000) The Danube Delta (Delta Dunării in Romanian), split between Tulcea County of Romania and Odessa Oblast of Ukraine, is the largest and best preserved of European deltas, with an area of 3446 km², after the Volga Delta. ...

Brigach (right) and Breg (left) forming the Danube at Donaueschingen
Brigach (right) and Breg (left) forming the Danube at Donaueschingen

The Danube has been an important international waterway for centuries, as it remains today. Known to history as one of the long-standing frontiers of the Roman Empire, the river flows through — or forms a part of the borders of — ten countries: Germany (7.5%), Austria (10.3%), Slovakia (5.8%), Hungary (11.7%), Croatia (4.5%), Serbia, Bulgaria (5.2%), Romania (28.9%), Moldova (1.7%), and Ukraine (3.8%); in addition, the drainage basin includes parts of nine more countries: Italy (0.15%), Poland (0.09%), Switzerland (0.32%), Czech Republic (2.6%), Slovenia (2.2%), Bosnia and Herzegovina (4.8%), Montenegro, Republic of Macedonia, and Albania (0.03%). Image File history File links Size of this preview: 398 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1488 × 2240 pixel, file size: 220 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 398 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1488 × 2240 pixel, file size: 220 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... Anthem Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, Bright Dawn of May Montenegro() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Demonym Montenegrin Government Republic  -  President Filip Vujanović  -  Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence due to the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro   -  Declared June 3, 2006... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ...


Name

The names of the river (German: Donau; Slovak: Dunaj; Albanian: Danubi; Polish: Dunaj; Hungarian: Duna; Croatian: Dunav; Serbian: Дунав, Dunav; Bulgarian: Дунав (Dunav); Romanian: Dunăre; Ukrainian: Дунай (Dunay); Italian: Danubio; Portuguese: Danúbio; Latin: Danuvius; Modern Greek: Δούναβης (Doúnavis); Turkish: Tuna; Slovenian: Donava; local Yiddish: Duner - דונער and Tine - טינע) are all ultimately derived from Celtic *dānu, meaning "to flow" and its exact equivalent is found in Welsh rivers Donwy[1]. Serbian (; ) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... Greek ( IPA: or simply IPA: — Hellenic) has a documented history of 3,500 years, the longest of any single language in the Indo-European language family. ... Yiddish (Yid. ... The Celtic languages are the languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or Common Celtic, a branch of the greater Indo-European language family. ...


Ancient Greek Istros was a borrowing from Thracian meaning "strong, swift", akin to Sanskrit is.iras "swift", Greek ierós "strong, sacred" [2].


Geography

Tributaries

The Danube River reaches into ten other countries. Some Danubian tributaries are important rivers in their own right, navigable by barges and river boats of shallow draught. Ordered from source to mouth, the main tributaries are: This is a list of tributaries of the Danube by order of entrance. ...

Iller - Lech - Regen (entering at Regensburg) - Isar (entering just beyond Deggendorf) - Inn (entering at Passau) - Enns - Morava - Leitha - Váh (entering at Komárno) - Hron - Ipel - Sió - Dráva - Vuka - Tisza - Sava (entering at Belgrade) - Timiş - Velika Morava - Caraş - Jiu - Iskar - Olt - Vedea - Argeş - Ialomiţa - Siret - Prut

The Iller (ancient name Hilaria) is a river in Bavaria, Germany. ... The river Lech, in the background the city of Landsberg The river Lech in Augsburg The Lech (Licus, Licca) is a river in Austria and Germany. ... The Regen is a river in Bavaria, Germany. ... Regensburg (also Ratisbon, Latin Ratisbona) is a city (population 151. ... The Isar is the third largest river in Bavaria, Germany. ... Deggendorf is a town in Bavaria, capital of the district Deggendorf. ... The Inn is a river in Switzerland, Austria and Germany. ... Passau (Latin: Batavis or Batavia, also Passavium; Italian: Passavia; Czech: Pasov) is a town in Niederbayern, Eastern Bavaria, Germany, known also as the Dreiflüssestadt (City of Three Rivers), because the Danube River is joined there by the Inn River from the South, and the Ilz River coming out of... Enns Length 254 km Elevation of the source  ? m Average discharge 201 m³/s Area watershed 6000 km² Origin Radstädter Tauern (mountains) Mouth Danube at Mauthausen Basin countries Austria The Enns is a southern tributary of the Danube River and 254 km long. ... The Morava (as it is called in Czech and Slovak languages) or the March (as it is known in German) is a river located in Central Europe. ... The Leitha (German: Leitha; Hungarian: Lajta; Czech: Litava) is a river in Central Europe with a length of approximately 180 km. ... The Váh near PieÅ¡Å¥any. ... Komárno (Hungarian: Komárom [today a separate town, also nonofficial Révkomárom], German: Komorn) is a town in Slovakia at the Danube and the Váh rivers. ... Hron (Hungarian: Garam, German: Gran) is a 298 km long left tributary of the Danube and the second longest river in Slovakia. ... Ipeľ (Hungarian: Ipoly, German: Eipel) is a 232 km long river in Slovakia and Hungary, tributary to the river Danube. ... Sió is a river in central Hungary. ... Drave (German: Drau, Slovenian and Croatian: Drava, Hungarian: Dráva) is a river in southern Central Europe, flowing East from South Tyrol, Italy through Carinthia, Austria, and Slovenia (145 km) then southeast, forming most of the Croatian-Hungarian border before joining the Danube near Osijek. ... Vuka is 114 km long river in the Slavonia region of Croatia, right tributary of the Danube. ... The Tisza or Tisa is one of the major rivers of Central Europe. ... Sava also Save (in Serbian: Сава; German: Save; Hungarian: Száva) is a river in Europe, a right side tributary of Danube at Belgrade. ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... Flood in JaÅ¡a Tomić in 2005 The TimiÅŸ or TamiÅ¡ (Romanian: TimiÅŸ; Serbian: Тамиш or TamiÅ¡; German: Temesch; Hungarian: Temes) is a 359 km long river rising in the Semenic Mountains, southern Carpathian Mountains, CaraÅŸ-Severin County, Romania. ... The Velika Morava is a river in Serbia that flows into the Danube near Smederevo. ... CaraÅŸ (Romanian: CaraÅŸ, Serbian: KaraÅ¡ or Караш) is a river in Southeastern Europe that rises in the Aninei Mountains, Romania and flows into the Danube in Serbia. ... This article is about the Romanian river Jiu. ... The Iskar (Bulgarian: Искър; Latin Oescus) is the longest river in Bulgaria, a right tributary of the Danube. ... The Olt (Romanian and Hungarian; in German: Alt; in Latin: Aluta) is a river in Romania. ... The Vedea is a river in the southern part of Romania that rises from the Cotmeana Plateau and runs into the Danube, having a total length of 224 km, of which on 33 km the river is regulated. ... ArgeÅŸ is a river of Southern Romania, which rises from the FăgăraÅŸ Mountains, in the Carpathians and flows into the Danube. ... IalomiÅ£a (Râul IalomiÅ£a in Romanian) is a river of Southern Romania, which rises from the Bucegi Mountains, in the Carpathians and flows into the Danube. ... The Siret River is a river that rises from the Carpathians in the Northern Bukovina region of the Ukraine, flows southward into Romania for 470 km before it joins Danube. ... Length 953  km Elevation of the source -  m Average discharge -  m³/s Area watershed 27,500  km² Origin  Ukraine Mouth  Danube Basin countries Ukraine, Romania, Moldova The Prut, or Pruth river (Ukrainian: Прут) is 953 km long, originating in the Carpathian Mountains in Ukraine and flowing southeast to join the Danube...

Cities

The Danube Bend is a curve of the Danube in Hungary, near the city of Visegrád. The Transdanubian Medium Mountains lie on the left bank, while the Northern Medium Mountains on the right.
The Danube Bend is a curve of the Danube in Hungary, near the city of Visegrád. The Transdanubian Medium Mountains lie on the left bank, while the Northern Medium Mountains on the right.

The Danube flows through the following countries and cities (from source to mouth ordered): Image File history File links DonauknieVisegrad. ... Image File history File links DonauknieVisegrad. ... Visegrád (–Hungarian, German: Plintenburg) is a small town in Pest County in Hungary with a long and rich history. ... The Transdanubian Medium Mountains (Hungarian: Dunántúli-középhegység) are a mountain range in Hungary covering about 7000 km². Its highest peak is the Pilis, with a height of 757 metres. ... The Northern Medium Mountains or Northern Hills (in Hungarian Északi-középhegység) or Mátra-Slanec Area (in Slovak Matransko-slanská oblasť) is the northern, mountainous part of Hungary and the adjacent part of Slovakia. ...

Tuttlingen is a town in Baden-Württemberg, capital of the district Tuttlingen. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... Location Coordinates , , Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE1 Capital Stuttgart Minister-President Günther Oettinger (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  35,752 km² (13,804 sq mi) Population 10,741,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density... Sigmaringen is a city in southern Germany, in the state of Baden-Württemberg, formerly Hohenzollern, capital of the Sigmaringen district. ... For other uses, see Ulm (disambiguation). ... Ingolstadt (Austro-Bavarian: InglstÃ¥dt) is a city in the Free State of Bavaria, Germany. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... Regensburg (also Ratisbon, Latin Ratisbona) is a city (population 151. ... Passau (Latin: Batavis or Batavia, also Passavium; Italian: Passavia; Czech: Pasov) is a town in Niederbayern, Eastern Bavaria, Germany, known also as the Dreiflüssestadt (City of Three Rivers), because the Danube River is joined there by the Inn River from the South, and the Ilz River coming out of... The Poestlingberg church in Linz. ... Upper Austria (Ober sterreich) is one of the nine federal states or Bundesl nder of Austria. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... This article is about a floodplain in Vienna. ... The Innere Stadt is the the first Viennese Municipality District. ... Nickname: Location of Bratislava within Slovakia Coordinates: , Country Region Districts Bratislava I-V City subdivisions 17 city boroughs Cadastral areas 20 cadastral areas First mentioned 907 Government  - Type City council  - Mayor (Primátor) Andrej ÄŽurkovský  - Headquarters Primates Palace Area [1]  - City 367. ... Komárno (Hungarian: Komárom [today a separate town, also nonofficial Révkomárom], German: Komorn) is a town in Slovakia at the Danube and the Váh rivers. ... Looking towards Å túrovo from Esztergom, across the Mária Valéria bridge Å túrovo (called Parkan until 1948) is a town in Slovakia, situated on the River Danube. ... Raab redirects here. ... Komárom is a city in Hungary on the right bank of the Danube in Komárom-Esztergom county. ... Basilica in Esztergom. ... Visegrád (–Hungarian, German: Plintenburg) is a small town in Pest County in Hungary with a long and rich history. ... Photo of Szentendres FÅ‘ tér (Main Square) Szentendre (Medieval Latin: Sankt Andrae; Serbian: Сентандреја or Sentandreja; German: Sankt Andrä; Slovak: Senondrej; Croatian: Sentandrija) is a riverside town in Pest county, Hungary, near the capital city of Budapest. ... Vác (pronounced: ), (approximate pronounciation, Vats), (sometimes spelled Väcz; Slovak: Vacov, German: Waitzen, Latin: Vacium) is a city in Pest county in Hungary with approximately 35,000 inhabitants. ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... Ráckeve is a town on Csepel Island in Hungary. ... Baja (IPA: ) is a city in southern Hungary. ... Vukovars main street Vukovar Vukovar is a city and municipality in eastern Croatia, and the biggest river port in Croatia located at the confluence of the Vuka river into the Danube. ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... The Town hall. ... Vojvodina (red) is one of Serbias two autonomous provinces Capital (and largest city) Novi Sad Official languages Ethnic groups  2. ... Bačka Palanka (Serbian: Бачка Паланка or Bačka Palanka; Croatian: Bačka Palanka; Hungarian: Bácspalánka) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro at 45. ... Vojvodina (red) is one of Serbias two autonomous provinces Capital (and largest city) Novi Sad Official languages Ethnic groups  2. ... For other uses, see Novi Sad (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... Location in Serbia-Montenegro [[Image:|150px|center|Map of Serbia-Montenegro highlighting the settlement location]] General Information Mayor SaÅ¡a Radosavljević Land area  ? Population (2002 census) 77,808 (109,809 municipality) Population density (2002)  ? Coordinates [1] Area code +381 26 Subdivisions 27 settlements in the municipality License plate code SD... County Status County capital Mayor Dinu Constantin, Social Democratic Party, since 2004 Area 55 km² Population (2002) 104,557 (2002 census) 109,450 (as of July 1, 2004)[1] Density 1900 inh/km² Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... County CaraÅŸ-Severin County Status Town Mayor Matei Lupu, Social Democratic Party, since 2004 Area 144 km² Population (2002) 15,112 Density 104 inh/km² Geographical coordinates Moldova Nouă (Hungarian: Újmoldova) is a town in southwestern Romania in CaraÅŸ-Severin County (the historical region of Banat), in an area known... OrÅŸova (Hungarian: Orsova, German: Orschowa) is a port town on the Danube river in southwestern Romanias Mehedinti county. ... Vidin (Bulgarian: Видин; Romanian: Vidin, Diiu) is a town on the southern bank of the Danube in northwestern Bulgaria. ... Shishman Street - a street in Lom, Bulgaria Soviet style tower blocks characterize Loms skyline, with the Danube River and Romania visible in the background. ... Kozloduy (Козлодуй) is a town of 13,871 inhabitants in northwestern Bulgaria, located in Vratsa Province, on the river Danube. ... Nikopol is a town in North Bulgaria, Pleven Province, on the Danube river. ... Belene (Bulgarian Белене) is a town in Northern Bulgaria. ... Svishtov is a Bulgarian town at Danube river, nearly 235 km north-east from Sofia. ... Dohodno Zdanie is a theatre building which is considered a symbol of the city Rousse (also transliterated as Ruse or Russe; Bulgarian: ; formerly also Rustchuk) is the fifth-largest city in Bulgaria, with a population of 176,115. ... Tutrakan (Bulgarian: Тутракан, Romanian: Turtucaia) is a town in northeastern Bulgaria, part of Silistra Province. ... Silistra (Bulgarian: , historically Bulgarian Дръстър (Drastar, ) and Romanian Dârstor) is a port city of northeastern Bulgaria, lying on the southern side of the lower Danube at the countrys border with Romania. ... Calafat is a town in Dolj county, Romania, on the river Danube, opposite the Bulgarian city of Vidin. ... Status Town Mayor Åžtefan Pârlea, Democratic Party, since 2004 Area 92. ... County Teleorman County Status Mayor Nicolae Mohanu, since 2000 Area  km² Population (2002) 30,187 Density  inh/km² Geographical coordinates 43°46 N / 24°55 E Web site Turnu Măgurele, is a city in Teleorman County, Romania. ... Zimnicea (population: 15 500) is a city in Teleorman county, Romania The city is a port on the Danube in front of the Bulgarian city of Svishtov. ... County Giurgiu County Status County capital Mayor Lucian Iliescu, National Liberal Party, since 2000 Population (2002) 73,586 Geographical coordinates , Web site http://www. ... County CălăraÅŸi County Status Municipality Mayor Costinel Milescu, Peoples Action, since 2004 Population (2000) 31,434 Geographical coordinates , OlteniÅ£a () is a city in Romania in the CălăraÅŸi County on the left bank of the ArgeÅŸ River where its waters reach the Danube... CălăraÅŸi, the capital of Calarasi County is situated in SE of Romania(44. ... FeteÅŸti is a town in IalomiÅ£a county, Romania, with a population of 33,197. ... County ConstanÅ£a County Status Town Mayor Hansa Gheorghe, National Liberal Party, since 2004 Area 46. ... HârÅŸova is a city in ConstanÅ£a county, Romania, with a population of 11. ... County Status County capital Mayor Constantin Sever Cibu, National Liberal Party, since 2004 Area 33. ... County Status County capital Mayor Dumitru Nicolae, Social Democratic Party, since 2000 Area 246. ... County Tulcea County Status County capital Mayor Constantin Hogea, Democratic Party , since 2004 Population (2002) 91,875 Geographical coordinates , Web site http://www. ... County Tulcea County Status Town Mayor Aurel Dimitriu, Social Democratic Party, since 2004 Area 14. ... Izmail or Ismail (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ; Romanian: Ismail), is a town in south-western Ukraine, located near Danube delta in Odessa Oblast (province). ...

Sectioning

  • Upper Section: From spring to Devín Gate. Danube remains a characteristic mountain river until Passau, with average bottom gradient 0.0012%, from Passau to Devín Gate the gradient lessens to 0.0006%.
  • Middle Section: From Devín Gate to Iron Gate. The riverbed widens and the average bottom gradient becomes only 0.00006%.
  • Lower Section: From Iron Gate to Sulina, with average gradient as little as 0.00003%.

Devín Gate (Slovak: , formerly Latin: ) is a natural gate in the Danube valley at the border of Slovakia and Austria. ... Passau (Latin: Batavis or Batavia, also Passavium; Italian: Passavia; Czech: Pasov) is a town in Niederbayern, Eastern Bavaria, Germany, known also as the Dreiflüssestadt (City of Three Rivers), because the Danube River is joined there by the Inn River from the South, and the Ilz River coming out of... Devín Gate (Slovak: , formerly Latin: ) is a natural gate in the Danube valley at the border of Slovakia and Austria. ... The Iron Gate (Romanian: Porţile de Fier, Serbian: Гвоздена врата / Gvozdena vrata, Hungarian: Vaskapu, Turkish: Demirkapi, German: Eisernes Tor, Bulgarian: Железни врата) is a gorge on the Danube River. ... The Iron Gate (Romanian: Porţile de Fier, Serbian: Гвоздена врата / Gvozdena vrata, Hungarian: Vaskapu, Turkish: Demirkapi, German: Eisernes Tor, Bulgarian: Железни врата) is a gorge on the Danube River. ... County Tulcea County Status Town Mayor Aurel Dimitriu, Social Democratic Party, since 2004 Area 14. ...

Modern navigation

The Danube is navigable by ocean ships from the Black Sea to Brăila in Romania and by river ships to Kelheim, Bavaria; smaller craft can navigate further upstream to Ulm, in Germany. About 60 of its tributaries are also navigable. County Status County capital Mayor Constantin Sever Cibu, National Liberal Party, since 2004 Area 33. ... Kelheim is a town in Bavaria, capital of the district Kelheim. ... For other uses, see Ulm (disambiguation). ...

The Iron Gate, on the Romanian–Serbian border

Since the construction of the German Rhine–Main–Danube Canal in 1992, the river has been part of a trans-European waterway from Rotterdam on the North Sea to Sulina on the Black Sea (3500 km). In 1994 the Danube was declared one of ten Pan-European transport corridors, routes in Central and Eastern Europe that required major investment over the following ten to fifteen years. The amount of goods transported on the Danube increased to about 100 million tons in 1987. In 1999, transport on the river was made difficult by the NATO bombing of 3 bridges in Serbia. The clearance of the debris was finished in 2002. The temporary pontoon bridge that hampered navigation was finally removed in 2005. From the Dutch Wikipedia at http://nl. ... From the Dutch Wikipedia at http://nl. ... The Iron Gate (Romanian: PorÅ£ile de Fier, Serbian: Гвоздена врата / Gvozdena vrata, Hungarian: Vaskapu, Turkish: Demirkapi, German: Eisernes Tor, Bulgarian: Железни врата) is a gorge on the Danube River. ... the Rhine-Main Danube Canal (in the foreground) near Nuremberg The Rhine-Main-Danube Canal (also called Main-Danube Canal, RMD Canal or Europa Canal) connects the Main and Danube from Bamberg by Nuremberg to Regensburg. ... Nickname: Motto: Sterker door strijd (Stronger through Struggle) Location of Rotterdam Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province South Holland Government  - Mayor Ivo Opstelten  - Aldermen Jeannette Baljeu Hamit Karakus Orhan Kaya Lucas Bolsius Jantine Kriens Dominic Schrijer Roelf de Boer Leonard Geluk Area [1]  - City 319 km²  (123. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... County Tulcea County Status Town Mayor Aurel Dimitriu, Social Democratic Party, since 2004 Area 14. ... The ten Pan-European transport corridors were defined at the second Pan-European transport Conference in Crete, March 1994, as routes in Central and Eastern Europe that required major investment over the next ten to fifteen years. ... This article is about the military alliance. ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ...


At the Iron Gate, the Danube flows through a gorge that forms part of the boundary between Serbia and Romania; it contains the hydroelectric Iron Gate I dam, followed at about 60 km downstream (outside the gorge) by the Iron Gate ll dam. On 2006-04-13, a record peak discharge at Iron Gate Dam reached 15,400 m³/s. The Iron Gate (Romanian: PorÅ£ile de Fier, Serbian: Гвоздена врата / Gvozdena vrata, Hungarian: Vaskapu, Turkish: Demirkapi, German: Eisernes Tor, Bulgarian: Железни врата) is a gorge on the Danube River. ... A gorge is a narrow passage between steep mountains or hills. ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... Hydroelectricity is electricity produced by hydropower. ... This article is about structures for water impoundment. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


There are three artificial waterways built on the Danube: the Danube–Tisa–Danube Canal (DTD) in the Banat and Bačka regions (Vojvodina, northern province of Serbia); the 64 km Danube–Black Sea Canal, between Cernavodă and Constanţa (Romania) finished in 1984, shortens the distance to the Black Sea by 400 km; the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal (about 171 km), finished in 1992, linking the North Sea to the Black Sea. Canal near the village of Rumenka, close to Novi Sad Danube-Tisa-Danube Canal (DTD) (Serbian: Kanal Dunav-Tisa-Dunav (DTD), Канал Дунав-Тиса-Дунав (ДТД)) is a unique hydro-engineering system for flood control and hydrotechnical, amelioration forestry, water supply, waste water evacuation, navigation, tourism, fishing, hunting. ... Location of Banat in Europe Map of the Banat region with largest cities shown The Banat (Romanian: Banat, Serbian: Банат or Banat, Hungarian: Bánát or Bánság, German: Banat, Slovak: Banát, Bulgarian: Банат) is a geographical and historical region of Central Europe currently divided between three countries: the... Bačka (Serbian: Бачка or Bačka, Hungarian: Bácska, Croatian: Bačka, Slovak: Báčka, German: Batschka) is an area of the Pannonian plain lying between the rivers Danube and Tisa. ... Vojvodina (red) is one of Serbias two autonomous provinces Capital (and largest city) Novi Sad Official languages Ethnic groups  2. ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... The Danube-Black Sea Canal is a canal in Romania which runs from Cernavodă on the Danube to Agigea (southern arm) and Năvodari (northern arm) on the Black Sea. ... County ConstanÅ£a County Status Town Mayor Hansa Gheorghe, National Liberal Party, since 2004 Area 46. ... County ConstanÅ£a Mayor Radu Åžtefan Mazăre Area 124. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... For other uses, see Black Sea (disambiguation). ...


The Danube delta

Main article: Danube Delta
Đerdap gorge, Serbia, overlooking the Carpathians
Đerdap gorge, Serbia, overlooking the Carpathians

The Danube Delta has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1991. Its wetlands (on the Ramsar list of wetlands of international importance) support vast flocks of migratory birds, including the endangered Pygmy Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmaeus). Rival canalization and drainage scheme threaten the delta: see Bastroe Channel. Danube Delta - Landsat satellite photo (2000) The Danube Delta (Delta Dunării in Romanian), split between Tulcea County of Romania and Odessa Oblast of Ukraine, is the largest and best preserved of European deltas, with an area of 3446 km², after the Volga Delta. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Castle Golubac Tabula Traiana in Djerdap National Park The Đerdap National Park (Национални парк Ђердап) stretches along the right bank of the Danube River from the castle of Golubac (Golubački Grad) to the dam near Sip, Serbia and Montenegro. ... Satellite image of the Carpathians. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... // Site listing by country These data have been taken from the Ramsar Sites Database. ... Binomial name Phalacrocorax pygmaeus (Pallas, 1773) The Pygmy Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmaeus) is a member of the cormorant family of seabirds. ... The Bastroe Channel (a. ...


Geology

Although the headwaters of the Danube are relatively small today, geologically, the Danube is much older than the Rhine, with which its catchment area competes in today's southern Germany. This has a few interesting geological complications. Since the Rhine is the only river rising in the Alps mountains which flows north towards the North Sea, an invisible line divides large parts of southern Germany, which is sometimes referred to as the European Watershed. The headwaters of a river are small streams that create it. ... It has been suggested that River Rhine Pollution: November 1986 be merged into this article or section. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... The European Watershed is the line which divides the drainage basins of the major rivers of Germany; the Rhine river, which originates in the European Alps and empties into the North Sea via Holland, and the Danube River, which originates in the Black Forest and flows eastward emptying into the...


However, before the last ice age in the Pleistocene, the Rhine started at the southwestern tip of the Black Forest, while the waters from the Alps that today feed the Rhine were carried east by the so-called Urdonau (original Danube). Parts of this ancient river's bed, which was much larger than today's Danube, can still be seen in (now waterless) canyons in today's landscape of the Swabian Alb. After the Upper Rhine Valley had been eroded, most waters from the Alps changed their direction and began feeding the Rhine. Today's upper Danube is but a meek reflection of the ancient one. Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... The Pleistocene epoch (IPA: ) on the geologic timescale is the period from 1,808,000 to 11,550 years BP. The Pleistocene epoch had been intended to cover the worlds recent period of repeated glaciations. ... A view on the Swabian Alb, with its typical hills and a juniper meadow The Albtrauf, which forms the western border of the Swabian Alb The Swabian Jura (German: Schwäbische Alb) is a plateau in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, extending 220 km from southwest to northeast and 40 to...


Since the Swabian Alb is largely shaped of porous limestone, and since the Rhine's level is much lower than the Danube's, today subsurface rivers carry much water from the Danube to the Rhine. On many days in the summer, when the Danube carries little water, it completely oozes away noisily into these underground channels at two locations in the Swabian Alp, which are referred to as the Donauversickerung (Danube Sink). Most of this water resurfaces only 12 km south at the Aachtopf, Germany's wellspring with the highest flow, an average of 8500 litres per second, north of Lake Constance — thus feeding the Rhine. The European Water Divide thus in fact only applies for those waters that pass beyond this point, and only during the days of the year when the Danube carries enough water to survive the sink holes in the Donauversickerung. A view on the Swabian Alb, with its typical hills and a juniper meadow The Albtrauf, which forms the western border of the Swabian Alb The Swabian Jura (German: Schwäbische Alb) is a plateau in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, extending 220 km from southwest to northeast and 40 to... For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ... The Aachtopf is Germanys biggest spring in terms of production, 8,500 liters per second on average. ... For other uses, see Lake Constance, New Zealand. ...


Since this enormous amount of underground water erodes much of its surrounding limestone, it is estimated that the Danube upper course will one day disappear entirely in favor of the Rhine, an event called stream capturing. Stream capture is a geological or hydrological phenomenon which occurs when a stream from a neighboring drainage system erodes through the divide between two streams and captures another stream which then is diverted from its former bed and now flows down the bed of the capturing stream. ...


Human history

Danube in Ulm, where it separates Ulm in Baden-Württemberg and Neu-Ulm in Bavaria
Danube in Ulm, where it separates Ulm in Baden-Württemberg and Neu-Ulm in Bavaria
At Esztergom and Štúrovo, the Danube separates Hungary from Slovakia
At Esztergom and Štúrovo, the Danube separates Hungary from Slovakia
River Danube in Vienna
The Danube between Belene and Belene Island, Bulgaria
A look upstream from the Donauinsel in Vienna, Austria during an unusually cold winter (February 2006). A frozen Danube is a phenomenon experienced once or twice in a lifetime. ( Details)
Bratislava doesn't usually experience major floods, but the Danube sometimes overflows its right bank.
Bratislava doesn't usually experience major floods, but the Danube sometimes overflows its right bank.

The Danube basin was the site of some of the earliest human cultures. the Danubian Neolithic cultures include the Linear Pottery cultures of the mid-Danube basin. The third millennium BC Vučedol culture (from the Vučedol site near Vukovar, Croatia) is famous for its ceramics. Many sites of the sixth-to-third millemmium BC Vinča culture are sited along the Danube. The river was part of the Roman empire's Limes Germanicus. Download high resolution version (792x632, 118 KB)View towards the famous Fischerviertel (fishers quarter) and the Danube river in Ulm, Germany, taken from the top of the Minster. ... Download high resolution version (792x632, 118 KB)View towards the famous Fischerviertel (fishers quarter) and the Danube river in Ulm, Germany, taken from the top of the Minster. ... Location Coordinates , , Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE1 Capital Stuttgart Minister-President Günther Oettinger (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  35,752 km² (13,804 sq mi) Population 10,741,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density... now. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 426 KB)The Mária Valéria bridge, connecting Esztergom in Hungary with Štúrovo in Slovakia, constructed 2001. ... Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 426 KB)The Mária Valéria bridge, connecting Esztergom in Hungary with Štúrovo in Slovakia, constructed 2001. ... Basilica in Esztergom. ... Looking towards Å túrovo from Esztergom, across the Mária Valéria bridge Å túrovo (called Parkan until 1948) is a town in Slovakia, situated on the River Danube. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1756x1144, 2938 KB) Description River Danube in Vienna (view from Donauturm). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1756x1144, 2938 KB) Description River Danube in Vienna (view from Donauturm). ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 343 KB) Summary own photo, showing the Danube between Belene and Belene island at sunset Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 343 KB) Summary own photo, showing the Danube between Belene and Belene island at sunset Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Belene (Bulgarian Белене) is a town in Northern Bulgaria. ... Persina Natural Park Belene Island (Bulgarian: остров Белене, also known as Persin Island, остров Персин) is the biggest island in Bulgarian waters. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 2153 KB)The river Danube in Vienna, Austria in early February 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 2153 KB)The river Danube in Vienna, Austria in early February 2006. ... The Donauinsel (Danube Island), an island of about 20 km in the river Danube, is known to most visitors to Vienna, Austria as a recreational mecca with bars, restaurants and nightclubs, a wealth of sports opportunities from rollerblading, cycling and swimming to canoeing and a beach that looks and feels... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 2153 KB)The river Danube in Vienna, Austria in early February 2006. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1071 KB) Summary River Danube in Bratislava, Slovakia (minor flooding) Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Danube ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1071 KB) Summary River Danube in Bratislava, Slovakia (minor flooding) Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Danube ... Nickname: Location of Bratislava within Slovakia Coordinates: , Country Region Districts Bratislava I-V City subdivisions 17 city boroughs Cadastral areas 20 cadastral areas First mentioned 907 Government  - Type City council  - Mayor (Primátor) Andrej ÄŽurkovský  - Headquarters Primates Palace Area [1]  - City 367. ... This is an article about the Danubian Neolithic culture For the River Danube go to Danube River The term Danubian culture was coined by the Australian archaeologist Vere Gordon Childe for the first agrarian society in central and eastern Europe. ... // Linear pottery. ... The Vučedol culture was an Indo-European culture from 4000 to 3000 BC (eneolithic), located where the Danube river runs through an area of the Balkans now comprised within eastern Croatia and adjacent areas. ... Vukovars main street Vukovar Vukovar is a city and municipality in eastern Croatia, and the biggest river port in Croatia located at the confluence of the Vuka river into the Danube. ... Map of European Neolithic at the apogee of Danubian expansion, c. ... Map of Upper Germanic Limes The Limes Germanicus (Latin for Germanic frontier) was a remarkable line of frontier (limes) forts that bounded the ancient Roman provinces of Germania Superior and Raetia, and divided the Roman Empire and the unsubdued Germanic tribes, from the years 83 to 260. ...


Of importance for the Danube is also the International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR). The ICPDR is an international organisation consisting of 13 member states (Germany, Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Hungary, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova, Ukraine) and the European Union. ICPDR, established in 1998, deals not only with the Danube itself, but with the whole Danube River Basin, which includes also its tributaries and the ground water resources. The goal of the ICPDR is to implement the Danube River Protection Convention, promoting and coordinating sustainable and equitable water management, including conservation, improvement and rational use of waters for the benefit of the Danube River Basin countries and their people. The International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR) is an international organisation consisting of 13 cooperating states (Germany, Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Hungary, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro, Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova, Ukraine) and the European Union. ...


Cultural significance

The Danube is mentioned in the title of a famous waltz by Austrian composer Johann Strauss, An der schönen, blauen Donau (By the Beautiful Blue Danube). This song was composed as Strauss was traveling down the Danube River. This song is well known across the world and is also used widely as a lullaby. A waltz (German: , Italian: , French: , Spanish: , Catalan: ) is a ballroom and folk dance in   time, done primarily in closed position. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Johann Strauss II The Waltz King coming to life in the Stadtpark, Vienna Johann Strauss II (in German: Johann Strauß (Sohn), Johann Strauss (son); in English also Johann Strauss the Younger, Johann Strauss Jr. ... The Blue Danube is the common English title of An der schönen blauen Donau op. ... For other uses, see Lullaby (disambiguation). ...


Another famous waltz about the Danube is The Waves of the Danube (Romanian: Valurile Dunării) by the Romanian composer Ion Ivanovici (1845–1902), and the work took the audience by storm when performed at the 1889 Paris Exposition. A waltz (German: , Italian: , French: , Spanish: , Catalan: ) is a ballroom and folk dance in   time, done primarily in closed position. ... Ion Ivanovici (alternatively, Iosif Ivanovici, Josef Ivanovici) (1845-1902) was a Romanian composer. ... Paris Exposition can refer to The French Industrial Exposition of 1844 The Paris Exposition of 1855, Exposition Universelle (1855) The Paris Exposition of 1867, Exposition Universelle (1867) The Paris Exposition or Paris Worlds Fair of 1878, Exposition Universelle (1878) The Paris Exposition of 1889, Exposition Universelle (1889) The Paris...


Joe Zawinul wrote a symphony about the Danube called Stories of the Danube. It was performed for the first time at the 1993 Bruckner festival, at Linz. Joe Zawinul live with The Zawinul Syndicate (Freiburg/Germany, 2007) Josef Erich Zawinul (born July 7, 1932 in Vienna, Austria, died September 11, 2007 in Vienna) was a jazz keyboardist and composer. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “Bruckner” redirects here. ... The Poestlingberg church in Linz. ...


The German tradition of landscape painting, the Danube school, was developed in the Danube valley in the 16th century. Danube Landscape near Regensburg, by Albrecht Altdorfer The Danube School (German:Donauschule or Donaustil) is the name of a circle of painters of the first third of the 16th century in Bavaria and Austria (also along the Danube valley). ...


The most famous book describing the Danube might be Claudio Magris's masterpiece Danube (ISBN 1-86046-823-3). Claudio Magris, Warsaw (Poland), March 9, 2005. ...


The historical fiction Earth's Children series by Jean Auel refers to the Danube as the Great Mother River.


The river is the subject of the film The Ister (official site here). Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


Parts of the German road movie Im Juli take place along the Danube. Im Juli. ...


Noted horror writer Algernon Blackwood's most famous short story, "The Willows" concerned a trip down the Danube. Algernon Henry Blackwood (March 14, 1869 – December 10, 1951) was an English writer of tales of the supernatural. ...


In the PC Space Simulator Freelancer the battle cruiser Donau is destroyed during the first cutscene.


Economics of the Danube

Drinking water

Along its path, the Danube is a source of drinking water for about ten million people. In Baden-Württemberg, Germany, almost thirty percent (as of 2004) of the water for the area between Stuttgart, Bad Mergentheim, Aalen and Alb-Donau (district) comes from purified water of the Danube. Other cities like Ulm and Passau also use some water from the Danube. Location Coordinates , , Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE1 Capital Stuttgart Minister-President Günther Oettinger (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  35,752 km² (13,804 sq mi) Population 10,741,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Stuttgart (disambiguation). ... Bad Mergentheim (Mergentheim until 1926) is a town in the Main-Tauber district in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. ... Aalen (pronounced ) is a town in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. ... Alb-Donau is a district in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... For other uses, see Ulm (disambiguation). ... Passau (Latin: Batavis or Batavia, also Passavium; Italian: Passavia; Czech: Pasov) is a town in Niederbayern, Eastern Bavaria, Germany, known also as the Dreiflüssestadt (City of Three Rivers), because the Danube River is joined there by the Inn River from the South, and the Ilz River coming out of...


In Austria and Hungary, most water comes from ground and spring sources, and only in rare cases is water from the Danube used. Most states also find it too difficult to clean the water because of extensive pollution; only parts of Romania where the water is cleaner still use a lot of drinking water from the Danube.


Navigation and transport

As "Corridor VII" of the European Union, the Danube is an important transport route. Since the opening of the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal, the river connects the Black Sea with the industrial centers of Western Europe and with the Port of Rotterdam. The waterway is designed for large scale inland vessels (110×11.45 m) but it can carry much larger vessels on most of its course. The Danube has been partly canalized in Germany (5 locks) and Austria (10 locks). Further proposals to build a number of new locks in order to improve navigation have not progressed, due in part to environmental concerns. The ten Pan-European transport corridors were defined at the second Pan-European transport Conference in Crete, March 1994, as routes in Central and Eastern Europe that required major investment over the next ten to fifteen years. ... the Rhine-Main Danube Canal (in the foreground) near Nuremberg The Rhine-Main-Danube Canal (also called Main-Danube Canal, RMD Canal or Europa Canal) connects the Main and Danube from Bamberg by Nuremberg to Regensburg. ... Nickname: Motto: Sterker door strijd (Stronger through Struggle) Location of Rotterdam Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province South Holland Government  - Mayor Ivo Opstelten  - Aldermen Jeannette Baljeu Hamit Karakus Orhan Kaya Lucas Bolsius Jantine Kriens Dominic Schrijer Roelf de Boer Leonard Geluk Area [1]  - City 319 km²  (123. ...


Downstream from the Freudenau Locks in Vienna, canalization of the Danube was limited to the Gabčíkovo dam and locks near Bratislava and the two double Iron Gate locks in the border stretch of the Danube between Serbia and Romania. These locks have larger dimensions (similar to the locks in the Russian Volga river, some 300 by over 30 m). Downstream of the Iron Gate, the river is free flowing all the way to the Black Sea, a distance of more than 860 kilometers. Gabčíkovo - Nagymaros Dams Gabčíkovo - Nagymaros Dams (more exactly Gabčíkovo - Nagymaros Waterworks) is a large barrage project on river Danube. ... For other meanings of the word Volga see Volga (disambiguation) Волга Length 3,690 km Elevation of the source 225 m Average discharge  ? m³/s Area watershed 1. ...


The Danube connects with the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal at Kelheim, and with the Wiener Donaukanal in Vienna. Apart from a couple of secondary navigable branches, the only major navigable rivers linked to the Danube are the Drava, Sava and Tisza. In Serbia, a canal network also connects to the river; the network, known as the Dunav-Tisa-Dunav canals, links sections downstream.


Fishing

The importance of fishing on the Danube, which used to be critical in the Middle Ages, has declined dramatically. Some fishermen are still active at certain points on the river, and the Danube Delta still has an important industry. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Danube Delta - Landsat satellite photo (2000) The Danube Delta (Delta Dunării in Romanian), split between Tulcea County of Romania and Odessa Oblast of Ukraine, is the largest and best preserved of European deltas, with an area of 3446 km², after the Volga Delta. ...


Important tourist and natural spots along the Danube, including the Wachau valley, the Nationalpark Donau-Auen in Austria, the Naturpark Obere Donau in Germany, Kopački rit in Croatia, Iron Gates (Danube Gorge) and Danube Delta in Romania. Stift Melk, Wachau (Wachau is also the name of a municipality in the district of Kamenz in Saxony, Germany: see Wachau, Saxony). ... The Donube-Auen National Park covers 93 square kilometres in Vienna and Lower Austria and is one of the largest remaining floodplains of the Danube in Middle Europe. ... View from the Knopfmacherfelsen towards Beuron The Naturpark Obere Donau, founded in 1980, lies in the south of Baden-Württemberg in Germany and encloses primarily the districts of Tuttlingen and Sigmaringen. ... Kopački Rit (Kopački Tršćak) is a nature park in eastern Croatia. ... The Iron Gate upstream The Iron Gate (Romanian: Porţile de Fier, Serbian: Gvozdena Vrata, Hungarian: Vaskapu, German: Eisernes Tor) is a gorge on the Danube River. ... A gorge is a narrow passage between steep mountains or hills. ... Danube Delta - Landsat satellite photo (2000) The Danube Delta (Delta Dunării in Romanian), split between Tulcea County of Romania and Odessa Oblast of Ukraine, is the largest and best preserved of European deltas, with an area of 3446 km², after the Volga Delta. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Mallory, J.P. and D.Q. Adams. The Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy and Dearborn, 1997: 486.
  2. ^ Katičic', Radislav. Ancient Languages of the Balkans, Part One. Paris: Mouton, 1976: 144.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Bibliography on Water Resources and International Law See Danube River. Peace Palace Libray
  • Claudio Magris' gorgeous book, a 'biography' of the river and all the literary places it travels through, is Danube: A Sentimental Journey From the Source to the Black Sea (1986).
  • Patrick Leigh Fermor's wonderful travel book: Between The Woods and the Water: On Foot to Constantinople from The Middle Danube to the Iron Gates (1986) tells of his journey in 1934.
  • Andrew Archibald Paton's 2-volume book: Researches on the Danube and the Adriatic: Contributions to the Modern History of Hungary and Transylvania, Dalmatia and Croatia, Servia and Bulgaria (1861).

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Sir Patrick Paddy Michael Leigh Fermor DSO (born 11 February 1915, London) is a British author, scholar and soldier, who played a prominent role behind the lines in the Battle of Crete during World War II. He is famous for his travel writing and is widely regarded as Britains... An example of a GIF image. ... According to the International Electrotechnical Commission a kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... map of Serbia Serbia is located in the Balkans (a historical and geographical region of southeastern Europe) and in the Pannonian Plain (a region of central Europe). ... Image File history File links Danubemap. ... Donaueschingen is a city in the southwest of Baden-Württemberg in the Schwarzwald-Baar District. ... For other uses, see Ulm (disambiguation). ... Ingolstadt (Austro-Bavarian: InglstÃ¥dt) is a city in the Free State of Bavaria, Germany. ... Regensburg (also Ratisbon, Latin Ratisbona) is a city (population 151. ... Passau (Latin: Batavis or Batavia, also Passavium; Italian: Passavia; Czech: Pasov) is a town in Niederbayern, Eastern Bavaria, Germany, known also as the Dreiflüssestadt (City of Three Rivers), because the Danube River is joined there by the Inn River from the South, and the Ilz River coming out of... The Poestlingberg church in Linz. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location of Bratislava within Slovakia Coordinates: , Country Region Districts Bratislava I-V City subdivisions 17 city boroughs Cadastral areas 20 cadastral areas First mentioned 907 Government  - Type City council  - Mayor (Primátor) Andrej ÄŽurkovský  - Headquarters Primates Palace Area [1]  - City 367. ... Raab redirects here. ... Komárom is a city in Hungary on the right bank of the Danube in Komárom-Esztergom county. ... Komárno (Hungarian: Komárom [today a separate town, also nonofficial Révkomárom], German: Komorn) is a town in Slovakia at the Danube and the Váh rivers. ... Looking towards Å túrovo from Esztergom, across the Mária Valéria bridge Å túrovo (called Parkan until 1948) is a town in Slovakia, situated on the River Danube. ... Basilica in Esztergom. ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... Baja (IPA: ) is a city in southern Hungary. ... Vukovars main street Vukovar Vukovar is a city and municipality in eastern Croatia, and the biggest river port in Croatia located at the confluence of the Vuka river into the Danube. ... iLok SmartKey The iLok or InterLok is a copy protection method developed and manufactured by PACE Anti-Piracy of San Jose, California utilizing a USB hardware key or Dongle, and an online registration system at www. ... Bačka Palanka (Serbian: Бачка Паланка or Bačka Palanka; Croatian: Bačka Palanka; Hungarian: Bácspalánka) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro at 45. ... For other uses, see Novi Sad (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... Location in Serbia-Montenegro [[Image:|150px|center|Map of Serbia-Montenegro highlighting the settlement location]] General Information Mayor SaÅ¡a Radosavljević Land area  ? Population (2002 census) 77,808 (109,809 municipality) Population density (2002)  ? Coordinates [1] Area code +381 26 Subdivisions 27 settlements in the municipality License plate code SD... County Status County capital Mayor Dinu Constantin, Social Democratic Party, since 2004 Area 55 km² Population (2002) 104,557 (2002 census) 109,450 (as of July 1, 2004)[1] Density 1900 inh/km² Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... Calafat is a town in Dolj county, Romania, on the river Danube, opposite the Bulgarian city of Vidin. ... Vidin (Bulgarian: Видин; Romanian: Vidin, Diiu) is a town on the southern bank of the Danube in northwestern Bulgaria. ... Bechet is a city in Dolj County, Oltenia, Romania, on the river Danube, opposite the Bulgarian city of Oryahovo. ... Status Town Mayor Åžtefan Pârlea, Democratic Party, since 2004 Area 92. ... County Giurgiu County Status County capital Mayor Lucian Iliescu, National Liberal Party, since 2000 Population (2002) 73,586 Geographical coordinates , Web site http://www. ... Dohodno Zdanie is a theatre building which is considered a symbol of the city Rousse (also transliterated as Ruse or Russe; Bulgarian: ; formerly also Rustchuk) is the fifth-largest city in Bulgaria, with a population of 176,115. ... County ConstanÅ£a County Status Town Mayor Hansa Gheorghe, National Liberal Party, since 2004 Area 46. ... County Status County capital Mayor Constantin Sever Cibu, National Liberal Party, since 2004 Area 33. ... County Status County capital Mayor Dumitru Nicolae, Social Democratic Party, since 2000 Area 246. ... County Tulcea County Status County capital Mayor Constantin Hogea, Democratic Party , since 2004 Population (2002) 91,875 Geographical coordinates , Web site http://www. ... County Tulcea County Status Town Mayor Aurel Dimitriu, Social Democratic Party, since 2004 Area 14. ... This is a list of tributaries of the Danube by order of entrance. ... The Iller (ancient name Hilaria) is a river in Bavaria, Germany. ... The river Lech, in the background the city of Landsberg The river Lech in Augsburg The Lech (Licus, Licca) is a river in Austria and Germany. ... The Regen is a river in Bavaria, Germany. ... The Isar is the third largest river in Bavaria, Germany. ... The Inn is a river in Switzerland, Austria and Germany. ... There are several European rivers called Morava: Morava river, Central Europe Morava rivers, Serbia Morava is also the Czech and Slovak name for Moravia, the eastern part of the Czech Republic. ... The Váh near PieÅ¡Å¥any. ... Hron (Hungarian: Garam, German: Gran) is a 298 km long left tributary of the Danube and the second longest river in Slovakia. ... Ipeľ (-Slovak, Hungarian: Ipoly, German: Eipel) is a 232 km long river in Slovakia and Hungary, tributary to the river Danube. ... The Drava at Drávaszabolcs, Hungary The Drava at Vízvár, Hungary The Drava at Maribor, Slovenia Drava or Drave (German: Drau, Slovenian, Croatian and Italian: Drava, Hungarian: Dráva) is a river in southern Central Europe, a tributary of the Danube. ... The Tisza or Tisa is one of the major rivers of Central Europe. ... For other uses of this word, see Sava (disambiguation). ... Flood in JaÅ¡a Tomić in 2005 The TimiÅŸ or TamiÅ¡ (Romanian: TimiÅŸ; Serbian: Тамиш or TamiÅ¡; German: Temesch; Hungarian: Temes) is a 359 km long river rising in the Semenic Mountains, southern Carpathian Mountains, CaraÅŸ-Severin County, Romania. ... The Velika Morava or Great Morava (Serbian Cyrillic: Велика Морава) is a final section of the Morava (Cyrillic: Морава), the major river system in Serbia. ... This article is about the Romanian river Jiu. ... The Iskar (Bulgarian: Искър; Latin Oescus) is the longest river in Bulgaria, a right tributary of the Danube. ... The Olt (Romanian and Hungarian; in German: Alt; in Latin: Aluta) is a river in Romania. ... Yantra is a river in Bulgaria. ... The Vedea is a river in the southern part of Romania that rises from the Cotmeana Plateau and runs into the Danube, having a total length of 224 km, of which on 33 km the river is regulated. ... ArgeÅŸ is a river of Southern Romania, which rises from the FăgăraÅŸ Mountains, in the Carpathians and flows into the Danube. ... IalomiÅ£a (Râul IalomiÅ£a in Romanian) is a river of Southern Romania, which rises from the Bucegi Mountains, in the Carpathians and flows into the Danube. ... The Siret River is a river that rises from the Carpathians in the Northern Bukovina region of the Ukraine, flows southward into Romania for 470 km before it joins Danube. ... Length 953  km Elevation of the source -  m Average discharge -  m³/s Area watershed 27,500  km² Origin  Ukraine Mouth  Danube Basin countries Ukraine, Romania, Moldova The Prut, or Pruth river (Ukrainian: Прут) is 953 km long, originating in the Carpathian Mountains in Ukraine and flowing southeast to join the Danube...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Danube Day - en - Home/International (140 words)
Danube Day invites you to celebrate one of Europe's greatest river systems and the people and wildlife that rely on it.
Huge festivals on the banks of the Danube rivers; public meetings and educational events pay tribute to the Danube, its peoples and the progress that has been made.
Danube Day is a powerful tool for enhancing the “Danubian identity” of people living in the basin, demonstrating that in spite of their different cultures and histories they have a shared responsibility to protect their precious resource.
Danube - MSN Encarta (860 words)
Danube (ancient Danubius, and in the lower part of its course, Ister; German Donau; Slovak Dunaj; Hungarian Duna; Serbo-Croatian and Bulgarian Dunav; Romanian Dunărea; Ukrainian Dunay), second longest river in Europe, and one of the principal transportation arteries on the continent.
The delta of the Danube is a region of desolate marshes and swamps, broken by tree-covered elevations.
The Danube is navigable by ocean vessels to Brăila, Romania, and by river craft as far as Ulm in Germany, a distance of 2,600 km (1,600 mi).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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