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Encyclopedia > Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Dante Gabriel Rossetti

Born 12 May 1828
London, England
Died 9 April 1882
Birchington-on-Sea, Kent, England
Occupation Poet, Illustrator, Painter

Dante Gabriel Rossetti (May 12, 1828April 09, 1882) was an English poet, illustrator, painter and translator. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Birchington-on-sea is a town in Thanet, Kent. ... For other uses, see Kent (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about work. ... Sappho and Alcaeus of Mytilene, by Lawrence Alma-Tadema (1881). ... An illustrator is a graphic artist who specializes in enhancing written text by providing a visual representation that corresponds to the content of the associated text. ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Sappho and Alcaeus of Mytilene, by Lawrence Alma-Tadema (1881). ... An illustrator is a graphic artist who specializes in enhancing written text by providing a visual representation that corresponds to the content of the associated text. ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... Look up Translator in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Contents

Early life

The son of émigré Italian scholar Gabriel Pasquale Giuseppe Rossetti and his wife Frances Polidori, D.G. Rossetti was born in London, England and originally named Gabriel Charles Dante Rossetti. His family and friends called him "Gabriel", but in publications he put the name Dante first (in honor of Dante Alighieri). He was the brother of poet Christina Rossetti, the critic William Michael Rossetti, and author Maria Francesca Rossetti, and was a founder of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood with John Everett Millais and William Holman Hunt. Gabriele Pasquale Giuseppe Rossetti (28 February 1783 - 24 April 1854) was an Italian poet and scholar who emigrated to England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... DANTE is also a digital audio network. ... Dante redirects here. ... Christina Rossetti Christina Georgina Rossetti (December 5, 1830 – December 29, 1894) was an English poet. ... William Michael Rossetti William Michael Rossetti (September 25, 1829 – February 5, 1919) was an English writer and critic. ... Maria Francesca Rossetti (17 February 1827 - 24 November 1876) was an English author. ... Persephone, by Dante Gabriel Rossetti. ... Sir John Everett Millais Sir John Everett Millais, 1st Baronet, PRA (June 8, 1829 – August 13, 1896) was a British painter and illustrator and one of the founders of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. ... William Holman Hunt - Self-Portrait. ...


Like all his siblings, he aspired to be a poet and attended King's College School. However, he also wished to be a painter, having shown a great interest in Medieval Italian art. He studied at Henry Sass's Drawing Academy from 1841 to 1845 when he enrolled at the Antique School of the Royal Academy, leaving in 1848. After leaving the Royal Academy, Rossetti studied under Ford Madox Brown, with whom he was to retain a close relationship throughout his life. Kings College School Wimbledon, or KCS, is an independent boys school in Wimbledon, south-west London. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... The Sistine Chapel ceiling in Rome painted by Michelangelo, one of the most famous examples of Italian art Italian art describes the visual arts in Italy from ancient times to the present. ... The Royal Academy of Arts is an art institution based in Burlington House on Piccadilly, London, England. ... The Last of England, 1855 Ford Madox Brown (April 16, 1821 – October 6, 1893) was an English painter of moral and historical subjects, notable for his distinctively graphic and often Hogarthian version of the Pre-Raphaelite style. ...


Following the exhibition of Holman Hunt's painting The Eve of St. Agnes, Rossetti sought out Hunt's friendship. The painting illustrated a poem by the then still little-known John Keats. Rossetti's own poem "The Blessed Damozel" was an imitation of Keats, so he believed that Hunt might share his artistic and literary ideals. Together they developed the philosophy of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. Rossetti was always more interested in the Medieval than in the modern side of the movement. He was publishing translations of Dante and other Medieval Italian poets, and his art also sought to adopt the stylistic characteristics of the early Italians. Keats redirects here. ... Persephone, by Dante Gabriel Rossetti. ... Dante redirects here. ...


In 1850, Rossetti met Elizabeth Siddal, who became an important model for the Pre-Raphaelite painters. They were married in 1860. Elizabeth Siddal, in this 1854 self-portrait, did not see herself the luminous beauty her admirers saw. ...


Career

Ecce Ancilla Domini (1850), Tate Britain, London
Ecce Ancilla Domini (1850), Tate Britain, London
Beata Beatrix (1864-1870), Tate Britain, London
Beata Beatrix (1864-1870), Tate Britain, London

Rossetti's first major paintings display some of the realist qualities of the early Pre-Raphaelite movement. His Girlhood of Mary, Virgin and Ecce Ancilla Domini both portray Mary as an emaciated and repressed teenage girl. His incomplete picture Found was his only major modern-life subject. It depicted a prostitute, lifted up from the street by a country-drover who recognises his old sweetheart. However, Rossetti increasingly preferred symbolic and mythological images to realistic ones. This was also true of his later poetry. Many of the ladies he portrayed have the image of idealized Botticelli's Venus, who was supposed to portray Simonetta Vespucci. Tate Britain is a part of the Tate gallery network in Britain, along with Tate Modern, Tate Liverpool and Tate St Ives. ... Tate Britain is a part of the Tate gallery network in Britain, along with Tate Modern, Tate Liverpool and Tate St Ives. ... Saint Mary and Saint Mary the Virgin both redirect here. ... Whore redirects here. ... Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi, better known as Sandro Botticelli (Florence March 1, 1445 - May 17, 1510) was an Italian painter of the Florentine school during the Early Renaissance (Quattrocento). ... A posthumous portrait (c. ...


Although he won support from John Ruskin, criticism of his paintings caused him to withdraw from public exhibitions and turn to watercolours, which could be sold privately. Upper: Steel-plate engraving of Ruskin as a young man, made circa 1845, scanned from print made circa 1895. ...


In 1861, Rossetti published The Early Italian Poets, a set of English translations of Italian poetry including Dante Alighieri's La Vita Nuova. These, and Sir Thomas Malory's Morte d'Arthur, inspired his art in the 1850s. His visions of Arthurian romance and medieval design also inspired his new friends of this time, William Morris and Edward Burne-Jones. Rossetti also typically wrote sonnets for his pictures, such as "Astarte Syraica". As a designer, he worked with William Morris to produce images for stained glass and other decorative devices. Dante redirects here. ... La Vita Nuova (English: New Life) is a book of verse written by Dante Alighieri, roughly around the year of 1293. ... Sir Thomas Malory (c. ... Le Morte dArthur (The Death of Arthur)—the title is actually spelled as Le Morte Darthur in the first printing and also in some modern editions—is Sir Thomas Malorys compilation of some French and English Arthurian romances. ... This page is about William Morris, the writer, designer and socialist. ... Love Among the Ruins, by Edward Burne-Jones. ... Strictly speaking, stained glass is glass that has been painted with silver stain and then fired. ...


Both these developments were precipitated by events in his private life, in particular by the death of his wife Elizabeth Siddal. She had taken an overdose of laudanum shortly after giving birth to a dead child. Rossetti became increasingly depressed, and buried the bulk of his unpublished poems in her grave at Highgate Cemetery, though he would later have them exhumed. He idealised her image as Dante's Beatrice in a number of paintings, such as Beata Beatrix. Elizabeth Siddal, in this 1854 self-portrait, did not see herself the luminous beauty her admirers saw. ... This article is about the medicine. ... Circle of Lebanon, West Cemetery Entrance to the Egyptian Avenue, West Cemetery Highgate Cemetery is a famous cemetery located in Highgate, London, England. ...


These paintings were to be a major influence on the development of the European Symbolist movement. In these works, Rossetti's depiction of women became almost obsessively stylised. He tended to portray his new lover Fanny Cornforth as the epitome of physical eroticism, whilst another of his mistresses Jane Burden, the wife of his business partner William Morris, was glamorised as an ethereal goddess. La mort du fossoyeur (The death of the gravedigger) by Carlos Schwabe is a visual compendium of Symbolist motifs. ... The Damsel of the Sanct Grael Fanny Cornforth (1835 - ?1906) was a model and housekeeper for Pre-Raphaelite artist Dante Gabriel Rossetti. ... Jane Burden (October 19, 1839 – January 26, 1914) was the embodiment of the Pre-Raphaelite ideal of beauty. ... This page is about William Morris, the writer, designer and socialist. ...


Later life and death

During this time, Rossetti acquired an obsession for exotic animals, and in particular wombats. He would frequently ask friends to meet him at the "Wombat's Lair" at the London Zoo in Regent's Park, and would spend hours there himself. Finally, in September 1869, he was to acquire the first of two pet wombats. This shortlived wombat, named "Top", was often brought to the dinner table and allowed to sleep in the large centrepiece of the dinner table during meals. For other uses, see Wombat (disambiguation). ... The giant ZSL London Zoo aviary ZSL London Zoo is the worlds oldest scientific zoo. ... This article is about Regents Park in London. ...

A Vision of Fiammetta (1878), one of Rossetti's last paintings is now in the collection of Andrew Lloyd Webber.
A Vision of Fiammetta (1878), one of Rossetti's last paintings is now in the collection of Andrew Lloyd Webber.

During these years, Rossetti was prevailed upon by friends to exhume his poems from his wife's grave. This he did, collating and publishing them in 1870 in the volume Poems by D. G. Rossetti. They created a controversy when they were attacked as the epitome of the "fleshly school of poetry". The eroticism and sensuality of the poems caused offense. One poem, "Nuptial Sleep", described a couple falling asleep after sex. This was part of Rossetti's sonnet sequence The House of Life, a complex series of poems tracing the physical and spiritual development of an intimate relationship. Rossetti described the sonnet form as a "moment's monument", implying that it sought to contain the feelings of a fleeting moment, and to reflect upon their meaning. The House of Life was a series of interacting monuments to these moments—an elaborate whole made from a mosaic of intensely described fragments. This was Rossetti's most substantial literary achievement. Andrew Lloyd Webber, Baron Lloyd-Webber (born 22 March 1948) is a highly successful English composer of musical theatre, and also the elder brother of cellist Julian Lloyd Webber. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about a decorative art. ...


In 1881, Rossetti published a second volume of poems, Ballads and Sonnets, which included the remaining sonnets from the The House of Life sequence.


Toward the end of his life, Rossetti sank into a morbid state, darkened by his drug addiction to chloral and increasing mental instability, possibly worsened by his reaction to savage critical attacks on his disinterred (1869) poetry from the manuscript poems he had buried with his wife. He spent his last years as a withdrawn recluse. Drug addiction, or dependency is the compulsive use of drugs, to the point where the user has no effective choice but to continue use. ... Chloral is a colourless narcotic liquid, obtained at first by the action of chlorine on alcohol; treated with water it produces chloral hydrate. ...


On Easter Sunday, 1882, he died at the country house of a friend, where he had gone in yet another vain attempt to recover his health, which had been destroyed by chloral as his wife's had been destroyed by laudanum. He is buried at Birchington-on-Sea, Kent, England. His grave is visited regularly by admirers of his life's work and achievements and this can be seen by fresh flowers placed there regularly. Chloral is a colourless narcotic liquid, obtained at first by the action of chlorine on alcohol; treated with water it produces chloral hydrate. ... Birchington-on-sea is a town in Thanet, Kent. ... For other uses, see Kent (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


Quotes

  • The worst moment for the atheist is when he is really thankful and has nobody to thank.[1]

See also

  • English art
  • List of paintings by Dante Gabriel Rossetti

This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This is a list of paintings by the British Pre-Raphaelite artist Dante Gabriel Rossetti. ...

References

  1. ^ Rossetti quote at Quotations Page

Further reading

  • Treuherz, J., Prettejohn, E., Becker, E., & Rossetti, D. G. (2003). Dante Gabriel Rossetti. London: Thames & Hudson.
  • Rossetti, D. G., & Marsh, J. (2000). Collected writings of Dante Gabriel Rossetti. Chicago: New Amsterdam Books.
  • McGann, J. J. (2000). Dante Gabriel Rossetti and the game that must be lost. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • Ash, Russell. (1995). Dante Gabriel Rossetti. London: Pavilion Books ISBN 978-1857934120; New York: H.N. Abrams ISBN 978-1857939507.
  • The Correspondence of Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Vol. 1, 4 & 5 by William Fredeman[citation needed]
  • Fredeman, W. E. (1971). Prelude to the last decade: Dante Gabriel Rossetti in the summer of 1872. Manchester [Eng.]: The John Rylands Library.

Russell Ash (b. ...

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Dante Gabriel Rossetti - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (803 words)
He was the brother of poet Christina Rossetti and the critic William Michael Rossetti and a founder of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood with John Everett Millais and William Holman Hunt.
Rossetti became increasingly depressed, and buried the bulk of his unpublished poems in her grave at Highgate Cemetery.
Rossetti described the sonnet form as a 'moment's monument', implying that it sought to contain the feelings of a fleeting moment, and to reflect upon their meaning.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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