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Encyclopedia > Daniel Keyes

Daniel F. Keyes (born August 9, 1927 in Brooklyn, New York City, New York) is an American author best known for his award-winning short story "Flowers for Algernon". Keyes was given the Author Emeritus honor by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America in 2000. Image File history File links Algernon. ... Image File history File links Algernon. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... “NY” redirects here. ... Authorship redirects here. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Flowers for Algernon is a soft science fiction story and play written by Daniel Keyes. ... Author Emeritus award is an honorary title bestowed by Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America, Inc. ... Science Fiction Writers of America, or SFWA (pronounced // or //), was founded in 1965 by Damon Knight. ...

Contents

Biography

Early life and career

At age 17, Daniel Keyes joined the U.S. Maritime Service as ship's purser. He obtained a B.A. in psychology from Brooklyn College, and after a stint in fashion photography, earned a Master's degree in English and American literature at night while teaching English in New York City public schools during the day and writing weekends. The United States Maritime Service was established in 1938 under the provisions of the Merchant Marine Act of 1936. ... A ships purser, or just purser is the person on a ship responsible for the handling of money on board. ... A Bachelor of Arts (B.A. or A.B.) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or program in the arts and/or sciences. ... Psychology (from Greek: ψυχή, psukhē, spirit, soul; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is both an academic and applied discipline involving the scientific study of mental processes and behavior. ... Brooklyn College is a senior college of the City University of New York, located in Brooklyn, New York. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Photographer. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... American literature refers to written or literary work produced in the area of the United States and Colonial America. ...


In the early 1950s, he was editor of the pulp magazine Marvel Science Fiction for publisher Martin Goodman, who also published the comic book lines Timely Comics and Atlas Comics, the 1940s and 1950s precursors, respectively, of Marvel Comics. After Goodman ceased publishing pulps in favor of paperback books and men's adventure magazines, Keyes became associate editor of Atlas Comics, under editor-in-chief and art director Stan Lee. Circa 1952, Keyes was one of several staff writers, officially titled editors, who wrote for such horror and science fiction comics as Journey into Unknown Worlds, for which Keyes wrote two stories with artist Basil Wolverton. From 1955-56, Keyes wrote for the celebrated EC Comics, including its titles Shock Illustrated and Confessions Illustrated, under both his own name and the pseudonyms Kris Daniel and Dominik Georg. Flynns Detective Fiction from 1941. ... Martin Goodman (born 1910, Brooklyn, New York City, New York, United States; died June 6, 1992, Palm Beach, Florida) was an American publisher of pulp magazines, paperback books, mens adventure magazines, and comic books, launching the company that would become Marvel Comics. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... Timely Comics is the 1940s comic-book publishing company that would evolve into Marvel Comics. ... Atlas Comics is the 1950s comic book publishing company that would evolve into Marvel Comics. ... Marvel Comics is an American comic book line published by Marvel Publishing, Inc. ... Categories: Stub | Books ... The March, 1963 cover of For Men Only promises, among other things, a tale of Swastika Slave Girls in Argentinas No-Escape Brothel Camp! Mens adventure is a genre of pulp magazines that had its heyday in the 1950s and early 1960s. ... This article is about the magazine as a published medium. ... The Editor in chief is a publications primary editor. ... The term art director, is an overall title for a variety of similar job functions in advertising, publishing, film and television, the Internet, and video games. ... For the fictional character of this name, see Stan Lee (Judge Dredd character). ... “Horror story” redirects here. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Mad #11 (May 1954). ... Entertaining Comics was headed by William Gaines but is better known by its publishing name of EC Comics. ... A pseudonym or allonym is a name (sometimes legally adopted, sometimes purely fictitious) used by an individual as an alternative to their birth name. ...


"Flowers for Algernon"

The short story "Flowers for Algernon", written as the diary of a mildly retarded janitor, Charlie, who undergoes experimental surgery and briefly becomes a genius before the effects tragically wear off, was initially published in the April 1959 issue of The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction. The title character is a mouse that had undergone the surgery first. Mental retardation is a term for a pattern of persistently slow learning of basic motor and language skills (milestones) during childhood, and a significantly below-normal global intellectual capacity as an adult. ... A janitor is a person who takes care of a building, such as a school, office building, or apartment block. ... F&SF April 1971, special Poul Anderson issue. ...


The story won the science fiction field's Hugo Award for Best Short Fiction. Keyes went on to adapt it as the Nebula Award-winning, same-name novel in 1966, adding, among other things, a sexual relationship between Charley and his former teacher. The novel has been adapted several times for other media, most prominently as the 1968 film Charly, starring Cliff Robertson, who won an Academy Award for Best Actor, and Claire Bloom. Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... The 2005 Hugo Award with base designed by Deb Kosiba. ... The Nebula is an award given each year by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America (SFWA), for the best science fiction/fantasy fiction published in the United States during the two previous years (see rolling eligibility below). ... A novel (from French nouvelle Italian novella, new) is an extended, generally fictional narrative, typically in prose. ... “Moving picture” redirects here. ... Spoiler warning: Charly (also spelled ChaЯly) is a 1968 film which tells the story of a mentally retarded man, working at a bakery, who becomes a subject of an experiment to increase his mental capacity. ... Cliff Robertson. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Claire Bloom (born Patricia Claire Blume on February 15, 1931) is a British film and stage actress. ...


Later career

Keyes went on to teach creative writing at Wayne State University, and in 1966 became an English and creative writing professor at Ohio University, in Athens, Ohio, where he was honored as a professor emeritus in 2000. Wayne State University (Detroit, MI 48202) is located in Detroit, Michigan, in the citys Midtown Cultural Center. ... Ohio University (OU) is a public university located in Athens, Ohio that is situated on a 1,800 acre (7. ... Location in the state of Ohio Coordinates: , Country United States State Ohio County Athens Government  - Mayor Richard Abel (D) Area  - City 8. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ...


A 1988 edition of his novel Flowers for Algernon states he was a member of the English department at Yale University, in New Haven, Connecticut, circa that year. “Yale” redirects here. ... This article is about the city in Connecticut. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Largest metro area Hartford Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[2] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ...


Keyes' other books include Fifth Sally, The Minds of Billy Milligan, The Touch, Unveiling Claudia, and the memoir Algernon, Charlie, and I: A Writer's Journey. William Stanley Milligan (born 1955) was the subject of a highly publicized court case in the state of Ohio in the late 1970s. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Controversy

The novel Flowers for Algernon has been challenged and even banned in some schools and libraries for sexual scenes and the touchy subject of mental retardation. Mental retardation is a term for a pattern of persistently slow learning of basic motor and language skills (milestones) during childhood, and a significantly below-normal global intellectual capacity as an adult. ...


References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Interview with Daniel Keyes (498 words)
Daniel Keyes, author of the classic novel, Flowers for Algernon, talks to Wired for Books about his new book, Algernon, Charlie and I: A Writer's Journey, his career as a writer, and the advances in biomedical research that are turning his science fiction into science fact.
Daniel Keyes, in this interview with Connie Stevens and David Kurz, shares his forty-plus years' experience as a writer and talks about the turning points in his career.
Keyes tells of his days as a high school teacher for slow learners and an unforgettable moment in the classroom that sparked the idea for Flowers for Algernon.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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