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Encyclopedia > Daniel Bovet
Daniel Bovet

Born March 23, 1907(1907-03-23)
Fleurier, Switzerland
Died April 8, 1992 (aged 85)
Residence Italy
Nationality Swiss
Fields Pharmacology
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1957)

Daniel Bovet (March 23, 1907April 8, 1992) was a Swiss-born Italian pharmacologist who won the 1957 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of drugs that block the actions of specific neurotransmitters. He is best known for his discovery in 1937 of antihistamines, which block the neurotransmitter histamine and are used in allergy medication. His other research included work on chemotherapy, sulfa drugs, the sympathetic nervous system, the pharmacology of curare, and other neuropharmacological interests. If you hold the copyright to an image (e. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Fleurier is a municipality in the district of Val-de-Travers, in the canton of Neuchâtel, Switzerland. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmakon (φάρμακον) meaning drug, and lego (λέγω) to tell (about)) is the study of how drugs interact with living organisms to produce a change in function. ... Image File history File links Nobel_prize_medal. ... Emil Adolf von Behring was the first person to receive the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, for his work on the treatment of diphtheria. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmakon (φάρμακον) meaning drug, and lego (λέγω) to tell (about)) is the study of how drugs interact with living organisms to produce a change in function. ... Emil Adolf von Behring was the first person to receive the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, for his work on the treatment of diphtheria. ... Chemical structure of D-aspartic acid, a common amino acid neurotransmitter. ... An H1 antihistamine is a histamine antagonist which serves to reduce or eliminate effects mediated by histamine, an endogenous chemical mediator released during allergic reactions, through action at the H1 receptor. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Allergy is an abnormal reaction to a substance foreign to the body that is acquired, predictable and rapid. ... Chemotherapy, in its most general sense, refers to treatment of disease by chemicals that kill cells, specifically those of micro-organisms or cancer. ... There are several sulphonamide-based groups of drugs. ... The Sympathetic Nervous System (SNS) is a branch of the autonomic nervous system. ... Strychnos toxifera by Koehler 1887 This page is about the plant toxins. ...


Bovet was born in Fleurier, Switzerland. He was one of the few people who learned Esperanto as a first language. He graduated from the University of Geneva in 1927 and received his doctorate in 1929. Beginning in 1929 until 1947 he worked at the Pasteur Institute in Paris. He then moved in 1947 to the Istituto Superiore di Sanità (Superior Institute of Health) in Rome. In 1964, he became a professor in at the University of Sassari in Italy. From 1969 to 1971, he was the head of the National Research Council in Rome before stepping down to become a professor at the University of Rome La Sapienza. He retired in 1982. Fleurier is a municipality in the district of Val-de-Travers, in the canton of Neuchâtel, Switzerland. ... This article is about the language. ... “Native Language” redirects here. ... The University of Geneva (Université de Genève) is a university in Geneva, Switzerland. ... The Pasteur Institute (French: Institut Pasteur) is a French non-profit private foundation dedicated to the study of biology, microorganisms, diseases and vaccines. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... The University of Sassari (Italian: Università degli Studi di Sassari, UNISS) is a university located in Sassari, Italy. ... University of Rome La Sapienza (Università della Sapienza) is the most ancient university of Rome, Italy. ...


References

  • Nobel Lectures, Physiology or Medicine 1942-1962, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1964

External links

  • Nobel Prize biography
Persondata
NAME Bovet, Daniel
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Swiss pharmacologist
DATE OF BIRTH March 23, 1907
PLACE OF BIRTH Neuchâtel, Switzerland
DATE OF DEATH April 8, 1992
PLACE OF DEATH
is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Location within Switzerland Neuchâtel 47. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Daniel Bovet - MSN Encarta (581 words)
Daniel Bovet Swiss–Italian pharmacologist (1907–1992) Bovet was born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland.
Bovet also explored ways to block the action of histamine, a chemical released by body tissue in reaction to an irritant, such as pollen or a bee sting.
Bovet went on to investigate ways to block the action of chemicals known as neurotransmitters, that are involved in the transmission of nerve impulses; acetylcholine is one such neurotransmitter.
Daniel Bovet - Biography & Achievements (1468 words)
Daniel Bovet was a Swiss born Italian pharmacologist who was awarded the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1957.
Daniel Bovet was a prolific writer.He has published over three hundred papers on biology, general pharmacology, pharmacology of the sympathetic nervous system and of the central nervous system (drugs used to treat Parkinson’s disease, strychnine and tranquillizers).
In 1946 Bovet was elected as a Chevalier of the Legion of Honour of France.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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