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Encyclopedia > Dancehall
Music of Jamaica

Kumina - Niyabinghi - Mento - Ska - Rocksteady - Reggae - Sound systems - Lovers Rock - Dub - Dancehall - Dub poetry - Toasting - Raggamuffin - Roots reggae Jamaica is known as the birthplace of many popular musical genres including raggamuffin, ska, reggae and dub. ... Kumina is both the religion and the music practiced by the people of eastern Jamaica. ... Niyabinghi chanting typically includes recitation of the Psalms, but may also include variations of well-known Christian hymns. ... Mento is a style of Jamaican folk music that predates and has greatly influenced ska and reggae music. ... Ska (pron. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... In the context of Jamaican popular culture, a sound system is a group of disc jockeys, engineers and MCs playing ska, rocksteady or reggae music. ... Lovers Rock is the United Kingdoms main contribution to reggae. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Roots reggae is a spiritual Rastafari subgenre of reggae music with lyrics that often include praise for Jah Ras Tafari Makonnen, Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia; the Emperor of Ethiopia. ...

Anglophone Caribbean music
Anguilla - Antigua and Barbuda - Bahamas - Barbados - Bermuda - Caymans - Grenada - Jamaica - Montserrat - St. Kitts and Nevis - St. Vincent and the Grenadines - Trinidad and Tobago - Turks and Caicos - Virgin Islands
Sound samples
Other Caribbean music
Aruba and the Dutch Antilles - Cuba - Dominica - Dominican Republic - Haiti - Hawaii - Martinique and Guadeloupe - Puerto Rico - St. Lucia - United States - United Kingdom

Dancehall is a type of Jamaican popular music which developed around the late 70's, with exponents such as Yellowman and Shabba Ranks. It is also known as bashment. The Cayman Islands are a Caribbean island chain, currently a territory of the United Kingdom. ... Timeline and Samples Pop genres Calypso - Chutney - Dancehall - Dub - Junkanoo - Ragga - Rapso - Reggae - Ripsaw - Rocksteady - Scratch - Ska - Soca - Spouge - Steelpan Other islands Aruba and the Dutch Antilles - Cuba - Dominica - Dominican Republic - Haiti - Martinique and Guadeloupe - Puerto Rico - Saint Lucia The Turks and Caicos Islands are an overseas dependency of the... 1966 in music Download sample of Alton Ellis rocksteady track Girl Youve Got a Date. Download sample of Cincinatti Kid by Prince Buster, a legendary ska artist. ... Aruba and the five main islands of the Netherlands Antilles are part of the Lesser Antilles island chain. ... The music of Hawaii includes an array of traditional and popular styles, ranging from native Hawaiian folk music to modern rock and hip hop. ... The former French colonies of Martinique and Guadeloupe are small islands in the Caribbean. ... Yellowman (born Winston Foster in Negril, Jamaica in 1959) is a Jamaican ragga and dancehall deejay. ... Shabba Ranks (born Rexton Rawlston Fernando Gordon, 17 January 1966, Sturgetown, St Anns, Jamaica) is a Jamaican dancehall recording artist. ...


The style is characterized by a deejay singing and rapping or toasting over raw and danceable music riddims. The rhythm in dancehall is much faster than in reggae, sometimes with drum machines replacing acoustic sets. It may be the predecessor of Hip-Hop. In the early years of dancehall, some found its lyrics crude and bawdy ("slack"), particularly because of its sexual tones, popular among youths in Jamaica. Like its reggae predecessor it eventually made inroads onto the world music scene. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A Deejay (in a dancehall context) sings or toasts to an instrumental riddim (rhythm). ... For the English folk dance, see Rapper sword. ... Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. ... A riddim is a rhythm pattern consisting basically of a drum pattern and a prominent bassline. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Hip hop (disambiguation). ...


This deejay-led, largely synthesized chanting with musical accompaniment departed from traditional conceptions of Jamaican popular musical entertainment. Dub poet Mutabaruka maintained, "if 1970s reggae was red, green and gold, then in the next decade it was gold chains". It was far removed from its gentle roots and culture, and there was furious debate among purists as to whether it ought to be considered some sort of extension of reggae music.[1] Mutabaruka (b. ...

Contents

History

Dancehall, the musical genre, is long considered to be the creation of Henry "Junjo" Lawes in 1979 and further refined by King Jammy in the early 80's during their transition from dub to dancehall and original attempts to digitize "hooks" to "toast" over by Jamaican deejays. Henry Junjo Lawes was a highly influential music producer from Kingston, Jamaica, who worked with many reggae, dancehall reggae and dub artists such as Scientist, Barrington Levy, Don Carlos and Frankie Paul. ... King Jammy was born Lloyd James in Kingston, Jamaica and worked as Prince Jammy together with King Tubby. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


King Jammy's 1985 hit, "(Under Me) Sleng Teng" by Wayne Smith, with an entirely-digital rhythm hook took the dancehall reggae world by storm. Many credit this song as being the first "Digital rhythm" in reggae, leading to the modern dancehall era.[2] [3] However this is not entirely correct since there are earlier examples of digital productions; Horace Fergusons single "Sensi Addict" (Ujama) produced by Prince Jazzbo in 1984 is one. Wayne Smith (born in Waterhouse, Kingston, Jamaica, on December 5, 1965) is a Jamaican reggae musician. ...


Major artists/milestones

Dancehall emerged in the 1980s, most of the creative output can be credited to studio musicians Steely & Clevie along with the handful of producers they collaborated with. They created the music for many of the riddims that the genre was based on. The decade saw the arrival of a new generation of deejays, most distinct were the harder edged, such as Ninjaman, Flourgon, General Trees, Tiger, Admiral Bailey, Supercat, Yellowman, Tenor Saw, Shelly Thunder, Reggie Stepper, Shabba Ranks, Johnny P, Peter Metro, and Papa San to name a few. To complement their sound, a "Sweet Sing" vocal style evolved out of roots reggae and R&B, marked by its falsetto and almost feminine intonation, with proponents like Pinchers, Cocoa Tea, Sanchez, Conroy Smith, Courtney Melody, Carl Meeks, and Barrington Levy. It is important to note that a lot of established reggae singers like Gregory Isaacs, Militant Barry, Johnny Osbourne and U-Roy transitioned into dancehall. Steely & Clevie are a Jamaican dancehall duo. ... A riddim is a rhythm pattern consisting basically of a drum pattern and a prominent bassline. ... A Deejay (in a dancehall context) sings or toasts to an instrumental riddim (rhythm). ... Ninjaman AKA Don Gorgon(born Desmond John Ballentine on January 20, 1966, in Saint Mary Parish, Jamaica) was a popular dancehall DJ during the late 80s and early 90s. ... Super Cat (born William Maragh in Kingston, Jamaica) is a famous dancehall reggae musician who came to prominence in the late 1980s and even more so in the early 1990s. ... Yellowman (born Winston Foster in Negril, Jamaica in 1959) is a Jamaican ragga and dancehall deejay. ... Tenor Saw (born Clive Bright, February 11, 1966, Kingston, Jamaica) was a prominent dancehall singer in the 1980s. ... Shabba Ranks (born Rexton Rawlston Fernando Gordon, 17 January 1966, Sturgetown, St Anns, Jamaica) is a Jamaican dancehall recording artist. ... ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ... Pinchers (born Delroy Thompson 12 April 1965 in Jamaica) is a Jamaican reggae and dancehall artist. ... Cocoa Tea (born September 3, 1959 as Calvin George Scott, Jamaica) is a Jamaican reggae dancehall singer, songwriter, and DJ. He was popular in Jamaica from 1985, but has become successful worldwide only since the 1990s. ... Sánchez is a common Spanish surname. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Barrington Levy (born 30 April 1964, in Clarendon, Jamaica) is a reggae and dancehall recording artist. ... Gregory Isaacs is a Reggae singer, born on 15 July 1951 in Denham Town, Kingston, Jamaica. ... Johnny Osbourne was a popular Jamaican reggae singer in the 1970s and early 1980s. ... U-Roy (born Ewart Beckford September 21, 1942 in Jones Town, Jamaica, also known as The Originator, Hugh Roy) U-Roys musical career began in 1961 (see 1961 in music) when he began DJing at various sound systems, eventually working with King Tubby. ...


In the early 90s, songs like Dawn Penn's "No, No, No", Shabba Ranks "Mr. Loverman", and Chaka Demus and Pliers' "Murder She Wrote" became some of the first dancehall megahits in the U.S. and abroad. Various other varieties of dancehall achieved crossover success outside of Jamaica during the mid-to-late 1990s. Tanya Stephens gave a unique female voice to the genre in the 90s. Dawn Pickering (born 1952, in Kingston, Jamaica), better known as Dawn Penn, is a Jamaican reggae singer. ... Shabba Ranks (born Rexton Rawlston Fernando Gordon, 17 January 1966, Sturgetown, St Anns, Jamaica) is a Jamaican dancehall recording artist. ... Chaka Demus is a Reggae musician. ... Tanya Stephens (July 2, 1973–) born Kingston, Jamaica, is a one of the most influential female Jamaican reggae artists that emerged in the late 1990s. ...


1990-1994 saw the entry of artists like Buju Banton, Bounty Killer, Shaggy, Spragga Benz, Capleton, and Beenie Man and a major shift in the sound of Dancehall, brought on by the introduction of a new generation of producers and for better or for worse, the end of Steely & Clevie's stranglehold on riddim production. Boobs Banton (performing at Ilosaarirock, 2006) Boobs Banton (born Mark Anthony Myrie 1972) is a Jamaican dancehall, ragga, and reggae singer & producer. ... Bounty Killer (born Rodney Basil Price June 12, 1972 in Kingston, Jamaica) is a Jamaican reggae and dancehall deejay, known for his hard work in combating poverty and helping new artists. ... Shaggy (born October 22, 1968, in Kingston, Jamaica as Orville Richard Burrell) is a Jamaican reggae deejay who takes his nickname from Scooby-Doos companion, a nickname given to him by his friends, during his teenage years in which his hair bore a similarity to the Scooby Doo character. ... Spragga Benz (born Carlton Grant), One of Jamaicas top DJs (american equivalent of rapper), being around since 1991. ... Capleton, born Clifton George Bailey III on 13 April 1967 in the parish of St Mary, Jamaica is a reggae and dancehall artist. ... Beenie Man (born Anthony Moses Davis August 22, 1973 in Kingston, Jamaica), is among the most popular reggae entertainers and is a well established dancehall artist. ...


In the late 1990s, many practitioners like Buju Banton and Capleton returned to the Rastafari movement and changed their lyrical focus to "consciousness", a reflection of the spiritual underpinnings of Rastafari. For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Haile Selassie I Rasta, or the Rastafari movement, is a religion that accepts Haile Selassie I, the former Emperor of Ethiopia, as God incarnate, whom they call Jah. ...


The early 2000s saw the success of newer charting acts such as Elephant Man and Sean Paul. Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Elephant Man, also known as The Energy God, (born ONeil Bryan on September 11, 1975 in Kingston, Jamaica) is arguably one of the most colorful characters on the dancehall scene. ... This article is about the Jamaican reggae artist. ...


Currently, Sean Paul has achieved mainstream success within the United States and has produced several Top 10 Billboard hits, including "We Be Burnin'", "Get Busy", "Temperature" and the 2006 single "Give It Up To Me". This article is about the Jamaican reggae artist. ... We Be Burnin (Stepz riddim) is the first single of The Trinity, the Jamaican King Of Dancehall - Sean Pauls 3rd album. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


VP Records dominates the dancehall music market with Sean Paul, Elephant Man, and Buju Banton.[4] VP often has partnered with major record labels like Atlantic and Island in an attempt to further expand their distribution potential particularly in the U.S. market. VP Records is the reggae label best known for being the home of Sean Paul. ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label, and operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ...


The culture of dancehall

Dancehall owes its name to the space in which recorded popular Jamaican music was consumed and produced by the DJ. Dancehall is not just recorded speech with musical accompaniment therefore, but a space as well as an institution or culture in which music, dance and community vibes merge.


Dancehall also developed in Jamaica as a result of varying political and socio-economic factors. [citation needed] Reggae as a style of music was heavily influenced by the ideologies of Rastafari and was also spirited by the socialist movements in the island at the time. Dancehall, the evolution of reggae, was birthed in the late seventies and early eighties. This is when many had become disenchanted with the socialist movement and the harsh economic realities that it brought to bear on the island. It is during this time that neo-liberalist ideologies and materialism started to factor into the lives of many Jamaicans, and into the new entertainment form.


Dancehall lyrics have been criticized by pockets of Jamaican society with little or no state endorsement. Dancehall has also come to face scathing criticism from the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender community, as they claim that it perpetuates violence against GLBT people in Jamaica. LGBT (or GLBT) is an acronym used as a collective term to refer to lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgender people. ...


Homophobia in dancehall music

Dancehall music has come under increased criticism from Jamaican and international organizations and Jamaican journalists, like Ian Boyne,[5] for homophobic lyrics. Such lyrics have been described by J-FLAG, a Jamaican gay rights organization, as one aspect of "widespread Jamaican cultural bias against homosexuals and bisexuals". A Human Rights Watch report has also outlined the widespread existence of homophobia in Jamaica.[6] Homosexual activity is still illegal in Jamaica, as it is in most former British colonies in the Caribbean (see LGBT rights in Jamaica). A protest by The Westboro Baptist Church; a group identified by the Anti-Defamation League as virulently homophobic. ... Human Rights Watch Banner Human Rights Watch is a United States-based international non-government organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights. ... LGBT right in Jamaica // Sex between men, according to the criminal law of Jamaica, is illegal and punishable with up to ten years jail. ...


In some cases, dancehall artists whose music features homophobic lyrics have had their concerts cancelled. Various singers have had international travel restrictions placed on them, and have been investigated by international law enforcement agencies such as Scotland Yard on the grounds that the lyrics incite the audience to assault homosexuals. In 2003, the British LGBT rights group OutRage! called for the arrest of Elephant Man for inciting the killing of gay men in his song lyrics. However, he was not arrested.[7] Many of the affected singers believe that such legal or commercial sanctions are essentially an attack against freedom of speech.[8] New Scotland Yard, London New Scotland Yard, it blowwsssss often referred to simply as Scotland Yard or The Yard, is the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, responsible for policing Greater London (although not the City of London itself). ... The initialism LGBT is used to refer collectively to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender people. ... LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence OutRage! is a direct action campaigning group in the United Kingdom which was formed to fight for the rights of lesbian, gay and bisexual people. ... This article is about the musician. ...


Dancehall dances

Dancehall has energised Jamaican popular music because it has spawned dance moves that help to make parties and stage performances more energetic. Many dance moves seen on hip-hop videos are actually variations of dancehall moves such as the popular Butterfly, The Bogle, The Heel and Toe, The Blazay-Blazay, The Pon the River, Pon the Bank, the jook, the spongebob, hot fuk and the dutty wine. Visit Realvibez.com[1] for the largest collection of dancehall music videos. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Hip hop (disambiguation). ... Dutty Wine is a song by Dancehall artist Tony Matterhorn, and the dance of the same name is usually performed by women. ...


References

  1. ^ http://niceup.com/history/bbc/dancehall.html
  2. ^ http://www.reggaezine.co.uk/slengteng.html
  3. ^ http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:wjfqxqqaldhe
  4. ^ http://www.jamaica-gleaner.com/gleaner/20010518/show/show1.html
  5. ^ http://www.jamaicaobserver.com/columns/html/20041121T020000-0500_69949_OBS_DANCEHALL__IAN_BOYNE_AND_VIOLENCE.asp
  6. ^ http://hrw.org/reports/2004/jamaica1104/
  7. ^ http://www.365gay.com/NewsContent/091703tatchellRap.htm
  8. ^ http://www.villagevoice.com/music/0507,oumano,61118,22.html
  • Manuel, Peter, with Kenneth Bilby and Michael Largey. Caribbean Currents: Caribbean Music from Rumba to Reggae (2nd edition). Temple University Press, 2006. ISBN 1-59213-463-7. 
  • White, G. (1984). “The Development of Jamaican Popular Music, Part 2. Urbanization of the Folk, the merger of traditional and the popular in Jamaican Music, ACIJ Research Review, No. 1., The African-Caribbean Institute of Jamaica
  • Stanley Niaah, S. (2004). “Kingston’s Dancehall: A Story of Space and Celebration”, in Space and Culture, 7:1, pp. 102-118
  • Stewart, K. (2002). “`So wha, mi nuh fi live to’: Interpreting violence in Jamaica through the Dancehall Culture” in Ideaz, 1 : 1, pp. 17-28
  • Stolzoff, Norman C.: Wake the Town and Tell the People: Dancehall Culture in Jamaica. Durham, London: Duke University Press 2000. ISBN 0823245144 (hardcover)
  • Sunday Observer: Vol. 10, No. 49: Sunday November 21, 2004. [2]
  • X-news: November
  • Franco Pencle (St. Catherine High School)
  • Realvibez.com Dancehall Music Videos
Reggae
Mento - Ska - Blue Beat - Rocksteady - Dub music - Dub poetry - Toasting - Lovers Rock - Dancehall - Ragga - Reggae rock - Reggaetón - Roots reggae - 2 Tone
Reggae genres - Music of Jamaica - Caribbean music in the United Kingdom
Related topics
Jamaica - Haile Selassie - Marcus Garvey - Rastafari - Afrocentrism - Black nationalism - Zion - Dreadlocks - Ganja - Rude boy - Skinhead - Suedehead - Dancehall (venue) - Dubplate - Stalag version - Sound system (Jamaican) - Sound system (DJ) - Riddim - Jamaican English - Studio One - Trojan Records - Island Records - Coxsone Dodd - Chris Blackwell - Reggae musiciams - Dub artists - Jamaican record producers

  Results from FactBites:
 
BBC - Reggae - The Story of Reggae (395 words)
Dancehall reggae established itself through characters like Yellowman and General Echo and a penchant for slackness (as bawdy lyricswere known).
Dancehall represented a new generation of reggae’s primary audience reclaiming the music for themselves after ten years of roots’n’culture that: A) had not done a great deal to change the way they lived; and B) it had been adopted so thoroughly by the international mainstream it didn’t seem like "theirs" any more.
This was a new wave’s way of reacting to the harshness of their environment and drew on hip hop’s brashness to express themselves with an impatience not seen in roots reggae.
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