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Encyclopedia > Damsel in distress

The subject of the damsel in distress or persecuted maiden is a classic theme in world literature, art and film. She is almost inevitably a young, nubile woman, who has been placed in a dire predicament by a villain or a monster and who requires a hero to dash to her rescue. She has became a stock character of fiction, particularly of melodrama. Poster for The Perils of Pauline (1914) This work is copyrighted. ... Poster for The Perils of Pauline (1914) This work is copyrighted. ... The Perils of Pauline was a silent movie serial which debuted in 1914. ... See also: 1913 in film 1914 1915 in film years in film film Events The 3,300-seat Strand Theater opens in New York City. ... For other uses of the term, see Villain (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “Heroine” redirects here. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Poster for The Perils of Pauline (1914). ...


The term "damsel", similar to French Mademoiselle - a completely archaic term, not used in contemporary English except for effect or in expressions such as this - testifies to its origin with the knight errant of Medieval songs and tales, who regarded the saving of such women an essential part of his raison d'etre. Miss is a title, typically used for an unmarried woman. ... The Knight Errant (1870), by John Everett Millais. ...


Some claim the popularity of the damsel in distress is perhaps in large measure because her predicaments sometimes contain hints of BDSM fantasy[citation needed]. The helplessness of the damsel in distress, who can be portrayed as foolish and ineffectual to the point of naïvete, along with her need for others to rescue her, has made the stereotype the target of feminist criticism. // A collar is a common symbol in BDSM. Female bottom in bondage with leather monoglove BDSM is any of a number of related patterns of human sexual behavior. ... Smaug in his lair: an illustration for the fantasy The Hobbit Fantasy is a genre of art that uses magic and other supernatural forms as a primary element of plot, theme, or setting. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Feminists redirects here. ...

Contents

History

The first usage of damsels in distress

Rembrandt's Andromeda chained to the rock.
Rembrandt's Andromeda chained to the rock.

The damsel in distress goes far back into history. Greek mythology, while featuring a large retinue of competent goddesses, also has its share of helpless maidens who are sacrificed or threatened to be sacrificed. One famous example would be Andromeda, whose mother offended Poseidon. Poseidon sent a beast to ravage the land, and Andromeda's parents fastened her to a rock in the sea to appease him. The hero Perseus slew the beast, however, and thus saved Andromeda. He then married her. Andromeda's plight, chained naked to a rock, became a favorite theme of later painters. This theme of the Princess and dragon is also pursued in the myth of St George. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2024x2819, 443 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Andromeda (mythology) ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2024x2819, 443 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Andromeda (mythology) ... Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (July 15, 1606 – October 4, 1669) was a Dutch painter and etcher. ... See Andromeda (disambiguation) for other uses of Andromeda. Andromeda Chained to the Rock by the Nereids (1840) Théodore Chassériau, Louvre Andromeda was a Greek mythological figure who was chained to a rock to be eaten by a sea monster and was saved by Perseus, whom she later married. ... The bust of Zeus found at Otricoli (Sala Rotonda, Museo Pio-Clementino, Vatican) Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the Ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. ... A listing of Greek mythological beings. ... See Andromeda (disambiguation) for other uses of Andromeda. Andromeda Chained to the Rock by the Nereids (1840) Théodore Chassériau, Louvre Andromeda was a Greek mythological figure who was chained to a rock to be eaten by a sea monster and was saved by Perseus, whom she later married. ... Neptune reigns in the city of Bristol. ... Perseus with the head of Medusa, by Antonio Canova, completed 1801 (Vatican Museums) Perseus, Perseos, or Perseas (Greek: Περσεύς, Περσέως, Περσέας), the legendary founder of Mycenae and of the Perseid dynasty there, was the first of the mythic heroes of Greek mythology whose exploits helped establish the hegemony of Zeus and the Twelve... Andromeda chained to a rock by Gustave Doré. Princess and dragon is a generic premise common to many legends and fairy tales. ... For alternate uses, see Saint George (disambiguation) Saint George on horseback rides alongside a wounded dragon being led by a princess, late 19th century engraving. ...

Damsels in distress in the Middle Ages

European fairy tales frequently features damsels in distress. Evil witches trapped Rapunzel in a tower, cursed the princess to die in Sleeping Beauty, and ensorcelled Snow White into a magical sleep. In all of these fairy tales, a valorous prince comes to the maiden's aid, saves her, and marries her. A fairy tale is a story, either told to children or as if told to children, concerning the adventures of mythical characters such as fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, giants, and others. ... Illustration by Johnny Gruelle Rapunzel is a German fairy tale in the collection assembled by the Brothers Grimm, and first published in 1812 as part of Childrens and Household Tales. ... Sir Edward Burne-Jones painted The Sleeping Beauty. ... Snow White in her coffin, Theodor Hosemann, 1852. ...


The damsel in distress was an archetypal character of medieval romances, where typically she was rescued from imprisonment in a tower of a castle by a knight-errant. Chaucer's Clerk's Tale of the repeated trials and bizarre torments of patient Griselda was drawn from Petrarch. The Emprise de l'Escu vert à la Dame Blanche (founded 1399) was a chivalric order with the express purpose of protecting oppressed ladies. Chaucer: Illustration from Cassells History of England, circa 1902 Chanticleer the rooster from an outdoor production of Chanticleer and the Fox at Ashby_de_la_Zouch castle Geoffrey Chaucer (ca. ... The Clerks Tale is the first tale of Group E in Geoffrey Chaucers The Canterbury Tales. ... From the c. ... The Emprise de lEscu vert à la Dame Blanche (Enterprise of the green shield with the white lady) was a chivalric order founded by Jean Le Maingre and twelve knights in 1399, committing themselves for the duration of 5 years. ... Chivalric Orders were created by European monarchs after the failure of the Crusades. ...

The Princess and the Dragon, Paolo Uccello, c. 1470.
The Princess and the Dragon, Paolo Uccello, c. 1470.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1498, 417 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dragon Saint George ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1498, 417 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dragon Saint George ... Paolo Uccello (born Paolo di Dono, 1397 – December 10, 1475) was an Italian painter who was notable for his pioneering work on visual perspective in art. ... Events May 15 - Charles VIII of Sweden who had served three terms as King of Sweden dies. ...

Damsels in distress in a changing world

She makes her debut in the modern novel as the title character of Samuel Richardson's Clarissa (1748), where she is menaced by the wicked seducer Lovelace. Samuel Richardson (August 19, 1689 – July 4, 1761) was a major 18th century writer best known for his three epistolary novels: Pamela: Or, Virtue Rewarded (1740), Clarissa: Or the History of a Young Lady (1748) and Sir Charles Grandison (1753). ... This article or section seems not to be written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ...


Reprising her medieval role, the damsel in distress is a staple character of Gothic literature, where she is typically incarcerated in a castle or monastery and menaced by a sadistic nobleman, or members of the religious orders. Early examples in this genre include Isabella in Horace Walpole's The Castle of Otranto, Emily in Anne Radcliffe's The Mysteries of Udolpho and Antonia in Matthew Lewis's The Monk. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Gothic novel. ... Horatio Walpole, 4th Earl of Orford, more commonly known as Horace Walpole, (September 24, 1717 – March 2, 1797), was a politician, writer and forerunner of the Gothic revival. ... The Castle of Otranto is a 1764 novel by Horace Walpole. ... There are several people with this or a similar name: Ann Radcliffe, a 19th-century author Ann (Radcliffe) Mowlson, a 17th-century benefactor of Harvard, whose name is sometimes spelled with an e This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share... The Mysteries of Udolpho, by Ann Radcliffe, was published in the summer of 1794 by G. G. and J. Robinson of London in 4 volumes. ... There are several famous people with this name, including: Matthew Gregory Lewis (1775-1818), the British Gothic novelist Matthew David Lewis, born 1989, the British actor Lewis Matthews* An extremeley good looking kiddy! Attends King Edmunds Community School 5 days a week. ... The Monk is a Gothic novel by Matthew Gregory Lewis that first appeared in 1796. ...


The perils faced by this Gothic heroine were taken to an extreme by the Marquis de Sade in Justine, who, arguably, exposed the pornographic subtext which lay behind the damsel in distress scenario. Portrait of the Marquis de Sade by Charles-Amédée-Philippe van Loo (c. ... Justine (or The Misfortunes of Virtue, or several other titles: see below) is a classical erotic novel by Donatien Alphonse François de Sade, better known as the Marquis de Sade. ... Porn redirects here. ...

John Everett Millais' Knight Errant of 1870 saves a Damsel in distress and underlines the erotic subtext of the genre.
John Everett Millais' Knight Errant of 1870 saves a Damsel in distress and underlines the erotic subtext of the genre.

One exploration of the theme of the persecuted maiden is the fate of Gretchen in Goethe's Faust. According to the philosopher Schopenhauer: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Sir John Everett Millais Sir John Everett Millais, 1st Baronet, PRA (June 8, 1829 – August 13, 1896) was a British painter and illustrator who was one of founders of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. ... The Knight Errant (1870), by John Everett Millais. ... Front cover of Faust, Leipzig 1832 Johann Wolfgang von Goethes Faust is a tragic play and the best known version of the Faust story. ... Arthur Schopenhauer Arthur Schopenhauer (February 22, 1788 – September 21, 1860) was a German philosopher born in Gdańsk (Danzig), Poland. ...

The great Goethe has given us a distinct and visible description of this denial of the will, brought about by great misfortune and by the despair of all deliverance, in his immortal masterpiece Faust, in the story of the sufferings of Gretchen. I know of no other description in poetry. It is a perfect specimen of the second path, which leads to the denial of the will not, like the first, through the mere knowledge of the suffering of the whole world which one acquires voluntarily, but through the excessive pain felt in one’s own person. It is true that many tragedies bring their violently willing heroes ultimately to this point of complete resignation, and then the will-to-live and its phenomenon usually end at the same time. But no description known to me brings to us the essential point of that conversion so distinctly and so free from everything extraneous as the one mentioned in Faust. (The World as Will and Representation, Vol. I, §68)

Published in 1819, The World as Will and Representation, sometimes translated as The World as Will and Idea (original German title: Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung), is the central work of Arthur Schopenhauer. ...

Damsels in distress in Victorian England

The misadventures of the damsel in distress of the Gothic continued in a somewhat caricatured form in Victorian melodrama. Such melodrama influenced the silent cinema, where the damsel in distress faced new perils provided by the industrial revolution and catering to the new medium's need for visual spectacle. Here we find cliches such as the heroine tied to a railway track, often by a sleazy villain with trademark waxed curly moustache. Sawmills were another stereotypical danger of the industrial age: Poster for The Perils of Pauline (1914). ...

... A bad gunslinger called Salty Sam was chasin' poor Sweet Sue

He trapped her in the old sawmill and said with an evil laugh,
If you don't give me the deed to your ranch
I'll saw you all in half!
And then he grabbed her (and then)
He tied her up (and then)
He turned on the bandsaw (and then, and then...!) ...

Along Came Jones by The Coasters Along Came Jones is a novelty hit originally recorded by The Coasters, but covered by many other groups and individuals. ... The classic Coasters lineup. ...

Damsels in distress in Hollywood

The damsel-in-distress archetype survived well into the 20th century in the fledgling film, television, and comics industries. Ann Darrow from the movie King Kong is perhaps one of the more famous damsels in distress, with a giant ape capturing and holding her. Jane Porter in both the novel and movie versions of Tarzan required constant rescuing. Lois Lane is eternally getting into trouble and needs to be rescued by Superman, Mary Jane Watson is in need of rescue countless times in the Spider-Man franchise, and Olive Oyl is in a near-constant state of kidnap, requiring her to be saved by Popeye. Slightly more modern examples might include Daphne Blake from the Scooby-doo series (to the point where she has earned the nickname "Danger-Prone Daphne"), Gosalyn Mallard from the Disney animated series, Darkwing Duck, and April O'Neil from Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles. ... Fay Wray as Ann Darrow in the 1933 version of King Kong. ... The original 1933 King Kong model. ... Tarzan and Jane as portrayed by James H. Pierce and Joan Burroughs Pierce; they starred in the 1932-34 Tarzan radio series Jane Porter is a major character in Edgar Rice Burroughss series of Tarzan novels. ... 1914 Edition of Tarzan of the Apes Tarzan, a fictional character created by Edgar Rice Burroughs, first appeared in the 1912 novel Tarzan of the Apes, and then in twenty-three sequels. ... Lois Aom Lane-Kent is a fictional character in the DC Comics’ Superman stories. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... Mary Jane Watson or Mary Jane Watson-Parker, depending on the adaptation, is (in the fictional world of Spider-Man) the wife of Peter Parker (Spider Man) and a supporting character in the Marvel Comics Spider-Man series. ... Spider-Man swinging around his hometown, New York City. ... Olive Oyl in Little Swee Pea (1936). ... Popeye the Sailor is a comic strip character, later featured in popular animated cartoons. ... Daphne (left) and Fred (right), as seen in Whats New, Scooby Doo? Daphne Blake was born in July 10, 1984. ... Scooby-doo is also British naval divers slang for civilian sport scuba diver. Scooby-Doo is an important character in animation up to this day Scooby-Doo is a long-running animated series produced for television by Hanna-Barbera Productions from 1969 to 1986, 1988 to 1991, and from 2002... Gosalyn Mallard is a fictional character created for the Disney animated series Darkwing Duck. ... Darkwing Duck is an Emmy-nominated American animated television series produced by The Walt Disney Company that ran from 1991-1995 on both the syndicated programming block The Disney Afternoon and Saturday mornings on ABC. It featured an eponymous superhero anthropomorphic duck with the alter ego of Drake Mallard (voiced... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles. ...


Modern-era damsels in distress

Today damsels in distress are not used nearly as often as they were previously, and current depictions of the stock character usually play the role as camp, although video games still feature the occasional old-style damsel. Early video games often used a kidnapped damsel in distress as the main reason for the heroes to venture out and defeat the villains. Princess Peach (and earlier, Pauline in Donkey Kong) has required rescuing by Mario from the evil clutches of Bowser in most games of the Mario Bros. franchise (although other villains have kidnapped her, as well). Likewise, Princess Zelda has found herself kidnapped by Ganon in the vast majority of entries in the Legend of Zelda series, although she often takes a more active role than merely waiting to be rescued by Link. In the Sonic the Hedgehog series, Amy Rose, or, more recently, Cream the Rabbit, have sometimes been kidnapped by Dr. Eggman to lure Sonic into traps. A more recent example of a damsel in distress is Rinoa Heartilly from the video game Final Fantasy VIII, who required to be rescued by Squall a total of six times during the course of the entire game. Some modern-era damsels in distress are actually very strong and capable women who happen to end up in such perdicament by irony, typically while undertaking important and dangerous tasks. For example, in Command & Conquer: Red Alert, mercenary Tanya Adams, despite her proven prowess in combat, ironically ended up captured by the Soviets as she tend to be given high-risk missions, requiring the player to rescue her by infiltrating a spy into the Soviet base. Similarly, in Resistance: Fall of Man, Captain Rachel Parker was briefly a damsel in distress by irony as she and her men were captured by the Chimera while undertaking a highly-important mission that would eventually tip the balance of power in favor of the human resistance. She was held in the Conversion Center at Grimbsy, until Sergeant Nathan Hale rescues her. Camp is an aesthetic in which something has appeal because of its bad taste or ironic value. ... Namcos Pac-Man was a hit, and became a universal phenomenon. ... Princess Peach (formerly called Princess Toadstool outside Japan), is a video game character in Nintendos Mario video games series, often playing the damsel in distress character of the adventure series. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with List of Donkey Kong characters. ... For the Game Boy game, see Donkey Kong (Game Boy). ... Mario ) is a video game character created by Japanese game designer Shigeru Miyamoto and the official mascot of Nintendo. ... Bowser may mean: Bowser, British Columbia, an unincorporated community on Vancouver Island Bowser and Blue Bowser and Blitz from King Bowser, a Nintendo character The above characters enhanced form, Giga Bowser The above characters youngest apparent son, Bowser, Jr. ... Over the years, Mario has appeared in more than 200 video games to date, both with starring and less significant roles. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Ganon ), also known as Ganondorf ) in his human form, the King of Evil, is a fictional character and primary antagonist of several games in Nintendos The Legend of Zelda series. ... The official sword and shield logo of The Legend of Zelda introduced during the release of The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time. ... Link ) is the protagonist of Nintendo’s The Legend of Zelda video game series. ... The Sonic the Hedgehog series is a franchise of video games released by Sega starring their mascot character Sonic the Hedgehog. ... Amy Rose ), once known as Rosy the Rascal, is a video game character who appears in many of the Sonic the Hedgehog series of video games developed by Segas Sonic Team. ... Cream the Rabbit ) is a fictional character from the Sonic the Hedgehog series of video games. ... This article is about the video game character. ... Sonic the Hedgehog comic book version, see Sonic the Hedgehog (comic character). ... Rinoa Heartilly ) is the female lead of Squaresofts (now Square Enix) Final Fantasy VIII. She is the seventeen year old daughter[3] of General Caraway, a high-ranking officer in the Galbadian army, and Julia Heartilly, a famous singer and former love interest of Laguna Loire. ... Final Fantasy VIII ) is a console and computer role-playing game developed and published by Square Co. ... Squall Leonhart ) is the main protagonist of Squaresofts (now Square Enix) role-playing game Final Fantasy VIII. He was designed by Tetsuya Nomura with heavy influences coming from game director Yoshinori Kitase. ... Captain Rachel Parker is a fictional and principal character in the PS3 game, Resistance: Fall of Man. ...


In Shrek the Third, the idea of the damsel in distress is spoofed when Princess Fiona, along with her mother Queen Lilian, and three friends, Snow White, Cinderella, and Sleeping Beauty, is captured and imprisoned by Prince Charming. Fiona suggests that they try to escape, but the others think it would be better for the prince to come and save them (sticking to the traditional damsel in distress plot). Fiona tells them it would be more rewarding to rescue themselves. The others are reluctant, but agree to follow Fiona. Shrek the Third is a 2007 computer animated comedy film of the Shrek series. ... Princess Fiona is the Princess in the films Shrek, Shrek 4-D, Shrek 2, Shrek the Third, and the upcoming Shrek 4. ... Snow White in her coffin, Theodor Hosemann, 1852. ... Gustave Dorés illustration for Cendrillon Cinderella (French: Cendrillon) is a popular fairy tale embodying a classic folk tale myth-element of unjust oppression/triumphant reward. ... Sir Edward Burne-Jones painted The Sleeping Beauty. ... Prince Charming is a character in the Shrek franchise of films, appearing in Shrek 2 and Shrek the Third. ...


The damsel in distress did undergo a revival of sorts in Halloween, Friday the 13th, and other slasher films of the 1980s. Here, though, she was played with a twist: there were several young women characters, most of whom (often those who had been sexually active or promiscuous) were killed by the serial killer villain, but one survived to defeat him. The young woman survivor herself became a stock character, the final girl, embodied in characters such as Ellen Ripley in the Alien series. Sarah Connor, a damsel in distress in The Terminator, became the effective survivor type in Terminator 2: Judgment Day. Halloween (sometimes referred to as John Carpenters Halloween) is a 1978 American independent horror film set in the fictional midwestern town of Haddonfield, Illinois on Halloween. ... Friday the 13th is a 1980 independent slasher film directed by Sean S. Cunningham and written by Victor Miller. ... The original 1974 Black Christmas is considered the first authentic slasher. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Promiscuity is the practice of making relatively unselective, casual and indiscriminate choices. ... Serial killers are individuals who have a history of multiple slayings of victims who were usually unknown to them beforehand. ... Final Girl is a horror film conceit that specifically refers to the last person alive to confront the killer, ostensibly the one left to tell the story. ... Sigourney Weaver as Ellen Ripley Ellen Ripley is a fictional character, the protagonist in the Alien movie series. ... Alien; for other films/spin-offs see Alien (film series) Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Alien (film) Alien, a 1979 science fiction/horror film directed by Ridley Scott, became a cultural phenomenon. ... Sarah Connor in Terminator 2: Judgement Day. ... The Terminator (also known as Terminator in some early trailers and posters) is a 1984 science fiction/action film featuring former bodybuilder Arnold Schwarzenegger in what would become his best-known role, and also starred Linda Hamilton and Michael Biehn. ... Terminator 2: Judgment Day (commonly abbreviated T2) is a 1991 movie directed by James Cameron and starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Linda Hamilton, and Robert Patrick. ...


Today's damsels in distress can even become villains as a result of lacking rescue or a betrayal which landed them in that particular circumstance, which causes them to become spiteful, or are in fact villains who are complex enough to act damsel in distress, only to show their true colors at some point. In The World Is Not Enough, Elektra King, who was kidnapped by Renard, was denied deliverance by M and her father. As a result, she became spiteful of the two, and becoming Renard's co-conspirator (some say even the main villain) in their plans to control world oil supply. Elektra is even wily enough to pretend to remain a damsel in distress in front of James Bond, but she underestimated 007, who managed to see through her act and eventually killed her. Another example of damsel in distress turning villain can be found in Sarah Kerrigan from StarCraft, who was abandoned by Arcturus Mengsk to the Zerg. Kerrigan was transformed not only by the Zerg infestation, but her outright hatred Mengsk as well, becoming the dreaded and manipulating Queen of Blades which managed to take control of the entire Zerg race at the end of Brood Wars. Disillusioned and disgusted by the full extent of Kerrigan's transformation, Jim Raynor, who was once in love with Kerrigan (to the point of being the only one who attempted to rescue her), vowed to kill her. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Elektra King is a fictional character in the James Bond film The World Is Not Enough, played by Sophie Marceau. ... Viktor Lavrentievich Zokas, better known by his alias of Renard, the Anarchist, is a fictional character and villain in the James Bond film The World Is Not Enough. ... M is a fictional character in Ian Flemings James Bond series, as well as the films in the Bond franchise. ... This article is about the StarCraft universe character. ... StarCraft is a real-time strategy game by Blizzard Entertainment. ... Arcturus Mengsk is a character in the StarCraft universe. ... This article or section contains a plot summary that is overly long or excessively detailed compared to the rest of the article. ... James Raynor, usually referred to as Jim, is one of the central characters in the fictional StarCraft universe. ...


Another variation of today's damsels in distress are former villains or minions of a villain who find themselves in need of rescue as they faced the wrath of the main villain for their betrayal. Pussy Galore in Goldfinger is a classic example. Pussy Galore is a character from the Goldfinger novel and feature film. ... Goldfinger is the third film in the James Bond series, and the third to star Sean Connery as the MI6 agent. ...


Critical and theoretical responses

Damsels in distress have been cited as an example of differential treatment of genders in literature, film, and works of art. Feminist criticism of art, film, and literature has often examined gender-oriented characterization and plot, including the common "damsel in distress" trope.[1] Many modern writers, such as Angela Carter and Jane Yolen, have revisited classic fairy tales and "damsel in distress" stories or collected and anthologized stories and folk tales that break the "damsel in distress" pattern.[2] Often, such stories reverse the gender disparity by empowering the "damsel," or by placing boys or men in distress to be rescued by the damsel. Feminist film theory is theoretical work within film criticism which is derived from feminist politics and feminist theory. ... Feminist literary criticism is literary criticism informed by feminist theory, or by the politics of feminism more broadly. ... Angela Carter (May 7, 1940 – February 16, 1992) was an English novelist and journalist, known for her post-feminist magical realist and science fiction works. ... Jane Yolens Wizards Hall Jane Yolen (born February 11, 1939 in New York City) is an American author, and editor of almost 300 books. ... A fairy tale is a story, either told to children or as if told to children, concerning the adventures of mythical characters such as fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, giants, and others. ... Folklore is the ethnographic concept of the tales, legends, or superstitions current among a particular ethnic population, a part of the oral history of a particular culture. ...


Whilst late twentieth century feminist criticism may have highlighted alternatives to the damsel stereotype, the origins of some alternatives are to be found elsewhere. Joseph Campbell's work on comparative mythology has provided a theoretical model for heroes throughout the history of literature, drama and film, which has been further developed by dramaturgical writers such as Christopher Vogler. These theories suggest that within the underlying story arc of every hero is found an episode known as the ordeal, where the character is almost destroyed. By surviving fear, danger or torture the hero proves he or she has special qualities and ultimately emerges re-born to progress to ultimate victory. Within this theory the empowered "damsel" can be a female hero rendered powerless and imperiled during her heroic ordeal but who ultimately emerges as a strong figure who claims victory. Joseph John Campbell (March 26, 1904 – October 31, 1987) was an American mythology professor, writer, and orator best known for his work in the fields of comparative mythology and comparative religion. ... Dramaturgy is the art of dramatic composition and the representation of the main elements of drama on the stage. ... Christopher Vogler is a Hollywood screenwriter. ... The monomyth (often referred to as the heros journey) is a description of a basic pattern found in many narratives from around the world. ...


Examples can be found in films that date back to the early days of movie making. One of the films most often associated with the stereotype of the damsel in distress, The Perils of Pauline (1914), in fact provides at least a partial counter example. Pauline, as played by Pearl White, is a strong character who decides against early marriage in favour of seeking adventure and becoming an author. Despite common belief, the film does not feature scenes with Pauline tied to a railroad track and threatened by a buzzsaw, although such scenes were incorporated into later re-makes and were also featured in other films made in the period around 1914. Academic Ben Singer has contested the idea that these "serial-queen melodramas" were male fantasies and has observed that they were marketed heavily at women.[3] These remakes often attempted to portray the concept of women's rights as a one-way road to trouble, not unlike William Shakespeare's play, The Taming of the Shrew. The Perils of Pauline was a silent movie serial which debuted in 1914. ... Pearl Fay White, born March 4, 1889 in Green Ridge, Missouri, United States - died August 4, 1938 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, was a singer and star of silent film. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Taming of the Shrew by Augustus Egg The Taming of the Shrew is a comedy by William Shakespeare. ...


Empowered damsels were a feature of the serials made in the 1930s and 1940s by studios such as Republic Pictures. The "cliffhanger" scenes at the end of episodes provide many examples of female heroines bound and helpless and facing fiendish death traps. But those heroines, as played by actresses such as Linda Stirling and Kay Aldridge, were often strong, assertive women who ultimately played an active part in vanquishing the villains. Republic Pictures Corporation (aka Republic Entertainment) is an independent film, television, and video distribution company that was originally a movie production-distribution corporation with studio facilities, best known for its specialization in quality B pictures, westerns and movie serials. ... Linda Stirling (11 October 1921 - 20 July 1997) was an American showgirl, model and actress. ...


In the 1960s Ann Boyd's 1967 book The Devil With James Bond compared James Bond with an updating of the legend of St George and the Princess and dragon genre particulary with Dr No's dragon tank. The female spy Emma Peel in the British television series The Avengers was often seen in "damsel in distress" situations. However the character and her reactions, as portrayed by actress Diana Rigg, differentiated theses scenes from others in movies and television where women were similarly imperiled as pure victims or pawns in the plot. A scene with Emma Peel bound and threatened with a death ray in the episode From Venus with Love is a direct parallel to James Bond's confrontation with a laser in the film Goldfinger.[4] Both are examples of the classic hero's ordeal as described by Campbell and Vogler. The serial heroines and Emma Peel are cited as providing inspiration for the creators of strong heroines in more recent times, ranging from Joan Wilder in Romancing the Stone and Princess Leia in Star Wars to "post feminist" icons such as Buffy Summers in Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Sydney Bristow in Alias. Flemings image of James Bond; commissioned to aid the Daily Express comic strip artists. ... For alternate uses, see Saint George (disambiguation) Saint George on horseback rides alongside a wounded dragon being led by a princess, late 19th century engraving. ... Andromeda chained to a rock by Gustave Doré. Princess and dragon is a generic premise common to many legends and fairy tales. ... 2002 reissue of the original novel. ... Image:AvengersBook1. ... Avengers or The Avengers may refer to: Avengers (comics), a team of superheroes in the Marvel Comics universe The Avengers: United They Stand, Animated show based of Marvel Comics team The Avengers (TV series), a 1960s British television show The Avengers (film), a 1998 film, based on the characters of... Dame Enid Diana Elizabeth Rigg DBE (born 20 July 1938) is an English actress. ... This is an episode list for the 1960s British television series The Avengers. ... Goldfinger is the third film in the James Bond series, and the third to star Sean Connery as the MI6 agent. ... Romancing the Stone is an American 1984 action-adventure film. ... Her Royal Highness, Princess Leia Organa of Alderaan (born in 19 BBY), born Leia Amidala Skywalker, is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe played by Aiden Barton in Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith, actress Carrie Fisher in Star Wars: Episodes IV-VI, and by Ann... Star Wars is an epic space opera saga and a fictional universe initially developed by George Lucas during the 1970s and expanded since that time. ... Buffy Anne Summers is the eponymous fictional character in the film Buffy the Vampire Slayer, the television program of the same name and its numerous spin-offs, such as novels, comic books, and video games. ... Buffy the Vampire Slayer is an Emmy and Golden Globe-nominated American cult television series that initially aired from March 10, 1997 until May 20, 2003. ... Sydney Anne Bristow (born 17 April 1975), played by Jennifer Garner, is the main character on the television series Alias. ... Alias is an American Spy-fi television series created by J. J. Abrams which was broadcast on ABC from September 30, 2001 to May 22, 2006, spanning five seasons. ...


References

  1. ^ See, e.g., Alison Lurie, "Fairy Tale Liberation," The New York Review of Books, v. 15, n. 11 (Dec. 17, 1970) (germinal work in the field); Donald Haase, "Feminist Fairy-Tale Scholarship: A Critical Survey and Bibliography," Marvels & Tales: Journal of Fairy-Tale Studies v.14, n.1 (2000).
  2. ^ See Jane Yolen, "This Book Is For You," Marvels & Tales, v. 14, n. 1 (2000) (essay); Yolen, Not One Damsel in Distress: World folktales for Strong Girls (anthology); Jack Zipes, Don't Bet on the Prince: Contemporary Fairy Tales in North America and England, Routledge: New York, 1986 (anthology).
  3. ^ Singer, Ben; Richard Abel (editor) (February 1999). "Female Power in the Serial-Queen Melodrama: The Etiology of An Anomaly" in Silent Film. Continuum International Publishing Group - Athlone, 168-177. 
  4. ^ Visitor Reviews: From Venus With Love. The Avengers Forever. Retrieved on 2007-05-11.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Bibliography

  • Mario Praz (1970) The Romantic Agony Chapter 3: 'The Shadow of the Divine Marquis'.

Mario Praz (September 6, 1896, in Rome, Italy - March 23, 1982, Rome) was an Italian literary critic and essayist. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Damsel in distress - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (689 words)
In her earliest misadventures the damsel in distress was often left as bait for monsters, as in the myth of Andromeda, where her plight, chained naked to a rock, became a favorite theme of later painters.
The damsel in distress was an archetypal character of medieval romances, where typically she was rescued from imprisonment in a tower of a castle by a knight-errant.
Reprising her medieval role the damsel in distress is a staple character of Gothic literature, where she is typically incarcerated in a castle or monastery and menaced by a sadistic nobleman, or members of the religious orders.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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