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Encyclopedia > Dalton Trumbo

Dalton Trumbo (December 9, 1905September 10, 1976) was an American screenwriter and novelist, and a member of the Hollywood Ten, one of group of film professionals who refused to testify before the 1947 House Un-American Activities Committee about alleged communist involvement. Though only convicted of contempt of Congress, he was blacklisted, and in 1950 spent 11 months in prison. December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... September 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years). ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1976 calendar). ... Screenwriters, scenarists or script writers, are authors who write the screenplays from which movies and television programs are made. ... A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... The Hollywood Ten was a group of American screenwriters, actors, and directors, alleged members of the Communist Party, who were convicted of contempt of Congress during the height of the Red Scare. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... HUAC hearings House Committee on Un-American Activities or HUAC (or, rarely, HCUA) (1945-1975) was an investigating committee of the United States House of Representatives. ... In the federal law of the United States, contempt of Congress is the crime of obstructing the work of U.S. Congress, with a punishment of up to one year in prison and up to $1,000 in fines. ... A blacklist is a list or register of entities who, for one reason or another, are being denied a particular privilege, service, or mobility. ...


Born in Montrose, Colorado, Trumbo got his start working for Vogue magazine. He started in movies in 1937; by the 1940s he was one of Hollywood's highest paid writers for work on such films as 1940's Kitty Foyle, for which he was nominated for an Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay, Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo (1944), and Our Vines Have Tender Grapes (1945). Montrose is a city located in Montrose County, Colorado. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... // Events and trends World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrination, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atomic bomb. ... Kitty Foyle, subtitled The Natural History of a Woman, is a 1940 film which tells the story of a white-collar girl who falls in love with a young socialite, despite the objections of his family. ... The Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay is one of the Academy Awards, the most prominent film awards in the United States. ... The Ruptured Duck, which was the bomber depicted in the movie Nose-art of the Ruptured Duck Thirty Seconds over Tokyo is a 1944 film based on a 1943 book by Ted W. Lawson. ...


After his blacklisting, he moved to Mexico with Hugo Butler and his wife Jean Rouverol, who had also been blacklisted. There, Trumbo wrote thirty scripts under pseudonyms, such as the co-written Gun Crazy (1950) written under the pseudonym Millard Kaufman. He won an Oscar for The Brave One (1956), written under the name Robert Rich. Hugo Butler (May 4, 1914 – January 7, 1968) was a Canadian born screenwriter working in Hollywood who was blacklisted by the movie studio bosses in the 1950s. ... Jean Rouverol (born 1916 in St. ... A pseudonym (Greek: false name) is a fictitious name used by an individual as an alternative to his or her legal name. ... Gun Crazy (originally released as Deadly is the Female) is a 1949 film noir film about a couple (Laurie and Bart) who go on a cross-country robbery-shooting spree, that is considered the forerunner to the film Bonnie and Clyde. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ...


In 1960 he received full credit (due in part to the efforts of actor Kirk Douglas) for the motion-picture epics Exodus and Spartacus, much to the chagrin of many conservatives/right wingers in the film industry, and thereafter on all subsequent scripts, and he was reinstated as a member of the Writers Guild of America. Kirk Douglas in Champion Kirk Douglas (born December 9, 1916) is an American actor and film producer known for his oft-imitated and -parodied gravel-ridden voice and his recurring roles as the kinds of characters Douglas himself once described as sons of bitches. He is also father to Hollywood... Exodus Exodus is a 1960 film starring Paul Newman. ... Kirk Douglas in the title role of the 1960 film Spartacus. ... The Writers Guild of America (WGA) is the collective bargaining representative, or labor union, for writers in the motion picture and television industries in the United States. ...


Trumbo's vivid anti-war novel, Johnny Got His Gun, won a National Book Award (then known as an American Book Sellers Award) in 1939. Shortly after the 1941 German invasion of the Soviet Union, Trumbo ordered all copies of Johnny Got His Gun to be recalled and stopped any further publication of the book. After receiving letters from individuals requesting copies of the book, Trumbo contacted the FBI and turned these letters over to them, questioning the correspondents' loyalty to the Allied war effort. Anti war protest in Melbourne, Australia, 2003 Anti_war is a name that is widely adopted by any social movement or person that seeks to end or oppose a future or current war. ... Johnny Got His Gun is a vivid anti-war novel written in 1939 by American novelist and screenwriter Dalton Trumbo. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Adolf Hitler Josef Stalin Strength ~ 3,200,000 ~ 2,600,000 Casualties unknown unknown Operation Barbarossa (Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the German codename for Nazi Germanys invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II that commenced on June 22, 1941. ... The group of countries known as the Allies of World War II came together, to fight the Axis Powers, as World War II unfolded and progressed. ...


In 1971 Trumbo directed his own film adaptation of the novel, which starred Timothy Bottoms, Diane Varsi and Jason Robards. The inspiration for the novel came to Trumbo when he read an article about a British officer who was horribly disfigured during World War I. The novel and film inspired the lyrics and music video for heavy metal band Metallica's 1989 song One. One of his last films, Executive Action, was based on various conspiracy theories about the Kennedy assassination. 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... Timothy Bottoms (born August 30, 1951) is an American actor. ... Diane Marie Varsi (February 23, 1938 - November 19, 1992) was an America film and television actor. ... Robards in Once Upon a Time in the West (1968) Jason Nelson Robards Jr. ... Combatants Allies: • Serbia, • Russia, • France, • Romania, • Belgium, • British Empire and Dominions, • United States, • Italy, • ...and others Central Powers: • Germany, • Austria-Hungary, • Ottoman Empire, • Bulgaria Casualties Military dead: 5 million Civilian dead: 3 million Total: 8 million Full list Military dead: 3 million Civilian dead: 3 million Total: 6 million Full... Heavy metals, in chemistry, are chemical elements of a particular range of atomic weights. ... Metallica is an American heavy metal band formed in October 1981. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... One is a song performed by thrash metal band Metallica. ... Executive Action is a 1973 movie about the JFK assassination. ... This proposed logo for the Information Awareness Office (a US governmental agency) was dropped due to fears that its pseudo-Masonic symbolism would provoke conspiracy theories. ... John F. Kennedy The assassination of John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the thirty-fifth President of the United States, took place on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas, USA at 12:30 PM Central Standard Time (18:30 UTC). ...


His account and analysis of the Smith Act trials is entitled The Devil in the Book. The Alien Registration Act or Smith Act (18 USC 2385) of 1940 made it a criminal offense for anyone to knowingly or willfully advocate, abet, advise, or teach the duty, necessity, desirability, or propriety of overthrowing the Government of the United States or of any State by force or violence...


He is often quoted as having said, I never considered the working class anything other than something to get out of.


Works

Selected film works that he created and such:

Novels, plays and essays: Road Gang is a film made in 1936, showing economic and social injustice due to political corruption. ... The Devils Playground is a large sandy region in the Mojave Desert in the state of California in the United States. ... Five Came Back is a 1939 disaster film, which predated many of the more famous air disaster films, such as Airport. ... Nathanael West (October 17, 1903 - December 22, 1940) was the pen name of Nathan Wallenstein Weinstein. ... Curtain Call: The Hits will be Eminems fifth major label release. ... Kitty Foyle, subtitled The Natural History of a Woman, is a 1940 film which tells the story of a white-collar girl who falls in love with a young socialite, despite the objections of his family. ... The Ruptured Duck, which was the bomber depicted in the movie Nose-art of the Ruptured Duck Thirty Seconds over Tokyo is a 1944 film based on a 1943 book by Ted W. Lawson. ... Gun Crazy (originally released as Deadly is the Female) is a 1949 film noir film about a couple (Laurie and Bart) who go on a cross-country robbery-shooting spree, that is considered the forerunner to the film Bonnie and Clyde. ... Dalton Trumbo (December 9, 1905 – September 10, 1976) was an American screenwriter and novelist, and a member of the Hollywood Ten, one of group of film professionals who refused to testify before the 1947 House Un-American Activities Committee about alleged communist involvement. ... He Ran All the Way is a 1951 crime drama, considered a film noir, starring John Garfield and Shelley Winters. ... Guy Endore was a novelist and screenwriter. ... Roman Holiday is a 1953 romantic comedy film which tells the story of Princess Ann, a young royal who runs away during a state visit to Rome and befriends Joe Bradley, a cynical expatriate American reporter who first just wants an exclusive story about a princess gone AWOL but finds... There are several entries for people with the name Robert Rich: There is an ambient musician by the name Robert Rich Robert Rich is a pen name used by American screenwriter and novelist Dalton Trumbo Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick was a British naval officer and politician. ... Spartacus is a 1960 film by Stanley Kubrick based on the historical novel of the same name by Howard Fast. ... Stanley Kubrick (July 26, 1928 – March 7, 1999) was a Jewish American film director and producer who is widely considered to have been one of the most innovative, talented, and influential filmmakers of the late 20th century. ... Exodus Exodus is a 1960 film starring Paul Newman. ... Leon Uris (August 3, 1924 - June 21, 2003) was an American Jewish novelist, known for the amount of research he did for his novels. ... Exodus is a novel written in 1958 by American novelist Leon Uris about the founding of the state of Israel, based on the name of the 1947 immigration ship Exodus. ... This is an episode of the science fiction television series Space 1999. ... Lonely are the Brave is a 1962 movie adaptation of the Edward Abbey novel The Brave Cowboy. ... Hawaii is a 1966 American motion picture based on the novel of the same name by James A. Michener. ... James Albert Michener (February 3, 1907? - October 16, 1997) was the American author of such books as Tales of the South Pacific (for which he won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1948), Hawaii, The Drifters, Centennial, The Source, The Fires of Spring, Chesapeake, Caribbean, Caravans, Alaska, Texas and Poland. ... The Fixer is a 1968 film which tells the true story of a Jew, Menahem Mendel Beilis, in Tsarist Russia who is unjustly imprisoned, the notorious Beilis trial that ensued, and the international uproar that it caused, forcing Russia to back down in the face of world indignation. ... Johnny Got His Gun is a vivid anti-war novel written in 1939 by American novelist and screenwriter Dalton Trumbo. ... Executive Action is a 1973 movie about the JFK assassination. ... Paperback book cover for Papillon Papillon is a memoir by Henri Charrière. ... Henri Charrière (16 November 1906 Ardéche, France - July 29, 1973 Madrid, Spain) was chiefly known as the author of Papillon, a memoir of his incarceration in a penal colony on French Guiana. ...

  • Eclipse, 1935
  • Washington Jitters, 1936
  • Johnny Got His Gun, 1939
  • The Remarkable Andrew, 1940
  • Chronicle of a Literal Man, 1941
  • The Biggest Thief in Town, 1949 (play)
  • The Time Out of the Toad, 1972 (essays)
  • Night of the Aurochs, 1979 (unfinished, ed. R. Kirsch)

Non-fiction: Photo taken during the French 1999 eclipse An eclipse (Greek verb: ecleipo, to cease existing or calypse, to cover ) is an astronomical event that occurs when one celestial object moves into the shadow of another. ... Johnny Got His Gun is a vivid anti-war novel written in 1939 by American novelist and screenwriter Dalton Trumbo. ... Night of the Aurochs is an unfinished novel by Dalton Trumbo, possibly best known for his great anti-war novel Johnny Got His Gun. ...

  • Harry Bridges, 1941
  • The Time of the Toad, 1949
  • The Devil in the Book, 1956
  • Additional Dialogue: Letters of Dalton Trumbo, 1942-62, 1970 (ed. by H. Manfull)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Dalton Trumbo (640 words)
DALTON TRUMBO, screenwriter, with an Oscar for the screenplay of Roman Holiday, 40 years after its 1953 release and 16 years after his death.
Trumbo was among the highest-paid screenwriters in Hollywood until his name disappeared from the screen for years as a result of Hollywood's McCarthy-era fllist.
Trumbo enlisted his friend Ian McLellan Hunter to pose as the creator of the film, but now an Academy Award has gone to the real author.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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