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Encyclopedia > Dagestan War
Dagestan War

Russian special forces in Dagestan
Date August 7, 1999 - September 14, 1999
Location Dagestan
Result Russian victory, Second Chechen War.
Combatants
Russian Federation
Daghestani militia
Chechen rebels
Shura of Dagestan
Commanders
Viktor Kazantsev Shamil Basayev
Ibn al-Khattab
Strength
17,000 unknown
Casualties
At least 279 dead and 987 wounded 2,500 dead
Conflicts in the former Soviet Union
Nagorno-Karabakh – South OssetiaAbkhaziaGeorgia – North Ossetia – TransnistriaTajikistan1st ChechnyaDagestan2nd Chechnya

The Dagestan War (in Russia called by the name Chechen invasion of Dagestan) began when Chechnya-based so-called Islamic International Peacekeeping Brigade (IIPB) militia led by warlords Shamil Basayev and Ibn al-Khattab invaded the neighbouring Russian republic of Dagestan on August 7, 1999 in support of the Islamic Shura of Dagestan separatist rebels. The war ended with the retreat of the IIPB and was one of the triggers for the Second Chechen War. Image File history File links Dagestan_1999. ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... The Republic of Dagestan IPA: (Russian: ; Avar: , DaÉ£istanÅ‚ul Džumħuriyat), older spelling Daghestan, is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... Combatants Russian Federation Chechen Republic of Ichkeria Strength At least 93,000 in Chechnya in 1999 About 30,000 in Chechnya in 2007 (mostly MVD) 10,000 to 20,000 in 1999 (including private militias) 700 in Chechnya in 2007 (Russian est. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Dagestan. ... The Republic of Dagestan IPA: (Russian: ; Avar: , DaÉ£istanÅ‚ul Džumħuriyat), older spelling Daghestan, is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chechen_Republic_of_Ichkeria. ... Official language Chechen Capital Grozny (Dzhokharabad, after 1996) President Doku Umarov Independence  â€“ Declared  â€“ Recognition From Russia  â€“ November 1, 1991  â€“ Georgian Republic National anthem Death or Freedom The Chechen Republic of Ichkeria IPA: (Нохчийн Республика Нохчийчоь) is the unrecognized secessionist government of Chechnya. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Dagestan. ... Viktor Kazantsev was an envoy of the Russian president who performed primary negotiations between the Russian government and the Chechen oppostion. ... Shamil Basayev in Dagestan, 1999 Shamil Salmanovich Basayev (Russian: Шамиль Салманович Басаев) (January 14, 1965 – July 10, 2006) was a Vice-President of the internationally unrecognized separatist government of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, Islamist guerrilla leader, self-admitted terrorist and a national hero for many Chechens. ... Ibn al-Khattab (ابن الخطاب), more commonly known as Amir Khattab (also transliterated as Emir Khattab and Ameer Khattab), and also known as Habib Abdul Rahman, was a warlord, terrorist organizer, and financier working with Chechen rebels in the First Chechen War and the Second Chechen War. ... Combatants Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh1 Republic of Armenia 2 CIS mercenaries Republic of Azerbaijan Afghan Mujahideen 3 Chechen Volunteers 4 CIS mercenaries Commanders Samvel Babayan, Hemayag Haroyan, Monte Melkonian, Vazgen Sargsyan, Arkady Ter-Tatevosyan Ä°sgandar Hamidov, Suret Huseynov, Rahim Gaziev, Shamil Basayev Casualties 6,000 dead, 25,000 wounded 17... Combatants Ossetian Separatists Russian Forces1 The National Guard of Georgia Casualties ~2,000 dead?, unknown wounded ~800 dead?, unknown wounded 1Involvement Disputed The South Ossetian War was fought from 1991 to 1992 between Georgia and S. Ossetian separatists. ... Combatants Abkhaz separatists Confederation of Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus Russian Cossacks Russian Forces1 Georgian Interior and Defense Ministry forces Paramilitary groups and volunteer battalions Commanders Iysuph Soslanbekov, Musa Shanibov, Shamil Basaev, Beslan Barghandjia, Anri Djergenia Geno Adamia, Guram Gubelashvili, Gia Kharkharashvili, Davit Tevzadze, Soso Akhalaia Casualties ~2,500-4... Ossetian-Ingush conflict - armed conflict between Ossetian and Ingush people in Prigorodny District, region of North Ossetia-Alania, started in 1992. ... Combatants Transnistria Russian volunteers Ukrainian volunteers Moldova Casualties 823 Transnistrian fatalities,[1] 90 Cossacks,[2] and an unknown number of other casualties ~1,000 total casualties Official figures: 172 combatants, ~400 civilians [] The War of Transnistria involved armed clashes on a limited scale that broke out between the Transnistrian separatists... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Combatants Russian Federation Chechen Republic of Ichkeria Strength At least 93,000 in Chechnya in 1999 About 30,000 in Chechnya in 2007 (mostly MVD) 10,000 to 20,000 in 1999 (including private militias) 700 in Chechnya in 2007 (Russian est. ... Lexington Minuteman representing militia minuteman John Parker. ... A warlord is a person with power who has de facto military control of a subnational area due to armed forces loyal to the warlord and not to a central authority. ... Shamil Basayev in Dagestan, 1999 Shamil Salmanovich Basayev (Russian: Шамиль Салманович Басаев) (January 14, 1965 – July 10, 2006) was a Vice-President of the internationally unrecognized separatist government of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, Islamist guerrilla leader, self-admitted terrorist and a national hero for many Chechens. ... Ibn al-Khattab (ابن الخطاب), more commonly known as Amir Khattab (also transliterated as Emir Khattab and Ameer Khattab), and also known as Habib Abdul Rahman, was a warlord, terrorist organizer, and financier working with Chechen rebels in the First Chechen War and the Second Chechen War. ... The Republic of Dagestan IPA: (Russian: ; Avar: , DaÉ£istanÅ‚ul Džumħuriyat), older spelling Daghestan, is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Separatism is a term usually applied to describe the attitudes or motivations of those seeking independence or separation of their land or region from the country that governs them. ... A rebellion is, in the most general sense, a refusal to accept authority. ... Combatants Russian Federation Chechen Republic of Ichkeria Strength At least 93,000 in Chechnya in 1999 About 30,000 in Chechnya in 2007 (mostly MVD) 10,000 to 20,000 in 1999 (including private militias) 700 in Chechnya in 2007 (Russian est. ...

Contents

Timeline

In August and September of 1999, Shamil Basayev and Arab-born Khattab led two incursions by estimated up to 1,400 international (albeit mostly Chechen and Dagestani) Islamist militants from Chechnya into the mountainous regions of Russia's Republic of Dagestan, where on August 10 separatist rebels proclaimed independent Islamic Republic of Dagestan with Basayev as their leader.[1] During the initial attack, two Mi-8 transport helicopters were hit at Botlikh airfield by anti-tank guided missiles. Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predomiantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Maronite, Alawite Islam, Druze, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism An Arab (Arabic: ) is any member of the Semitic group of people whose cultural, linguistic, and in certain cases, ancestral origins trace back to... Political Ideologies Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      This article is about political Islamism. ... The Chechen Republic (IPA: ; Russian: , Chechenskaya Respublika; Chechen: , Noxçiyn Respublika), or, informally, Chechnya (; Russian: ; Chechen: , Noxçiyçö), sometimes referred to as Ichkeria, Chechnia, Chechenia or Noxçiyn, is a federal subject of Russia. ... August 10 is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Republic of Dagestan IPA: (Russian: ), older spelling Daghestan, is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... Russian Mi-8 Hip The Mil Mi-8 (NATO reporting name Hip) is a large transport helicopter that can also act as a gunship. ... For other uses, see Airport (disambiguation). ... An Anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) or weapon (ATGW) is a guided missile primarily designed to hit and destroy tanks and other armoured fighting vehicles. ...


By August 10 the rebels had seized the villages of Ansalta, Rakhata and Shadroda and reached the village of Tando, close to the district town of Botlikh. [2] However, they never seized the town. As resistance stiffened, not least from a large if undisciplined volunteer militia, Russian artillery and airpower came into its own. While the First Chechen War had shown the limitations of its use, here it was relied on to ensure that the Russians did not lose the war in those early days. The rebels were stalled by the ferocity of the bombardments: their supply lines were cut and scattered with remotely delivered mines. This gave Moscow time to assemble a counter-attack under Colonel-General Viktor Kazantsev, commander of the North Caucasus Military District. August 10 is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Artillery with Gabion fortification Cannons on display at Fort Point Continental Artillery crew from the American Revolution Firing of an 18-pound gun, Louis-Philippe Crepin, (1772 – 1851) A forge-welded Iron Cannon in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu. ... Airstrike in Kosovo War An airstrike is a military strike by air forces on an enemy ground position, which depending on the selected tactics may or may not be followed up by artillery, armor, or infantry units. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... U.S. Army soldier removes fuse from a Russian-made mine to clear a minefield outside of Fallujah, Iraq. ... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Colonel General is a senior military rank which is used in some of the world’s militaries. ... Viktor Kazantsev was an envoy of the Russian president who performed primary negotiations between the Russian government and the Chechen oppostion. ... The North Caucasus Military District is a military district of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. ...


In a thinly disguised admission of failure, on August 23 the rebels announced they were withdrawing from Botlikh district 'to redeploy' and begin a 'new phase' in their operations.[3] By mid-September 1999 the militants were routed from the villages they had seized and were pushed back into Chechnya. Chechen separatist government official Turpal-Ali Atgeriev claimed since that he alerted then-FSB Director Vladimir Putin in the summer of 1999 to the imminent incursion into Dagestan. [4] August 23 is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Turpal-Ali Atgeriev. ... FSB may stand for one of the following. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: ) (born October 7, 1952) is the current president of Russia. ...


Aftermath

At least several hundred people were killed in the fighting, including unknown number of civilians; the federal side admitted suffering 279 dead and approximately 987 wounded. This conflict saw the first use of aerial-delivered fuel-air explosives (FAE) against populated areas, notably on the village of Tando.[5] In times of armed conflict a civilian is any person who is not a combatant. ... Motto: none Anthem: Hymn of the Russian Federation Capital Moscow Largest city Moscow Official language(s) Russian Government Semi-presidential Federal republic  - President of Russia Vladimir Putin  - Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov Independence From the Soviet Union   - Declared June 12, 1991   - Finalized December 25, 1991  Area    - Total 17,075,400 km... A high-impulse thermobaric weapon (HIT), also known as a fuel-air explosive (FAE or FAX), a heat and pressure weapon, or a vacuum bomb, consists of a container of a volatile liquid, in some designs including a finely powdered explosive component as a slurry, and (typically) two separate explosive...


The Russian government followed up with a bombing campaign of southeastern Chechnya, a part of the country they saw as a staging area for the militants. On September 23, Russian fighter jets bombed targets in and around Grozny. In December 1999, after the Dagestan War and a string of apartment bombings, Russian ground forces invaded Chechnya. Politics of Russia (the Russian Federation) takes place in a framework of a federal presidential republic, whereby the President of Russia is both head of state and head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... The Massive Ordnance Air Blast (MOAB) bomb produced in the United States. ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for attacking other aircraft, as opposed to a bomber, which is designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping bombs. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Russian apartment bombings were a series of bombings in Russia that killed nearly 300 people and led the country into the Second Chechen War. ...


Opposing forces

Federal forces

Despite the initial poor showing of the government forces, Moscow and Makhachkala were able to put together a relatively impressive fighting force, including light infantry units (drawn from the Spetsnaz special forces, paratroopers and marines) crucial to mountain and counter-insurgency warfare. Makhachkala (Russian: ) is a city in Russia, the capital of the Republic of Dagestan. ... Traditionally light infantry (or skirmishers) were soldiers whose job was to provide a skirmishing screen ahead of the main body of infantry, harassing and delaying the enemy advance. ... Russian special forces showcasing their skills For the Swedish EBM band, see Spetsnaz (band). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... An American Paratrooper using a T-10C series parachute Paratroopers are soldiers trained in parachuting and formed into an airborne force. ... France Marines is the name of a commune in the département of Val dOise, France. ... Counter-insurgency is the combating of insurgency, by the government (or allies) of the territory in which the insurgency takes place. ... For other uses of War, see War (disambiguation). ...


The government forces were made up of three main elements: light and airmobile infantry units able to operate in the mountains and in small ambush and assault forces; larger mechanised units to seal areas off and maintain rear area security; and artillery and air support elements able to interdict supply lines and box the rebels in. Most of the 'teeth' were drawn from regular army units, with the exception of the MVD's Internal Troops' 102nd Brigade and Rus' commando force and the local Dagestani OMON riot police. Makhachala has long expected an incident of this sort, and since its OMON troops proved so ineffectual in 1996 when Chechen rebels seized hostages in the Dagestani village of Kizlyar, it has put some of its scarce resources into turning this force into, in effect, a small local army. The Dagestani OMON force numbers almost 1,000 men and, bar the absence of armour and artillery, they are equipped as motorised infantry; the force even had a number of BTR-60 and BTR-70 armoured personnel carriers (APCs) and heavy support weapons. Air assault (or air mobile) is a military term used to describe the movement of friendly forces by helicopter to engage and destroy enemy forces or to seize and hold key terrain. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ... An ambush is a long established military tactic in which an ambushing force uses concealment to attack an enemy that passes its position. ... Close air support (often abbreviated CAS) is the use of military aircraft in a ground attack role against targets in close proximity to friendly troops, in support of ground combat operations. ... The Regular Army is the permanent force of the United States Army or any Countrys army that is maintained during peacetime, as opposed to those persons who may be part of a reserve or national guard outfit. ... Modern emblem of Russian MVD Russian Gendarme officers in the 1860s The Ministerstvo Vnutrennikh Del (MVD) (Министерство внутренних дел) was the Ministry of Internal Affairs in the imperial Russia, later USSR, and still bears the same name in the Russian Federation. ... In military science a brigade is a military unit that is part of a division and includes regiments (where that level exists), or (in modern armies) is composed of several battalions (typically two to four) and directly attached supporting units. ... For other uses, see Commando (disambiguation). ... The OMON insignia OMON (Russian: Отряд милиции особого назначения; Otryad Militsii Osobogo Naznacheniya, Special Purpose Detachment of Militsiya) is a generic name for the system of special units of militsiya (state police) within the Russian and earlier the Soviet, Ministerstvo Vnutrennih Del (MVD; Ministry of Internal Affairs). ... Riot control are the measures to control a riot or to break up an unwanted demonstration (usually of protestors). ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Police often train to recover hostages taken by force, as in this exercise For the 2005 film, see Hostage (film). ... Kizlyar IE, ООО ПП Кизляр. Russian knife company. ... Armour sucks ass alottttttttttt Armour was also commonly used to protect war animals, such as war horses and elephants. ... Motorised infantry is infantry which is transported by trucks or other motor vehicles. ... The BTR-60 is the first vehicle in a series of Soviet eight-wheeled armoured personnel carriers. ... BTR-70 The BTR-70 is an eight-wheeled armored personnel carrier originally developed during the late 1970s and fielded by the Warsaw Pact and allies beginning in the early 1980s. ... Armoured personnel carriers (APCs) are armoured fighting vehicles developed to transport infantry on the battlefield. ...


At the end of 1997 the republic also began raising a volunteer territorial militia. During the emergency its ranks were swelled with reservists and volunteers to around 5,000. Their training and equipment was minimal, making them little more than a home guard force, but their numbers helped secure the government's rear areas and their very presence helped legitimise the government forces, neutralising the charge that this was merely an attempt by Russians to control the Caucasus (Dagestani OMON or volunteers were often shown on local TV reports, presumably to drive home this message). 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A member of the United States Military that spends one weekend a month and two weeks annually training to protect and defend the United States. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ...


Rebel forces

Shamil Basayev in Dagestan

The insurgents of the 'United Headquarters of Dagestan Mujahideen' proved to be a motley collection of Chechen guerrillas, Dagestani rebels, Islamic extremists and mercenaries from across the Arab world and Central Asia. Notional first-among-equals of their leaders was Shamil Basayev, Chechen rebel leader, erstwhile prime minister and founder of the Congress of Peoples of Chechnya and Dagestan (CPCD). Basayev's position was in many ways an ambiguous one. He was a staunch Muslim but didn't share the extreme Wahhabism of many of his allies. However, he did strongly believe that Dagestan and Chechnya should be one state. Although a seasoned and wily guerrilla commander, this war saw him as much as anything else being used as a political figurehead. His CPCD was officially charged with forming new 'structures of Islamic self-government' in rebel-held areas. The brevity of the occupation and the opposition of many locals to their 'liberation' meant this was never a serious process. Image File history File links Shamilbasayev. ... Image File history File links Shamilbasayev. ... Shamil Basayev in Dagestan, 1999 Shamil Salmanovich Basayev (Russian: Шамиль Салманович Басаев) (January 14, 1965 – July 10, 2006) was a Vice-President of the internationally unrecognized separatist government of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, Islamist guerrilla leader, self-admitted terrorist and a national hero for many Chechens. ... Guerilla may refer to Guerrilla warfare. ... Islamic fundamentalism is a religious ideology which advocates literalistic interpretations of the sacred texts of Islam, Sharia law, and an Islamic State. ... A mercenary, is a person who takes part in an armed conflict and is motivated to take part in the hostilities essentially by the desire for private gain and, in fact, is promised, by or on behalf of a Party to the conflict, material compensation substantially in excess of that... Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predomiantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Maronite, Alawite Islam, Druze, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism An Arab (Arabic: ) is any member of the Semitic group of people whose cultural, linguistic, and in certain cases, ancestral origins trace back to... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... Shamil Basayev in Dagestan, 1999 Shamil Salmanovich Basayev (Russian: Шамиль Салманович Басаев) (January 14, 1965 – July 10, 2006) was a Vice-President of the internationally unrecognized separatist government of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, Islamist guerrilla leader, self-admitted terrorist and a national hero for many Chechens. ... Wahhabism (Arabic: Al-Wahhābīyya الوهابية, Wahabism, Wahabbism) is a branch of Islam practiced by those who follow the teachings of Muhammed Ibn Abdul Wahhab, after whom the movement is named. ...


The core of the insurgent forces, accounting for perhaps half of the rebel fighters, comprised the band of the guerrilla warlord Ibn al-Khattab. Having fought against the Russians during the First Chechen War, he then went on to wage an open campaign against Chechen president Aslan Maskhadov, whom he regarded as too close to Moscow. Khattab had concluded a marriage of political convenience with Basayev, but in effect retained operational command and a veto on political direction. Ibn al-Khattab (ابن الخطاب), more commonly known as Amir Khattab (also transliterated as Emir Khattab and Ameer Khattab), and also known as Habib Abdul Rahman, was a warlord, terrorist organizer, and financier working with Chechen rebels in the First Chechen War and the Second Chechen War. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Most of this article is about heads of state. ... Aslan Maskhadov Aslan Aliyevich Maskhadov (Russian: Аслан Алиевич Масхадов) (September 21, 1951 – March 8, 2005) was a leader of the separatist movement in the southern Russian republic of Chechnya. ...


The third element in the loose rebel triumvirate were the Dagestanis. The two key figures were Nadir Khachilayev and Siradjin Ramazanov. An ethnic Laz and former leader of the Union of Muslims in Russia, Khachilayev has a long pedigree of opposition to the Magomedali Magomedov regime. In 1998 he launched an abortive attempt to storm the government buildings in the Dagestani capital, Makhachkala. Khachilayev escaped to Chechnya where he found sanctuary with Islamist guerrilla movements, eventually forging an alliance with Khattab. Despite their Dagestani origins, he and the self-styled prime minister of 'Islamic Dagestan', Ramazanov, proved essentially marginal, reflecting their failure to raise recruits to their side after they had launched their operation. The self-proclaimed Shura (Islamic council) of Dagestan welcomed the 'liberation' and declared an Islamic state, but it proved to have relatively little authority. The term triumvirate is commonly used to describe a political regime dominated by three powerful political and/or military leaders. ... Laz may refer to one of the following: Lazs (a Caucasian (Kartvelian) people) Laz language The wife of the Babylonian God Nergal Laz, Finistère (a commune in the Finistère département, France) Lvivskyi Avtobusnyi Zavod (a bus factory in Ukraine) This page concerning a three-letter acronym or... Chairman of the State Council of the Republic of Dagestan Born June 15, 1930 in Levashi, Levashinsky district, Republic of Dagestan. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... A military alliance is an agreement between two, or more, countries; related to wartime planning, commitments, or contingencies; such agreements can be both defensive and offensive. ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... Shura is an Arabic word for consultation. It is believed to be the method by which pre-Islamic Arabian tribes selected leaders and made major decisions. ... A council is a group of people who usually possess some powers of governance. ...


Estimates of the insurgent forces' strength have varied from 300 to over 2,000 (a field force of no more than 1,400 seems most credible). While mostly experienced veterans of the Chechen and other wars, they were lightly equipped. They possessed ample supplies of small arms, support weapons, mortars and appropriate ammunition, but they appeared to have only two BTR-60 APCs (quite possibly captured from government forces in the first days of the attack), a single 100mm T-12 antitank gun and a few truck-mounted ZU-23 anti-aircraft guns for use as fire support. Small arms captured in Fallujah, Iraq by the US Marine Corps in 2004 The term small arms generally describes any number of smaller infantry weapons, such as firearms that an individual soldier can carry. ... US soldier loading a M224 60-mm mortar. ... 2A19 or T-12 is a Soviet smoothbore 100 mm anti-tank gun. ... A ZU-23-2 towed anti-aircraft gun. ... American troops man an anti-aircraft gun near the Algerian coastline in 1943 Anti-aircraft, or air defense, is any method of combating military aircraft from the ground. ... Fire Support is a military term referring to long-range firepower provided to a front-line unit. ...


Dagestan after 1999

Since 2000, Dagestan has been a site of an ongoing, low-level conflict.[1] The conflict has claimed lives of hundreds of federal servicemen and officials as well as Dagestani insurgents and civilians. According to a July 2005 report by the Russian Academy of Sciences, there were 70 "terror attacks" in Dagestan in the first six months of 2005, compared with 30 for all of 2004. 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An official is, in the primary sense, someone who holds an office in an organisation, of any kind. ... An insurgency is an armed rebellion against a constituted authority, by any irregular armed force that rises up against an enforced or established authority, government, or administration. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Russian Academy of Sciences: main building Russian Academy of Sciences (Росси́йская Акаде́мия Нау́к) is the national academy of Russia. ...


The attacks, which are becoming more sophisticated and deadly, primarily target Russian soldiers and Dagestani police and government officials. Sources indicate that as many as 2,000 Islamic insurgents, many belonging to the Jamaat Sharia group, are involved in the Dagestani Jihad. After a string of attacks and assassinations, the Sharia Jamaat claimed legitimate power in Dagestan. On July 12, 2005, the Sharia Jamaat confirmed the death of its commander, Rasul Makasharipov.[2] Jihad, sometimes spelled Jahad, Jehad, Jihaad, Jiaad, or Cihad, (Arabic: IPA: ) as an Islamic term, is sometimes referred to as the sixth pillar of Islam, although it occupies no official status as such in Sunni Islam. ... July 12 is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rasul Makasharipov Rasul Makasharipov was a Dagestani Islamist rebel leader. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Guerilla war spilling from Chechnya. Retrieved on 2006-06-10.
  2. ^ SHARIA JAMAAT CONFIRMS DEATH OF ITS "EMIR". Retrieved on 2006-06-10.

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

The Russian apartment bombings were a series of bombings in Russia that killed nearly 300 people and led the country into the Second Chechen War. ... Combatants Russian Federation Chechen Republic of Ichkeria Strength At least 93,000 in Chechnya in 1999 About 30,000 in Chechnya in 2007 (mostly MVD) 10,000 to 20,000 in 1999 (including private militias) 700 in Chechnya in 2007 (Russian est. ...

External links

  • War in Dagestan - Jane's Europe News (October 1999)
  • ISN Case Study: The North Caucasus on the Brink (August 2006)

 
 

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