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Encyclopedia > Daegu
Daegu Metropolitan City

Downtown Daegu, January 2005.
Korean name
Hangul 대구 광역시
Hanja 大邱廣域市
Revised Romanization Daegu Gwangyeoksi
McCune-Reischauer Taegu Kwangyŏksi
Short name
Hangul 대구
Revised Romanization Daegu
McCune-Reischauer Taegu
Statistics
Area 885.62 km² (342 sq mi)
Population (2005) 2,464,547 [1]
Population density 2,783/km² (7,208/sq mi)
Government Metropolitan City
Administrative divisions 7 wards (Gu), 1 county (Gun)
Region Yeongnam
Dialect Gyeongsang
Location map

Map of South Korea highlighting the city.

Daegu, also spelled Taegu, officially called Daegu Metropolitan City, is the fourth largest city in South Korea after Seoul, Busan, and Incheon.[2] It is the capital of Gyeongsangbuk-do province, although it is not legally part of that province. As with South Korea's other metropolitan cities, Daegu's government reports directly to the national government. Its geographical location is 35°52′N, 128°36′E. Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 756 KB)View north east of Migliore department store in downtown Daegu, South Korea, January 2005; ; Photographer: Thorfinn Stainforth File links The following pages link to this file: Daegu Categories: GFDL images ... Jamo redirects here. ... Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters. ... The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea. ... McCune-Reischauer romanization is one of the two most widely used Korean language romanization systems, along with the Revised Romanization of Korean, which replaced (a modified) McCune-Reischauer as the official romanization system in South Korea in 2000. ... Jamo redirects here. ... The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea. ... McCune-Reischauer romanization is one of the two most widely used Korean language romanization systems, along with the Revised Romanization of Korean, which replaced (a modified) McCune-Reischauer as the official romanization system in South Korea in 2000. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Korea has traditionally been divided into a number of unofficial regions that reflect historical, geographical, and dialect boundaries within the peninsula. ... Yeongnam is the name of a region that coincides with the former Gyeongsang Province in what is now South Korea. ... The Korean language is spoken in a number of different dialects around the Korean peninsula. ... The Gyeongsang dialect is a dialect of the Korean language which is widely used in the Yeongnam region, which includes North and South Gyeongsang provinces. ... Map of Daegu, South Korea From the german wikipedia, created by User:Kokiri File links The following pages link to this file: Daegu Categories: GFDL images ... Seoul (서울)   [] is the capital of South Korea and is located on the Han River in the countrys northwest. ... Busan Metropolitan City, also known as Pusan[1] is the largest port city in the Republic of Korea. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Gyeongsangbuk-do (North Gyeongsang) is a province in eastern South Korea. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Daegu

Throughout and before recorded history, Daegu has served as a nexus of transportation, lying as it does at the junction of the Geumho and Nakdong rivers. During the Joseon Dynasty, the city was the administrative, economic and cultural centre of the entire Gyeongsang region. Throughout and before recorded history, Daegu has served as a nexus of transportation, lying as it does at the junction of the Geumho and Nakdong rivers. ... Look up nexus in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Territory of Joseon after Jurchen conquest of King Sejong Capital Hanseong Language(s) Korean Religion Neo-Confucianism Government Monarchy Wang  - 1392 - 1398 Taejo (first)  - 1863 - 1897 Gojong (last)1 Yeong-uijeong  - 1431 - 1449 Hwang Hui  - 1466 - 1472 Han Myeonghoe  - 1592 - 1598 Ryu Seongryong  - 1894 Kim Hongjip History  - Coup of 1388...


Prehistory and early history

Archaeological investigations in the Greater Daegu area have revealed a large number of settlements and burials of the prehistoric Mumun Pottery Period (c. 1500-300 B.C.). In fact, some of the earliest evidence of Mumun settlement in Gyeongsangdo have been excavated from Siji-dong and Seobyeon-dong [3]. Dongcheon-dong is one of the substantial Mumun agricultural villages that have been excavated [4]. The Dongcheon-dong site dates to the Middle Mumun (c. 850-550 B.C.) and contains the remains of many prehistoric pit-houses and agricultural fields. Megalithic burials (dolmens) have also been found in large numbers in Daegu. The Mumun Pottery Period (Hanja: 無文土器時代, Hangeul: 무문토기시대 Mumun togi sidae) is an archaeological era in Korean prehistory that dates to approximately 1500-300 B.C. (Ahn 2000; Bale 2001; Crawford and Lee 2003). ...


Ancient historical texts indicate that during the Proto-Three Kingdoms of Korea period, Daegu was the site of a chiefdom or walled-town polity known in historical records as Dalgubeol. The first mention of Dalgubeol is dated to 261[citation needed]. We know nothing of the earlier history of Dalgubeol, and little of what came later, except that it was absorbed into the kingdom of Silla no later than the fifth century. A number of other chiefdoms are associated with the local area such as Abdok and Abyang. Proto-Three Kingdoms of Korea (원삼국시대, 原三國時代) refers to the period after the fall of Gojoseon and before the maturation of Goguryeo, Baekje, and Silla into full-fledged kingdoms. ... Events Births Deaths Mussius Aemilianus, Roman Emperor Categories: 261 ... Silla (also spelled Shilla, traditional dates 57 BCE - 935 CE) was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. ...


Silla

Silla defeated the other two kingdoms of the Three Kingdoms of Korea in the late 7th century, with assistance from Tang China. Shortly thereafter, in 689, Silla's King Sinmun considered moving the capital from Gyeongju to Daegu, but was unable to do so.[5] We know of this initiative only through a single line in the Samguk Sagi, but it is presumed that it indicates both an attempt by the Silla king to augment royal authority and the entrenched resistance of the Gyeongju political elites that was the likely cause of the move's failure.[6] The Three Kingdoms Period of Korea (hangul: 삼국시대) featured the three rival kingdoms of Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla, which dominated the Korean peninsula and parts of Manchuria for much of the 1st millennium CE. Historians claim that the Three Kingdoms period ran from the 1st century BCE (specifically 57 BC) until... China under the Tang Dynasty (yellow) and its sphere of influence Capital Changan (618–904) Luoyang (904-907) Language(s) Chinese Religion Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy Emperor  - 618-626 Emperor Gaozu  - 684, 705-710 Emperor Zhongzong  - 684, 710-712 Emperor Ruizong  - 904-907 Emperor Ai History  - Li Yuan... Sinmun of Silla (r. ... Gyeongju is a city (see Subdivisions of South Korea) and prominent tourist destination in eastern South Korea. ... We dont have an article called Samguk sagi Start this article Search for Samguk sagi in. ...


In the late 1990s archaeologists excavated a large scale fortified Silla site in Dongcheon-dong, Buk-gu [7]. The site at Locality 2 consists of the remains of 39 raised-floor buildings enclosed by a formidable ditch-and-palisade system. The excavators hypothesize that the fortified site was a permanent military encampment or barracks. Archaeologists also uncovered a large Silla village dating to the 6th to 7th centuries AD at Siji-dong [8].


The city was given its current name in 757. Events March 9 - A major earthquake strikes Palestine and Syria Offa becomes king of Mercia. ...


Many artifacts of the Silla period are found on Palgongsan around Donghwasa temple in northern Daegu. Donghwasa itself dates from the Silla period, as does the stupa of King Minae. Palgongsan, also Palgong Mountain, is a mountain in southeastern South Korea, lying on an outlier of the Taebaek range. ... Donghwasa, also Donghwa Temple, is a Buddhist temple of the Jogye Order in northern Daegu, South Korea. ... Minae of Silla (d. ...


Later Three Kingdoms and Goryeo

During the Later Three Kingdoms period, 890-935, Daegu was initially aligned with Hubaekje. In 927, northern Daegu was the site of the Battle of Gong Mountain between the forces of Taebong under Wang Geon and those of Hubaekje under Gyeon Hwon. In this battle, the forces of Taebong were crushed and Wang Geon himself was saved only by the heroism of his general Sin Sunggyeom. However, it appears that the conduct of the Hubaekje forces at this time changed local sympathies to favor Wang Geon, who later became the king of Goryeo. The Later Three Kingdoms of Korea (892-936) consisted of Silla, Hubaekje (later Baekje), and Taebong (also known as Hugoguryeo, or Later Goguryeo). ... Hubaekje, or Later Baekje, was one of the Later Three Kingdoms of Korea, along with Hugoguryeo and Silla. ... Taebong was a state established by Gung Ye(궁예, 弓裔) on the Korean peninsula in 901, during the Later Three Kingdoms period. ... Taejo of Goryeo, born Wang Geon, (877-943, r. ... Gyeon Hwon (867?-936, reigned 900-935) was the king and founder of Hubaekje, one of the Later Three Kingdoms of Korea. ... Taegeuk is a traditional symbol of Korea Capital Gaegyeong Language(s) Korean Religion Buddhism Government Monarchy Wang  - 918 - 946 Taejo  - 949 - 975 Gwangjong  - 1259 - 1274 Wonjong  - 1351 - 1374 Gongmin Historical era 918 - 1392  - Later Three Kingdoms rise 892  - Coronation of Taejo June 15, 918  - Korea-Khitan Wars 993 - 1019  - Mongolian...


Numerous place-names and local legends around Daegu still bear witness to the historic battle of 927. Among these are "Ansim," which literally means "peace of mind," said to be the first place where Wang Geon dared to stop after escaping the battle, and "Banwol," or half-moon, where he is said to have stopped and admired the moon before returning to Taebong. A statue commemorating the battle now stands in northern Daegu, as does a memorial to Sin Sunggyeom.


The first edition of the Tripitaka Koreana was stored in Daegu, at the temple of Buinsa.[9] However, this edition was destroyed when the temple was sacked in 1254, during the Mongol invasions of Korea.[10] The Tripitaka Koreana (lit. ... The Mongol invasions of Korea consisted of a series of campaigns by the Mongol Empire against Korea, then known as Koryo, from 1231 to 1259. ...


Joseon

Always an important transportation center, in the Joseon Dynasty Daegu lay on the Great Yeongnam Road which ran between Seoul and Busan. It lay at the junction of this arterial road and the roads to Gyeongju and Jinju. The Great Yeongnam Road, or Yeongnamdaero, was one of the principal roads of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty, 1392-1910. ... Jinju is a city in South Gyeongsang Province, South Korea. ...


In 1601, Daegu became the administrative capital of Gyeongsang province, and the city has been the capital of North Gyeongsang province since that province's formation in 1896. Events February 8 - Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, rebels against Elizabeth I of England - revolt is quickly crushed February 25 - Robert Devereux beheaded Jesuit Matteo Ricci arrives in China Bad harvest in Russia due to rainy summer Dutch troops drive Portuguese from Málaga Battle of Kinsale, Ireland Births... Gyeongsang (Gyeongsang-do) was one of the eight provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty. ... Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ...


Daegu's first regular markets were established during the late Joseon period. The most famous of these, and the only one to still be operating, is the Yangnyeongsi herbal medicine market. This became a center of herbal trade in Joseon, and even attracted buyers from neighboring countries. Traders from Japan, who were not permitted to leave the Nakdong River valley, hired messengers to visit the market on their behalf. The Nakdong River (Rakdong in North Korean) is the longest river in South Korea, and passes through major cities such as Daegu and Busan. ...


Korean Empire and Japanese rule

Korea began to open to the world in the late 19th century. In 1895, Daegu became the site of one of the country's first modern post offices, as part of the reforms pushed by the Japanese after the murder of Queen Min.[11] Small-town post office and town hall in Lockhart, Alabama A post office is a facility (in most countries, a government one) where the public can purchase postage stamps for mailing correspondence or merchandise, and also drop off or pick up packages or other special-delivery items. ... Her Imperial Majesty Empress Myeongseong of Korea (October 19, 1851 – October 8, 1895), more commonly known as Queen Min (明成皇后), was the last empress of Korea. ...


Beginning in the late 1890s, many Japanese merchants and workers came to Daegu, which lay on the newly-constructed Gyeongbu Line railroad connecting Seoul and Busan. The Gyeongbu Line (Gyeongbuseon) is the most important railway line in South Korea and one of the oldest, connecting Seoul to Suwon, Daejeon, Daegu, and Busan. ...


In 1905, the old fortress wall was surreptitiously destroyed. Only one portion of this, the First Yeongnam Gate, remains, standing now in Dalseong Park. The rest of the fortress wall is remembered only through the names such as the streets Dongseongno and Bukseongno, "east fortress street" and "north fortress street," which now run where the wall once stood, and Seomun Market which once stood at the city's west gate. Seomun Market is the largest Korean traditional market in Daegu, South Korea, containing more than 4,000 shops. ...


The Korean independence movements were active in Daegu. These began as early as 1898, when a branch of the Independence Club was established in the city.[12] As the demise of the Korean Empire approached in 1907, local citizens led by Seo Sang-don organized the National Debt Repayment Movement. This movement spread nationwide, although it was unsuccessful in its attempt to repay the country's debt through individual donations. Resistance activities continued after the 1910 annexation, notably during the March 1st movement of 1919. At that time, four major demonstrations took place in Daegu, involving an estimated 23,000 people.[13] The nature of the search for Korean independence under the Japanese occupation period (1890-1945) has a particularly complicated and diverse history, this article looks at these movements, as well as exploring the overlap between independence and nationalist movements. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The National Debt Repayment Movement was a movement by the people of the Korean Empire to repay their countrys debt through collecting individual donations. ... The March First Movement, or the Samil Movement, was one of the earliest displays of Korean nationalism during the Japanese rule. ...


South Korea

The end of Japanese rule in 1945 brought years of turbulent change to Daegu. Under the USAMGIK provisional military government and the subsequent First Republic, Daegu was a hotbed of unrest. In October 1946, the Daegu uprising took place, one of the most serious incidents of unrest during US military rule.[14] It was also the site of major demonstrations on February 28, 1960, prior to the fraudulent presidential election of that year.[15] The United States Army Military Government in Korea, also known as USAMGIK, was the official ruling body of the southern half of the Korean Peninsula from September 8, 1945 to August 15, 1948. ... The First Republic of South Korea was South Koreas first independent government, ruling the country from 1948 to 1960. ... February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Daegu and all of North Gyeongsang saw heavy guerrilla activity in the late 1940s, as thousands of refugees arrived from the fighting in Jeolla.[16] In November 1948, a unit in Daegu joined the mutiny which had begun in Yeosu the previous month.[17] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


During the Korean War, much heavy fighting occurred nearby along the Nakdong River. Daegu sat inside the Pusan Perimeter, however, and therefore remained in South Korean hands throughout the war. As in many other areas during the Korean War, political killings of dissenters were widespread. Combatants United Nations:  Republic of Korea,  Australia,  Belgium,  Luxembourg,  Canada,  Colombia,  Ethiopia,  France,  Greece,  Luxembourg,  Netherlands,  New Zealand,  Philippines,  South Africa,  Thailand,  Turkey,  United Kingdom,  United States Medical staff:  Denmark,  Australia,  Italy,  Norway,  Sweden Communist states:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,  Peoples Republic of China,  Soviet Union Commanders... The Nakdong River (Rakdong in North Korean) is the longest river in South Korea, and passes through major cities such as Daegu and Busan. ... The Pusan Perimeter was the area in extreme southeast Korea that was held by US and South Korean troops during the furthest advance of the North Korean troops, in the summer and fall of 1950, during the Korean War. ... Extrajudicial punishment is physical punishment without the permission of a court or legal authority, generally carried out by a state apparatus needing to rid itself of a dangerously disruptive influence. ...


In the second half of the twentieth century, the city underwent explosive growth, and the population has increased more than tenfold since the end of the Korean War. The city was heavily politically favored during the long military dictatorship of Park Chung-hee, when it and the surrounding area served as his political base. Conservative political movements remain powerful in Daegu today. This is a Korean name; the family name is Park Park Chung-hee (November 14, 1917 – October 26, 1979) was a former ROK Army general and the leader of the Republic of Korea from 1961 to 1979. ...


In the 1980s, Daegu became a separately administered provincial-level Directly Governed City (Jikhalsi), and was redesignated as a Metropolitan City (Gwangyeoksi) in 1995. The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... In North and South Korea, Special cities, Metropolitan Cities, and Directly Governed Cities are cities that have a status equivalent to that of Provinces (Do). ... In North and South Korea, Special cities, Metropolitan Cities, and Directly Governed Cities are cities that have a status equivalent to that of Provinces (Do). ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ...


On February 18, 2003, a mentally ill man set fire to a train of the Daegu Metropolitan Subway stopped at Jungangno station. The resulting blaze killed nearly 200 people, making the Daegu subway fire one of the worst disasters in South Korea since the end of the Korean War. is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Daegu Metropolitan Subway serves the South Korean city of Daegu. ... remodeled Jungangno station The Daegu subway fire of February 18, 2003 killed at least 198 people and injured at least 147. ...


Today, Daegu is the 4th largest metropolitan area in Korea with respect to both population and commerce. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Geography

Panoramic view of Daegu, with Jisan-dong and Beommul-dong in the foreground

Daegu sits in a basin surrounded by low mountains. Palgong-san to the north, Biseul-san to the south, the foothills of Gaya-san to the west, and a series of smaller hills in the east. Download high resolution version (12085x1535, 3186 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (12085x1535, 3186 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Palgongsan, also Palgong Mountain, is a mountain in southeastern South Korea, lying on an outlier of the Taebaek range. ... Gaya-san is a mountain and national park in South Gyeongsang Province, South Korea. ...


The Geumho River flows along the northern and eastern edges of the city, emptying in the Nakdong River west of the city. The Geumho River flows through North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea, and drains into the Nakdong River. ...


Climate

Because it is located in a basin, the climate of Daegu is hotter than the rest of Korea during the summer. The mountains that comprise the basin trap hot and humid air. Similarly, in winter, cold air lies in the basin. The area receives little precipitation except during the rainy season of summer, and is sunny throughout much of the year. Data gathered since 1961 indicate that the mean temperature for January, the coldest month in Daegu, is -0.7°C. The warmest month in Daegu is August when the mean temperature is 26.3°C [1].


On December 2, 1978, Daegu experienced the highest amount of daily rainfall ever recorded in a South Korean metropolitan area, at 14 inches (356 mm). [citation needed]


Administrative divisions

Main article: Wards of Daegu

Daegu is divided into 7 wards ("Gu") and 1 county ("Gun"). The primary administrative divisions of Daegu consist of seven gu, or districts, and a gun, or county. ...

Name Hangul Hanja
Buk-gu 북구 北區
Dalseo-gu 달서구 達西區
Dong-gu 동구 東區
Jung-gu 중구 中區
Nam-gu 남구 南區
Seo-gu 서구 西區
Suseong-gu 수성구 壽城區
Dalseong-gun 달성군 達城郡

Jamo redirects here. ... Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters. ... Buk-gu is a district in northwestern Daegu, South Korea. ... Dalseo-gu is a district in western Daegu, South Korea. ... Dong-gu is a gu (district) in northeastern Daegu, South Korea. ... Jung-gu is a gu, or district, covering the downtown area Daegu, South Korea. ... Nam-gu is a district in central Daegu. ... Seo-gu is a gu, or district, in western Daegu, South Korea. ... Suseong-gu is a gu, or district, in southeastern Daegu, South Korea. ... Dalseong-gun or Dalseong County is a gun occupying much of south and western Daegu, South Korea. ...

Economy

The major industries of Daegu are textiles, metals and machineries. The quality of the apples grown around Daegu is renowned around East Asia.[citation needed] Beginning in the late 1990s the central and local government, using a model loosely based on the Italian city of Milan, actively attempted to develop Daegu's textile and clothing manufacturing industries under the 'Daegu:Fashion City'. However, this plan has not work out as planned. However, some glass industry-related enterprises and car part manufacturers have established themselves. For other uses, see Textile (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about devices that perform tasks. ... Binomial name Borkh. ... East Asia Geographic East Asia. ... For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation). ...

Education

There are five universities in Daegu, including Kyungpook National University [2]. It was founded in 1946 and is one of the most recognized and highly ranked national universities in Korea along with Seoul National University and Pusan National University. Yeungnam University, located in nearby Gyeongsan, is one of the most prestigious private universities in Korea outside of the city of Seoul along with Keimyung University in Daegu and Dong-A University in Busan [citation needed]. The Yeungnam University Museum is the largest university museum in Korea. There are some smaller post-secondary institutions such as Daegu University and many technical and professional colleges. Kyungpook National University (KNU) is one of major leading national universities whose main campus is located in Daegu (also called Taegu), South Korea. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Seoul National University (SNU), is a national university, located in Seoul, South Korea. ... Pusan National University (PNU) (also called Busan National University) is one of the leading national universities in South Korea. ... Yeungnam University is one of the largest universities in South Korea outside of Seoul. ... Founded in 1954 by the leaders of the Northern Presbyterian Church of the U.S. as a Christian university, Keimyung University (KMU) is one of the most prestigious universities in South Korea. ... Dong-A University is one of leading pretigeous private universities in Korea and its main campus based in Busan, the second-largest city in South Korea. ... Busan Metropolitan City, also known as Pusan[1] is the largest port city in the Republic of Korea. ...


Culture

Traditionally, people from Daegu have been seen as conservative, modest, hard working, and patient.


Daegu is known as the home of Korean baseball. The Samsung Lions were once again victorious in the Korean Series in 2006. Before the advent of the professional leagues, its high school teams were avidly followed. The city was a co-host of the 2002 FIFA World Cup soccer game. A new football stadium was built for the event. This article is about the sport. ... Qualifying countries The 2002 FIFA World Cup, the 17th staging of the World Cup, was held in South Korea and Japan from May 31 to June 30. ... Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ...


Traditionally Buddhism was strong, today there are still many temples. Confucianism was popular in Daegu, with a large academy based in the city. Christianity has gained its ground, and churches make up one of its cityscapes today. A silhouette of a Buddha statue at Ayutthaya, Thailand. ... Korean Confucianism is the form of Confucianism developed in Korea. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic...


Because of the city's rapid growth, the architecture is generally functional and uniform. Some exceptions do exist in older buildings, and in some of the newest, such as Dongdaegu Station, and the Exco building. This article is about building architecture. ... Dongdaegu Station is a train and subway station in eastern Daegu, South Korea. ... The Executive Council (ExCo) of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the Peoples Republic of China is an organ in the Executive branch of the political structure of Hong Kong. ...


Host venue - 2011 IAAF World Championships in Athletics

On March 27, 2007, Daegu was selected as the host city for the 2011 athletics World Championships. Daegu competed with cities such as Brisbane, Australia to earn the votes of the IAAF Council. South Korea may propose fielding a united team with North Korea at the event. For other uses, see Brisbane (disambiguation). ...

View of south-western Daegu from Apsan Park, including some of the hills that line the southern edge of the city.

Download high resolution version (1544x1024, 308 KB) Photo: Thorfinn Stainforth, September 2004, View of Daegu, South Korea from Mount Apsan Park File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1544x1024, 308 KB) Photo: Thorfinn Stainforth, September 2004, View of Daegu, South Korea from Mount Apsan Park File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Parks and temples

Daegu has a number of popular parks including Apsan, Palgongsan, Dalseong, and Duryu Parks. Apsan is a mountain that has many trails, Buddhist temples, a Korean War museum, and a gondola ride to the peak. Palgongsan houses many historic Buddhist temples including Pagyesa and Donghwasa. Dalseong Park sits inside a 1500-year-old earth fortress. Duryu Park has many walking trails, sports facilities, and a large amusement park. Additionally, the Woobang Tower is located in the park at the summit of Duryu Mountain (131 m above sea level). View of south-western Daegu from Apsan Park, including some of the hills that line the southern edge of the city. ... The grounds of Koreas Buryeongsa Temple. ... Palgongsan, also Palgong Mountain, is a mountain in southeastern South Korea, lying on an outlier of the Taebaek range. ... A silhouette of a Buddha statue at Ayutthaya, Thailand. ... Donghwasa, also Donghwa Temple, is a Buddhist temple of the Jogye Order in northern Daegu, South Korea. ...


Nearby tourist attractions include Haeinsa—a Buddhist temple that houses the Tripitaka Koreana (a woodblock edition of the Tripitaka and one of the world's oldest extant complete collections of the Buddhist scriptures)&mdash. Haeinsa is located in Gayasan National Park. The historic city of Gyeongju, the capital of the ancient kingdom of Silla is located southeast of Daegu. Haeinsa is one of the foremost Buddhist temples in South Korea, most notable because it is the home of the Tripitaka Koreana, the whole of the Buddhist Scriptures carved onto 81,258 wooden printing blocks. ... The grounds of Koreas Buryeongsa Temple. ... The Tripitaka Koreana (lit. ... A woodcut is a method of printing in which an image is carved into the surface of a piece of wood, with the printing parts remaining level with the surface while the non-printing parts are removed, typically with chisels. ... The Tripitaka (Sanskrit त्रिपिटक, lit. ... Gyeongju is a city (see Subdivisions of South Korea) and prominent tourist destination in eastern South Korea. ... Silla (also spelled Shilla, traditional dates 57 BCE - 935 CE) was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. ...


International Daegu

Daegu hosts three American military bases, Camp Walker, Camp Henry and Camp George, the latter which houses Taegu American School (primarily for children of military personnel). Although non-military families can enroll their children at the school, most either home-school their children or send them to a small Christian private school which teaches about 25 children near the central business district of Daegu.


Sports and shopping

Daegu is also home to the K-League soccer club Daegu FC. The Korea Professional Football League (K-League) is South Koreas professional club football league and is one of the most successful leagues in Asian club football competitions. ... Daegu FC was founded as a community team at the end of 2002 in the Korean city of Daegu, and made their K-League debut in 2003. ...


Daegu FC is one of the best citizen soccer team in Korea.


The 2011 World Championships in Athletics will be host by Daegu. The 13th World Championships in Athletics will be held in 2011. ...


Shopping is centered in the central business district. There is main shopping district which is called Dongseongno. There are also a number of department stores. Many of these belong to national or multinational chains, but the local Debec department store also operates two branches. The Central Business District of Sydney, Australia. ...


People

Daegu's population is quite homogeneous with few immigrants. A number of immigrants from South and Southeast Asia work in automotive-parts factories on the city's west side. In addition, there is a small group of English-speaking Westerners working in the many English schools. The American military bases are also home to several thousand Americans. Recently many Chinese students have begun studying Korean at universities in Daegu, and there is an increasing number of graduate and post-graduate students from other Asian countries. As elsewhere in Korea, Korean, Chinese, Japanese and Western food is most common but recently Indian and Russian foods have become available. Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Transportation

There are two types of buses which are local and limited express. Limited express buses have more seats, but often passengers are required to stand. As of 2006, Local bus costs 1100 won, Limited express bus costs 1500 won. Tokens for the local bus are available for 950 won at newsstands near many bus stops. 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Bus (disambiguation). ... World Opponent Network or WON was an online gaming service, created by Sierra Games as the Sierra Internet Gaming System (SIGS). ... For other uses, see Bus (disambiguation). ... World Opponent Network or WON was an online gaming service, created by Sierra Games as the Sierra Internet Gaming System (SIGS). ...


Bus route numbers are made up with 3 digits, each number indicates the area that bus serves. For example, number 407 bus runs from zone four, to zone zero, and then to zone seven. Other routes, usually circular, are named for the districts they serve and numbered 1 through 3. Seven bus maps, one for each gu and also Dalseong gun are available at tourist information centres, unfortunately only in Korean.


Also, there are two subway lines. Fare is 1100 won on distance. For some reason these lines run almost parallel and do not go to the north or south-east. Daegu Metropolitan Subway serves the South Korean city of Daegu. ...


Traffic is very heavy in some areas are also heavy many times on the day. However, Daegu's major boulevards handle fairly high volumes of traffic without too much trouble.


Daegu is served by Daegu Airport (international/domestic) located in northeastern Daegu, and also by the KTX highspeed train at Dongdaegu Station, which was re-opened in 2004 after extensive renovations. Daegu Airport (Hangul: 대구국제공항; Hanja: 大邱國際空港; Revised Romanization: Daegu Gukje Gonghang; McCune-Reischauer: Taegu Kukche Konghang) (IATA: TAE, ICAO: RKTN) is primarily a domestic airport in the city of Daegu, South Korea. ... Korea Train Express (KTX) is South Koreas high speed train system. ...


Saemaul and Mugunghwa trains depart from Daegu Station, an all-new building with cinemas, restaurants and a Lotte Department Store, located near the city centre. Lotte Department Store (hangul:롯데백화점, kana:ロッテ百貨店) is a Koreas retail company. ...


Sister cities

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kazakhstan. ... Map showing Almatys location in Kazakhstan Almaty Orthodox church Mosque Almaty (Алматы; formerly known as Alma-Ata, also Vernyj, Vyernyi (Верный) in Imperial Russia) is the largest city in Kazakhstan, with a population of 1,185,900 (2004) (8% of the population of Kazakhstan) citizens. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ching-tao), well-known to the West by its Postal map spelling Tsingtao, is a sub-provincial city in eastern Shandong province, Peoples Republic of China. ... PRC is a common abbreviation for: Peoples Republic of China Palestinian Red Crescent Popular Resistance Committees This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Flag of Minas Gerais See other Brazilian States Capital Belo Horizonte Largest City Belo Horizonte Area 586,528. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... The Japanese city of Hiroshima ) is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture, and the largest city in the ChÅ«goku region of western HonshÅ«, the largest of Japans islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... Plovdiv (Bulgarian: ) is the second-largest city in Bulgaria after Sofia, with a population of 341,873([1]). It is the administrative centre of Plovdiv Province in southern Bulgaria, as well as the largest and most important city of the historical region of Upper (or Northern) Thrace, famous for its... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation). ...

Famous residents

Famous people born in Daegu include former president Roh Tae-woo, Daewoo Group founder Kim Woo Joong, actresses Son Ye-jin and Lee Jung-hyun, and the American/Korean philosopher Jaegwon Kim. For many years in the 1970s, 80s, and 90s, most winners of the Miss Korea beauty pageant came from Daegu [citation needed]. Noh Tae-woo (born December 4, 1932 in Daegu, South Korea), is a former Korean general and politician. ... Kim Woo Joong was the founder and former chairman of the Daewoo Group. ... Son Ye-jin (손예진, born Son Eon-jin) on January 11, 1982 in Daegu, South Korea) is a South Korean actress. ... Lee Jung-hyun(March 13, 1980 - ) is a Korean pop singer and actress. ... Jaegwon Kim (1934- ) is an American philosopher who explores the limitations of theories of strict psychophysical identity. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...


Notes

  1. ^ National Statistical Office (2005). 행정구역(동읍면)별 인구, 가구 및 주택. Retrieved on 2006-11-17.
  2. ^ The 2005 census found that Incheon's population was 2,531,280, while Daegu's was 2,464,547. National Statistical Office (2005). 행정구역(동읍면)별 인구, 가구 및 주택. Retrieved on 2006-11-17. This was the first official census in which Daegu's population was smaller than that of Incheon.
  3. ^ YUM (Yeungnam University Museum). Siji-eui Munhwayujeok VIII: Chwirakji Bonmun [Cultural Sites of Siji VIII: Settlement Site Text]. Research Report No. 33. Yeungnam University Museum, Gyeongsan, 1999b.
  4. ^ YICP (Yongnam Institute of Cultural Properties). Daegu Dongcheon-dong Chwirak Yujeok [The Settlement Site at Dongcheon-dong, Daegu]. 3 vols. Research Report of Antiquities, Vol. 43. YICP, Daegu, 2002. ISBN 89-88226-41-0
  5. ^ Lee (1984), p. 76 and Shin (1999).
  6. ^ Lee (1984) and Shin (1999) both make this assumption.
  7. ^ FPCP (Foundation for the Preservation of Cultural Properties). Daegu Chilgok Sam Taekji Munhwayejeok Balguljosa Bogoseo [Excavation Report of the Cultural Site at Localities 2 and 3, Building Area 3, Chilgok, Daegu]. 3 vols. Antiquities Research Report 62. FPCP, Gyeongju, 2000.
  8. ^ YUM (Yeungnam University Museum). Siji-eui Munhwayujeok VIII: Chwirakji Bonmun [Cultural Sites of Siji VIII: Settlement Site Text]. Research Report No. 33. Yeungnam University Museum, Gyeongsan, 1999b.
  9. ^ Lee (1984), p. 131.
  10. ^ Lee (1984), p. 149.
  11. ^ Lee (1984), p. 294.
  12. ^ Lee (1984), p. 302.
  13. ^ Lee (1984), p. 343.
  14. ^ Lee (1984), p. 377.
  15. ^ Lee (1984), p. 384.
  16. ^ Cumings (1997), pp. 243-244.
  17. ^ Nahm (1996), p. 379.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ...

Further reading

  • Cumings, Bruce. Korea's place in the sun: A modern history. New York: W.W.Norton. 
  • Daegu-Gyeongbuk Historical Society (대구-경북역사연구회). 역사 속의 대구, 대구사람들 (Yeoksa sok-ui Daegu, Daegu saramdeul) (Daegu and its people in history). Seoul: Jungsim. ISBN 89-89524-09-1. 
  • Lee, Ki-baik (1984). A new history of Korea, rev. ed. Tr. by E.W. Wagner and E.J. Shultz. Seoul: Ilchogak. ISBN 89-337-0204-0. 
  • Nahm, Andrew C. (1996). Korea: A history of the Korean people, 2nd ed.. Seoul: Hollym. ISBN 1-56591-070-2. 
  • Shin, Hyeong-seok (신형석). (1999). 통일신라의 새로운 수도가 될 뻔했던 대구 (Tongilsilla-ui saeroun sudo-ga doel ppeonhaetteon Daegu) (Daegu, which almost became the new capital of Unified Silla). In Daegu-Gyeongbuk Historical Society, ed., pp. 78-91.

See also

This is a list of Wikipedia articles on Korea-related people, places, things, and concepts. ... Map of South Korea The largest cities in South Korea have self-governing status equivalent to that of provinces. ... Throughout and before recorded history, Daegu has served as a nexus of transportation, lying as it does at the junction of the Geumho and Nakdong rivers. ... Gyeongsang (Gyeongsang-do) was one of the eight provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty. ...

External links

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Daegu

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