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Encyclopedia > Dabke

Dabke (Arabic: دبكة; also transliterated as debke, dabka, and dabkeh) is the traditional folk dance of the Levant, going back generations, and is also the national dance of Lebanon, Jordon, Syria and Palestine, it's found also in Iraq and northern Saudi Arabia but with a different name (Chobi).[verification needed] It can be danced by men, women, or both, with different steps and different rhythms being more common in different areas of the Middle East. Dabke is a dance of community, often performed at weddings and other joyous occasions. Like other folk dances of Turkey, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Greece, Armenia, and Eastern Europe, dabke is a line dance. Image File history File links 5184. ... Image File history File links 5184. ... Arabic redirects here. ... Folk dance is a term used to describe a large number of dances, mostly of European origin, that tend to share the following attributes: They were originally danced in about the 19th century or earlier (or are, in any case, not currently copyrighted); Their performance is dominated by an inherited... The Levant The Levant (IPA: ) is an imprecise geographical term historically referring to a large area in the Middle East south of the Taurus Mountains, bounded by the Mediterranean Sea on the west, and by the northern Arabian Desert and Upper Mesopotamia to the east. ... The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, commonly called Jordan (Arabic أردنّ, transliterated ʼUrdunn), is a country in the Middle East. ... This article is about the geographical area known as Palestine. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium orange),members of the Warsaw pact (light orange), and other former Communist regimes not aligned with Moscow (lightest orange). ... A line dance is a formation dance in which a group of people dance in one or more lines (British English, rows), executing the same movements. ...


However, it is also a dance of solidarity and a way of expressing nationalism and the age-old presence of art and culture in a positive way. The Dabke leader is supposed to be like a tree, with arms in the air, a proud and upright trunk, and feet that stomp the ground in rhythym, emphasizing their connection to their land. The meaning of "dabke" in Arabic is "stomping of the feet," and stomping, as well as jumping and kicking, are moves that characterize the dabke in a unique manner. The leader, called raas (meaning "head") or "lawwih" (meaning "waver"), is allowed to improvise on the type of dabke being danced, and he or she would also be twirling a handkerchief or string of beads known as a masbha (similar to a rosary), while the rest of the dancers keep the rhythm. The dancers also use vocalizations to show energy and to punctuate the rhythm. Many learn dabke as children, while others perform it as part of professional dance troupes. Eugène Delacroixs Liberty Leading the People, symbolising French nationalism during the July Revolution 1830. ...


Dabke was popularized and modernized during the Twentieth Century by Lebanese composers Assi and Mansour Rahbani and singers like Zaki Nassif, Fairuz, Wadih el Safi, and Nasri Shamseddine and sooner by Wafik Habib and Ali el Dik, all who performed at the legendary Baalbek Festival. This was held at the ancient Roman temples of Baalbek, Lebanon. Some famous performers of various troupes in Lebanon included Alain Merheb, Kigham, and Hassan Harfouche. Lebanon's most famous dabke troupe was the Firkat el Arz. Some internationally famous dabke troupes today include Ibdaa, Sareyyet Ramallah, and El-Funoun, all based in Palestine. Fairuz (Arabic: , also spelled Fairouz or Fayrouz) is a distinguished Lebanese singer and legend. ... Nasri Shamseddine (also spelled Nasri Chamseddine) (1927 - 1983) is a Lebanese singer and actor whose recordings remain very popular in the Arab world. ... Temple of Bacchus Details inside Temple of Bacchus Baalbek (Arabic: ) is a town in the Bekaa Valley of Lebanon, altitude 3,850 ft (1,170 m), situated east of the Litani River. ...

Contents

Origin

There are several theories on its origin, none which are well documented. Since the Middle East was under various Turkic dynasties for many centuries, it is very much known that the Turks who introduced it, since most Middle Eastern cultures with line dancing were under. However, it is more likely though that the relatively new Turks were influenced by the Assyrians, Kurds, Greeks, Arabs and Armenians given the fact that their cultures are more ancient and prevalent in the Middle East. However, the Turks may have received the dance from the Gypsies (or vice versa) since most instruments affiliated with the dabke are also affiliated with Gypsies, particularly the Ghajar and Nawar tribes who populate the Middle East: buzuk, tabl, mijwiz, mizmar, minjayra, kamanja, and rababa. Some popular dabke songs, like Ala Ain Moulayiteen have Turkish Gypsy counterparts (Shashkin is its name in Turkish). It may also have influenced North Indian dancing. A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Languages Romani, languages of native region Religions Christianity, Islam Related ethnic groups South Asians (Desi) The Roma (singular Rom; sometimes Rroma, Rrom) or Romanies are an ethnic group living in many communities all over the world. ... Languages Romani, languages of native region Religions Christianity, Islam Related ethnic groups South Asians (Desi) The Roma (singular Rom; sometimes Rroma, Rrom) or Romanies are an ethnic group living in many communities all over the world. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... This article is about the music instrument. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Tapan. ... The mijwiz is a traditional musical instrument of ancient Egypt and the Levant. ... In Arabic music, a mizmar is any single or double reed wind instrument. ... For other uses, see Ney (disambiguation). ... The kamancheh or kamānche (کمانچه - violinette) is a Persian instrument similar to a violin. ... For Afghan Rubab, see Rubab. ... Languages Romani, languages of native region Religions Christianity, Islam Related ethnic groups South Asians (Desi) The Roma (singular Rom; sometimes Rroma, Rrom) or Romanies are an ethnic group living in many communities all over the world. ...


Longest Dabke Dance

In 2007, Israeli Arabs in the city of Acre broke the world record for the longest dabke dance. A human chain of 2,743 people danced the dabke for seven minutes straight in Acre's Old City, breaking the previous record of 1,700 set in Toronto. The Israeli Arabs, or 1948 Palestinians, are those Arabs who remained inside the borders of what would become Israel after 1948, when most Arabs fled the country in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War (see also Nakba). They make up roughly 20% of Israels population. ... An acre is the name of a unit of area in a number of different systems, including Imperial units and United States customary units. ...


[1]


References

  1. ^ http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/885145.html

External links

  • Small Palestinian Dabkeh performed in a wedding

  Results from FactBites:
 
SPHR: Solidarity for Palestinian Human Rights - National Site | Stand with Palestine across Canadian campuses - Dabke ... (0 words)
Dabke (also transliterated from the Arabic as debke and dabkeh) is the traditional folk dance of the Levant, going back generations in the Middle East.
The dabke leader is supposed to be like a tree, with arms in the air, a proud and upright trunk, and feet that stomp the ground in rhythm, emphasizing their connection to their land.
The leader, or raas, is allowed to improvise on the type of dabke being danced, and he or she would also be twirling a handkerchief or string of beads known as a masbha, while the rest of the dancers keep the rhythm.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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