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Politics - Politics portal

Turkey
Politics is a process by which collective decisions are made within groups. ...



This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Turkey
Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Turkey is a secular, republican parliamentary democracy. ...

Wikisource has original text related to this article: Constitution of the Republic of Turkey The Constitution of Turkey was enacted in 1982 during military dictatorship, replacing previous Turkish constitutions enacted in 1876, 1921, 1924, and 1961. ... There have been ten Presidents of the Republic of Turkey since its inception. ... Ahmet Necdet Sezer Ahmet Necdet Sezer (born September 13, 1941 in Afyon) is the tenth and current President of Turkey. ... This is a chronological list of every government formed by the Prime Ministers of the Republic of Turkey. ... Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (born February 26, 1954), became Prime Minister of Turkey on March 14, 2003. ... The Grand National Assembly (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi in Turkish) is the unicameral parliament of Turkey which carries out legislative functions. ... Political parties in Turkey lists political parties in Turkey. ... Elections in Turkey gives information on election and election results in Turkey. ... Turkey is a signatory to the European Convention on Human Rights and the Turkish Constitution guarantees basic human rights to all Turkish citizens. ... Turkeys primary political, economic, and security ties are with the Western world. ... Turkeys formal application to join the European Community—the organisation that has since developed into the European Union—was made on April 14, 1987. ... Relations between Greece and Turkey have been marked by alternating periods of mutual hostility and reconciliation ever since Greece won its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1832. ...

Doğru Yol Partisi
(The True Path Party)
DYP Logo
Current Leader: Mehmet Ağar
Founded: 1983
Headquarters: Çetin Emeç Bulvarı 117
Balgat - Ankara, TURKEY
Political Ideology: conservative, moderate
Seats in Parliament: 4/549
Website: True Path Party

The True Path Party (Turkish: Dogru Yol Partisi or DYP) is a right-wing, secularist conservative Turkish political party, established by Suleyman Demirel in 1983. It succeeded the Democrat Party and the Justice Party - two parties with similar ideologies which were closed as a result of military intervention. Dogru Yol Partisi File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII in Roman) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... In politics and religion, a moderate is an individual who holds an intermediate position between two extreme or radical viewpoints. ... In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply the right, are terms which refer, with no particular precision, to the segment of the political spectrum in opposition to left-wing politics. ... This article concerns secularity, that is, being secular, in various senses. ... Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... Political parties in Turkey lists political parties in Turkey. ... Süleyman Demirel with French president Jacques Chirac Süleyman Demirel (born November 1, 1924) is a Turkish politician who served as prime minister five times and was the 9th President of Turkey. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII in Roman) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Democratic Party (Demokrat Parti) of Turkey was the first legal opposition party, opposing the dominant Republican Peoples Party which had established the Turkish Republic. ... Justice Party was the political wing of Then Nala Urimai Sangam (literal translation: The South Indian Welfare Association). ...


There have been four DYP governments since its foundation; one led by Demirel, the other three by Turkey's first woman prime minister, Tansu Çiller. The party now has only 4 seats in parliament after fared badly in recent elections, when many voters deferred to the similarly-conservative, albeit also moderate Islamist, Justice and Development Party (AKP). The party's logo is a horse upon a red background. This is a chronological list of every government formed by the Prime Ministers of the Republic of Turkey. ... Tansu Çiller (born 9 October 1946) is an economist and politician in Turkey. ... The Grand National Assembly (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi in Turkish) is the unicameral parliament of Turkey which carries out legislative functions. ... Islamism is a political ideology derived from the conservative religious views of Muslim fundamentalism. ... The Justice and Development Party (Turkish: Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi or AKP) is a Turkish political party. ...

Contents


Brief Background

The DYP is seen as a right-wing, conservative party - similar to the American Republican Party. It has on occasion been compared to the Justice and Development Party (AKP) in terms of similar conservative structures, although each party comes from backgrounds considerably different from the other. The DYP's history spans back to the Democrat Party, established in 1946 with the introduction of a multi-party system in Turkish politics, whereas the AKP broke off as the more moderate wing of the disbanded the Virtue Party. In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply the right, are terms which refer, with no particular precision, to the segment of the political spectrum in opposition to left-wing politics. ... Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... This article is about the modern United States Republican Party. ... The Justice and Development Party (Turkish: Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi or AKP; often referred to in Turkey as the Ak Parti, Ak being Turkish for white, clean, or unblemished) is a Turkish political party. ... The Democratic Party (Demokrat Parti) of Turkey was the first legal opposition party, opposing the dominant Republican Peoples Party which had established the Turkish Republic. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Virtue Party (Fazilet Partisi) was a political party in Turkey. ...


History

The DYP's predecessor was the Democrat Party (DP), which was a conservative and moderate Islamist party responsible for relaxing Turkey's strict secularism laws. The party was closed down in the 1960 military intervention and later reopened as the Justice Party (AP), which was disbanded in coup of 1980. The Democratic Party (Demokrat Parti) of Turkey was the first legal opposition party, opposing the dominant Republican Peoples Party which had established the Turkish Republic. ... Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... In politics and religion, a moderate is an individual who holds an intermediate position between two extreme or radical viewpoints. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( ▶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Justice and Development Party (Turkish: Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi or AKP) is a Turkish political party. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ...


Both parties staunchly rivalled the more socialist-leaning Republican People's Party (CHP). The military has overthrown their governments on several occasions: in 1960, the Adnan Menderes government was deposed and Menderes himself was executed; on March 26, 1971, the government of party veteran Suleyman Demirel was threatened with military intervention and forced to resign; and on September 12, 1980 the military carried out a full-scale coup, disbanding all political parties, including Demirel's AP. The color red and particularly the red flag are traditional symbols of Socialism. ... The Republican Peoples Party (Turkish: Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi or CHP) is a social democratic and secular Turkish nationalist political party in Turkey. ... Adnan Menderes Adnan Menderes (1899–1961) was one of the most famous Turkish politicians and Prime minister of Turkey between 1950–1960. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (86th in leap years). ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... Süleyman Demirel with French president Jacques Chirac Süleyman Demirel (born November 1, 1924) is a Turkish politician who served as prime minister five times and was the 9th President of Turkey. ... September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ...


In 1983, Demirel created the True Path Party (Dogru Yol Partisi, DYP), the antecedent of the AP - still conservative, but now with a secular agenda. Even so - the military and conservative governments banned the new party, and the DYP was declared illegal and its members persecuted. Finally, in 1987, after things died down, the party was legalized, and entered Turkish politics for the first time. It was hugely successful. 1983 (MCMLXXXIII in Roman) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In the 1991 general elections, the DYP defeated the Motherland Party (ANAP) and the CHP, winning an absolute majority in the Parliament, making Suleyman Demirel prime minister once again. In 1993, the DYP won once more. Demirel had already been elected Turkey's 9th President, and his party was now led by Tansu Çiller, who became the country's first woman prime minister. 1991 (MCMXCI in Roman) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Motherland Party of Turkey, (Turkish: Anavatan Partisi or ANAP) is a political party in Turkey. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII in Roman) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... There have been ten Presidents of the Republic of Turkey since its inception. ... Tansu Çiller (born 9 October 1946) is an economist and politician in Turkey. ...


In 1996, the DYP lost the election to the ANAP led by Mesut Yılmaz, who formed a coalition with the DYP. The conservative coalition broke down in 1998, and that same year, the DYP took a turn for the worse. 1996 (MCMXCVI) is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Mesut Yilmaz (Turkish spelling: Yılmaz; born 1947) is the former leader of Anavatan Partisi (ANAP, the Motherland Party) and the Turkish prime minister in the 1990s. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII in Roman) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...


ANAP stayed in power with a left-wing party, the Democratic Left Party (DSP), while the DYP joined the Virtue Party in opposition. In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition... The Democratic Left Party (Turkish: Demokratik Sol Parti, DSP) is aTurkish political party. ... Virtue Party (Fazilet Partisi) was a political party in Turkey. ...


The DYP secured 9.55% of the vote in the November 2002 general election, just short of the 10% barrier required to enter parliament. However, a number of independents have since joined the party, and they currently (as of November 2004) have 4 seats in Turkey's 549-seat parliament. The figure hardly makes the DYP a driving force in Turkish politics, but it remains Turkey's third-largest party and particularly influential in rural areas. Look up November in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Tansu Çiller resigned as party leader following the 2002 election defeat, eventually being replaced by Mehmet Ağar.


See also

Turkey is a secular, republican parliamentary democracy. ... Political parties in Turkey lists political parties in Turkey. ...

External links

  • True Path Party

  Results from FactBites:
 
YouTube - DYP at pool fusion (188 words)
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D.Y.P.: Thierry Müller & Kolja von der Heyde
Children in difficulty and DPY - Youth Protection - CDPDJ (1171 words)
The person who made the original report cannot obtain information concerning the contents of the evaluation made by the DYP or the actions planned to protect the child, except if the situation was reported by the child concerned or by his or her parents.
The assessment is based on the following criteria: the facts mentioned in the report, the age and vulnerability of the child, the holder of parental authority, the ability of the parents to face their responsibilities, and the resources and support available in the community to help the child and his or her parents.
If the DYP considers that the security and development of the child are not compromised, the child, the child's parents and the person who made the report must be informed.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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