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Encyclopedia > D minor
D minor
Image:F_Major_key_signature.png
Relative key F major
Parallel key D major
Component pitches
D, E, F, G, A, B♭, C, D

D minor is a minor scale based on D, consisting of the pitches D, E, F, G, A, B-flat, C, and D (natural minor scale). Its key signature consists of one flat. created with GNU Lilypond File links The following pages link to this file: Key signature Wikipedia:List of images/Music/Musical notation F major D minor Categories: Public domain images ineligible for copyright | Music images ... In music, the relative minor of a particular major key (or the relative major of a minor key) is the key which has the same key signature but a different tonic, as opposed to parallel minor or major, respectively. ... F major is a musical major scale based on F, consisting of the pitches F, G, A, B♭, C, D, E, and F. Its key signature consists of one flat. ... In music, the parallel minor of a particular major key (or the parallel major of a minor key) is the key which has the same tonic and a different key signature, as opposed to relative minor (or major, respectively). ... D major is a major scale based on D, consisting of the pitches D, E, F♯, G, A, B, C♯ and D. Its key signature consists of two sharps. ... A minor scale in musical theory is a diatonic scale whose third scale degree is an interval of a minor third above the tonic. ... This key signature – A major or F# minor – consists of three sharps placed after the clef In musical notation, a key signature is a series of sharp symbols or flat symbols placed on the staff, designating notes that are to be consistently played one semitone higher or lower than the...


Its relative key is F major, and its parallel major is D major. D minor is one of two flat key signatures that requires a sharp for the leading tone (the other is G minor). In music, the relative minor of a particular major key (or the relative major of a minor key) is the key which has the same key signature but a different tonic, as opposed to parallel minor or major, respectively. ... F major is a musical major scale based on F, consisting of the pitches F, G, A, B♭, C, D, E, and F. Its key signature consists of one flat. ... In music, the parallel minor of a particular major key (or the parallel major of a minor key) is the key which has the same tonic and a different key signature, as opposed to relative minor (or major, respectively). ... D major is a major scale based on D, consisting of the pitches D, E, F♯, G, A, B, C♯ and D. Its key signature consists of two sharps. ... G minor is a minor scale based on G, consisting of the pitches G, A, B-flat, C, D, E-flat, F, and G (natural minor scale). ...


Some consider D minor the flattest key that is practical for a guitar to play. Of Domenico Scarlatti's 555 keyboard sonatas, which often borrow mannerisms from guitar music of the period, 151 are in minor keys, and D minor is the most often chosen minor key, with 32 sonatas. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Giuseppe Domenico Scarlatti (October 26, 1685 – July 23, 1757) was an Italian composer who spent much of his life in Spain and Portugal. ...


J S Bach's entire The Art of Fugue is in D minor and, jokingly, so is P. D. Q. Bach's Musical Offering. According to Alfred Einstein, the history of tuning has led D minor to be associated with counterpoint and chromaticism (for example, the chromatic fourth), and cites Mozart's chromatic Fugue in D minor. Mozart's Requiem is also written primarily in D minor. Of the two Piano Concertos that Mozart wrote in a minor key, one of them is in D minor, No. 20, K. 466. Sibelius' violin concerto is in D minor, although many of the best-known violin concertos are written in D major. Bach in a 1748 portrait by Haussmann Places in which Bach resided throughout his life Johann Sebastian Bach (pronounced ) (21 March 1685 O.S. – 28 July 1750 N.S.) was a prolific German composer and organist whose sacred and secular works for choir, orchestra and solo instruments drew together the... The Art of Fugue or The Art of the Fugue (originally titled in German as Die Kunst der Fuge), BWV 1080, is an unfinished work by the German composer Johann Sebastian Bach. ... P. D. Q. Bach is a fictional composer invented by musical satirist Professor Peter Schickele. ... Alfred Einstein (December 30, 1880–February 13, 1952), was a German-American musicologist and music editor. ... A chromatic fourth is a melody or melodic fragment spanning a perfect fourth with all or almost all chromatic intervals filled in. ... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (IPA: , baptized Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart) (January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era. ... The Requiem Mass in D minor (K. 626) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was composed in 1791. ... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozarts Piano Concerto No. ... (For a selective list organized by genre, with commentary, see List of compositions by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart) The Köchel-Verzeichnis is a complete, chronological catalogue of compositions by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart which was originally created by Ludwig von Köchel. ... Contrary to what Rachel Lewis believes. ...


Michael Haydn wrote only one symphony in a minor key, in D minor, Perger 20, MH 393. Michael Haydn Johann Michael Haydn (September 14, 1737 – August 10, 1806) was an Austrian composer, the younger brother of (Franz) Joseph Haydn. ...


Since D minor is the key of Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, Bruckner felt apprehensive about writing his own Ninth Symphony in the same key.[1] 1820 portrait by Joseph Karl Stieler Ludwig van Beethoven (IPA: ), (baptized December 17, 1770[1] – March 26, 1827) was a German composer. ... Composer Ludwig van Beethoven 4th movement (European Union anthem) samples: Ode to Joy ( file info) — String version from 1997. ... Bruckner redirects here. ... Anton Bruckners Symphony No. ...


Works in the classical music era and later beginning in minor typically end in major, or at least on a major chord (as picardy third), but there are a few notable examples of works in D minor ending in much sharper keys. Two symphonies that begin in D minor and end in E major are Havergal Brian's Gothic Symphony and Nielsen's Symphony No. 4 (The Inextinguishable). Bruckner's Ninth Symphony, which is often performed without the finale, is another example of a symphony beginning in D minor and ending in E major. Liszt's Dante Symphony opens in D minor and ends in B major. The Classical period in Western music occurred from about 1730 through 1820, despite considerable overlap at both ends with preceding and following periods, as is true for all musical eras. ... A Picardy third (also known as Tierce de Picardie) is a harmonic device used in European classical music. ... E major is a major scale based on E, consisting of the pitches E, F#, G#, A, B, C#, D# and E. Its key signature consists of four sharps. ... William (Havergal) Brian (January 29, 1876 – November 28, 1972), was a British composer. ... Havergal Brians Symphony No. ... Carl Nielsen Carl August Nielsen (June 9, 1865, Sortelung – October 3, 1931, Copenhagen) was a conductor, violinist, and the most internationally known composer from Denmark. ... The Symphony No. ... Franz Liszt (Hungarian: Liszt Ferenc; the surname is pronounced as the English word list, that is ) (October 22, 1811 – July 31, 1886) was a Hungarian [1] virtuoso pianist and composer of the Romantic period of German descent. ... Dante Symphony is a symphony by Franz Liszt. ... B major is a major scale based on B, consisting of the pitches B, C#, D#, E, F#, G#, A#, and B. Its key signature consists of five sharps. ...


The first choice of clarinet for orchestral music in D minor is naturally the clarinet in B♭, and the clarinet part is then written with an E minor key signature. This choice, however, becomes problematic for multi-movement works that begin in D minor and end in D major. The B-flat clarinet parts would be written with an E major key signature, indicating an increased reliance on side keys and thus uncomfortable fingerings. A clarinet in A playing in D major would be written with an F major key signature, but in D minor would be written in A♭ major. One solution is to write the first movement for clarinet in B♭ and the last movement for clarinet in A (this is, for example, what Robert Volkmann does in his Symphony No. 1 in D minor). However, this burdens the player with having to warm up the A instrument in time for the switch. Ralph Vaughan Williams in his Symphony No. 8 in D minor and Dmitri Shostakovich in his Symphony No. 12 simply keep on using clarinets in B♭ even after switching to D major (written in E major). Mily Balakirev, in his Symphony No. 2 in D minor, opts to have three clarinets, two in B♭, one in A, playing throughout the whole piece. Two soprano clarinets: a Bâ™­ clarinet (left, with capped mouthpiece) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ... E minor is a musical minor scale based on the note E, consisting of the pitches E, F#, G, A, B, C, D# and E . ... E major is a major scale based on E, consisting of the pitches E, F#, G#, A, B, C#, D# and E. Its key signature consists of four sharps. ... F major is a musical major scale based on F, consisting of the pitches F, G, A, Bâ™­, C, D, E, and F. Its key signature consists of one flat. ... A flat major is a major scale based on A flat, consisting of the pitches A flat, B flat, C, D flat, E flat, F, G, and A flat. ... Friedrich Robert Volkmann (April 6, 1815–October 30, 1883) was a German composer. ... Ralph Vaughan Williams Ralph Vaughan Williams, OM (October 12, 1872 – August 26, 1958) was an influential English composer. ... Dmitri Shostakovich   (Russian: , Dmitrij Dmitrievič Å ostakovič) (September 25 [O.S. September 12] 1906–August 9, 1975) was a Russian composer of the Soviet period. ... Portrait of Balakirev Mily Alexeyevich Balakirev (Russian: , Milij Alekseevič Balakirev) (January 2, 1837 – May 29, 1910) was a Russian composer. ...


Nigel Tufnel of the ficticious band Spinal Tap believes that D minor is "really the saddest of all keys," and that when a musician begins to play in D minor, "everyone instantly starts weeping." Nigel Tufnel is the lead guitarist of the rock band, Spinal Tap, featured in the 1984 mockumentary This Is Spinal Tap. ... This article is about the quasi-fictional heavy metal band. ...


Well-known classical compositions in this key

The beginning of the opening theme of the The Piano Concerto No. ... Sergei Vasilievich Rachmaninoff (Russian: , Sergej Vasilevič Rakhmaninov, 1 April 1873 (N.S.) or 20 March 1873 (O.S.) – 28 March 1943) was a Russian composer, pianist, and conductor, one of the last great champions of the Romantic style of European classical music. ... Franz Peter Schubert (January 31, 1797 – November 19, 1828) was an Austrian composer. ... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (IPA: , baptized Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart) (January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era. ... Die Zauberflöte, K. 620, (en: The Magic Flute) is an opera in two acts composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to a German libretto by Emanuel Schikaneder. ... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozarts Piano Concerto No. ... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (IPA: , baptized Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart) (January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era. ... The Concerto for Two Violins in D Minor, BWV 1043, is perhaps one of the most famous works by J.S. Bach and considered among the best examples of the work of the late Baroque period. ... Bach in a 1748 portrait by Haussmann Places in which Bach resided throughout his life Johann Sebastian Bach (pronounced ) (21 March 1685 O.S. – 28 July 1750 N.S.) was a prolific German composer and organist whose sacred and secular works for choir, orchestra and solo instruments drew together the... Toccata and Fugue in D Minor is the name of two different pieces of music by Johann Sebastian Bach for the organ: BWV 538 and BWV 565. ... Bach in a 1748 portrait by Haussmann Places in which Bach resided throughout his life Johann Sebastian Bach (pronounced ) (21 March 1685 O.S. – 28 July 1750 N.S.) was a prolific German composer and organist whose sacred and secular works for choir, orchestra and solo instruments drew together the... Vittorio Monti (6 January 1868 - 20 June 1922) was an Italian composer. ... The Symphony No. ... Dmitri Shostakovich   (Russian: , Dmitrij Dmitrievič Å ostakovič) (September 25 [O.S. September 12] 1906–August 9, 1975) was a Russian composer of the Soviet period. ... The cover of the score to Carmina Burana showing the Wheel of Fortuna Carmina Burana is a scenic cantata composed by Carl Orff between 1935 and 1936. ... Carl Orff (July 10, 1895 – March 29, 1982) was a German composer, most famous for Carmina Burana (1937). ... The Symphony No. ... This article cites its sources but does not provide page references. ... Kindertotenlieder (Songs on the Death of Children) is a song cycle for voice and orchestra by Gustav Mahler. ... This article cites its sources but does not provide page references. ... The Requiem Mass in D minor (K. 626) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was composed in 1791. ... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (IPA: , baptized Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart) (January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era. ... Symphony No. ... Antonín Dvořák Antonín Leopold Dvořák ( ; September 8, 1841 – May 1, 1904) was a Czech composer of Romantic music, who employed the idioms and melodies of the folk-music of his native Bohemia in symphonic and chamber music. ... Composer Ludwig van Beethoven 4th movement (European Union anthem) samples: Ode to Joy ( file info) — String version from 1997. ... 1820 portrait by Joseph Karl Stieler Ludwig van Beethoven (IPA: ), (baptized December 17, 1770[1] – March 26, 1827) was a German composer. ...

Well-known contemporary music in this key

Another Brick in the Wall is the title of three songs set to variations of the same basic theme, on Pink Floyds 1979 concept album, The Wall, subtitled Part I, Part II, and Part III, respectively, all of which were written by Pink Floyds bassist and then- lead... Pink Floyd are a British rock band that earned recognition for their psychedelic rock music, and, as they evolved, for their avant-garde progressive rock music. ... Real McCoy, formerly known as M.C. Sar & the Real McCoy, was an eurodance group whose career was at its peak in the early 1990s. ... Blue Monday is a dance pop song recorded and released as a single in 1983 by British band New Order. ... New Order is an English rock group formed in 1980 by the remaining members of Joy Division following the suicide of singer Ian Curtis. ... This article is about the song by Metallica. ... Metallica is an American heavy metal band, formed in 1981,[1] which has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... Careful With That Axe, Eugene is a Pink Floyd song. ... Pink Floyd are a British rock band that earned recognition for their psychedelic rock music, and, as they evolved, for their avant-garde progressive rock music. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Charles Edward Daniels (born October 28, 1936) is a very popular country singer. ... Drive was the lead single and first track from R.E.M.s critically acclaimed eighth studio album Automatic for the People in 1992. ... REM or R.E.M. is an acronym for: Rapid Eye Movement, a phase during sleep U.S. rock music band R.E.M., formed in Athens, Georgia in 1980 Roentgen equivalent man, a unit for measuring levels of exposure to radiation. ... The Fairly OddParents is an American animated television series created by Butch Hartman. ... From the 2003 album Waking the Fallen and performed by Avenged Sevenfold. ... Avenged Sevenfold, also known as A7X, is a Heavy metal band from Huntington Beach, California, United States. ... Fear of the Dark can refer to: 1992 album named Fear of the Dark by Iron Maiden. ... Iron Maiden are an English heavy metal band from east London. ... From Russia with Love is the second James Bond film in the official EON Productions series, and the second to star Sean Connery as the suave and sophisticated British Secret Service agent James Bond. ... Matt Monro (December 1, 1932- February 7, 1985) was a ballad singer of the 1960s and one of great international postwar entertainers. ... Gimme! Gimme! Gimme! (A Man After Midnight) is one of the Swedish pop group ABBAs biggest disco hits. ... ABBA were a Swedish pop music group active from 1972 until 1982. ... Hangar 18 is a song by American thrash metal band Megadeth from the 1990 album Rust In Peace. ... 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Lay All Your Love on Me is an ABBA song recorded by the Swedish quartet in 1980 for the Super Trouper album. ... ABBA were a Swedish pop music group active from 1972 until 1982. ... Nigel Tufnel is the lead guitarist of the rock band, Spinal Tap, featured in the 1984 mockumentary This Is Spinal Tap. ... spinal tap, see lumbar puncture. ... This article is about the 1989 single by Madonna. ... Madonna Louise Ciccone Ritchie (born August 16, 1958), better known as simply Madonna, is a six-time Grammy[1] and one-time Golden Globe award winning American pop singer, songwriter, record and film producer, dancer, actress, author and fashion icon. ... The Living Daylights is the fifteenth James Bond film made by EON Productions. ... The correct title of this article is . ... For the sense of losing oneself, see Flow (psychology). ... 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References

  • Alfred Einstein, Mozart, His Character, His Work, Chapter 10, "Mozart's Choice Of Keys" New York: Oxford University Press (1945)
  • Sherman, Charles H. Johann Michael Haydn (1737-1806), a chronological thematic catalogue of his works New York: Pendragon Press, 1993
  1. ^ Hans-Hubert Schönzeler, Bruckner London: Calder & Boyars Ltd (1978): 106 - 107. "According to Göllerich, he [Bruckner] made the remark: "It really annoys me that the theme of my new symphony is in D minor, because everybody will say now: 'Of course, Bruckner's Ninth must be in the same key as Beethoven's!'"
Diatonic Scales and Keys
Flats Sharps
Major minor Major minor
0 C (Major), a (minor)
1 F d G e
2 B♭ g D b
3 E♭ c A f♯
4 A♭ f E c♯
5 D♭ b♭ B g♯
6 G♭ e♭ F♯ d♯
7 C♭ a♭ C♯ a♯
lower case letters are minor

the table indicates the number of sharps or flats in each scale Alfred Einstein (December 30, 1880–February 13, 1952), was a German-American musicologist and music editor. ... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (IPA: , baptized Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart) (January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era. ... In music theory, a diatonic scale (from the Greek diatonikos, to stretch out; also known as the heptatonia prima; set form 7-35) is a seven-note musical scale comprising five whole-tone and two half-tone steps, in which the half tones are maximally separated. ... In music, a scale is a collection of musical notes that provides material for part or all of a musical work. ... In music theory, the key identifies the tonic triad, the chord, major or minor, which represents the final point of rest for a piece, or the focal point of a section. ... Image File history File links Circle_of_fifths. ... Figure 1. ... Figure 1. ... In music theory, the major scale (or major mode) is one of the diatonic scales. ... A minor scale in musical theory is a diatonic scale whose third scale degree is an interval of a minor third above the tonic. ... In music theory, the major scale (or major mode) is one of the diatonic scales. ... A minor scale in musical theory is a diatonic scale whose third scale degree is an interval of a minor third above the tonic. ... A one octave music scale in C major. ... A minor (abbreviated Am) is a minor scale based on A, consisting of the pitches A, B, C, D, E, F, G and A (natural minor scale - the harmonic minor scale contains a G♯ instead of a G natural). ... F major is a musical major scale based on F, consisting of the pitches F, G, A, B♭, C, D, E, and F. Its key signature consists of one flat. ... G major is a major scale based on G, consisting of the pitches G, A, B, C, D, E, F# and G. Its key signature consists of one sharp. ... E minor is a musical minor scale based on the note E, consisting of the pitches E, F#, G, A, B, C, D# and E . ... B flat major is a major scale based on B flat, consisting of the pitches B flat, C, D, E flat, F, G, A, and B flat. ... G minor is a minor scale based on G, consisting of the pitches G, A, B-flat, C, D, E-flat, F, and G (natural minor scale). ... D major is a major scale based on D, consisting of the pitches D, E, F♯, G, A, B, C♯ and D. Its key signature consists of two sharps. ... B minor is a minor scale based on B, consisting of the pitches B, C#, D, E, F#, G, A and B. (natural minor scale - the harmonic minor scale contains a A# instead of a A). ... E flat major is a major scale consisting of the pitches E flat, F, G, A flat, B flat, C, D, and E flat. ... C minor (abbreviated Cm) is a minor scale based on C, consisting of the pitches C, D, E-flat, F, G, A-flat, B-flat (often raised to B natural to function as a leading tone) and C. Its key signature consists of three flats. ... A major is a major scale based on A, consisting of the pitches A, B, C♯, D, E, F♯, G♯, and A. Its key signature consists of three sharps. ... F sharp minor is a minor scale based on F sharp, consisting of the pitches F sharp, G sharp, A, B, C sharp, D, E sharp and F sharp (harmonic minor scale). ... A flat major is a major scale based on A flat, consisting of the pitches A flat, B flat, C, D flat, E flat, F, G, and A flat. ... F minor is a minor scale based on F, consisting of the pitches F, G, A-flat, B-flat, C, D-flat, E-flat and F. (natural minor scale. ... E major is a major scale based on E, consisting of the pitches E, F#, G#, A, B, C#, D# and E. Its key signature consists of four sharps. ... C sharp minor is a minor scale based on C sharp, consisting of the pitches C sharp, D sharp, E, F sharp, G sharp, A, B and C sharp (natural minor scale). ... D flat major is a major scale based on D flat, consisting of the pitches D flat, E flat, F, G flat, A flat, B flat, C, and D flat. ... B flat minor is a minor scale based on B flat, consisting of the pitches B flat, C, D flat, E flat, F, G flat, A flat and B flat (natural minor scale). ... B major is a major scale based on B, consisting of the pitches B, C#, D#, E, F#, G#, A#, and B. Its key signature consists of five sharps. ... G sharp minor is a minor scale based on G sharp, consisting of the pitches G sharp, A sharp, B, C sharp, D sharp, E, F double sharp and G sharp (harmonic minor scale). ... G flat major is a major scale based on G flat, consisting of the pitches G flat, A flat, B flat, C flat (enharmonic to B natural,) D flat, E flat, F, and G flat. ... E flat minor is a minor scale based on E flat, consisting of the pitches E flat, F, G flat, A flat, B flat, C flat, D flat, and E flat (natural minor scale – the harmonic minor scale contains a D instead of a D flat). ... F sharp major is a major scale based on F sharp, consisting of the pitches F sharp, G sharp, A sharp, B, C sharp, D sharp, E sharp (enharmonic to F natural) and F sharp. ... D sharp minor is a minor scale based on D sharp, consisting of the pitches D sharp, E sharp, F sharp, G sharp, A sharp, B, C double sharp and D sharp. ... C flat major is a major scale based on C flat, consisting of the pitches C flat, D flat, E flat, F flat, G flat, A flat, B flat and C flat. ... A flat minor is a minor scale based on A flat, consisting of the pitches A flat, B flat, C flat, D flat, E flat, F flat, G flat. ... C sharp major is a major scale based on C sharp, consisting of the pitches C sharp, D sharp, E sharp (enharmonic to F natural), F sharp, G sharp, A sharp, B sharp (enharmonic to C natural) and C sharp. ... A sharp minor is a minor scale based on A sharp. ...


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The natural minor scale has the same tones as the major scale, but uses the sixth tone of the major scale as its tonic.
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