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Encyclopedia > Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf in Germany
The Düsseldorf Coat of Arms

Düsseldorf is the capital city of the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This is a really awful image. ... This is a really awful image. ... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: Nordrhein-Westfalen) is the largest in population (though only fourth in area) among Germanys 16 federal states. ...

Contents

Vital statistics

  • Name: Düsseldorf
  • Country: Germany
  • State: North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen)
  • Population: 571,150
  • Time zone: UTC +1h, UTC +2 (DST)
  • Location: 51° 13′ 32″ N 06° 46′ 58″ E (http://kvaleberg.com/extensions/mapsources/index.php?params=51_13_32_N_06_46_58_E_)
  • Elevation: 38 m above sea level
  • Area: 216.99 km&sup2

North Rhine-Westphalia with its state capital Düsseldorf is the biggest state in Germany by population (Bavaria is the largest state by area). If one defines a "Rhine-Ruhr urban area" consisting of half of North Rhine-Westphalia, this would be the biggest agglomeration in Germany, ahead of the Frankfurt-Rhine-Main region, Berlin and Stuttgart. In fact there is no official definition of such an area. North Rhine-Westphalia (German: Nordrhein-Westfalen) is the largest in population (though only fourth in area) among Germanys 16 federal states. ... With an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... The Rhine-Ruhr area in Germany is one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world, estimated at close to 13 million people. ...


A "Rhine-Ruhr urban area" in such a definition covers a similar area as the international metropolitan cities of Chicago, Paris and London; the population of 11.1 million reflects these dimensions. In comparison to that, the other metropolitan areas have populations of 8.0 million in Chicago, 12.3 million in London and 12.3 million in Paris.


Figures for one definition of "Rhine-Ruhr":

  • Home to a population in excess of 11.1 million
  • The base for over 300,000 companies
  • Offers employment to more than 3.7 million people
  • Provides 45 universities and technical colleges with more than 300,000 students

History

When the Roman Empire was strengthening its position throughout Europe, a few Germanic tribes clung on to their marshy territory off the eastern banks of the Rhine River. The Roman Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Ancient Roman polity in the centuries following its reorganization under the leadership of Octavian (better known as Caesar Augustus). ... The term Germanic tribes applies to the ancient Germanic peoples of Europe. ... This article is about marsh, a type of wetland. ... The Rhine canyon (Ruinaulta) in Graubünden in Switzerland Length 1. ...


In the 7th and 8th centuries, the odd farming or fishing settlement could be found at the point where the small river Düssel flows into the Rhine. It was from such settlements that the city of Düsseldorf grew. Farming, ploughing rice paddy, in Indonesia Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and other desired products by cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). ... Fishing from a Pier Fishing is a term applied to any activity which aims to capture fish or shellfish for subsistence, scientific, commercial or recreational purposes. ... The Düssel is a small right tributary of the River Rhine in North Rhine Westphalia. ...


The first written mention of the town of Düsseldorf dates back to 1135 (then called Düsseldorp). It was told that under Kaiser Friedrich Barbarossa the small town of Kaiserswerth, lying to the north of Düsseldorf, became a well fortified outpost, where soldiers kept their watchful eyes over every movement on the Rhine. (Kaiserswerth became an official district of Düsseldorf in 1929.) Frederick in a 13th century Chronicle Friedrich I. von Hohenstaufen (1122 – June 10, 1190), also known as Friedrich Barbarossa (Frederick Redbeard) was elected king of Germany on March 4, 1152 and crowned Holy Roman Emperor on June 18, 1155. ...


In 1186 Düsseldorf came under the rule of Berg. The counts of Berg moved their seat to the town in 1280. Berg was a medieval territory in todays North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...


August 14, 1288 is one of the most important dates in the history of Düsseldorf as it was on this day that the sovereign, Count Adolf V of Berg granted the village on the banks of the Düssel city rights.


Prior to that announcement, a bloody struggle for power had taken place between the Archbishop of Cologne and the count of Berg, culminating in the Battle of Worringen. The Archbishop of Cologne's forces were wiped out, paving the way for Düsseldorf's elevation to city status, which is remembered today with a monument on the Burgplatz. The article about perfume can be found at Eau de Cologne. ... The Battle of Worringen was fought on June 5, 1288 near the town of Worringen (also called Woeringen), nowadays a suburb of Cologne. ...


A market square sprang up on the banks of the Rhine and the square was protected by city walls in all four directions. In 1380, Düsseldorf was made regional capital of the Duchy of Berg. During the following centuries several famous landmarks were built, including the Collegiate Church of St. Lambertus. In 1609, the ducal line of Jülich-Berg-Cleves died out, and after a virulent struggle over succession, Jülich and Berg fell to the Counts of Palatine-Neuburg, who made Düsseldorf their main domicile, even after they inherited the Palatinate, in 1685, becoming now Prince-electors as Electors Palatine. Berg was a medieval territory in todays North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Events April 4 – King of Spain signs an edit of expulsion of all moriscos from Spain April 9 – Spain recognizes Dutch independence May 23 - Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia. ... The Duchy of Jülich was a state of the Holy Roman Empire in present Germany (part of North Rhine-Westphalia) and the Netherlands (part of Limburg). ... The Duchy of Cleves (Herzogtum Kleve) was a state of the Holy Roman Empire in present Germany (part of North Rhine-Westphalia) and the Netherlands (parts of Limburg and Gelderland). ... A palatinate is an area administered by a count palatine, originally the direct representative of the sovereign but later the hereditary ruler of the territory subject to the crowns overlordship. ... Events February 6 - James Stuart, Duke of York becomes King James II of England and Ireland and King James VII of Scotland. ... The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire — German: Kurfürst (singular) Kurfürsten (plural) — were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ...


Düsseldorf's growth was even more impressive under the leadership of Johann Wilhelm II (r.1690-1716) in the 18th century, also known to his people as Jan Wellem. Greatly influenced by his wife Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici, the art lover designed a vast art gallery with a huge selection of paintings and sculptures that are currently housed in the Stadtschloss. Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Anna Maria Luisa de Medici, (1667-1743), was the last of the Medicis. ...


After the death of childless Jan Wellem, the flourishing royal capital fell back to hard times, especially Elector Karl Theodor inherited Bavaria and moved the electoral court to Munich. And destruction and poverty struck Düsseldorf after the Napoleonic Wars. Karl Theodor (born in 1724) reigned as Elector and Prince of the Palatinate from 1742 until his death 1799, and also as Duke of Bavaria from 1777 (until his death in 1799). ... Munich: Frauenkirche and Town Hall steeple Munich (German: München pronunciation) is the state capital of the German Bundesland of Bavaria. ... Napoleonic Wars are the wars fought during Napoleon Bonapartes rule of France. ...


By the mid-19th Century, Düsseldorf enjoyed a revival thanks to the Industrial Revolution as the city boasted 100,000 inhabitants by 1882 before the figure doubled in 1892. The Industrial Revolution is the name given to the massive social, economic and technological change in 18th century and 19th century Great Britain. ...


However, the First and Second World Wars soon plunged Düsseldorf into depression. During World War II, the city was virtually reduced to a pile of rubble as round-the-clock air attacks took their toll. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (over 11 miles) into the air. ...


The Jewish community was decimated through deportation and murder as only 249 survived out of the pre-War population of 5,100. The Mahn-und Gedenkstätte für die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus (Memorial to the Victims of National Socialism) provides a horrific account of the darkest chapter in Düsseldorf's history.


Somewhere in Düsseldorf was the location of the subcamp of the concentration camp in Buchenwald, where Polish prisoners were imprisoned. A concentration camp is a large detention center created for political opponents, aliens, specific ethnic or religious groups, civilians of a critical war-zone, or other groups of people, often during a war. ... Slave laborers in the Buchenwald concentration camp (Elie Wiesel is second row, seventh from left). ...


The British occupation of the Rhineland and Westphalia turned out well for Düsseldorf as in 1946 it was made the capital of the Nordrhein-Westphalia region.


The city's construction proceeded at a frightening pace and the economic transformation saw Düsseldorf growing into the city of trade, administration and service industries that we know today.


Economy

Düsseldorf is not only widely known as a stronghold of the German advertising and fashion industry. In the last few years the city on the Rhine has become the top tele-communications center in Germany. Today, there are 18 Internet providers located in the capital of North-Rhine Westphalia. With two of the four big German providers of mobile frequencies, D2 Vodafone and E-Plus, Düsseldorf is leading the German mobile phone market. This pioneer position is being demonstrated by the presence of the many foreign trading centers in Düsseldorf such as NTT, Ericsson, Nokia or GTS.


Along with the abundant advertising industry, these companies serve as an important motor for the new economy. There are 400 advertising agencies in Düsseldorf, among them three of the big ones in Germany: BBDO Group, Publicis Group and Grey Group. A number of affiliates of foreign agencies have to be mentioned as well, such as Ogilvy & Mather, Dentsu, Hakuhodu, Digital District and DDB. Against this background so many internet agencies in Düsseldorf have their roots in the classical world of advertising.


The city of Düsseldorf plays an important role in the financial world: some 170 national and international financial institutions and about 130 insurance agencies are based here. Furthermore, one of the biggest German stock exchanges is located here. The print media, represented in Düsseldorf by around 200 publishing houses, have adjusted to the requirements of various fields of the economy - online and offline. Important newspapers and journals such as Handelsblatt, Wirtschaftswoche, Deutsches Wirtschaftsblatt, VDI nachrichten or DM are being published in the city on the Rhine. Almost all of these papers are available online on the Internet. Further, Genios, the daughter of publishing group Handelsblatt runs Germany's biggest online economic database from here. Renowned film making companies, such as Germany's biggest cinema enterprise the Riech-Group and TV-channels such as CNN, NBC Giga and QVC have made Düsseldorf a city of moving images.

Gehry-buildings in Media harbour, looking from "Monkey's Island".

Download high resolution version (970x511, 66 KB)foto taked from Gert Schüler, public domain, 18. ... Download high resolution version (970x511, 66 KB)foto taked from Gert Schüler, public domain, 18. ... Download high resolution version (1360x910, 712 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1360x910, 712 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

Infrastructure

Düsseldorf International Airport is located eight kilometres from the city. The Rhein-Ruhr airport, one of Germany's three biggest commercial airports, is just 12 minutes from the city centre with the S-Bahn urban railway system. Düsseldorf International Airport is an airport located eight kilometres from Düsseldorf, Germany. ...


After Frankfurt and Munich, Düsseldorf International is Germany's third biggest commercial airport, with about 16 million passengers annually. Three of four passengers in North Rhine-Westphalia use the flight connections to the 180 destinations in total which the airport offers.


The city is a major hub in the Deutsche Bahn network. More than 1,000 trains stop in Düsseldorf every day. The central railway station at Konrad-Adenauer-Platz is located in Düsseldorf's city center. Germanys main train operator, the Deutsche Bahn AG (German Railway Corporation, also known as DB or DBAG) provides passenger and freight service via federally owned tracks. ...


North Rhine-Westphalia has a closely-woven autobahn network with many routes leading directly to Düsseldorf. Düsseldorf is directly connected to the A3, A44, A46, A52, A57, A59 and A524 autobahns (motorway). Autobahn (pronounced in IPA, plural Autobahnen) is the German word for a major high-speed road usually linking one or more cities and towns, similar to motorway or freeway in English-speaking countries. ...


Culture

Art-loving Elector Jan Wellem and his wife Anna Maria Luisa of Tuscany of the Medici dinasty, were the patrons of Düsseldorf´s first significant cultural activities in the 17th and 18th centuries. Heinrich Heine, whose 200th birthday was celebrated in 1997, Clara and Robert Schumann as well as Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy are the most prominent artists related to the city. Artistic impulses were often born in the Academy of Art and the names of Paul Klee, Joseph Beuys and Kenneth Keen are associated with the institution. The Düsseldorf cultural scene comprises traditional and avant-garde, classical and glamorous. The world famous state art collection of North Rhine-Westphalia, the highly acclaimed Deutsche Oper am Rhein, and the Düsseldorfer Schauspielhaus, artistic home of Gustaf Gründgens, are major elements of Düsseldorf´s reputation as a center of the fine arts. The Medici family was a powerful and influential Florentine family from the 13th to 17th century. ... Christian Johann Heinrich Heine (born as Harry Heine December 13, 1797 – February 17, 1856) was one of the most significant German romantic poets. ... Robert Schumann (June 8, 1810 – July 29, 1856) was a German composer and pianist. ... Felix Mendelssohn wrote his first symphony at the young age of fifteen. ... Paul Klee (December 18, 1879 - June 29, 1940) was a Switzerland-born painter. ... Beuys, picture by Andy Warhol Joseph Beuys (May 12, 1921 – January 23, 1986) was a German artist who produced work in a number of forms including sculpture, performance art, video art and installations. ... Gustaf Gründgens ( December 22, 1899 - October 7, 1963) was one of Germanys most famous actors of the 20th century. ...


Düsseldorf's most famous contribution to the culture of modern popular music is beyond doubt the avant-garde electronic music band Kraftwerk. Formed by a few Dusseldorf born musicians, Kraftwerk have often been regarded as the most significant band in the history of post-war German music and as pioneers in electronic music. Kraftwerks Trans-Europe Express album (1977). ...


Dusseldorf is also famous for its football team. TSV Fortuna Duesseldorf 1895 won the championship in 1933 and the DFB-Cup in 1979 and 1980. Fortuna also faced Barcelona FC in the Cup Winners Final in 1979, which they lost however. Today Fortuna is an ambitious team in the German Regionalliga (3rd Division) and their new stadium, the LTU-Arena opened its doors in January 2005. It has a capacity of 51.500 and is one of the most modern arenas in Europe right now.


Districts

Düsseldorf today consists of the following districts:


Altstadt(OldTown), Angermund, Benrath, Bilk, Derendorf, Düsseltal, Einbrungen, Eller, Flehe, Flingern, Friedrichstadt, Garath, Gerresheim, Golzheim, Grafenberg, Hafen, Hamm, Hassels, Heerdt, Hellerhof, Himmelgeist, Holthausen, Hubbelrath, Itter, Kaiserswerth, Kalkum, Karlstadt, Lichtenbroich, Lierenfeld, Lohausen, Loerick (Lörick), Ludenberg, Moersenbroich (Mörsenbroich), Niederkassel, Oberbilk, Oberkassel, Pempelfort, Rath, Reisholz, Stadtmitte, Stockum, Unterbach, Unterbilk, Unterrath, Urdenbach, Vennhausen, Volmerswerth, Wersten and Wittlaer.


University

Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf is located in the southern part of the city. Heinrich Heine University of Düsseldorf (Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf) in Germany is named for the German poet and political thinker Heinrich Heine, who was born in Düsseldorf in 1797. ...


Other academic institutions include the Clara Schumann Musikschule, the Robert Schumann Musikhochschule (official website (http://www.rsh-duesseldorf.de/de/index.php)), the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf (Official Homepage (http://www.kunstakademie-duesseldorf.de/)), which is famous for high-profile artists like Joseph Beuys, Paul Klee and the Fachhochschule Düsseldorf (official website (http://www.fh-duesseldorf.de/)). Clara Schumann Clara Josephine Wieck Schumann (September 13, 1819 – May 20, 1896), wife of composer Robert Schumann, was one of the leading pianists of the Romantic era as well as a composer. ... Robert Schumann (June 8, 1810 – July 29, 1856) was a German composer and pianist. ... Beuys, picture by Andy Warhol Joseph Beuys (May 12, 1921 – January 23, 1986) was a German artist who produced work in a number of forms including sculpture, performance art, video art and installations. ... Paul Klee (December 18, 1879 - June 29, 1940) was a Switzerland-born painter. ...


Buildings

Rheinturm The Rheinturm Düsseldorf is a 240. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has more media related to:
Düsseldorf
  • Official website (http://www.duesseldorf.de/eng) of the city of Düsseldorf
  • City Panoramas (http://www.panorama-cities.net/duesseldorf/duesseldorf.html) - Panoramic Views of Düsseldorf's Highlights
  • Photos of Düsseldorf (http://www.eutropia.com/fotos/fotos-8.html)
  • Düsseldorf Rhine side: Great for walking and skating, no cars allowed! (http://wetterchronik.de/mm/20040425.htm)


Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

Rural and urban districts in North Rhine-Westphalia from meta, converted to PNG File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: Nordrhein-Westfalen) is the largest in population (though only fourth in area) among Germanys 16 federal states. ...

Aachen (town) | Aachen (district) | Bielefeld | Bochum | Bonn | Borken | Bottrop | Cleves (Kleve) | Coesfeld | Cologne (Köln) | Dortmund | Duisburg | Düren | Düsseldorf | Ennepe-Ruhr | Essen | Euskirchen | Gelsenkirchen | Gütersloh | Hagen | Hamm | Heinsberg | Herford | Herne | Hochsauerland | Höxter | Krefeld | Leverkusen | Lippe | Märkischer Kreis | Mettmann | Minden-Lübbecke | Mönchengladbach | Mülheim | Münster | Oberbergischer Kreis | Oberhausen | Olpe | Paderborn | Recklinghausen | Remscheid | Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis | Rhein-Erft-Kreis | Rhein-Kreis Neuss | Rhein-Sieg | Siegen-Wittgenstein | Soest | Solingen | Steinfurt | Unna | Viersen | Warendorf | Wesel | Wuppertal Map of Germany showing Aachen Aachen (French Aix-la-Chapelle) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, on the border with Belgium and the Netherlands, 65 km to the west of Cologne, and the westernmost city in Germany, at 50°46′ N 6°6′ E. Population: 256,605 (2003). ... The district of Aachen (Kreis Aachen) is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Bielefeld Bielefeld is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Map of Germany showing location of Bochum Bochum is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Bonn is a city in Germany (Population (2004 est): 313,605 ; the 19th largest city in Germany), in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, located about 20 kilometres south of Cologne on the river Rhine. ... Categories: Districts of North Rhine-Westphalia ... Map of Germany showing Bottrop Bottrop is a city in west central Germany, on the Rhine-Herne Canal, in North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen). ... Categories: Districts of North Rhine-Westphalia ... Categories: Districts of North Rhine-Westphalia ... Map of Germany showing Cologne Cologne (German: Köln [kœln]  listen?) is, in terms of population, the fourth largest city in Germany and largest city of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Map of Germany showing Dortmund Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ... Location of Duisburg Duisburg is a German city in the western part of the Ruhr Area (Ruhrgebiet) in North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Düren is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is a district in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Essen Essen [ˈɛsn̩] is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Euskirchen is a Kreis (district) in the south-west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Gelsenkirchen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Gütersloh is a Kreis ( district) in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Hagen Hagen is the 37th largest city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Map of Germany showing Hamm Hamm is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Heinsberg is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Herford is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Herne Herne is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Hochsauerland is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Höxter is a Kreis ( district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Krefeld is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Leverkusen Leverkusen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... This article is about the district Lippe. ... The Märkische Kreis is a district (Kreis) in central North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mettmann is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Minden-Lübbecke is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mönchengladbach is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mülheim an der Ruhr is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. ... Münster is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Oberbergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Oberhausen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Olpe is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Paderborn is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Recklinghausen is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Remscheid is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Rheinisch-Bergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Rhein-Erft-Kreis is a district in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Neuss is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Rhein-Sieg-Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the south of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Siegen-Wittgenstein is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Soest is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Solingen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Steinfurt is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Unna district is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Viersen is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Warendorf is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Wesel is a Kreis (district) in the norther-western part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Wuppertal is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...

edit  (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Germany_districts_north_rhine-westphalia&action=edit)

 
 

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