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Encyclopedia > Désirée Clary

Her Majesty Queen Desideria of Sweden and Norway (Bernhardine Eugenie Désirée Bernadotte, née Clary, November 8, 1777 - December 17, 1860) was the wife of King Charles XIV of Sweden and a one-time fiancée of Napoleon Bonaparte. November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... King Charles XIV of Sweden, Charles III of Norway, or domestically Karl XIV Johan and Carl III Johan respectively, Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte (January 26, 1763 – March 8, 1844) was born at Pau, France, the son of Henri Bernadotte (1711–1780), procurator at Pau, and Jeanne St. ... Bonaparte as general Napoleon Bonaparte ( 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur des Français...


She was born in Marseille, the daughter of François Clary (1725-1794), a wealthy soap manufacturer and merchant, and his wife Françoise Rose Somis (1737-1815). Her sister, Julie Clary, married Joseph Bonaparte, and later became Queen of Naples and Spain. Marseilles redirects here. ... Events February 8 - Catherine I became empress of Russia February 20 - The first reported case of white men scalping Native Americans takes place in New Hampshire colony. ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Events 12 February - The San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is inaugurated. ... 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... (Marie) Julie Clary (December 26, 1771 - April 7, 1845) was the daughter of François Clary (1725-1794), a wealthy Marseilles soap manufacturer and his second wife Françoise Rose Somis (1737-1815). ... Joseph Bonaparte (January 7, 1768—July 28, 1844) was the eldest brother of the French Emperor Napoleon I, who made him King of Naples (1806–1808) and Spain (1808–1813). ... Alternate uses: See Naples (disambiguation) Naples (Italian Napoli, Neapolitan Napule, from Greek Νέα-Πόλις, latinised in Neapolis) is the largest town in southern Italy, capital of Campania region. ...


Though engaged for two years (1794-96) to Napoleon Bonaparte, the engagement was broken off by the future emperor, in the face of her parents' opposition and their concern over his lack of fortune. On 17 August 1798, at Sceaux, Désirée Clary married Marshal Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte, a French general who was made heir to the Swedish throne in 1810 and, after successful warfare led by himself, to the Norwegian in 1814. The couple became King and Queen in 1818, with Désirée's first name being translated as Desideria. Bonaparte as general Napoleon Bonaparte ( 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur des Français... August 17 is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Sceaux is the name or part of the name of several communes in France: Sceaux, in the Yonne département Sceaux, in the Hauts_de_Seine département Sceaux_dAnjou, in the Maine_et_Loire département Sceaux-du-Gâtinais, in the Loiret département Sceaux_sur_Huisne, in the Sarthe département This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid... The title of marshal of France (maréchal de France) was derived from the office of marescallus Franciae created by Philippe Auguste for Albéric Clément (circa 1190). ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1818 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...


They had only one child, Oscar, who eventually became King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway(1799-1844). King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway, Joseph François Oscar Bernadotte ( July 4, 1799 - July 8, 1859) was the only son of General Bernadotte, afterwards King Charles XIV of Sweden and Norway, and his wife, Eugenie Desirée Clary, afterwards Queen Desideria. ... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1844 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


Queen Desideria never became very accustomed to the Swedish ways or to the climate. For long periods, especially before 1823, she was living in Paris apart from her family. 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ...


She died at Stockholm. Note: This page contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ...


References

  • Désirée Clary d'après sa correspondance inédite avec Bonaparte, Bernadotte et sa famille, Gabriel Girod de l'Ain, Paris: Hachette (1959).

Link

  • Désirée Clary (http://www.nebula5.org/clary/desiree.html)
  • The story of Desiree (http://home.snafu.de/veith/Texte/Napoleon.htm) (ger.)

 
 

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