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Encyclopedia > D'Artagnan
Charles de Batz-Castelmore, Comte d'Artagnan
Charles de Batz-Castelmore, Comte d'Artagnan
The statue of d'Artagnan in Auch
The statue of d'Artagnan outside of Cintas Center at Xavier University (Cincinnati)
Statue of d'Artagnan in Maastricht
Statue of d'Artagnan in Maastricht

Charles de Batz-Castelmore, Comte d'Artagnan (c. Lupiac 1611 - 25 June, Maastricht 1673) served Louis XIV as captain of the Musketeers of the Guard and died at the Siege of Maastricht in the Franco-Dutch War. A fictionalized account of his life by Gatien de Courtilz de Sandras formed the basis for the d'Artagnan Romances of Alexandre Dumas, most famously including The Three Musketeers. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 2259 KB)A photograph of the statue of dArtagnan at Auch, France. ... Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 2259 KB)A photograph of the statue of dArtagnan at Auch, France. ... Auch is a town and commune in southwestern France. ... Cintas Center is a 10,250-seat multi-purpose arena in Cincinnati, Ohio. ... For the school in New Orleans, see Xavier University of Louisiana. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x1504, 1085 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): DArtagnan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x1504, 1085 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): DArtagnan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Coordinates: , Country Province Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... Events June 23 - Henry Hudsons crew maroons him, his son and 7 others in a boat November 1 - At Whitehall Palace in London, William Shakespeares romantic comedy The Tempest is presented for the first time. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Coordinates: , Country Province Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... 1673 (MDCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Louis XIV redirects here. ... The Musketeers of the Guard (French: Mousquetaires de la Garde) were a fighting company of the military branch of the Maison du Roi, the Kings of France Royal Household. ... Combatants France United Provinces Spain Commanders Louis XIV Jacques de Fariaux Strength 24,000 infantry 16,000 cavalry 5,000 infantry 1,200 cavalry Casualties Unknown Comte DArtagnan 6,000 dead, wounded, or captured The Siege of Maastricht was one of the key elements in King Louis XIVs... The Dutch War (1672–1678) was a war fought between France and a quadruple alliance consisting of Brandenburg, the Holy Roman Empire, Spain, and the United Provinces. ... Gatien de Courtilz de Sandras (1644–1712) was a French novelist and memorialist who wrote semi-fictional memoirs (in the first person) of historical figures from the recent past (such as the marquis de Montbrun and M. de Rochefort). ... The dArtagnan Romances are a set of three novels by Alexandre Dumas telling the story of the musketeer dArtagnan from his humble beginnings in Gascony to his death as a marshal of France in the siege of Maastricht in 1673. ... Alexandre Dumas redirects here. ... For other uses, see The Three Musketeers (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Early life

D'Artagnan was born in Lupiac. His father was the son of a newly ennobled merchant, Arnaud de Batz, who purchased the castle of Castelmore. Charles de Batz went to Paris in the 1630s, using the name of his mother, daughter of an illustrious family, Françoise de Montesquiou d'Artagnan. D'Artagnan found a way to enter into the Musketeers in 1632, perhaps thanks to the influence of his family's friend, Monsieur de Tréville (Jean-Armand du Peyrer, Count of Troisvilles). While in the Musketeers, d'Artagnan sought the protection of the influential Cardinal Mazarin, France's principal minister since 1643. In 1646, the Musketeers company was dissolved, but d'Artagnan continued to serve his protector Mazarin. See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... Cardinal Jules Mazarin, French diplomat and statesman Jules Mazarin, born Giulio Raimondo Mazzarino; but best known as Cardinal Mazarin (July 14, 1602 – March 9, 1661) served as the chief minister of France from 1642, until his death. ... // Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ... 1646 (MDCXLVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Career

D'Artagnan had a career in espionage for Cardinal Mazarin, in the years after the first Fronde. Due to d'Artagnan's faithful service during this period, Louis XIV entrusted him with many secret and delicate situations that required complete discretion. He followed Mazarin during his exile in 1651 in the face of the hostility of the aristocracy. In 1652 d'Artagnan was promoted to lieutenant in the Gardes Françaises, then to captain in 1655. In 1658, he became a second lieutenant in the newly reformed Musketeers. This was a promotion, as the Musketeers were far more prestigious than the Gardes-Françaises. Spy and Secret agent redirect here. ... Cardinal Jules Mazarin, French diplomat and statesman Jules Mazarin, born Giulio Raimondo Mazzarino; but best known as Cardinal Mazarin (July 14, 1602 – March 9, 1661) served as the chief minister of France from 1642, until his death. ... For other uses, see Fronde (disambiguation). ... // Events January 1 - Charles II crowned King of Scotland in Scone. ... // Events April 6 - Dutch sailor Jan van Riebeeck establishes a resupply camp for the Dutch East India Company at the Cape of Good Hope, and founded Cape Town. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... Founded in 1563, the Gardes françaises regiment counted 30 companies en 1635 with 300 fusiliers per company. ... Events March 25 - Saturns largest moon, Titan, is discovered by Christian Huygens. ... Events January 13 - Edward Sexby, who had plotted against Oliver Cromwell, dies in Tower of London February 6 - Swedish troops of Charles X Gustav of Sweden cross The Great Belt (Storebælt) in Denmark over frozen sea May 1 - Publication of Hydriotaphia, Urn Burial and The Garden of Cyrus by... Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ...


D'Artagnan was famous for his connection with the arrest of Nicolas Fouquet. Fouquet was Louis XIV's finance commissioner and aspired to take the place of Mazarin as the King's advisor. Fouquet was also a lover of grand architecture and employed the greatest architects and artisans in the building of his Chateau Vaux-le-Vicomte. He celebrated the completion with a most extravagant feast, in which every guest was given a horse. The king however felt upstaged by the grandeur of the home and event and, suspecting that such magnificence could only be explained through Fouquet pilfering the royal treasury, immediately had d'Artagnan arrest Fouquet. D'Artagnan guarded him for four years until Fouquet was sentenced to life imprisonment. Portrait by Édouard Lacretelle. ... A château ( French for castle; plural châteaux) is a manor house or residence of the lord of the manor or a country house of gentry, usually French, with or without fortifications. ... Vaux-le-vicomte was in many ways the most important work built before Louis XIV came to power. ...


In 1667, d'Artagnan was promoted to captain-lieutenant of the Musketeers, effectively the commander as the nominal captain was the King. As befitting his rank and position, he could be identified by his striking burgundy, white and black livery - the colours of the commanding officer of the Musketeers. Another of d'Artagnan's assignments was the governorship of Lille, which was won in battle by France in 1667. D'Artagnan was an unpopular governor, and longed to return to battle. He found his chance when Louis XIV went to war with the Dutch Republic in the Franco-Dutch War. After being recalled to service, d'Artagnan was subsequently killed in battle on June 25, 1673 when a musket ball tore into his throat at the Siege of Maastricht. // Events January 20 - Poland cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo that put a final end to the Deluge, and Poland lost its status as a Central European power. ... Rank of Captain Lieutenant Captain Lieutenant or Captain-Lieutenant is a military rank. ... For other uses, see Lille (disambiguation). ... // Events January 20 - Poland cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo that put a final end to the Deluge, and Poland lost its status as a Central European power. ... Map of Dutch Republic by Joannes Janssonius United Netherlands redirects here. ... The Dutch War (1672–1678) was a war fought between France and a quadruple alliance consisting of Brandenburg, the Holy Roman Empire, Spain, and the United Provinces. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1673 (MDCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants France United Provinces Spain Commanders Louis XIV Jacques de Fariaux Strength 24,000 infantry 16,000 cavalry 5,000 infantry 1,200 cavalry Casualties Unknown Comte DArtagnan 6,000 dead, wounded, or captured The Siege of Maastricht was one of the key elements in King Louis XIVs...


In fiction

D'Artagnan's life was used as the basis for Gatien de Courtilz de Sandras' (1644-1712) novel Les mémoires de M. d'Artagnan. Alexandre Dumas in turn used de Sandras' novel as the main source for his d'Artagnan Romances (The Three Musketeers, Twenty Years After, and The Vicomte de Bragelonne), which cover d'Artagnan's career from his humble life's beginnings in Gascony to his death at Maastricht. Although Dumas knew that de Sandras' version was heavily fictionalised, in the preface to The Three Musketeers he affected to believe that the memoirs were real, in order to make his novel more believable. Gatien de Courtilz de Sandras (1644–1712) was a French novelist and memorialist who wrote semi-fictional memoirs (in the first person) of historical figures from the recent past (such as the marquis de Montbrun and M. de Rochefort). ... // Events February to August - Explorer Abel Tasmans second expedition for the Dutch East India Company maps the north coast of Australia. ... // Events Treaty of Aargau signed between Catholic and Protestants. ... Alexandre Dumas redirects here. ... The dArtagnan Romances are a set of three novels by Alexandre Dumas telling the story of the musketeer dArtagnan from his humble beginnings in Gascony to his death as a marshal of France in the siege of Maastricht in 1673. ... For other uses, see The Three Musketeers (disambiguation). ... Twenty Years After (Vingt ans après) is a novel by Alexandre Dumas, père. ... The Vicomte de Bragelonne: Ten Years Later (Le Vicomte de Bragelonne ou Dix ans plus tard) is a novel by Alexandre Dumas, père. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Coordinates: , Country Province Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ...


The character is initially a hotheaded youth, and tries to engage the Comte de Rochefort and the three musketeers, Athos, Porthos, and Aramis in single combat. He quickly becomes friends with the musketeers, and has a series of adventures which put him at odds with Cardinal Richelieu, then First Minister of France. In the end, Richelieu is impressed by D'Artagnan, and makes him a Lieutenant of the Musketeers. This begins his long career of military service, as detailed in the sequels to Dumas' famous novel. The Comte de Rochefort is a secondary, but important, fictional character in Alexandre Dumas dArtagnan Romances. ... Armand Jean du Plessis de Richelieu, Cardinal-Duc de Richelieu (September 9, 1585 – December 4, 1642), was a French clergyman, noble, and statesman. ...


Another Comte d'Artagnan, Pierre de Montesquiou (16451725), contributed the idea that Dumas' d'Artagnan should become a Marshal of France. Pierre de Montesquiou, comte dArtagnan and later comte de Montesquiou (1640 – 12 August 1725) was a French soldier and Marshal of France. ... // Events January 10 - Archbishop Laud executed on Tower Hill, London. ... Events February 8 - Catherine I became empress of Russia February 20 - The first reported case of white men scalping Native Americans takes place in New Hampshire colony. ... Baton of a modern Marshal of France The Marshal of France (French: Maréchal de France) is a military distinction in contemporary France, not a military rank. ...


French poet Edmond Rostand wrote the play Cyrano de Bergerac in 1897. After one of the play's famous scenes, in which Cyrano defeats Valvert in a duel while completing a poem, d'Artagnan approaches Cyrano and congratulates him on his fine swordsmanship. Statue dedicated to Edmond Rostand in Cambo-les-Bains Edmond Eugène Alexis Rostand (April 1, 1868 - December 2, 1918) was a French poet and dramatist. ... Cyrano de Bergerac is a play written in 1897 by Edmond Rostand based on the life of the real Cyrano de Bergerac. ...


The Baroness Emma Orczy's Scarlet Pimpernel series has a character named Baron Charles de Batz, a scheming, Machiavellian royalist who is willing to betray Sir Percy Blakeney to advance his own agendas. The name was probably selected as an in-joke, as the character is the polar opposite of the hero of the d'Artagnan series. Baroness Emma (Emmuska) Orczy (September 23, 1865 – November 12, 1947) was a British novelist, playwright and artist of Hungarian origin. ... Binomial name Anagallis arvensis L. The Scarlet pimpernel (Anagallis arvensis) is a low-growing plant in the family (Myrsinaceae). ... Detail of the portrait of Machiavelli, ca 1500, in the robes of a Florentine public official Niccolò Machiavelli (May 3, 1469—June 21, 1527) was an Italian political philosopher during the Renaissance. ...


Neal Stephenson's The Baroque Cycle mentions the historical figure in passing, when a character recounts looting his corpse. Neal Town Stephenson (born October 31, 1959) is an American writer, known primarily for his science fiction works in the postcyberpunk genre with a penchant for explorations of society, mathematics, currency, and the history of science. ... The Baroque Cycle is a series of books written by Neal Stephenson and published in 2003 and 2004. ...


In film, music, and television

Many moviemakers have been inspired by Alexandre Dumas' novel. Actors who have played d'Artagnan on screen include:

Musical artist Citizen Cope mentions D'Artagnan in his album The Clarence Greenwood Recordings in the song D'Artagnan's Theme. Aimé Simon-Girard (March 20, 1889 - June 15, 1950, in Paris, France was a French film actor. ... Douglas Fairbanks (May 23, 1883 – December 12, 1939) was an American actor, screenwriter, director and producer, who became noted for his swashbuckling roles in silent movies such as The Mark of Zorro (1920), The Three Musketeers (1921), Robin Hood (1922), The Thief of Bagdad (1924) and The Black Pirate (1926). ... Walter Abel (b. ... Not to be confused with former NBA player John Amaechi. ... Warren William (2 December 1894 - 24 September 1948) was a Broadway and Hollywood actor, born Warren William Krech in Aitkin, Minnesota. ... For the similarly-named American actress, see Jean Kelly. ... Cornel Wilde Cornelius Louis Wilde (October 13, 1915 – October 16, 1989) was an American actor. ... Laurence Payne is a British actor. ... Maximilian Schell (born December 8, 1930) is an Academy Award-winning Austrian actor who has appeared in over 92 film/television roles. ... Peter Jeremy William Huggins (November 3, 1933 – September 12, 1995), better known as Jeremy Brett, was an English actor famous for his portrayal of the detective Sherlock Holmes in the British television series The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. ... Sancho Gracia (September 27, 1936 in Madrid, Spain) is a motion picture and television actor. ... For the American hockey player, see Mike York. ... The Three Musketeers is a 1973 film based on the novel by Alexandre Dumas, père. ... The Four Musketeers is the title of a 1974 Richard Lester film, which follows upon his film of the previous year, The Three Musketeers, and covers the second half of Dumass novel. ... The Return of the Musketeers is a 1989 film based on the novel Twenty Years After by Alexandre Dumas, père. ... Cover of Boyarskys CD Grand Collection Mikhail Boyarsky (Михаил Боярский; born December 26, 1949 in Leningrad, currently Saint Petersburg) is a Russian actor and singer, currently living in the city of Saint Petersburg. ... DArtagnan and Three Musketeers DArtagnan and Three Musketeers (ДАртаньян и три мушкетёра) is a three-part Soviet television miniseries musical, first aired in 1978. ... Louis Jourdan (born June 19, 1919, 1920, or 1921[1]) is a French film actor. ... The Man in the Iron Mask is a 1977 television film produced by ITC Entertainment, starring Richard Chamberlain as the twins, Patrick McGoohan as Fouquet, and Louis Jourdan as DArtagnan. ... Cornel Wilde Cornelius Louis Wilde (October 13, 1915 – October 16, 1989) was an American actor. ... The Fifth Musketeer is a 1979 film adaption of the last section of the novel The Vicomte de Bragelonne by Alexandre Dumas, père, which is itself based on the French legend of the Man in the Iron Mask. ... Christopher Chris Eugene ODonnell (born June 26, 1970) is a Golden Globe Award-nominated American actor, perhaps best known for playing Robin in the Batman films, Batman Forever and Batman & Robin. ... [[--69. ... Philippe Noiret (October 1, 1930 - November 23, 2006) was a French film actor. ... Gabriel Byrne (born 12 May 1950) is an Irish actor. ... The Man in the Iron Mask (1998) is a film directed by Randall Wallace, and is an unofficial sequel to The Three Musketeers. ... Justin Chambers (born July 11, 1970) is an American actor and former Calvin Klein male fashion model. ... The Musketeer is a Peter Hyams film based on Alexandre Dumas classic novel The Three Musketeers, starring Catherine Deneuve, Tim Roth, Mena Suvari, Stephen Rea, Nick Moran, Bill Treacher and Justin Chambers. ... Hugh Dancy (born 19 June 1975) is a British actor. ... Young Blades is an historical fantasy television series that aired on PAX (now i) from January to June of 2005, lasting only thirteen episodes before cancellation. ... Citizen Cope is a pseudonym of Clarence Greenwood, keyboardist, guitarist, singer, DJ, and record producer, and the name of the band that he leads. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


External links

  • D'Artagnan's death at the 1673 siege of Maastricht, an article by Dr Hennie Reuvers in Crossroads web magazine
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d'Artagnan


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