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Encyclopedia > D'Armond Speers

The Klingon language or Klingonese (tlhIngan Hol in Klingon) is a An artificial or constructed language (known colloquially as a conlang among aficionados), is a language whose vocabulary and grammar are specifically devised by an individual or small group, rather than having naturally evolved as part of a culture as with natural languages. Some are designed for use in human communication... constructed language created by Marc Okrand is the inventor of the Klingon language. He was hired by Paramount Pictures to invent the language and coach the actors on Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, Star Trek III: The Search for Spock, Star Trek V: The Final Frontier and Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered... Marc Okrand for The Paramount Pictures logo used from 1988 to 1989. Paramount Pictures is a large United States-based motion picture company and is owned by Viacom. History Formation The Paramount company was founded by W. W. Hodkinson on May 8, 1912, as a merger of 11 film rental bureaus. Paramount was... Paramount Pictures and spoken by This page is about the race. For the language, see Klingon language. Introduction Klingons (tlhIngan in the Klingon language), are a race of humanoids in the fictional Star Trek universe. They were the main antagonists in Star Trek: The Original Series and later became the uneasy allies of the United... Klingons in the fictional The Enterprise boldly went where no man had gone before. Star Trek collectively refers to six science fiction television series, ten motion pictures, and hundreds of novels, video games, and other works of fiction all set within the same fictional universe created by Gene Roddenberry in the early- to mid... Star Trek universe. He designed the language with Object Verb Subject (OVS) is one of the permutations of expression used in linguistic typology. OVS denotes the sequence Object Verb Subject in unmarked expressions: Oranges ate Sam, Thorns have roses. OVS languages are a type of languages when classifying languages according to the dominant sequence of these constituents. In... Object Verb Subject (OVS) word order to give an alien feel to the language. Klingon is sometimes referred to as Klingonese, but among the Klingon-speaking community this is often understood to refer to another Klingon language, that is described in John M. Ford (born 1957) is an American science fiction and fantasy writer, game designer, and poet. Fords works are characterised by an aversion to doing things that have been done before. This attitude is perhaps most notable in his two Star Trek novels, The Final Reflection and How... John M. Ford's Star Trek novels as Klingonaase is a fictional language appearing in works by John M. Ford related to the science fiction series Star Trek, in which it is depicted as the language of the Klingon race. The suffix -aase means tool so Klingonaase is the tool (i.e. language) of the Klingons. Klingonaase first... Klingonaase.


The Klingon language has the ISO 639 is one of several international standards that lists short codes for language names. ISO 639 consists of different parts, of which two parts are currently published. The other parts are works in progress. There are two items for ISO 639: ISO 639-1:2002 Codes for the representation... ISO 639 code tlh.

Contents

Language

A description of the Klingon language can be found in Dr. Marc Okrand's book The Klingon Dictionary (Published by Pocket Books, Simon & Schuster, 1985, second edition with new addendum 1992, ISBN 067174559X). Other notable works include The Klingon Way (with Klingon sayings and proverbs), Klingon for the Galactic Traveler and the two audio productions Conversational Klingon and Power Klingon.


Three books have also been published in the tongue: ghIlghameS is the Klingon language translation of the Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh. While the original reverted to the public domain several years ago, Paramount Pictures owns the copyright to the translation. A bilingual paperback edition (ISBN 1587153386) was published in 2000. ... ghIlghameS ( Gilgamesh and Enkidu, cylinder seal from Ur III According to the Sumerian king list, Gilgamesh was the fourth king of Uruk (Early Dynastic II, first dynasty of Uruk). The Sumerian king list names his father as Lugalbanda. Legend has it that his mother was Ninsun, a goddess. He was succeeded... Gilgamesh), Hamlet ( The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark is a tragedy by William Shakespeare and one of his most well-known and oft-quoted plays. Written between 1598 and the summer of 1602, this masterpiece of Elizabethan theatre first appeared in print in 1603 in a version known as the Bad... Hamlet), and paghmo' tIn mIS ( Much Ado About Nothing is a play by William Shakespeare. Considered a comedy, it was most likely first performed in 1598 / 1599. The plays style shares many aspects with the modern romantic comedy; it remains one of Shakespeares most enduringly popular plays on stage. The five acts follow... Much Ado About Nothing). These last two choices were inspired by a remark by a Klingon ambassador in Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country (Paramount Pictures, 1991; see also 1991 in film) is the sixth feature film based on the popular Star Trek science fiction television series. It is often referred to as ST6:TUC or TUC. It is the last of the films based solely on the... Star Trek VI that William Shakespeare—born April 1564; baptised April 26, 1564; died April 23, 1616 (O.S.), May 3, 1616 (N.S.)—has a reputation as the greatest of all writers in English. His ability to capture and convey the most profound aspects of human nature is regarded by many... Shakespeare is best read in the original Klingon.


Some Trekkie (or Trekker) is a term used to describe a fan of the Star Trek science fiction franchise. Thirty some odd years ago, science-fiction editor Art Saha coined the term trekkies when he saw a few fans of Star Treks first season wearing pointy ears at a science... Trekkers take the time to learn it and at some Star Trek Generally, convention means coming together. Sometimes it means physically coming together, as a group of people meeting in one place, and sometimes it means agreeing on rules and customs. In the latter sense, a convention may be explicitly legislated, as the rule to drive on the right side of the... conventions you can hear enthusiasts use it amongst themselves. They often greet each other with the Klingon word "nuqneH" (literally: "What do you want?"), which is said to be the closest thing to a greeting that exists in the language.


Dr. d'Armond Speers began raising a child bilingually in English and Klingon; it was decided that Dr. Speers would speak in Klingon and that his wife would speak in The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. It is the third most common first language (native speakers), with around 402 million people in 2002. English has lingua franca status in many parts of the world, due to the military, economic, scientific, political and cultural influence... English. A few years into his life, the child began rejecting Klingon and gravitating towards English, as he could use English with many more speakers. The fact that Klingon lacked many words for things that were important in a baby's life, such as "diaper," and "pacifier," was a lesser issue. At the time of Dr. Speers' attempt, Klingon even lacked words for many objects common around the house, such as "table."


In May 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January January 1 - Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. Pascal Couchepin becomes President of the Confederation in... 2003, the Multnomah County is a county located in the state of Oregon, the smallest in area but the largest in population due to Portland, the county seat and largest city in Oregon. The county was named after a Native American people first recorded in the journals of the Lewis and Clark... Multnomah County, Oregon Department of Human Services named Klingon on a list of 55 languages for which it might conceivably need interpreters; this story was circulated out-of-context as an Urban Legend is also the name of a 1998 movie. Urban legends perpetrate a type of folklore, in the form of supposedly-true stories circulated primarily by word of mouth. Urban legends are sometimes repeated in news stories and, in recent years, distributed by email. People frequently say such tales... urban legend claiming that the department was looking to hire a Klingon interpreter. County Chair Diane Linn is County Chair of Multnomah County in Oregon, USA. Her current four year term as Chair of the five member Multnomah County Board of Commissioners began in January 2003. Under her watch, in March, 2004, Multnomah County began issuing same-sex marriage licenses. She holds a BA in... Diane Linn called the listing the "result of an overzealous attempt to ensure that our safety net systems can respond to all customers and clients." [1]  (http://www.snopes.com/humor/iftrue/klingon.asp)


Paramount owns a The copyright symbol is used to give notice that a work is covered by copyright. A copyright is a form of intellectual property which secures to its holder the exclusive right to produce copies of his or her works of original expression, such as a literary work, movie, musical work... copyright to the official dictionary and other In the context of fiction, the canon of a fictional universe comprises those novels, stories, films, etc. that are considered to be genuine, and those events, characters, settings, etc. that are considered to have inarguable existence within the fictional universe. Usually items that are considered canon come from the original... canonical descriptions of the language. Some people dispute the validity of Paramount's claim of copyright on the language itself in light of the Feist Publications, Inc., v. Rural Telephone Service Co., Inc., 499 U.S. 340 (1991), commonly called just Feist v. Rural, was a United States Supreme Court case in which Feist copied information from Rurals telephone listings to include in its own, after Rural refused to license the information. Rural... Feist v. Rural decision, but no challenge has actually been brought to court.


A An alternate rewrite has been has been proposed. Please refer to it for large rewrites. A programming language or computer language is a standardized communication technique for expressing instructions to a computer. It is a set of syntactic and semantic rules used to define computer programs. A language enables a... programming language called var'aq was inspired by Klingon.


Googles main pages unusually spartan design, uncluttered appearance and quick loading time have contributed greatly to the sites mass appeal. Google is a U.S.–based search engine owned by Google Inc. whose mission is to organize the worlds information and make it universally accessible... Google is available in Klingon ([2] (http://www.google.com/intl/xx-klingon/)).


Phonology

This is a tentative list of the The Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet (SAMPA) is a computer-readable phonetic script using 7-bit printable ASCII characters, based on the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). It was originally developed in the late 1980s for six European languages by the EEC ESPRIT information technology research and development program. As many... SAMPA and This article is about the alphabet officially used in linguistics. The NATO phonetic alphabet (alpha bravo) had informally been called the International Phonetic Alphabet. The International Phonetic Alphabet is a phonetic alphabet used by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes... IPA transcription of the Klingon phonemes as listed in Okrand's book. <Angle brackets> represent The orthography of a language is the set of rules of how to write correctly in the writing system of a language. The term is derived from Greek ορθο ortho- (correct) and γραφος graphos (that writes) and, in todays sense, includes... orthography whereas /slashes/ represent In spoken language, a phoneme is a basic, theoretical unit of sound that can distinguish words (i.e. changing one phoneme in a word can produce another word). A succinct way to describe the idea of a phoneme is the smallest difference that makes a difference. A phoneme may well... phonemes in SAMPA and [square brackets] A phonetic transcription is a linguistic representation of an utterance using phonetic symbols, like the International Phonetic Alphabet. There are two general types of phonetic transcription: broad transcription and narrow transcription. Broad transcription is usually just a transcriptions of the phonemes of an utterance, whereas narrow transcription encodes information about... phonetic transcription in IPA. (See also [3] (http://www.klingonska.org/dict/tables.html).)


Consonants:

  • <b> /b/ ~ [ b]
  • <ch> /t_S/ ~ [ ʧ]
  • <D> /d`/ ~ [ ɖ] This phoneme could be realized as a retroflex nasal /n`/ ~ [ ɳ]
  • <gh> /G/ [ ɣ]
  • <H> /x/ ~ [ x]
  • <j> /d_Z/ ~ [ ʤ]
  • <l> /l/ ~ [ l]
  • <m> /m/ ~ [ m]
  • <n> /n/ ~ [ n]
  • <ng> /N/ ~ [ ŋ]
  • <p> /p_h/ [] even in medial or final position
  • <q> /q_h/ ~ []
  • <Q> /q_X/ ~ [ q͡χ] Rare phoneme, also occurs in several Map showing the distribution of the Khoi-San languages. This article is about the Khoisan language group. For the Khoisan ethnic group, see Khoisan. The Khoisan languages comprise the smallest phylum of African languages. Historically, they were mainly spoken by the Khoi and Bushmen (San) people. Today they are only... Khoisan languages
  • <r> /r/ (note that this is trilled) ~ [r]
  • <S> /s`/ ~ [ ʂ]
  • <t> /t_h/ ~ []
  • <tlh> /t_K/ ~ [ t͡ɬ]
  • <v> /v/ ~ [ v]
  • <w> /w/ ~ [ w]
  • <y> /j/ ~ [ j]
  • <'> /?/ ~ [ ʔ]

Vowels:

  • <a> /A/ ~ [ ɑ]
  • <e> /E/ ~ [ ɛ]
  • <I> /I/ ~ [ ɪ]
  • <o> /o/ ~ [ o]
  • <u> /u/ ~ [ u]

Klingon syllable structure is extremely strict: a syllable must start with a consonant (including the glottal stop) followed by one vowel. In prefixes and other more rare syllables, this is enough. More commonly, this consonant-vowel pair is followed by one consonant or one of three biconsonantal codas: /-w' -y' -rgh/. Thus ta record, tar poison and targh targ (a type of animal) are all legal syllable forms, but *tarD and *ar are not. Despite this, there is one suffix that takes the shape vowel+consonant: the endearment suffix -oy.


Grammar

Klingon is an An agglutinative language is a language in which the words are formed by joining morphemes together. This term was introduced by Wilhelm von Humboldt in 1836 to classify languages from a morphological point of view. It was derived from the Latin verb agglutinare, which means to glue together. An agglutinative... agglutinative language, using mainly affixes in order to alter the function or meaning of words. Some nouns have inherently plural forms (jengva' plate vs ngop plates, for instance).


Klingon A noun, or noun substantive, is a word or phrase that refers to a person, place, thing, event, substance or quality. Nouns are parts of speech and can be classified in different ways such as proper nouns (e.g. Janet) versus common nouns (e.g. girl), or collective nouns (e... nouns take suffixes to indicate In linguistics, number is a grammatical category that specifies the quantity of a noun or affects the form of a verb or other part of speech depending on the quantity of the noun to which it refers. Grammatical number is distinct from the use of numerals to specify the exact... grammatical number, In linguistics, grammatical genders, also called noun classes, are classes of nouns reflected in the behavior of associated words; every noun must belong to one of the classes and there should be very few which belong to several classes at once. (Source of definition: Hockett, 1958, p. 231. See References... gender, two levels of In pragmatics (linguistics), deixis is a process whereby words or expressions rely absolutely on context. The Origo is the context from which the reference is made, in other words, the point of view that must be to be understood in order to interpret the statement. (If Tom is speaking and... deixis, possession and syntactic function. In all, 29 noun suffixes from five classes may be employed: jupoypu'na'wI'vaD for my beloved true friends. Speakers are limited to no more than one suffix from each class to be added to a word, and the classes have a specific order of appearance.


Gender in Klingon does not indicate sex, as in English, or have an arbitrary assignment as in Danish or many other languages. It indicates whether a noun is a body part, a being capable of using language, or neither of these.


A verb is a part of speech that usually denotes action (bring, read), occurrence (to decompose (itself), to glitter), or a state of being (exist, live, soak, stand). Depending on the language, a verb may vary in form according to many factors, possibly including its tense, aspect, mood and voice... Verbs in Klingon are even more complex, taking a prefix indicating the number and person of the subject and object, plus suffixes from nine ordered classes, plus a special suffix class called rovers. Each of the four known rovers has its own unique rule controlling its position among the suffixes in the verb. Verbs are marked for In linguistics, grammatical aspect is a property of a verb that defines the nature of temporal flow (or lack thereof) in the described event or state. In most modern Indo-European languages, including English, the concept of aspect has become conflated with the concept of tense, although aspect is still... aspect, certainty, predisposition and volition, dynamic, A causative form, in linguistics, is an expression of an agent causing or forcing a patient to perform an action (or to be in a certain state). All languages have ways to express causation, but they differ in the means. In some languages there are morphological devices (such as inflection... causative, In linguistics, many grammars have the concept of grammatical mood, which describes the relationship of a verb with reality and intent. Many languages express distinctions of mood through morphology, by changing (inflecting) the form of the verb. Because modern English does not have all of the moods described below, and... mode, Negation, in its most basic sense, changes the truth value of a statement to its opposite. It is an operation needed chiefly in logic, mathematics, and grammar. Logic and mathematics In logic, logical negation is a unary logical operator that reverses the truth value of its operand. The negation of... negation, and An honorific is a term used to convey esteem or respect. Honorific may refer broadly to the style of language or particular words used, or, as in this article, to specific words used to convey honor to one perceived as a social superior. Honorifics are usually placed immediately before or... honorific, and the Klingon verb has two moods: In linguistics, many grammars have the concept of grammatical mood, which describes the relationship of a verb with reality and intent. Many languages express distinctions of mood through morphology, by changing (inflecting) the form of the verb. Because modern English does not have all of the moods described below, and... indicative and Imperative programming, as opposed to functional programming, is a sort of programming employing side-effect as central execution feature. The imperative mood is a grammatical mood An imperative can refer to a moral command, such as one of the Ten Commandments. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid... imperative.


The most common Word order, in linguistic typology, refers to the order in which words appear in sentences across different languages. In many languages, changes in word order occur due to topicalization or in questions. However, all languages are generally assumed to have a basic word order. That word order is unmarked. That... Word order in Klingon is Object Verb Subject (OVS) is one of the permutations of expression used in linguistic typology. OVS denotes the sequence Object Verb Subject in unmarked expressions: Oranges ate Sam, Thorns have roses. OVS languages are a type of languages when classifying languages according to the dominant sequence of these constituents. In... Object Verb Subject, and in some cases the word order is the exact reverse of word order in English:

 Image:klingonsentence.JPG DaH mojaq.mey.vam DI.vuS.nIS.be' 'e' vI.Har now-ADV suffix.PL.DEM 1pl-3pl.limit.need.not that 1sg-3sg.believe I believe that we do not need to limit these suffixes now 

Klingons apparently dislike redundancy such that, for example, since the DI prefix in the previous example indicates that the direct object mojaq is plural, a Klingon speaker will quite typically omit the plural suffix mey and say:

 DaH mojaqvam DI.vuS.nIS.be' 'e' vI.Har 

Most artificial languages seek to either emulate elements of several evolved human languages in order to be easier to learn, or to be more regular with fewer exceptions than is the case in evolved existing languages. The Klingon language tries to break away from the most common features of other languages and embraces the exceptions to its own rules.


Cursing

Swearing originally meant making an oath, and this usage is still used today in official and legal contexts. A court witness will have to swear to tell the truth etc. Very often this swearing is by God, or things considered holy. Use of this type of swearing in inappropriate or... Cursing is considered to be a fine art among Klingons. That a person swears well is considered something of a compliment in Klingon culture. Some of the more common curse words include,

  • petaQ
  • toDsaH
  • yIntagh
  • taHqeq
  • Qu'vatlh
  • ghay'cha'
  • lo'be'voS

Some of the words are general invectives, others are personal epithets. Adding the term jay' intensifies the words.


Writing system

The Klingon alphabet as seen on the Fleer/Skybox trading cards, also seen on the Star Trek series (et al). This image was created by me using the Star Trek BT pi font, as based on Klingon writing images made by Paramount. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current...
The Klingon alphabet as seen on the Fleer/Skybox trading cards, also seen on the Star Trek series (et al). This image was created by me using the Star Trek BT pi font, as based on Klingon writing images made by Paramount. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current... Enlarge
The Klingon "pIqaD" according to Skybox
Enlarge
A sample of written Klingon

The official Klingon writing system is the The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world, the standard script of the English language and most of the languages of western and central Europe, and of those areas settled by Europeans. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the... Latin alphabet as used above, but on the television series, the Klingons use their own alien writing system. In The Klingon Dictionary this alphabet is named as pIqaD, but no information is given about it. When Klingon symbols are used in Star Trek productions they are merely decorative graphic elements, designed to emulate real Writing is the process of inscribing characters on a medium, with the intention of forming words and other larger language constructs. The instrument or instruments used for recording, and the medium on which the recording is done can be almost infinite, and can be done by any instrument capable of... writing and create an appropriate atmosphere.


The Astra Image Corporation designed the symbols currently used to "write" Klingon for Star Trek: The Motion Picture, although these symbols are often attributed to Michael Okuda. They based the letters on the Klingon battlecruiser hull markings (three letters) first created by Matt Jeffries, and on Tibetan and Devanagari writing because these scripts had sharp letter forms - a testament to the Klingons' love for knives and blades.


The Astra Image letters were taken and used in the Paramount-endorsed Bitstream font pack. They were used to make a font with ten letters of the english alphabet - "e" to "n" being represented by the ten different klingon letters. This font was extended to represent the entire English alphabet by There are several usages of the term Skybox: Skybox (video games) refers to computer animation sky boxes. Skybox (sports) refers to luxury seating at sporting events. Skybox (company) refers to the Skybox company that has been active in science fiction. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which... Skybox (with many of the Klingon letters representing more than one English letter and also the inclusion of an upturned and downturned triangle as punctuation) for writing Klingon on numerous Paramount endorsed There are several usages of the term Skybox: Skybox (video games) refers to computer animation sky boxes. Skybox (sports) refers to luxury seating at sporting events. Skybox (company) refers to the Skybox company that has been active in science fiction. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which... Skybox A trading card (or collectible card) is a small card which is intended for trading and collecting. Such items are argued to have great potential for appreciation and can become collectors items. Trading cards are traditionally associated with sports; baseball cards are especially well-known. Modern non-sports trading... trading cards.

Known cards include s7, s8 and s9 from Star Trek TNG's series 2 trading cards, season 5 card 509 (checklist B), cards s19 and s20 (which contain belittling comments aimed at a certain video loans company) and the season seven card selection s37, s38 and s39. These cards exist as the only In the context of fiction, the canon of a fictional universe comprises those novels, stories, films, etc. that are considered to be genuine, and those events, characters, settings, etc. that are considered to have inarguable existence within the fictional universe. Usually items that are considered canon come from the original... canon translation of Klingon writing, though this is not well known.

The script is written in horizontal lines running from left to right, top to bottom- just like English. Also like English, Klingon can be written with spaces between words (a word being defined as any noun, verb or leftover, plus any prefixes and suffixes attacted to it) and Punctuation marks are written symbols that do not correspond to either phonemes (sounds) of a spoken language nor to lexemes (words and phrases) of a written language, but which serve to organize or clarify written language. See orthography. The rules of what punctuation marks should be used in what circumstances... punctuation. When this is the case, four punctuation marks are used:

  • An 'up-turned triangle' with a function similar to a The term comma has various uses; comma is the name used for one of the punctuation symbols: , The term comma is also used in music theory for various small intervals that arise as differences between approximately equal intervals. See musical tuning, Pythagorean comma, Septimal comma, and syntonic comma. A comma... comma, A semicolon ( ; ) is a punctuation mark. History The semicolon was invented by an Italian (1450-1515) printer named Aldus Manutius the elder. He used it to separate words opposed in meaning and to mark off interdependent statements. The earliest general use of the semicolon was in 1591. Shakespeare... semi-colon or Col n is the currency of Costa Rica (ISO 4217: CRC) and El Salvador (ISO 4217: SVC): Col (currency). Col n is a city in Panama: Col n, Panama. Col n is a province in Panama: Col n Province. Col n is a city in Venezuela: Col n, Venezuela. Willie... colon.
  • A 'down-turned' triangle with a function similar to a A full stop or period, also called a full point, is the punctuation mark commonly placed at the end of several different types of sentences in English and several other languages. A period consists of a small dot placed at the end of a line of text, thus: . The term... full stop, A question mark is a punctuation mark and, more pedantically, a tone mark. It usually marks a full stop, replacing the period at the end of an interrogatory sentence, such as Where did you get that hat?. It can also be used mid-sentence to mark a merely interrogative phrase... question mark or An exclamation mark (also exclamation point, and (rarely) mark of admiration) is a punctuation mark or, more pedantically, a tone mark. Like the full stop (or period), it marks the end of a sentence. A sentence ending in an exclamation mark is either an actual exclamation (Wow!), a command (Stop... exclamation mark
  • A mark similar in appearance and function to a A hyphen ( - ) is a punctuation mark. It is used both to join words and to separate syllables. It is often confused with a dash ( –, —, ― ), which is longer. Hyphenation is the use of hyphens. Rules and customs of usage Traditionally, the hyphen has been used in several ways... hyphen
  • A mark similar to an apostrophe possibly another version of the 'hyphen' but exact meaning is uncertain.

Klingon can also be written with no spaces or punctuation at all, this form is more common than the aforementioned punctuated text. As in English, Klingon text can be left-justified, centre-justified, or right-justified, and written in vertical columns on banners.


Due to its nature, the "Skybox" Alphabet is ill suited to writing Klingon, in that ambiguity in the alphabet is apparent, so different words are spelt the same way - these are Homonyms (in Greek homoios = identical and onoma = name) are words which have the same form (orthographic/phonetic) but unrelated meaning. If they only differ in one way, they are called homophones and homographs respectively. In derivation, homonym means has the same name, homophone means has the same sound, and homograph... homographs. The heartiest commendations and the gravest insults could be written identically, though it should be noted that context would go a long way to disambiguating homographs.

    Klingon text sample in both book print and running print. Both sentences read the same; either va SoH! (you are a $^%!£) or ya SoH. (you are an officer) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on...

Image:You are officer.GIF ya SoH - You are a tactical officer va SoH - Ahh crap, it's you 

Another unofficial assignment of the characters with sounds (which also contains many made up characters) was given by an unnamed source at Paramount to a fan group. Michael Okuda, the TNG scenic designer, and other Paramount staff have repudiated the mapping. More info about this mapping can be found at the KLI.org (http://www.kli.org/tlh/pIqaD.html)


In September 1997 Michael Everson (born January 9, 1963) is an expert in the writing systems of the world. He is active in supporting minority-language communities, especially in the fields of character encoding standardization and internationalization. He is one of the co-authors of the Unicode Standard and contributing editor to ISO... Michael Everson made a proposal for encoding this in In computing, Unicode is the international standard whose goal is to provide the means to encode the text of every document people want to store in computers. This includes all scripts still in active use today, many scripts known only by scholars, and symbols which do not strictly represent scripts... Unicode. The Unicode Technical Committee rejected the Klingon proposal in May 2001 on the grounds that research showed almost no use of the script for communication, and the vast majority of the people who did use Klingon employed the Latin alphabet by preference.


A second script - again based more closely on the D7 battlecruiser hull markings - known as the Klinzhai or Mandel script, was included in The U.S.S. Enterprise Officer's Manual (1980), loosely upon the conceptual art of Matt Jeffries", TOS set designer. It maps to various letters and digraphs of English, but the phonemes have no discernable relation to Marc Okrand's Klingon Language.


See also

  • Since its original airing in 1966, Star Trek with spin-off series and movies has become part of (Western) pop culture. Highly recognizabile, Star Trek has been parodied, spoofed and referenced in television series, movies, comic books and other contexts. The references range from overt parody to use of recognized... References to Star Trek, which lists some non-Star Trek television series which feature the Klingon language.
  • An alien language is a general term for any language that could be used by theoretical intelligent extraterrestrial lifeforms alien to the planet Earth. The study of such languages may be termed xenolinguistics. The problem of alien language is one that has confronted generations of science fiction writers; some have... Alien language

External links

This image is the site logo used on the English Wikipedia, the Wiki.png name is magical because once the functionality has been turned on at a particular wiki the image with that name becomes the site-wide logo (usually displayed in the top-left corner). See also The logos...
Klingon language edition of Wikipedia is a Web-based free content encyclopedia designed to be read and edited by anyone, with editions of varying sizes in 190 languages. About 6,000 active users collaboratively edit and maintain the English edition Wikipedia, which has allowed it in just over four years of operation to become... Wikipedia

 
 

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