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Encyclopedia > Czestochowa

Częstochowa (pronounce: Image:Ltspkr.png [ʧε̃stɔ:xɔva]) is a city in south Poland on the Warta River with 248,894 inhabitants (2004). Situated in the Silesian Voivodship (since 1999), previously capital of Częstochowa Voivodship (1975-1998). The purpose of this page is to lay out our policies for handling sounds, and give people some useful information for handling sound files. ... Warta (Latin: Varta, German: Warthe) is a river in western-central Poland, a tributary of the Oder river. ... Silesian voivodship since 1999 Silesia or Silesian Voivodship(1) is an administrative region and local government unit in Poland, established in 1999 out of Katowice, Czętochowa and Bielsko-Biała voivodships as a result of Local Government Reorganisation Act of 1998 (effective 1 January 1999). ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ...


This town is known for the famous Paulite monastery of Jasna Góra that is the home of the Black Madonna painting, a shrine of the Virgin Mary. Each year, thousands of pilgrims from all over the world come to Częstochowa to see it. There is also a Lusatian culture excavation site and museum in the city and ruins of a medieval castle in Olsztyn, approximately 15 kilometres (ca. 10 mi.) from the city centre. Buddhist monastery near Tibet A monastery is the habitation of monks. ... Medieval Jasna Góra Monastery The Jasna Góra Monastery is located in Czestochowa, Poland. ... The Black Madonna of Częstochowa (Czarna Madonna or Matka Boska Częstochowska in Polish) is a 14th century icon of a Black Madonna. ... A Virgin Mary shrine is a shrine marking an apparition or other miracle ascribed to the Blessed Virgin Mary. ... Gabriel delivering the Annunciation to Mary. ... For albums named Pilgrim, see Pilgrim (album). ... The Lusatian culture existed in the later Bronze Age and early Iron Age (1300-500 BC) in eastern Germany, most of Poland, parts of Czech Republic and Slovakia (in older articles described also as Czechoslovakia) and parts of Ukraine. ... The Alcázar of Segovia, Spain A castle (from the Latin castellum, diminutive of castra, a military camp, in turn the plural of castrum or watchpost), is a fort, a camp and the logical development of a fortified enclosure. ...

Częstochowa
Coat of Arms of Częstochowa
(Flag) (Coat of Arms)
Motto: none
Voivodship Silesian
Municipal government Rada miasta Częstochowy
Mayor Tadeusz Wrona
Area 160 km²
Population
 - city
 - urban
 - density

248,894 (2004)
none
1 597/km²
Founded
City rights
11th century
after 1370
Latitude
Longitude
19°07'E
50°48'N
Area code +48 34
Car plates SC
Twin towns Altlotting, Fatima, Loreto, Lourdes, Pforzheim, Rezekne, South Bend, Šiauliai
Municipal Website (http://www.czestochowa.um.gov.pl/)
Contents

5.1 Częstochowa constituency
Flag of Częstochowa, from the municipal website This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Czestochowa File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A motto is a phrase or collection of words intended to describe the motivation or intention of a sociological grouping or organization. ... Czestochowa on a map of Poland File links The following pages link to this file: Czestochowa Categories: GFDL images ... A Voivodship ( Romanian: Voievodat, Polish: Województwo, Serbian: Vojvodstvo or Vojvodina) was a feudal state in medieval Romania, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Serbia (see Vojvodina), ruled by a Voivod. ... Silesian voivodship since 1999 Silesia or Silesian Voivodship(1) is an administrative region and local government unit in Poland, established in 1999 out of Katowice, Czętochowa and Bielsko-Biała voivodships as a result of Local Government Reorganisation Act of 1998 (effective 1 January 1999). ... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... Population density can be used as a measurement of any tangible item. ... (10th century - 11th century - 12th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Events Beginning of the rule of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... Polish car number plates since May 1, 2000 Polish 2000 series car plates has black letters on white background. ... This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... Fatima was originally an Arabic name, but is sometimes used by Catholics in connection with a Portuguese apparition of the Virgin Mary. ... Loreto is the Italian word for laurel-wood. ... There is another Lourdes with a different pronunciation, see Lourdes, Brazil. ... Pforzheim is a town of 115,000 inhabitants in the state of Baden-Württemberg, south-west Germany at the gate to the Black Forest. ... Rezekne (population 39,233 in 2000 census) is a city in Eastern Latvia, 242 km east from Riga. ... South Bend is the name of the following places in the United States of America: South Bend, Indiana South Bend Township, Kansas South Bend Township, Minnesota South Bend, Nebraska South Bend Township, Pennsylvania South Bend, Washington This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might... Šiauliai (Polish Szawle, German Schaulen, Yiddish שאַװל Shavl) is the fourth largest city of Lithuania with a population of 133,883. ...

City name

The name of Częstochowa means Częstoch's place and comes from a personal name of Częstoch mentioned in the mediaeval documents also as Częstobor and Częstomir. The original name was mentioned as Częstochowa, spelled Czanstochowa in 1220, or Częstochow in 1382 and 1558. A part of today's city called Częstochówka was a separate municipality mentioned in 14th century as the Old Częstochowa (Antiquo Czanstochowa, 1382) and Częstochówka in 1470-80. (13th century - 14th century - 15th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was that century which lasted from 1301 to 1400. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Enyu of Japan, fifth and last of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Emperor Go-Komatsu ascends to the throne of Japan John Wyclifs teachings are condemned by the Synod of London. ...


History

The village of Częstochowa was founded in 13th century. Before 1377 it received a town charter, which was later changed to the Magdeburg Law in 1502. In the 17th century the local monastery was turned into a fortress, which was one of the pockets of Polish resistance against the Swedish armies during The Deluge in 1655. After the Third Partition of Poland it was annexed by Prussia and incorporated into the Neue Schlesien province. During the Napoleonic Wars, in 1807 it became part of the Duchy of Warsaw and since 1815 the Kingdom of Poland. This started a period of fast growth of the city. In 1819 renown military architect Jan Bernhard planned and started the construction of Aleja Panny Marii - the Lady Mary Avenue, which currently is the main axis of the modern city. The two existing towns of Częstochowa and Częstochówka (the latter received the city rights in 1717 as Nowa Częstochowa) were finally merged in 1826. In 1846 the Warsaw-Vienna railway line was opened, linking the city with the rest of Europe. After 1870 iron ore started to be developed in the area, which gave a boost to the local industry. Among the most notable investments of the epoch was the Huta Częstochowa steel mill built by Bernard Hantke, as well as several weaveries and paper factories. (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Events January 17 – Gregory XI enters Rome. ... In the United Kingdom and Canada a Royal Charter is a charter granted by the Sovereign on the advice of the Privy Council, which creates or gives special status to an incorporated body. ... The Magdeburg Rights (or Magdeburg law) were the laws of the Imperial Free City of Magdeburg during many centuries of the Holy Roman Empire, and possibly the most important set of Germanic medieval city laws. ... Events January 1 - Portuguese explorers sailed into Guanabra Bay, Brazil and mistook it for the mouth of a river which they named Rio de Janeiro May 9 - Christopher Columbus leaves Spain for his fourth and final trip to the New World. May 21 - Portuguese discover island of St Helena. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... This article is about the history of Poland. ... Events New Sweden (Delaware) attacked and captured by Dutch forces. ... The Partitions of Poland ( Polish Rozbiór or Rozbiory Polski) happened in the 18th century and ended the existence of a sovereign state of Poland (or more correctly the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth). ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen or Preussen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: Prūsai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia and... Napoleonic Wars are the wars fought during Napoleon Bonapartes rule of France. ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Location Official languages Polish Established church Roman Catholic Capital Warsaw Largest City Warsaw Head of state Duke of Warsaw Area about 158,000 km² Population about 3 million Existed 1807 - 1814 The Duchy of Warsaw (Polish: Księstwo Warszawskie, Latin: Ducatus Varsoviae, French: Duche de Varsovie) was a Polish state established... 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The term Congress Poland is an unofficial name of the Kingdom of Poland, a political entity that was created out of the Duchy of Warsaw at the Congress of Vienna in 1815, when European powers reorganised Europe following the Napoleonic wars. ... 1819 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Events January 4 — The Netherlands, Britain & France sign Triple Alliance March 2 — Dancer John Weaver performs in the first ballet in Britain shown in Drury Lane The Loves of Mars and Venus March 31 - Bishop Benjamin Hoadly, acting on the advice of King George begins the Bangorian Controversy by saying... 1826 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa, see also other names, in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Vienna (German: Wien [viːn]) is the capital of Austria, and also one of Austrias nine federal states (Bundesland Wien). ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... This heap of iron ore pellets will be used in steel production. ...


During the World War I the town got under German occupation, and in 1918 it became a part of the newly-reborn Republic of Poland. The new state acquired large deposits of good iron ore in Silesia and the mines in Częstochowa became inefficient and soon were closed. This brought the period of prosperity to an end. At the same time a bishopry was relocated to the city in 1925. After the Polish Defence War of 1939 the town was annexed by Nazi Germany, renamed to Tschenstochau and incorporated into the General Government. During the World War II approximately 40.000 of Częstochowa's Jews were murdered by the Germans, almost the entire Jewish community living there. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... This heap of iron ore pellets will be used in steel production. ... Silesia (Polish Śląsk, German Schlesien, Czech Slezsko) is a historical region in central Europe. ... A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who, in certain Christian churches, holds a position of authority. ... 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Polish Defence War of 1939 Conflict World War II Date 1 September - 6 October 1939 Place Poland Result Decisive German and Soviet victory The Polish September Campaign (alternatively refered to as the German plan Fall Weiss) refers to the conquest of Poland by the armies of Nazi Germany and the... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Federal Republic of Germany is one of the worlds leading industrialised countries, located in the heart of Europe. ... The General Government (in full General government for the occupied Polish areas, in German Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete) was the name given by Germany to the governing authority in Poland after its occupation by the Wehrmacht in September and October 1939. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (over 11 miles) into the air. ...


After the war Częstochowa was returned to Poland. Due to communist idea of fast industrialisation, the inefficient steel mill was significantly expanded and named after Bolesław Bierut. This, combined with the growing tourist movement, led to yet another period of fast city growth, concluded in 1975 with the creation of a separate Częstochowa Voivodship. Currently the city is one of the main tourist attractions of the area and is sometimes called the little Nuremberg because of the number of souvenir shops and the historical monuments. It also attracts hundreds of thousands of tourists and pilgrims every year. The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Nuremberg coat of arms Location of Nuremberg Nuremberg (German: Nürnberg) is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. ... For albums named Pilgrim, see Pilgrim (album). ...


Education

The Black Madonna of Czestochowa
  • Politechnika Częstochowska
  • Akademia Jana Długosza (previously Wyższa Szkoła Pedagogiczna)
  • Akademia Polonijna (previously Wyższa Szkoła Języków Obcych i Ekonomii)
  • Wyższa Szkoła Hotelarstwa i Turystyki
  • Wyższa Szkoła Lingwistyczna
  • Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania

The Black Madonna of Czestochowa The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... The Black Madonna of Czestochowa The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ...

Sports

  • CKM Włókniarz Czestochowa - Speedway team from Częstochowa , 3rd place in season 2004, first pleace in season 2003

Pamapol AZS Czestochowa is a Polish volleyball team, based in Częstochowa, playing in Polish Volleyball League (Polska Liga Siatkówki, PLS). ... Volleyball is a popular team sport in Poland. ... The Polish Volleyball League (Polska Liga Siatkowki, PLS) is the highest level of mens volleyball in Poland. ...

Politics

Częstochowa constituency

Members of Parliament (Sejm) elected Częstochowa constituency This article is about the lower chamber of Polish parliament. ...

  • Giżyński Szymon, PiS
  • Grzesik Andrzej, Samoobrona
  • Janik Ewa Maria, SLD-UP
  • Kasprzyk Jacek, SLD-UP
  • Maniura Edward, PO
  • Polak Danuta, SLD-UP
  • Ratman Zygmunt, SLD-UP

Self-Defense of the Polish Republic ( Polish: Samoobrona Rzeczypospolitiej Polskiej, SRP) is a political party and trade union in Poland. ... Alliance of the Democratic Left (Polish: Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej, SLD) is one of the main Polish social democratic political parties. ... Labor Union (Unia Pracy) is a Polish political party. ... Citizens Platform (Platforma Obywatelska) is a Polish conservative- liberal political party, modelled after the two main American parties. ...

See also:

  • Web site about the Black Madonna Monastery (http://www.jasnagora.pl/english/)
  • native's portal (http://www.czestochowiak.pl)


 
Poland
Voivodships of Poland
Greater Poland | Kuyavia-Pomerania | Lesser Poland | Łódź | Lower Silesia | Lublin | Lubusz | Masovia | Opole | Podlachia | Pomerania | Świętokrzyskie | Silesia | Subcarpathia | Warmia and Masuria | West Pomerania
Principal cities
Warsaw | Łódź | Kraków | Wrocław | Poznań | Gdańsk | Szczecin | Bydgoszcz | Lublin | Katowice | Białystok | Częstochowa | Gdynia | Gorzów Wlkp. | Toruń | Radom | Kielce | Rzeszów | Olsztyn

  Results from FactBites:
 
AllRefer.com - Czestochowa, Poland (Polish Political Geography) - Encyclopedia (281 words)
Czestochowa is a celebrated religious center, and a world-famous place of pilgrimage.
Its monastery stands on the Jasna Gora [mountain of light] and contains an image of Mary known as the Black Madonna, supposedly painted by St. Luke and brought to Czestochowa in the 14th cent.
In 1655, when Charles X of Sweden overran Poland, the prior and a handful of soldiers defended the monastery and its relic for 40 days until the Swedes abandoned the siege.
Czestochowa - Education - Information - Educational Resources - Encyclopedia - Music (461 words)
Czestochowa - Education - Information - Educational Resources - Encyclopedia - Music
A part of today's city called Częstochówka was in the past a separate municipality mentioned in 14th century as the Old Czestochowa (Antiquo Czanstochowa 1382) and Częstochówka in 1470-80.
Pamapol AZS Czestochowa - men's volleyball team playing in Polish Volleyball League (Polska Liga Siatkówki, PLS), 3rd place in season 2003/2004.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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