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Encyclopedia > Cytisus scoparius
Wikipedia:How to read a taxobox
Cytisus scoparius

Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Cytisus
Species: C. scoparius
Binomial name
Cytisus scoparius
(L.) Link

Spartium scoparium L.
Genista scoparius L. (Lam.)
Sarothamnus scoparius L. (K.Koch). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (964x768, 275 KB) Cytisus scoparius photo MPF Newcastle, UK File links The following pages link to this file: Shrub Common Broom ... The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive either in the present day or the future. ... Image File history File links Status_iucn2. ... Least Concern (LC) is an IUCN category assigned to species or lower taxa which do not qualify for any other category. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta—liverworts Anthocerotophyta—hornworts Bryophyta—mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta—rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta—zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta—clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta—trimerophytes Pteridophyta—ferns and horsetails Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta—seed ferns Pinophyta—conifers Cycadophyta—cycads Ginkgophyta—ginkgo Gnetophyta—gnetae Magnoliophyta—flowering plants... It has been suggested that Angiospermae, and Anthophyta be merged into this article or section. ... Orders See text. ... Families Fabaceae (legumes) Quillajaceae Polygalaceae (milkwort family) Surianaceae The Fabales are an order of flowering plants, included in the rosid group of dicotyledons. ... Subfamilies Faboideae Caesalpinioideae Mimosoideae References GRIN-CA 2002-09-01 The name Fabaceae belongs to either of two families, depending on viewpoint. ... Genera Argyrocytisus:1 species Cytisus: about 30-35 species Genista: about 90 species Petteria: 1 species Podocytisus: 1 species Retama: 4 species Spartium: 1 species Ref: ILDIS Version 6. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 23, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician, zoologist and gay rights campaigner[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... Johann Heinrich Friedrich Link (February 2, 1767 - January 1, 1850) was a German naturalist and botanist. ... In scientific nomenclature, synonyms are different scientific names used for a single taxon. ... Jean-Baptiste Lamarck. ... Karl Heinrich Emil Koch (1809 - 1879) was a German botanist. ...

Cytisus scoparius (Common Broom; syn. Sarothamnus scoparius) is a perennial, leguminous shrub native to western and central Europe from the Iberian Peninsula north to the British Isles and southern Scandinavia, and east to Poland and Romania,[1] where it is found in sunny sites, usually on dry, sandy soils at low altitudes[2]. In scientific classification, synonymy is the existence of multiple systematic names to label the same organism. ... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe. ... Location of the British Isles The British Isles are a group of islands off the north west coast of continental Europe comprising Great Britain, Ireland and a number of smaller islands. ... Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe and includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ...

It typically grows to 1-3 m tall, rarely 4 m, with main stems up to 5 cm thick, rarely 10 cm. It has green shoots with small deciduous trifoliate leaves 5-15 mm long, and in spring and summer is covered in profuse golden yellow flowers 20-30 mm from top to bottom and 15-20 mm wide. Flowering occurs after 50-80 growing degree days. In late summer, its legumes (seed pods) mature black, 2-3 cm long, 8 mm broad and 2-3 mm thick; they burst open, often with an audible crack, spreading seed from the parent plant. It is the hardiest species of broom, tolerating temperatures down to about -25°C.[2][3][4] “Foliage” redirects here. ... A Phalaenopsis flower Rudbeckia fulgida A flower, (<Old French flo(u)r<Latin florem<flos), also known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms). ... Growing degree days (GDD) are a heuristic tool in phenology. ... Varieties of soybean seeds, a popular legume Pea pods A legume is a plant in the family Fabaceae (or Leguminosae), or a fruit of these plants. ... A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ...

There are two subspecies[1][2]: In zoology, as in other branches of biology, subspecies is the rank immediately subordinate to a species. ...

  • Cytisus scoparius subsp. scoparius. Throughout the species' range.
  • Cytisus scoparius subsp. maritimus (Rouy) Heywood. Western Europe, on maritime cliffs. Differs in prostrate growth, not over 0.4 m tall, and downy young shoots.

In Britain and Ireland the standard name is Broom,[5][2][4] but this name is also used generically for other related species (see broom), and the term Common Broom is sometimes used for clarification[6][7]. In other English-speaking countries, the most prevalent common name is Scotch Broom [8]; English Broom is also occasionally used (see Scotch and England). Genera Argyrocytisus:1 species Cytisus: about 30-35 species Genista: about 90 species Petteria: 1 species Podocytisus: 1 species Retama: 4 species Spartium: 1 species Ref: ILDIS Version 6. ... Scotch is an obsolescent adjective meaning of Scotland. Common contemporary usage is Scottish or Scots in Britain but Scotch is still in contemporary use outside of England and Scotland. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area...

Cultivation and naturalisation

It is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant, with several cultivars selected for variation in flower colour, including 'Moonlight' with deep yellow flowers, 'Andreanus' and 'Firefly' with dark orange-red flowers, and growth habit, including 'Pendula' with pendulous branchlets.[3] An ornamental plant is a plant that is grown for its ornamental qualities, rather than for its commercial or other value. ... This Osteospermum Pink Whirls is a successful cultivar. ...

It has been introduced into several other continents outside its native range, where it is regarded as a noxious invasive species in many places such as California and the Pacific Northwest in North America, and New Zealand. The prolific growth of this species after timber harvest inhibits reforestation by competing with seedling trees.[9] Oregon estimates that it is responsible for $47 million in lost timber production each year in that state.[10] Some attempts have been made to develop biological controls in affected areas, using three broom-feeding insects, the psyllid Arytainilla spartiophylla, the beetle Bruchidius villosus, and a moth Leucoptera spartifoliella.[11] Lantana invasion of abandoned citrus plantation; Moshav Sdey Hemed, Israel The term invasive species refers to a subset of introduced species or non-indigenous species that are rapidly expanding outside of their native range. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The Pacific Northwest from space This page is about the region that includes parts of Canada and the United States. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Biological control of pests and diseases Overview A key belief of the organic gardener is that diversity furthers health. ... {{Taxobox | color = pink | name = Insects | fossil_range = Carboniferous - Recent | image = European honey bee extracts nectar. ... Psyllids or jumping plant lice (family Psyllidae or Chermidae) are small plant-feeding insects that are very host specific, i. ... Suborders Adephaga Archostemata Myxophaga Polyphaga See subgroups of the order Coleoptera Beetles are the most diverse group of insects. ... A moth is an insect closely related to the butterfly. ...


  1. ^ a b Flora Europaea: Cytisus scoparius
  2. ^ a b c d Blamey, M. & Grey-Wilson, C. (1989). Flora of Britain and Northern Europe. Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 0-340-40170-2.
  3. ^ a b Bean, W. J. (1970). Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles. John Murray, London. ISBN 0-7195-1790-7
  4. ^ a b Vedel, H. & Lange, J. (1960). Trees and bushes. Metheun, London.
  5. ^ Botanical Society of the British Isles (zip file)
  6. ^ Wild Flowers of the Loch Lomond and Trossachs National Park, Scotland
  7. ^ Garden World: common broom
  8. ^ National Park Service: Scotch Broom
  9. ^ Invasive Plant Species Management Plan. McDonald-Dunn Forest Plan, Appendix 7. Oregon State University, College of Forestry. Retrieved on 2006-12-20.
  10. ^ Scotch broom. ODA Plant Division, Noxious Weed Control. Retrieved on 2006-09-03.
  11. ^ CSIRO: Biological control

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 20 is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 3 is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
MedlinePlus Herbs and Supplements: Scotch broom (Cytisus scoparius Linn.) herb and flower, Sparteine (2365 words)
Scotch broom (Cytisus scoparius), also referred to as broom, is a perennial woody plant native to Europe.
Jusiak L, Soczewinski E, Waksmundzki A. Analysis of alkaloid extract of broom (Cystisus scoparius) by chromatography on wet buffered paper and countercurrent distribution.
Kolodziejski J, Gill S, Luczkiewicz I. [Localization of sparteine in Cytisus scoparius (Sarothamnus scoparius L.) during the vegetation state].
definition of broom (273 words)
A plant having twigs suitable for making brooms to sweep with when bound together; esp., the Cytisus scoparius of Western Europe, which is a low shrub with long, straight, green, angular branches, minute leaves, and large yellow flowers.
An implement for sweeping floors, etc., commonly made of the panicles or tops of broom corn, bound together or attached to a long wooden handle; -- so called because originally made of the twigs of the broom.
An, And, Angular, Attached, Because, Bound, Branches, Bream, Broom, Corn, Cytisus, Esp, Etc, Europe, Flowers, For, Green, Handle, Having, Is, Leaves, Long, Low, Made, Minute, Of, Or, Panicles, Plant, See, Shrub, So, Straight, Sweep, The, To, Together, Tops, Twigs, Western, When, Which, With, Wooden, Yellow
  More results at FactBites »



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