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Encyclopedia > Cytidine triphosphate
Cytidine triphosphate
Other names cytidine-5'-triphosphate, Cytidine 5-Prime-Triphosphate, CTP
CAS number 65-47-4
PubChem 6176
MeSH Cytidine+triphosphate
Molecular formula C9H16N3O14P3
Molar mass 483.156
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Cytidine triphosphate is a pyrimidine nucleotide. Download high resolution version (3558x1994, 16 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... CAS registry numbers are unique numerical identifiers for chemical compounds, polymers, biological sequences, mixtures and alloys. ... PubChem is a database of chemical molecules. ... Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is a huge controlled vocabulary (or metadata system) for the purpose of indexing journal articles and books in the life sciences. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In chemistry, the standard state of a material is its state at 1 bar (100 kilopascals) and 25 degrees Celsius (298. ... Pyrimidine is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound similar to benzene and pyridine, containing two nitrogen atoms at positions 1 and 3 of the six-member ring [1]. It is isomeric with two other forms of diazine. ... A nucleotide is a chemical compound that consists of a heterocyclic base, a sugar, and one or more phosphate groups. ...

CTP is a substrate in the synthesis of RNA. Ribonucleic acid or RNA is a nucleic acid polymer consisting of nucleotide monomers that plays several important roles in the processes that translate genetic information from deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) into protein products; RNA acts as a messenger between DNA and the protein synthesis complexes known as ribosomes, forms vital portions...

CTP is a high energy molecule equal to ATP, but its role in the organism is more specific than that of ATP. CTP is used as the source of energy, a carrier or an activator in metabolic reactions like synthesis of glycerophospholipids and glycosylation of proteins. Adenosine 5-triphosphate (ATP) is a multifunctional nucleotide that is most important as a molecular currency of intracellular energy transfer. ... Glycerophospholipids or phosphoglycerides are glycerol-based phospholipids. ... Glycosylation is the process or result of addition of saccharides to proteins and lipids. ...

See also

Cytidine is a molecule (known as a nucleoside) that is formed when cytosine is attached to a ribose ring (also known as a ribofuranose) via a β-N1-glycosidic bond. ... Pyrimidine biosynthesis occurs both in the body and through organic synthesis. ... CTP synthase (or CTP synthetase) is an enzyme involved in pyrimidine biosynthesis. ...

v  d  e
Major families of biochemicals
Peptides | Amino acids | Nucleic acids | Carbohydrates | Lipids | Terpenes | Carotenoids | Tetrapyrroles | Enzyme cofactors | Steroids | Flavonoids | Alkaloids | Polyketides | Glycosides
Analogues of nucleic acids: Types of Nucleic Acids Analogues of nucleic acids:
Nucleobases: Purine (Adenine, Guanine) | Pyrimidine (Uracil, Thymine, Cytosine)
Nucleosides: Adenosine/Deoxyadenosine | Guanosine/Deoxyguanosine | Uridine | Thymidine | Cytidine/Deoxycytidine
Nucleotides: monophosphates (AMP, UMP, GMP, CMP) | diphosphates (ADP, UDP, GDP, CDP) | triphosphates (ATP, UTP, GTP, CTP) | cyclic (cAMP, cGMP, cADPR)
Deoxynucleotides: monophosphates (dAMP, TMP, dGMP, dCMP) | diphosphates (dADP, TDP, dGDP, dCDP) | triphosphates (dATP, TTP, dGTP, dCTP)
Ribonucleic acids: RNA | mRNA | piRNA | tRNA | rRNA | ncRNA | gRNA | shRNA | siRNA | snRNA | miRNA | snoRNA
Deoxyribonucleic acids: DNA | mtDNA | cDNA | plasmid | Cosmid | BAC | YAC | HAC
Analogues of nucleic acids: GNA | PNA | TNA | Morpholino | LNA

  Results from FactBites:
Cytidine Diphosphate (CDP): a nucleotide, the 5'-pyrophosphate of cytidine, acting as a carrier of choline and ethanolamine in the phospholipid synthesis.
Cytidine Triphosphate (CTP): a nucleotide, the 5'-triphosphate of cytidine; precursor in the synthesis of ribonucleic acid and of CDP- and CMP-linked compounds.
Deoxycytidine Triphosphate (dCTP): a nucleotide, the 5'-triphosphate of deoxycytidine; an precursor in the synthesis of DNA.
Attotron Molecular Biology Hypertext Dictionary (9690 words)
ddNTP.GIF a nucleoside triphosphate analog that causes termination of an elongating DNA molecule when incorporated by DNA polymerase because of the absence of a 3´-hydroxyl residue on the sugar portion of the compound, which is necessary for the formation of the 3' to 5' phosphate linkage in an elongating DNA chain.
The sugar molecules are modified by the presence of a purine or pyrimidine nucleoside or "base" attached to the first, or 1', carbon and the oxygen-phosphorus-oxygen bond links the third, or 3', carbon to the fifth, or 5', carbon of the adjacent sugar molecule.
thymidine triphosphate, a deoxyribose molecule with the pyrimidine thymine attached to the 1´ carbon and a chain of three oxygenated phosphorus atoms attached to the 5' carbon.
  More results at FactBites »



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