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Encyclopedia > Cytidine diphosphate
Cytidine diphosphate
Chemical name Guanosine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate)
Chemical formula C9H15N3O11P2
Molecular mass 403.18 g/mol
CAS number 34393-59-4
SMILES O[C@H]1[C@H]([C@H](N2C=
CC(N)=NC2=O)O[C@@H]1
COP(O)(OP(O)(O)=O)=O)O
Chemical structure of deprotonated CDP

Cytidine diphosphate, abbreviated CDP, is a nucleotide. It is an ester of pyrophosphoric acid with the nucleoside cytidine. CDP consists of the pyrophosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase cytosine. IUPAC nomenclature is a systematic way of naming organic chemical compounds as recommended by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). ... A chemical formula (also called molecular formula) is a concise way of expressing information about the atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound. ... The molecular mass of a substance (less accurately called molecular weight and abbreviated as MW) is the mass of one molecule of that substance, relative to the unified atomic mass unit u (equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12). ... CAS registry numbers are unique numerical identifiers for chemical compounds, polymers, biological sequences, mixtures and alloys. ... The simplified molecular input line entry specification or SMILES is a specification for unambiguously describing the structure of chemical molecules using short ASCII alpha-numeric strings. ... Download high resolution version (2950x1994, 15 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A nucleotide is a monomer or the structural unit of nucleotide chains forming nucleic acids as RNA and DNA. A nucleotide consists of a heterocyclic nucleobase, a pentose sugar, and a phosphate or polyphosphate group. ... In organic chemistry and biochemistry esters are substances where an organic group replaces a hydrogen atom (or more than one) in an oxygen acid. ... Pyrophosphoric acid, also known under the name diphosphoric acid, is a syrupy liquid or a needle-like crystaline solid. ... Nucleosides are glycosylamines made by attaching a nucleobase to a ribose ring. ... Cytidine is a molecule (known as a nucleoside) that is formed when cytosine is attached to a ribose ring (also known as a ribofuranose) via a β-N1-glycosidic bond. ... In chemistry, pyrophosphate, or PPi is an anion observed in living systems, usually formed by the hydrolysis of ATP into AMP. The hydrolysis is called pyrophosphorolysis. ... In ecology functional groups are collections of organisms based on morphological, physiological, behavioral, biochemical, or environmental responses or on trophic criteria. ... A pentose is a monosaccharide with five carbon atoms. ... A sugar is a carbohydrate which is sweet to taste. ... Ribose Ribose is a five carbon sugar (pentose) that is critical to living creatures. ... Nucleobases are the parts of RNA and DNA that are involved in pairing up (see also base pairs). ... Cytosine is onek of the 5 main nucleobases used in storing and transporting genetic information within a cell in the nucleic acids DNA and RNA. It is a pyrimidine derivative, with a heterocyclic aromatic ring and two substituents attached (an amine group at position 4 and a keto group at...


See also

Nucleic acids edit
Nucleobases: Adenine - Thymine - Uracil - Guanine - Cytosine - Purine - Pyrimidine
Nucleosides: Adenosine - Thymidine - Uridine - Guanosine - Cytidine - Deoxyadenosine - Deoxythymidine - Deoxyuridine - Deoxyguanosine - Deoxycytidine - Ribose - Deoxyribose
Nucleotides: AMP - TMP - UMP - GMP - CMP - ADP - TDP - UDP - GDP - CDP - ATP - TTP - UTP - GTP - CTP - cAMP - cGMP
Deoxynucleotides: dAMP - dTMP - dUMP - dGMP - dCMP - dADP - dTDP - dUDP - dGDP - dCDP - dATP - dTTP - dUTP - dGTP - dCTP
Nucleic acids: DNA - RNA - LNA - PNA - mRNA - ncRNA - miRNA - rRNA - shRNA - siRNA - tRNA - mtDNA - Oligonucleotide

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cytidine diphosphate diglyceride analogs of antiretroviral dideoxynucleosides: evidence for release of ... (452 words)
Cytidine diphosphate diglyceride analogs of antiretroviral dideoxynucleosides: evidence for release of dideoxynucleoside-monophosphates by phospholipid biosynthetic enzymes in rat liver subcellular fractions.
Dideoxynucleoside analogs of cytidine diphosphate diglyceride (CDP-DG) represent one class of such phospholipid prodrugs from which the antiviral active principle may be released through established pathways of cellular phospholipid metabolism.
In all three biosynthetic pathways dideoxycytidine diphosphate diglyceride was the most active donor of the phosphatidyl unit.
CYTIDINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE (657 words)
CTP is the source of the cytidine in RNA (ribonucleic acid) and deoxycytidine triphosphate (dCTP) is the source of the deoxycytidine in DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid).
Cytidine Diphosphate (CDP): a nucleotide, the 5'-pyrophosphate of cytidine, acting as a carrier of choline and ethanolamine in the phospholipid synthesis.
Cytidine Triphosphate (CTP): a nucleotide, the 5'-triphosphate of cytidine; precursor in the synthesis of ribonucleic acid and of CDP- and CMP-linked compounds.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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