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Encyclopedia > Cyrus Vance
Cyrus Roberts Vance
Cyrus Vance

In office
January 23, 1977 – April 28, 1980
President Jimmy Carter
Preceded by Henry Kissinger
Succeeded by Edmund Muskie

Born March 27, 1917
Clarksburg, West Virginia
Died January 12, 2002 (aged 84)
New York, NY
Political party Democratic
Spouse Grace Sloane
Profession Lawyer

Cyrus Roberts Vance (Clarksburg, West Virginia, March 27, 1917January 12, 2002) was the United States Secretary of State under President Jimmy Carter from 1977 to 1980. He approached foreign policy with an emphasis on negotiation over conflict and a special interest in arms reduction. In April of 1980, Vance resigned in protest of Operation Eagle Claw, the secret mission to rescue American hostages in Iran. He was succeeded by Edmund Muskie. Public domain photograph of U.S. Sec. ... Seal of the United States Department of State. ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... April 28 is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 247 days remaining. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... James Earl Jimmy Carter, Jr. ... Henry Alfred Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Kissinger on May 27, 1923 in Fürth) is a German-born American diplomat, and 1973 Nobel Peace Prize laureate. ... Edmund Muskie (March 28, 1914 – March 26, 1996) was an American Democratic politician from Maine. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (87th in leap years). ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Clarksburg is a city located in Harrison County, West Virginia. ... January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... New York, New York redirects here. ... This article does not adequately cite its references. ... English barrister 16th century painting of a civil law notary, by Flemish painter Quentin Massys. ... Clarksburg is a city located in Harrison County, West Virginia. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (87th in leap years). ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Seal of the United States Department of State. ... James Earl Jimmy Carter, Jr. ... Combatants United States Iran Commanders Col. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... Edmund Muskie (March 28, 1914 – March 26, 1996) was an American Democratic politician from Maine. ...


Vance was the nephew (and adoptive son) of 1924 Democratic Presidential Candidate and noted lawyer John W. Davis. John W. Davis John William Davis (April 13, 1873 — March 24, 1955) was an American politician and lawyer. ...

Contents

Military and legal career

Vance graduated from Kent School in 1935 and received a bachelor's degree in 1939 from Yale University, where he was a member of the secret society, Scroll and Key. After graduating from Yale Law School in 1942, Vance served in the Navy as a gunnery officer on the destroyer USS Hale until 1946 and then joined the law firm Simpson Thacher & Bartlett in New York City before entering entering government service. Kent School is an independent (private) co-ed prep school in Kent, Connecticut, USA. Currently situated between the Appalachian Trail and the Housatonic River, it was established in 1906 by The Reverend Frederick Herbert Sill. ... A bachelors degree (Artium Baccalaureus, A.B. or B.A.) is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three, four, or in some cases and countries, five or six years. ... “Yale” redirects here. ... The Scroll and Key Society is a secret society established by John Addison Porter and others at Yale University in 1842. ... The Sterling Law Building Sculptural ornamentation on the Sterling Law Building Yale Law School, or YLS, is the law school of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. ... USS McFaul (DDG-74) In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet or battle group and defend them against smaller, short-range but powerful attackers (originally torpedo boats, later submarines and aircraft). ... USS Hale (DD-642), a Fletcher-class destroyer, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for Maine Senator Eugene Hale (1836–1918). ... Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP is one of the largest, oldest, and most prestigious law firms in New York. ...


Political career

Vance was the Secretary of the Army in the Kennedy administration. He worked on sending United States Army units into Northern Mississippi in 1962 to protect James Meredith and put down the resistance to the court ordered integration of the University of Mississippi. As Deputy Secretary of Defense under President Lyndon Johnson, he at first supported the Vietnam War but changed his views by the late 1960s, advising the president to pull out of South Vietnam. In 1968 he served as a delegate to peace talks in Paris. He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1969. Flag of the United States Secretary of the Army The United States Secretary of the Army has statutory responsibility for all matters relating to the United States Army: manpower, personnel, reserve affairs, installations, environmental issues, weapons systems and equipment acquisition, communications, and financial management. ... JFK redirects here. ... Meredith walking to class accompanied by U.S. marshals James Howard Meredith (born June 25, 1933) is an American civil rights movement figure, although he vocally prefers not to be regarded as such. ... The University of Mississippi, also known as Ole Miss, is a public, coeducational research university located in Oxford, Mississippi. ... The United States Deputy Secretary of Defense is the second-highest ranking official in the United States Department of Defense. ... Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908–January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... The Presidential Medal of Freedom The Presidential Medal of Freedom is one of the two highest civilian awards in the United States and is bestowed by the President of the United States (the other major civilian award which is considered its equivalent is the Congressional Gold Medal of Honor, which...


As Secretary of State in the Carter administration, Vance pushed for negotiations and economic ties with the Soviet Union and clashed frequently with the more hawkish National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski. Vance tried to advance arms limitations by working on the SALT II agreement with Russia, which he saw as the central diplomatic issue of the time. He was heavily instrumental in Carter's decision to return the Canal Zone to Panama and in the Camp David Accords agreement between Israel and Egypt. In several countries, Secretary of State is a senior government position. ... James Earl Jimmy Carter, Jr. ... The Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, commonly referred to as the National Security Advisor, serves as the chief advisor to the President of the United States on national security issues. ... Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski (born March 28, 1928, Warsaw, Poland) is a Polish-American political scientist, geostrategist, and statesman. ... nSALT II was a second round of the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks from 1972-1979 between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which sought to curtail the manufacture of strategic nuclear weapons. ... Two Panamax running the Miraflores Locks The Panama Canal (Spanish: ) is a major ship canal that traverses the Isthmus of Panama in Central America, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. ... Celebrating the signing of the Camp David Accords (1978): Menachem Begin, Jimmy Carter, Anwar Sadat The Camp David Accords were signed by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on September 17, 1978, following twelve days of secret negotiations at Camp David. ...

The Iranian Shah, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi meeting with Arthur Atherton, William H. Sullivan, Cyrus Vance, President Jimmy Carter, and Zbigniew Brzezinski,1977
The Iranian Shah, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi meeting with Arthur Atherton, William H. Sullivan, Cyrus Vance, President Jimmy Carter, and Zbigniew Brzezinski,1977

After the Accords, Vance's influence in the administration began to wane as Brzezinski's rose. His role in talks with People's Republic of China was marginalized and his advice for a response to the Shah of Iran's collapsing regime was ignored. Shortly thereafter, when fifty-three American hostages were held in Iran, he worked actively in negotiations but to no avail. Finally, when Carter ordered a secret military rescue, Operation Eagle Claw, Vance resigned in opposition. The rescue attempt failed. The Iranian Shah meeting with Alfred Atherton, William Sullivan, Cyrus Vance, President Carter, and Zbigniew Brzezinski, 1997. ... The Iranian Shah meeting with Alfred Atherton, William Sullivan, Cyrus Vance, President Carter, and Zbigniew Brzezinski, 1997. ... Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran (Persian: ‎ Moḥammad Rez̤ā Pahlavī) (October 26, 1919, Tehran – July 27, 1980, Cairo), styled His Imperial Majesty, and holding the imperial titles of Shāhanshāh (King of Kings), and Aryamehr (Light of the Aryans), was the monarchial ruler of Iran from September 16... The Iranian Shah meeting with Alfred Atherton, William Sullivan, Cyrus Vance, President Carter, and Zbigniew Brzezinski, 1979. ... James Earl Jimmy Carter, Jr. ... Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski (born March 28, 1928, Warsaw, Poland) is a Polish-American political scientist, geostrategist, and statesman. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... One of the worlds longest-lasting monarchies, the Iranian monarchy went through many transformations over the centuries, from the days of Persia to the creation of what is now modern day Iran. ... Combatants United States Iran Commanders Col. ...


Later life and death

Vance returned to his law practice at Simpson Thacher & Bartlett in 1980, but was repeatedly called back to public service throughout the 1980s and 1990s, participating in diplomatic missions to Bosnia, Croatia, and South Africa. Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP is one of the largest, oldest, and most prestigious law firms in New York. ...


In 1993, he was awarded the United States Military Academy's Sylvanus Thayer Award. Category: ... The Sylvanus Thayer Award is a military award that is given each year by the United States Military Academy at West Point. ...


He died aged 84 after a long battle with Alzheimer's disease and was interred at Arlington National Cemetery. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Vance also was a member of the Trilateral Commission. The Trilateral Commission is a private organization, founded in 1973 at the initiative of the heads of the Council of Foreign Relations and of the Bilderberg Group, among them David Rockefeller, Henry Kissinger and Zbigniew Brzezinski. ...


External links

Preceded by
Elvis Jacob Stahr, Jr.
United States Secretary of the Army
Served Under: John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson

July 1962–January 1964
Succeeded by
Stephen Ailes
Preceded by
Henry Kissinger
United States Secretary of State
Served Under: Jimmy Carter

1977—1980
Succeeded by
Edmund Muskie

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cyrus Vance (401 words)
Nachdem er 1942 an der juristischen Fakultät Yale abgeschlossen hatte, diente er in der Navy bis 1946 und arbeitete dann in einem Anwaltsbüro in New York, bevor er in die Regierung eintrat.
Vance versuchte, eine Abrüstung zu erreichen, indem er an dem SALT II-Abkommen mit Russland arbeitete, welches er als zentrales diplomatisches Abkommen dieser Zeit ansah.
Vance kehrte zu seinem Anwaltsbüro zurück, wurde aber wiederholt während der 1980er- und 1990er-Jahren in den öffentlichen Dienst zurückgerufen, um an diplomatischen Missionen nach Bosnien-Herzegovina, Kroatien und Südafrika teilzunehmen.
Cyrus Vance - MSN Encarta (362 words)
In 1967 President Lyndon B. Johnson sent Vance to Detroit to act as a negotiator in the wake of urban riots.
After returning to his law practice for several years, Vance was picked by President Jimmy Carter to serve as secretary of state in 1977, a post in which he earned a reputation as a competent administrator but not as an innovative policymaker.
During the early 1990s, because of his skills as a negotiator and his friendship with United Nations (UN) Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Vance was selected to be a UN mediator.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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