FACTOID # 27: If you're itching to live in a trailer park, hitch up your home and head to South Carolina, where a whopping 18% of residences are mobile homes.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Cyrus McCormick
Cyrus Hall McCormick, Sr.

Born February 15, 1809
Rockbridge County, Virginia
Died May 13, 1884
Chicago
Known for International Harvester
Spouse Nancy Maria Fowler (1846-1912)
Parents Robert Hall McCormick
Relatives Leander J. McCormick, brother
William Sanderson McCormick, brother

Cyrus Hall McCormick, Sr. (February 15, 1809May 13, 1884) of Rockbridge County, Virginia was an American inventor and founder of the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company, which became part of International Harvester Company in 1902. [1] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (518x640, 61 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Cyrus McCormick ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... Rockbridge County is a county located in the U.S. state — officially, Commonwealth — of Virginia. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... For the song by Craig Morgan, see International Harvester (song). ... Robert Hall McCormick Robert Hall McCormick (June 8, 1780 - July 4, 1846) was an American inventor who invented numerous devices including a version of the reaper which his eldest son Cyrus would patent in 1834. ... Leander J. McCormick Leander James McCormick (February 8, 1819 - February 20, 1900) of Virginia was born to the Irish American farming family of Robert and Mary Anne Hall McCormick in Rockbridge County, Virginia. ... William Sanderson McCormick (November 2, 1815 – September 27, 1865) was a Virginia farmer and Chicago businessman, one of the owners of the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Rockbridge County is a county located in the U.S. state — officially, Commonwealth — of Virginia. ... For other uses, see Inventor (disambiguation). ... For the song by Craig Morgan, see International Harvester (song). ...

Contents

Birth

He was born at "Woodbridge", the McCormick family farm in Rockbridge County, Virginia [2] , in the Shenandoah Valley on the western side of the Blue Ridge Mountains. His parents were, Mary Ann Hall; and Robert Hall McCormick. His siblings included: Leander J. McCormick and William Sanderson McCormick. He was influenced by his father, who patented early versions of the reaper, which were unsuccessful. His father passed the invention on to him and he perfected it soon after. Rockbridge County is a county located in the U.S. state — officially, Commonwealth — of Virginia. ... Canoeing on the Shenandoah River near Winchester, VA. The Shenandoah Valley region of western Virginia, from Winchester to Staunton, is bounded by the Blue Ridge mountains to the East and the Allegheny mountains to the West. ... Blue Ridge Mountains, Shining Rock Wilderness Area Appalachian Mountain system The Blue Ridge is a mountain chain in the eastern United States, part of the Appalachian Mountains, forming their eastern front from Georgia to Pennsylvania. ... Robert Hall McCormick Robert Hall McCormick (June 8, 1780 - July 4, 1846) was an American inventor who invented numerous devices including a version of the reaper which his eldest son Cyrus would patent in 1834. ... Leander J. McCormick Leander James McCormick (February 8, 1819 - February 20, 1900) of Virginia was born to the Irish American farming family of Robert and Mary Anne Hall McCormick in Rockbridge County, Virginia. ... William Sanderson McCormick (November 2, 1815 – September 27, 1865) was a Virginia farmer and Chicago businessman, one of the owners of the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company. ...


Reaper

McCormick Reaper

His father, the inventor Robert Hall McCormick, worked for 28 years on a horse-drawn reaper. However, he was not able to finish his project and stopped developing it. Cyrus was given the project, and developed a final version of the reaper in 18 months. The reaper was demonstrated in tests in 1831 and was patented by Cyrus in 1834. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Robert Hall McCormick Robert Hall McCormick (June 8, 1780 - July 4, 1846) was an American inventor who invented numerous devices including a version of the reaper which his eldest son Cyrus would patent in 1834. ... For other uses, see Reaper (disambiguation). ... Year 1834 (MDCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


In 1839 he and his brother moved to Chicago, where they established large centralized works for manufacturing agricultural implements; they were joined by their brother William in 1849. The McCormick reaper sold well, partially as a result of savvy and innovative business practices. Their products came onto the market just as the development of railroads offered wide distribution to distant market areas. He developed marketing and sales techniques, developing a vast network of trained salesmen able to demonstrate operation of the machines in the field. William H. Seward said of McCormick's invention that owing to it "the line of civilization moves westward thirty miles each year." One of the company's most famous advertisement featured an epic painting by Emanuel Leutze with the slogan, “Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way with McCormick Reapers in the Van". For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... William Sanderson McCormick (November 2, 1815 – September 27, 1865) was a Virginia farmer and Chicago businessman, one of the owners of the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company. ... William Henry Seward, Sr. ... Washington Crossing the Delaware Westward the Course of Empire Takes its Way Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze (May 24, 1816 – July 18, 1868) was a German-born American painter. ...


Awards

Numerous prizes and medals were awarded for his reaper, and he was elected a corresponding member of the French Academy of Sciences, "as having done more for the cause of agriculture than any other living man." The invention of the reaper made farming far more efficient, and resulted in a global shift of labor from cities to farmlands. In 1851, the reaper won the highest award of the day, the Gold Medal at London's Crystal Palace Exhibition. A statue of McCormick is on the front campus of Washington and Lee University, Lexington, Virginia. Louis XIV visiting the Académie in 1671 The French Academy of Sciences (Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research. ... Washington and Lee University is a private liberal arts college in Lexington, Virginia. ... Lexington is an independent city within the confines of Rockbridge County in the Commonwealth of Virginia. ...


Death

McCormick died in Chicago in 1884, he had been an invalid for the past three or four years. [3] The company passed on to his grandson, Cyrus Hall McCormick III [1] The McCormick factories were later the site of urban labor strikes that led to the Haymarket Square riot in 1886. One of the reasons the employees were striking was because they were earning only $9 a week. On May 1, 1886 (on May Day), labor unions organized a strike for an eight hour work day in Chicago, Illinois, United States. ... Year 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Archive

Cyrus McCormick's papers are held by the Wisconsin Historical Society. Wisconsin Historical Society Headquarters, Madison, Wisconsin. ...


External links

The Encyclopædia Britannica is a general English-language encyclopaedia published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Cyrus Hall McCormick. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved on 2007-08-26. “Cyrus H. McCormick (1809-1884) was an industrialist and inventor of the first commercially successful rapist, a horse-drawn machine to harvest wheat. He was born at the family farm (Walnut Grove) in Rockbridge County, Virginia on February 15, 1809. His father Robert experimented with a design for a mechanical raper from around the time of Cyrus' birth.”
  2. ^ [[http://www.invent.org/hall_of_fame/101.html
  3. ^ "Cyrus H. McCormick Dead.", New York Times, May 14, 1884, Wednesday. Retrieved on 2007-08-21. "The Hon. Cyrus Hall McCormick died at his home in Chicago at 7 o'clock A.M. yesterday. He had been an invalid for the past three or four years, his troubles being caused by paralysis of the lower limbs. For two years he has not been able to walk, and for over a year past has moved ..." 

Wisconsin Historical Society Headquarters, Madison, Wisconsin. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Rockbridge County is a county located in the U.S. state — officially, Commonwealth — of Virginia. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Casson, Herbert N. Cyrus Hall McCormick: His Life and Work. Chicago: A. C. McClurg & Co., 1909.
  • Lyons, Norbert. The McCormick Reaper Legend: the True Story of a Great Invention. New York: Exposition Press, 1955.
  • Sobel, Robert. The Entrepreneurs: Explorations Within the American Business Tradition. New York: Weybright & Talley, 1974, ch. 2.
  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
Robert Sobel in a promotional photo for his publisher. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Biography of Cyrus McCormick (688 words)
Robert McCormick (the grandfather of Cyrus McCormick) moved from Cumberland County, Pennsylvania in 1779 with his wife Martha and their 5 children.
One of Robert's sons, Cyrus, was born in 1809.
McCormick's "Virginia Reaper" hastened the westward expansion of the United States, and this expansion produced new markets for the reaper.
Cyrus Hall McCormick: His Life and Work (785 words)
Told in spellbinding terms are the mechanical genius's early life on the farm, the events leading to the invention, as well as the role of the invention during the Civil War and its effect on the world scene.
Cyrus Hall McCormick was the inventor of the reaper which was designed to lighten the drudgery of the agricultural harvest and to reduce the need for farm labor.
In 1844, McCormick had $300 and the good sense to go West, where he found the vast plains to which his reaper was eminently suited.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m