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Encyclopedia > Cyrenaica
The Roman Empire ca. 120 AD, with the province of Cyrenaica highlighted
The Roman Empire ca. 120 AD, with the province of Cyrenaica highlighted

Cyrenaica is the eastern coastal region of Libya. Roman province of Cyrenaica Derived from a file of the Noricum province. ... Roman province of Cyrenaica Derived from a file of the Noricum province. ...

Ancient history

Cyrenaica was a Roman province on the northern coast of Africa between Egypt and Numidia; it had been formerly Greek. That area is now the eastern part of the Mediterranean coast of Libya. The Roman Forum was the central area around which ancient Rome developed. ... Map of the Roman Empire, with the provinces, after 120 AD. In Ancient Rome, a province (Latin, provincia, pl. ... // Etymology World map showing Africa (geographically) The name Africa came into Western use through the Romans, who used the name Africa terra — land of the Afri (plural, or Afer singular) — for the northern part of the continent, as the province of Africa with its capital Carthage, corresponding to modern-day... Numidia was an ancient African Berber kingdom and later a Roman province on the northern coast of Africa between the province of Africa (where Tunisia is now) and the province of Mauretania (which is now the western part of Algerias coastal area). ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ...

The east of the province was called Marmarica (no major city), but the important part was in the west, comprizing five cities, hence known as the PentapolisCyrene (near the village of Shahat) with its port of Apollonia (Marsa Susa), Arsinoe (Tocra), Berenice (modern Benghazi) and Barca (Merj)— of which the chief was the eponymous Cyrene. After the earthquake of 365 the capital was moved to Ptolemais. In the south Cyrenaica faded into the Saharan tribal areas, including the pharanoic oracle Ammonium. A Pentapolis, from the Greek words penta five and polis city(-state) is geographic and/or institutional grouping of five cities. ... Cyrene, the ancient Greek city (in present-day Libya) was the oldest and most important of the five Greek cities in the region and gave eastern Libya the classical name Cyrenaica that it has retained to modern times. ... There have been several places called Apollonia: An ancient Greek city in Illyria near to the sea and the river Vjosa, 12 km from Fier, Albania. ... Benghazi (Arabic بنغازي, transliterated BanġāzÄ«) is a seaport in Libya, Africa. ... Barca (Barqa) was a Byzantine province and city in medieval North Africa, occupying the coastal area of what is modern Libya. ... Events Emperor Fei succeeds Emperor Ai as emperor of China. ... Ptolemais or Ptolemaida was one of the ancient capitals of Cyrenaica, located near the modern town of Tolmeita in Libya. ... Satellite image The Sahara is the worlds largest hot desert, over 9,000,000 km² (3,500,000 mi²), located in northern Africa and is 2. ... Fumes from hydrochloric acid and ammonia forming a white cloud of ammonium chloride The Ammonium cation is a positively charged polyatomic ion of the chemical formula NH4+ and a molecular mass of 18. ...

Conquered by Alexander the Great, it passed to the diadoch dynasty of the Lagids, better known as Ptolemies, then to Rome. It was separated from the main kingdom by Ptolemy VIII and given to his son Ptolemy Apion, who, dying without heirs in 96 BC, bequeathed it to the Roman Republic. It became a senatorial province in 20 BC, like its far more prominent western neighbour Africa proconsularis, unlike Egypt itself which became an imperial domain sui generis (under a special governor style Praefectus Augustalis) in 30. Alexander the Great fighting the Persian king Darius (Pompeii mosaic, from a 3rd century BC original Greek painting, now lost). ... The conquests of Alexander the Great brought Egypt within the orbit of the Greek world for the next 900 years. ... History - Ancient history - Ancient Rome This is a List of Ancient Rome-related topics, that aims to include aspects of both the Ancient Roman Republic and Roman Empire. ... National anthem: Bilady, Bilady, Bilady Official language Arabic Other widely spoken languages English, French Capital and Largest City Cairo President Muhammad Hosni Mubarak Prime Minister Dr Ahmed Nazif Area - Total - % water Ranked 29th 1,001,450 km² 0. ... Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II (Ptolemaios VIII Euergetes II) (c. ... Ptolemy Apion (Ptolemaios Apion) was the son of Ptolemy VIII by a concubine, and inherited Cyrenaica at some time before 101 BC. He died in 96 BC, having no heirs, and bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC - 90s BC - 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC Years: 101 BC 100 BC 99 BC 98 BC 97 BC - 96 BC - 95 BC 94 BC 93... See also Roman Republic (18th century) and Roman Republic (19th century). ...

Although some confusion exists as to the exact territory Rome inherited, by 78 BC it was organised as one adminsitrative province with Crete. Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC - 70s BC - 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC Years: 83 BC 82 BC 81 BC 80 BC 79 BC - 78 BC - 77 BC 76 BC 75... This article is about political regions. ... Greece and Crete Crete, sometimes spelled Krete (Greek Κρήτη / Kriti; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is the largest of the Greek islands and the fifth largest in the Mediterranean Sea. ...

The kings of Crenaica were:

Battus I 632- 600 BC

Arcesilaus I 600-c. 583

Battus II Eudaemon 583- 554

Arcesilaus II the Cruel 554- 550

Learchus the Usurper 550

Battus III the Lame 550-c. 525

Under Persian king 525-440

Arcesilaus III 530-515

Battus IV the Handsome 515-465

Arcesilaus IV. 465-460

Roman Imperial Provinces, AD 120
Achaea | Aegyptus | Africa | Alpes Cottiae | Alpes Maritimae | Alpes Poenninae | Arabia Petraea | Armenia Inferior | Asia | Baleares | Britannia | Bithynia | Cappadocia | Cilicia et Cyprus | Commagene | Corsica et Sardinia | Creta et Cyrenaica | Dacia | Dalmatia | Epirus | Galatia | Gallia Aquitania | Gallia Belgica | Gallia Lugdunensis | Gallia Narbonensis | Germania Inferior | Germania Superior | Hispania Baetica | Hispania Tarraconensis | Lusitania | Italia | Iudaea | Lycaonia | Lycia | Macedonia | Mauretania | Moesia | Noricum | Numidia | Osroene | Pannonia | Pamphylia | Pisidia | Pontus | Raetia | Sicilia | Sophene | Syria | Thracia

The Tetrarchy reforms of Diocletian in 296 changed all of the administrative structure. Cyrenaica was split into two provinces: Libya superior comprized the abvementioned Pentapolis, Libya Inferior Marmarica (only significant city now the port Paraetonium), each under a governor of the modest rank of praeses. Both belonged to the same diocesis (originally as part of Oriens) as Egypt itself (from the strat three provinces, later more), within the praetorian prefecture of Oriens (also comprizing Oriens proper -mainly Syria- and, both in Asia Minor, Asiana and Pontiana). Its western neihbour Tripolitania, the laregst split-off from Africa proconsularis, became part of Africa, a diocesis of the western emperor's home prefecture "Italia et Africa" Map of the Roman Empire, with the provinces, after 120 AD. In Ancient Rome, a province (Latin, provincia, pl. ... Roman Empire Copyright unknown. ... The Roman Empire 120 CE, the province of Achaea highlighted. ... The Roman Empire ca. ... The Roman Empire ca. ... Image:REmpire Alpes Cottiae. ... The Roman Empire ca. ... Alpes Poenninae was a Roman Empire province. ... The term the Middle East sometimes applies to the peninsula alone, but usually refers to the Arabian Peninsula plus the Levant, Mesopotamia, and Iran. ... // Prehistory Archaeologists refer to the Shulaveri-Shomu culture of the central Transcaucasus region, including modern Armenia, as the earliest known prehistoric culture in the area, carbon-dated to roughly 6000 - 4000 BC. However, a recently discovered tomb has been dated to 9000 BC. Another early culture in the Armenian Highland... Roman conquest of Asia minor The Roman province of Asia was the administrative unit added to the late Republic, a Senatorial province governed by a proconsul who was an ex-consul, an honor granted only to Asia and the other rich province of Africa. ... Baleares was a Roman Empire province. ... Principal sites in Roman Britain Roman Britain refers to those parts of the island of Great Britain controlled by the Roman Empire between 43 and 410 CE. The Romans referred to their province as Britannia. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Cappadocia in 188 BC In ancient geography, Cappadocia (spelled Kapadokya in Turkish) (Greek: Καππαδοκία; see also List of traditional Greek place names) was an extensive inland district of Asia Minor (modern Turkey). ... In ancient geography, Cilicia (Ki-LIK-ya) formed a district on the southeastern coast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey), north of Cyprus. ... Kommagene (Latin Commagene) was a small kingdom, located in modern south-central Turkey, with its capital at Samosata (modern Samsat, near the Euphrates). ... Corsica et Sardinia is an ancient Roman province including Corsica and Sardinia. ... Booty from Trajans conquest of Dacia Map of the Roman provinces Pannonia, Dalmatia, Moesia, and Dacia The Roman province of Dacia was limited to Transylvania, Banat and Oltenia. ... Dalmatia (Croatian Dalmacija, Italian Dalmazia) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, (mostly) in modern Croatia, spreading between the island of Rab in the northwest and the Bay of Kotor in the southeast. ... Epirus (Greek Ήπειρος, Ípeiros; see also List of traditional Greek place names), is a province or periphery in northwestern Greece, bounded by West Macedonia and Thessaly to the east, by the province of Sterea Ellada (Central Greece) to the south, the Ionian Sea and the Ionian Islands to the west and... For the Greek name for Gaul, see Gaul Ancient Galatia was an area in the highlands of central Anatolia (now Turkey). ... Gallia Aquitania, a province of The Roman Empire Gallia Aquitania, in ancient geography, was a province of the Roman Empire, located in present-day southwest France and bordered by the provinces of Gallia Lugdunensis, Gallia Narbonensis, and Hispania Tarraconensis. ... The Roman Province of Gallia Belgica in 58 BCE The Roman Province of Gallia Belgica around 120 CE Gallia Belgica was a Roman province located in what is now the southern part of the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, northeastern France, and western Germany. ... Roman province of Gallia Lugdunensis, 120 AD Gallia Lugdunensis was a province of the Roman Empire roughly encompassing the regions of Brittany, Normandy and the area around Lutetia Parisiorum (Paris) in what is now the modern country of France. ... Roman province of Gallia Narbonensis, 120 AD Gallia Narbonensis was a Roman province located in what is now Languedoc and Provence, in southern France. ... The Roman province of Germania Inferior, 120 AD Germania Inferior (in English: Lower Germany) was a Roman province located on the left bank of the Rhine, in todays southern Netherlands and western Germany. ... Categories: Historical stubs | Ancient Roman provinces | German history | Germany | History of the Germanic peoples ... Roman province of Hispania Baetica, 120 CE In Hispania, which in Greek is called Iberia, there were three Imperial Roman provinces, Hispania Baetica in the south, Lusitania, corresponding to modern Portugal, in the west, and Hispania Tarraconensis in the north and northeast. ... Roman Imperial province of Hispania Tarraconensis, 120 AD Hispania Tarraconensis was one of three Roman provinces in Hispania. ... Roman province of Lusitania, 120 AD Lusitania, an ancient Roman province approximately including current Portugal (except for the area between the rivers Douro and Minho) and part of western current Spain (specifically the present autonomous community Extremadura), named after the Lusitani or Lusitanian people. ... Iudaea was the name of a Roman province, which extended over Judaea (Palestine). ... In ancient geography, Lycaonia was a large region in the interior of Asia Minor, north of Mount Taurus. ... Lycia is a region on the southern coast of Turkey. ... Mauretania was a Berber kingdom on the Mediterranean coast of north Africa (named after the Mauri tribe, after whom the Moors were named), corresponding to western Algeria and northern Morocco. ... In ancient geography, Moesia was a district inhabited chiefly by Thracian peoples. ... The Roman Empire ca. ... Numidia was an ancient African Berber kingdom and later a Roman province on the northern coast of Africa between the province of Africa (where Tunisia is now) and the province of Mauretania (which is now the western part of Algerias coastal area). ... Osroene (also: Osrohene, Osrhoene; Syriac: ܡܠܟܘܬܐ Ü•Ü’ܝܬ Ü¥Ü£ÜªÜ Ü¥ÜÜ¢Ü¶Ü), also known by the name of its capital city, Edessa (modern Sanli Urfa, in Syriac: ܐܘܪܗܝ), was one of several kingdoms arising from the dissolution of the Seleucid Empire. ... Position of the Roman province of Pannonia Pannonia is an ancient country bounded north and east by the Danube, conterminous westward with Noricum and upper Italy, and southward with Dalmatia and upper Moesia. ... Pamphylia, in ancient geography, was the region in the south of Asia Minor, between Lycia and Cilicia, extending from the Mediterranean to Mount Taurus. ... Pisidia was an inland region in southern Anatolia. ... The ponti people are also known as the dunce peoples of greece For Pontus the Greek god, see Pontus (mythology) After the colonisation of the Anatolian shores by the Ionian Greeks, Pontus soon became a name which was applied, in ancient times, to extensive tracts of country in the northeast... The Roman Empire ca. ... Sicilian disambiguates here; see also Sicilian language or Sicilian Defence. ... Sophene was a Roman Empire province. ... Thrace is a historical and geographic area in south-east Europe spread over southern Bulgaria, north-eastern Greece, and European Turkey. ... The Tetrarchs, a porphyry sculpture sacked from a Byzantine palace in 1204, Treasury of St. ... Emperor Diocletian Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (245?–312?), born Diocles, was Roman Emperor as Diocletian from November 20, 284 to May 1, 305. ... The division of the Roman Empire into four Praetorian prefectures originated in the age of the Tetrarchy yet outlived that period. ...

Under Byzantium it remained the westernmost regular area in North Africa, while Tripolitania was part of the more militarized prefecture -later exarchate- Africa (renoquered on the Arian Vandal kingdom).

Muslim history

In modern times it was conquered by Arabs for Islam by the first caliph, Abu Bekr, in 643/44, and became known henceforth as Barka after its new proincial capital, the ancient Barca. After the breakdown of the caliphate it kept that name, essenstially as an annex to Egypt, under the Fatimid caliphs (till 1171) and next under the Ajjubid (till 1250) and Mamluk sultanates until annexation by the Turkish Ottoman empire in 1517; its main cities became Bengazi and Derna. Abu Bakr As Siddiq (Arabic ابو بكر الصديق, alternative spellings, Abubakar, Abi Bakr, Abu Bakar) (c. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (the Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Bursa (1335 - 1365), Edirne (1365-1453), Ä°stanbul (Constantinople) (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40...

It was a hartland of the Muslim Senussi order, and ended up amagalgamated with Tripolitania (in the west) and Fezzan (in the south) into Libya, first as an Italian colony (occupied since 1911; it had two of the four provices: Bengazi and Derna), later as independent kingdom in 1951, finally a republic in 1969. Tripolitania is a historic region of western Libya, centered around the coastal city of Tripoli. ... Fezzan is a desert region in south-western Libya. ...

External links and references

  • Cyrene and the Cyrenaica
  • Cyrenaica in Antiquity (Society for Libyan Studies Occasional Papers). Graeme Barker, John Lloyd, Joyce Reynolds ISBN 086054303X
  • Westermann Grosser Atlas zur Weltgeschichte (in German)

  Results from FactBites:
Cyrenaica (433 words)
Cyrenaica, however, rests mainly on or beneath a plateau, and the inhabitable areas are mainly oases.
The population of Cyrenaica is comprised of arabized Berbers, speaking Arabic.
The largest city of Cyrenaica is Benghazi with 660,000 inhabitants.
  More results at FactBites »



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