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Encyclopedia > Cyrano de Bergerac
Cyrano de Bergerac

Cyrano de Bergerac
Born 6 March 1619(1619-03-06)
Flag of France Paris, France
Died 28 July 1655 (aged 36)
Flag of France Paris, France
Occupation Playwright, Military
Bust of Cyrano.

Cyrano Hercule Savinien de Bergerac (6 March 161928 July 1655) was a French dramatist and duellist born in Paris, who is now best remembered for the many works of fiction which have been woven around his life story, most notably the play by Edmond Rostand that bears his name (see Cyrano de Bergerac (play)). In those fictional works he is featured with an overly large nose. Cyrano de Bergerac is a play written in 1897 by Edmond Rostand based on the life of the real Cyrano de Bergerac. ... Image File history File links Gravure-cyrano2_lien. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events May 13 - Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after having been accused of treason. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 25 - Saturns largest moon, Titan, is discovered by Christian Huygens. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... A playwright, also known as a dramatist, is a person who writes dramatic literature or drama. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 590 pixelsFull resolution (1322 × 975 pixel, file size: 222 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 590 pixelsFull resolution (1322 × 975 pixel, file size: 222 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events May 13 - Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after having been accused of treason. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 25 - Saturns largest moon, Titan, is discovered by Christian Huygens. ... A dramatist is an author of dramatic compositions, usually plays. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Statue dedicated to Edmond Rostand in Cambo-les-Bains Edmond Eugène Alexis Rostand (April 1, 1868 - December 2, 1918) was a French poet and dramatist. ... Cyrano de Bergerac is a play written in 1897 by Edmond Rostand based on the life of the real Cyrano de Bergerac. ...

Contents

Life and works

Cyrano was born into an old Parisian family and spent much of his childhood in Saint-Forget (now Yvelines). He went to school in Paris and spent his adult life there when he was not on campaign. He was not, therefore, a Gascon, but many of his fellow-soldiers would have been. The myth of his Gascon origins may even have been cultivated by him during his lifetime, since the swashbuckling manner of the Gascon soldiers was much admired in his day. The real Cyrano de Bergerac had little in common with the hero of the Rostand play. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Though not as famous as classical writers of this time, Cyrano de Bergerac was a successful writer. Even Molière borrowed a scene from Cyrano's work Le Pédant Joué. Cyrano's most prominent work is now published under the title 'Other Worlds', a collection of stories describing his fictional journeys to the Moon and Sun. The methods of space travel he describes are inventive and often ingenious, detailing ideas often broadly original and sometimes rooted in science. Cyrano rests alongside such minds as Kepler and Jules Verne under the genre of 'scientific travel fiction'. It should be noted, however, that Cyrano's primary purpose in writing these novels was to subtly criticize man's egocentric view of his place in creation, as well as the social injustices of the 17th century. In his time, de Bergerac was a popular poet; in addition, he was a fine swordsman, as depicted, and though his abilities were exaggerated by Rostand, he fought many duels to defend his honour. For the 2007 film, see Molière (film). ... Kepler redirects here. ... This article is about the French author. ...


There has been considerable speculation about his sexuality among historians and other scholars. It is believed that around 1640, he became the lover of Charles Coypeau d'Assoucy, another writer and musician. But around 1653, they became engaged in a bitter rivalry. This led to Bergerac sending d'Assoucy death threats that forced him to leave Paris. The feud also extended to a series of satirical texts by both men. Bergerac wrote Contre Soucidas (an anagram of his enemy's name) and Contre un ingrat ("Against an Ungrateful Person"), while D’Assoucy counterattacked with Le Combat de Cyrano de Bergerac avec le singe de Brioché au bout du Pont-Neuf ("The Battle Between Cyrano de Bergerac and Brioché's Monkey On the Pont-Neuf Bridge"). Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... Charles Coypeau dAssoucy or DAssouci (October 16, 1604, Paris - October 29, 1677, Paris) was a French musician and burlesque poet. ... Events February 2 - New Amsterdam (later renamed New York City) is incorporated. ... For the game, see Anagrams. ...


Like the Roxane who appears in the Rostand play, the real Roxane was Cyrano's cousin, Mme. de Neufvilette, who, along with his aunt, Catherine de Cyrano, lived at the Convent of the Daughter of the Cross, where he was tended for wounds sustained from a falling beam. [1] As in the play, he did fight at the siege of Arras (1640), which should not be confused with the more famous final Battle of Arras (1654). One of his confreres in the battle was the historical Baron of Neuvillette, who was married to Cyrano's cousin. Arras (Dutch: ) is a town and commune in northern France, préfecture (capital) of the Pas-de-Calais département. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... The Battle of Arras, fought on August 25, 1654, was a victory of the French army under Turenne against the Spanish army under Don Fernidand de Salis and Condé. According to the classic French novel Cyrano de Bergerac this famous fictional personnage participated in the 1640 Siege of Arras, not...


Cyrano was a freethinker and a pupil of Pierre Gassendi, a Canon of the Catholic Church who tried to reconcile Epicurean atomism with Christianity. Cyrano's insistence on reason was rare in his time, and he would have been very much at home in the Enlightenment that came a century after his death. The word freethinker has different meanings: A freethinker is a proponent of the philosophical practice known as Freethinking, thus being a practitioner of Freethought. ... Pierre Gassendi (January 22, 1592 – October 24, 1655) was a French philosopher, scientist and mathematician, best known for attempting to reconcile Epicurean atomism with Christianity and for publishing the first official observations of the Transit of Mercury in 1631. ... Epicureanism is a system of philosophy based upon the teachings of Epicurus (c340-c270 BC), founded around 307 BC. Epicurus was an atomic materialist, following in the steps of Democritus. ... Concern has been expressed that this article or section is missing information about: discussions of existence of atoms among prominent physicists up to the end of 19th century. ... ...


He died in Sannois in 1655, at the age of 36. Sannois is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. ...


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In 1897, the French poet Edmond Rostand published a play, Cyrano de Bergerac, on the subject of Cyrano's life. This play, by far Rostand's most successful work, concentrates on Cyrano's love for the beautiful Roxane, whom he is obliged to woo on behalf of a more conventionally handsome, but less articulate, friend, Christian de Neuvillette. The play has been adapted for cinema several times, most recently as Cyrano de Bergerac with Gerard Depardieu in the title role. The most famous film version in English of Cyrano de Bergerac is the 1950 film, with José Ferrer in the title role, a performance for which he won the Academy Award for Best Actor. Other film interpretations include Roxanne, starring Steve Martin and the romantic comedy "The Truth About Cats & Dogs". 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... Statue dedicated to Edmond Rostand in Cambo-les-Bains Edmond Eugène Alexis Rostand (April 1, 1868 - December 2, 1918) was a French poet and dramatist. ... Cyrano de Bergerac is a play written in 1897 by Edmond Rostand based on the life of the real Cyrano de Bergerac. ... There are several film adaptations of Cyrano de Bergerac: Cyrano de Bergerac (1990 film) -- Gérard Depardieu Cyrano de Bergerac (1950 film) -- José Ferrer Cyrano de Bergerac (1945 film) -- Claude Dauphin Cyrano de Bergerac (1925 film) -- Pierre Magnier Cyrano de Bergerac (just one scene) (1900 film) -- Benoît-Constant Coquelin... Gérard Depardieu (born December 27, 1948) is a French actor. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... José Vicente Ferrer de Otero y Cintrón (January 8, 1909 – January 26, 1992), was an Academy Award-winning Puerto Rican actor and film director, born in the Santurce district of San Juan, Puerto Rico. ... Roxanne is a comedy film released in 1987, starring Steve Martin and Daryl Hannah. ... For other uses, see Steve Martin (disambiguation). ... The Truth About Cats & Dogs is a 1996 American film, a romantic comedy starring Uma Thurman, Janeane Garofalo, Ben Chaplin, and Jamie Foxx. ...


The character has also inspired a notable song by the famous Italian perfomer Francesco Guccini, "Cyrano", where it epitomizes the refusal for hypocrisy and servitude to conventions and superficialities of modern show-business and political society. A fictionalized version of Savinien Cyrano de Bergerac is one of the main characters in Philip José Farmer's Riverworld novels. The play has also been rewritten by Geraldine McCaughrean. Her book entitled 'Cyrano' has been longlisted for the Carnegie Award 2007. Francesco Guccini Francesco Guccini (born June 14, 1940 in Modena) is an Italian singer-songwriter and author. ... Philip José Farmer (born January 26, 1918) is an American author, principally known for his science fiction and fantasy novels and short stories. ... Riverworld is a fictional universe and the setting for a series of science fiction books written by Philip José Farmer. ...


A new opera of the play, CYRANO by David DiChiera is being produced by Michigan Opera Theater.


See also

Cyrano de Bergerac is a play written in 1897 by Edmond Rostand based on the life of the real Cyrano de Bergerac. ... There are several film adaptations of Cyrano de Bergerac: Cyrano de Bergerac (1990 film) -- Gérard Depardieu Cyrano de Bergerac (1950 film) -- José Ferrer Cyrano de Bergerac (1945 film) -- Claude Dauphin Cyrano de Bergerac (1925 film) -- Pierre Magnier Cyrano de Bergerac (just one scene) (1900 film) -- Benoît-Constant Coquelin... 3582 Cyrano is a small main belt asteroid. ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Cyrano de Bergerac - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (846 words)
Cyrano was a free thinker and a pupil of Pierre Gassendi, a Canon of the Catholic Church who tried to reconcile Epicurean atomism with Christianity.
Cyrano's insistence on reason was rare in his time, and and he would have been very much at home in the Enlightenment that came a century after his death.
A fictionalized version of Savinien Cyrano de Bergerac is one of the main characters in Philip José Farmer's Riverworld novels.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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