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Encyclopedia > Cypriot refugees

Cypriot Refugees Page

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Civilian casualties and displacements during the Cyprus conflict. (Discuss)
The neutrality and factual accuracy of this article are disputed.
Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page.
Cyprus map showing Turkish territory after the 1974 intervention
Cyprus map showing Turkish territory after the 1974 intervention

Cypriot refugees are those Cypriot nationals or Cyprus residents, who had been forced out of their homes and properties during, or in the aftermath of, the Cyprus Peace Operation in 1974. In 1974 Turkey invoked the 1960 Treaty of Guarantee in response to a Greek coup and advanced to ~38% of the territory of the island and displaced around 200,000 Greek Cypriots. Approximately 60,000 Turkish Cypriots were also displaced by EOKA lead Greek Cypriot military actions. [1] According to the UN, the human rights of the refugees wishing to return to their properties are currently being violated as their return is denied by the TRNC and Republic of Cyprus authorities. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The neutrality and factual accuracy of this article are disputed. ... Image File history File links Circle-question-red. ... Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Cyprus_map_showing_Turkish_occupied_territory_in_1974. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Cyprus_map_showing_Turkish_occupied_territory_in_1974. ... In 1974, a coup detat by Greek Army officers stationed on the Mediterranian island of Cyprus, tried to overthrow the then-President Makarios. ... The 1960 Treaty of Guarantee was a pact designed to preserve the territorial independence of the Republic of Cyprus. ... EOKA (Εθνική Οργάνωσις Κυπρίων Αγωνιστών, Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston (Greek National Organisation of Cypriot Fighters) was a Greek Cypriot nationalist organisation that fought for the expulsion of British troops from the island, for self-determination and for union with Greece in the mid to late 1950s. ... Greek Cypriot refers to the Greek-speaking population of Cyprus. ... This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus(TRNC) {NOTE: the name is not accepted by UN} , in Turkish Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, is a self-proclaimed state occupying the northern third of the island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean. ...

Contents

1963 background

Turkish Cypriot properties in the south had been taken over by Greek Cypriots since 1963. Therefore, the denial of return of 200,000 Greek Cypriots[1] to their properties is justified. The Republic of Cyprus holds that in 1963 the Turkish Cypriot Community withdrew their participation from the government of the Republic of Cyprus and organized themselves into enclaves forbidding non Turks to enter by the force of armaments. However, enclaves became widespread after increased abductions and murders of Turkish Cypriot civilians by Greek Cypriot EOKA militants. Thousands of Turkish Cypriots fled the island to Great Britain, Turkey, and other countries before the intervention. The neutrality and factual accuracy of this article are disputed. ... Turkish Cypriots are those inhabitants of Cyprus who are ethnically Turkish, as opposed to those who are of Greek (the Greek Cypriots) or other ethnicities. ... Greek Cypriot refers to the Greek-speaking population of Cyprus. ... Turkish Cypriots are those inhabitants of Cyprus who are ethnically Turkish, as opposed to those who are of Greek (the Greek Cypriots) or other ethnicities. ... In human geography, an enclave is a piece of land which is totally enclosed within a foreign territory. ... The bayonet, still used in war as both knife and spearpoint. ... Greek Cypriot refers to the Greek-speaking population of Cyprus. ... EOKA (Εθνική Οργάνωσις Κυπρίων Αγωνιστών, Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston (Greek National Organisation of Cypriot Fighters) was a Greek Cypriot nationalist organisation that fought for the expulsion of British troops from the island, for self-determination and for union with Greece in the mid to late 1950s. ... Turkish Cypriots are those inhabitants of Cyprus who are ethnically Turkish, as opposed to those who are of Greek (the Greek Cypriots) or other ethnicities. ...


The Republic of Cyprus repeatedly requested Turkish Cypriots to return to their positions and dissolve their enclaves; however the Turkish community held that Cyprus should be partitioned. Currently, no Turkish Cypriot citizen of the Republic of Cyprus, is allowed to work and reside freely in the south of the Republic of Cyprus or in Europe because the Turkish Cypriot communitys' rights are not safeguarded by the Constitution of Cyprusor its membership in the European Union. The majority of the Turkish Cypriot community demands international recognition of the TRNC authority governed the north after the partition of the island.[citation needed] A partition is a term used in the law of real property to describe the court-ordered division of a concurrent estate into separate portions representing the proportionate interests of the tenants. ... Turkish Cypriots are those inhabitants of Cyprus who are ethnically Turkish, as opposed to those who are of Greek (the Greek Cypriots) or other ethnicities. ... European redirects here. ... Motto: none Anthem: Capital (largest city) Nicosia Greek, Turkish Government Republic  - President Tassos Papadopoulos Independence From United Kingdom   - Date 16 August 1960  Accession to EU May 1, 2004 Area  - Total 9,251 km² (167th) 3,572 sq mi   - Water (%) negligible Population  - 2005 estimate 835,0002 (157th)  - 2001 census 689,565... The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus(TRNC) {NOTE: the name is not accepted by UN} , in Turkish Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, is a self-proclaimed state occupying the northern third of the island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean. ... A partition is a term used in the law of real property to describe the court-ordered division of a concurrent estate into separate portions representing the proportionate interests of the tenants. ...


After 1974-2002 (pre-Annan plan era)

Main article: Annan Plan for Cyprus

Greek Cypriot refugees made a number of collective attempts to return to their homes but were denied entry into their properties, while Turkish Cypriots made no demonstrations/attempts to recover their properties left behind[citation needed] after the partion of the island in 1974. The Annan Plan was a United Nations proposal to bring about the reunification of the divided island nation of Cyprus as the United Cyprus Republic. ...


Turkey in 1974 advanced to ~38% of the island in the north. Greek Cypriots in the north (nearly half the Greek Cypriot population of the island) were forced by the advancing Turkish Army to flee south. Those that did not flee were captured as prisoners of war; some would later be declared dead; some would return alive and well, and some are still missing. In 1974, a coup detat by Greek Army officers stationed on the Mediterranian island of Cyprus, tried to overthrow the then-President Makarios. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... A forced disappearance occurs when an organization forces a person to vanish from public view, either by murder or by simple sequestration. ...

 Greek Cypriots taken to Adana some will return to talk about their experience
Greek Cypriots taken to Adana some will return to talk about their experience

In the aftermath, Turkish Cypriots remaining in the south and Greek Cypriots remaining in the north (with the exception of a few enclaves) were 'encouraged' to move to their respective areas of control[citation needed]. It is estimated that 40% of the Greek population of Cyprus were displaced, as well as over half of the Turkish Cypriot population by the Cyprus Peace Operation. Since 1974, Greek Cypriot refugees have been demanding recovery of their right to their properties. Image File history File linksMetadata Greek_Cypriot_prisoners_taken_to_Adana_camps_Turkey_. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Greek_Cypriot_prisoners_taken_to_Adana_camps_Turkey_. ... Adana, Turkey (the ancient Antioch in Cilicia or Antioch on the Sarus) is the capital of Adana Province. ... In 1974, a coup detat by Greek Army officers stationed on the Mediterranian island of Cyprus, tried to overthrow the then-President Makarios. ... In 1974, a coup detat by Greek Army officers stationed on the Mediterranian island of Cyprus, tried to overthrow the then-President Makarios. ...

Turkish CypriotsTurkish Cypriot man at the opening of the mass grave containing the bodies of the former Turkish inhabitants of the village of Sandallar in Northern Cyprus (TRNC today). Source: "The Voice of Blood", book and film by Antonis Angastiniotis.
Turkish CypriotsTurkish Cypriot man at the opening of the mass grave containing the bodies of the former Turkish inhabitants of the village of Sandallar in Northern Cyprus (TRNC today). Source: "The Voice of Blood", book and film by Antonis Angastiniotis.

Turkey's response is that the intervention was justified as Operation Attila fought after a coup d'état in 1974 by Greek Army officers stationed on the Mediterranean island of Cyprus tried to overthrow the President of Cyprus at the time, Makarios, and unite Cyprus with Greece. Makarios in 1974 soon returned to power; the coup d'état was dissolved, nonetheless the Turkish operation ensued, claiming that this action was given under the provisions of the 1960 Treaty of Guarantee)[2], and that any withdrawal would place the Turkish Cypriots back at risk. Turkey is the only UN member that does not recognize the existence of Republic of Cyprus due to the international community's economic embargos on the TRNC. The partition of ~37% of the island, was condemned by numerous United Nations Security Council Resolutions. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1434x1002, 180 KB) Sandallar, Cyprus Source: Antonis Angastiniotis The Voice of Blood (film&book) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1434x1002, 180 KB) Sandallar, Cyprus Source: Antonis Angastiniotis The Voice of Blood (film&book) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus(TRNC) {NOTE: the name is not accepted by UN} , in Turkish Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, is a self-proclaimed state occupying the northern third of the island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean. ... The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus(TRNC) {NOTE: the name is not accepted by UN} , in Turkish Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, is a self-proclaimed state occupying the northern third of the island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean. ... In 1974, a coup detat by Greek Army officers stationed on the Mediterranian island of Cyprus, tried to overthrow the then-President Makarios. ... Operation Attila refers to: Operation Attila (WW II) Operation Attila (Cyprus) This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... A coup détat (pronounced ), or simply coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government through unconstitutional means by a part of the state establishment — mostly replacing just the high-level figures. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The Hellenic Army, (Greek: Ελληνικός Στράτος) is the land force of Greece (The Hellenic Republic). ... The President of Cyprus is the countrys head of state. ... Makarios was the adopted name of Mikhalis Khristodoulou Mouskos (August 13, 1913 - August 3, 1977). ... The word Ένωσις (enosis) is Greek for union. ... Makarios was the adopted name of Mikhalis Khristodoulou Mouskos (August 13, 1913 - August 3, 1977). ... A coup détat (pronounced ), or simply coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government through unconstitutional means by a part of the state establishment — mostly replacing just the high-level figures. ... The 1960 Treaty of Guarantee was a pact designed to preserve the territorial independence of the Republic of Cyprus. ... A map of UN member states and their dependencies as recognized by the UN. Regions excluded: Antarctica, Palestinian territories, Vatican City, and Western Sahara. ... A United Nations Security Council Resolution is voted on by the fifteen members of the United Nations Security Council, the most powerful organ of the United Nations. ...


Multiple cases have been filed to the European Court of Human Rights; filing against Turkey. Since the Cyprus Peace Operation thousands of Turks from Anatolia have settled in the TRNC and thousands of Greeks from Greece have settled in the Republic of Cyprus. This is in violation of Article 49 of the Geneva Convention, to the detriment of the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot refugees[citation needed]. In 1983 the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus declared its independence. Loizidou vs. ... European Court of Human Rights building in Strasbourg The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), often referred to informally as the Strasbourg Court, was created to systematise the hearing of human rights complaints against States Parties to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, adopted by... In 1974, a coup detat by Greek Army officers stationed on the Mediterranian island of Cyprus, tried to overthrow the then-President Makarios. ... Anatolia lies east of the Bosphorus, between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Anatolia is a peninsula of Western Asia which forms the greater part of the Asian portion of Turkey, as opposed to the European portion (Thrace, or traditionally Rumelia). ... The Geneva Conventions consist of treaties formulated in Geneva, Switzerland that set the standards for international law for humanitarian concerns. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Declaration of Independence of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Eight years after the Turkish Federative State of North Cyprus was proclaimed (in 1975), The UDI of North Cyprus was presented to the Northern Cypriot Parliament in North Nicosia by Turkish Cypriot...


Article 49 of the Geneva Convention states: “Individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of protected persons from occupied territory to the territory of the Occupying Power or to that of any other country, occupied or not, are prohibited, regardless of their motive”. The Geneva Conventions consist of treaties formulated in Geneva, Switzerland that set the standards for international law for humanitarian concerns. ...


The TRNC does not deny this policy of encouraging Turkish immigration on the grounds of combatting its economy that has been shattered by over 30 years of economic sanctions. The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus(TRNC) {NOTE: the name is not accepted by UN} , in Turkish Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, is a self-proclaimed state occupying the northern third of the island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean. ...


During the intervention, Turkish and Greek troops arrested thousands of Cypriots that would later be either refugees or missing. Many of them were seen in captivity alive and well by others who were released later[citation needed]. Rauf Denktaş, admitted publicly that many Greek Cypriot prisoners were killed.[citation needed] Missing statue in a park A missing person is someone who has disappeared for a long period of time, commonly with no known reason. ... Rauf R. DenktaÅŸ Rauf Raif DenktaÅŸ (in English often spelled Rauf Denktash) (born January 27, 1924) is the founder of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, a defacto state which is only recognized by Turkey. ...


Greek Provocations

Image:Turkish propaganda brochure of the military intervention code name attila 1.jpg
Turkish propaganda brochure of the military intervention of Cyprus 1974

Through the years multiple demonstrations and rallies have been made by the Greek Cypriots demanding to return to their properties, some ended with tragic results. A man carries a sign at the September 24, 2005 anti-war protest, a demonstration in Washington, D.C. American Civil Rights March on Washington, leaders marching from the Washington Monument to the Lincoln Memorial, August 28, 1963. ...


In August 1996, Greek Cypriot nationalists demonstrated with a symbolic march towards their properties against the continuing Turkish military presence in Northern Cyprus and the partition of the island. The nationalists' demand was the complete withdrawal of Turkish troops, and their return to their former properties. Starting peacefully at first, the civilian demonstration got noisier and more threatening as the demonstration neared the Green Line. Nationalism is an ideology that creates and sustains a nation as a concept of a common identity for groups of humans. ...


The toll of the anti-Turkish rally was one Greek Cypriot dead and 41 injured, 36 Greek Cypriot civilians, three police officers and two police officers serving with one of the two British bases on the island.


Encouraged by demonstrators, a Greek Cypriot demonstrator, Anastasios (Tasos) Isaak managed to cross into the buffer zone and came face to face with Turkish counter-demonstrators and Turkish Military. Turkish Cypriot police officers attempted to repel his advance, but amongst the confusion, he was killed. [3].


Greek officials said in a statement that “the dead, Anastasios (Tasos) Isaac, a recently married 24-year old man whose wife is pregnant, from Paralimni, was trapped in barbed wire in the buffer zone and was beaten by the Turkish occupation troops with stones and batons”. Paralimni is a town situated in the South East of Cyprus, a little way inland, within the Famagusta area. ... A buffer zone is any area that serves the purpose of keeping two or more other areas distant from one another, for whatever reason. ...


More than 2,000 people were involved in the demonstration.[citation needed] President Glafkos Clerides condemned the killing of a Greek Cypriot demonstrator by the Turkish forces and called on the international community to “understand that the continuing Turkish occupation of part of Cyprus is a provocation”. In a statement, issued after the killing, the president of the Republic of Cyprus said “This criminal and abhorrent act is another example of the ruthlessness of the occupation troops and constitutes a blatant contempt of every principle of international law and violation of UN fundamental principles”. A man carries a sign at the September 24, 2005 anti-war protest, a demonstration in Washington, D.C. American Civil Rights March on Washington, leaders marching from the Washington Monument to the Lincoln Memorial, August 28, 1963. ... Glafkos Ioannou Clerides (Greek: Γλαύκος Ιωάννου Κληρίδης) (born in Nicosia,Cyprus on 24 April 1919) is a Greek-Cypriot politician and former President of the Republic of Cyprus. ...

Tasos Isaak killed within the Buffer Zone, have a close look.
Tasos Isaak killed within the Buffer Zone, have a close look.

The president extended his condolences and sympathy to his widow and his family. The government has announced that the funeral of the dead Greek Cypriot will be at the state's expense. Image File history File links Tasos_Isaak_murdered. ... Image File history File links Tasos_Isaak_murdered. ...


Solomos Solomou (26) Tasos Isaaks first cousin was among hundreds of mourners who entered the U.N. buffer-zone after Tasos Isaak's funeral, on 14 August 1996, to lay a wreath on the spot where Isaak died. Solomou was shot dead at close range as he was climbing a flag-pole in order to tear down a TRNC flag. He had crossed the Green Line in order to climb the flag, pointedly ignoring warnings from the Turkish Cypriot police that he would be shot if he did not desist.[4]. Following an investigation by the authorities of the Republic of Cyprus the killers were identified on video and pictures and legal proceedings were taken against TRNC officials, to be applied when they are found outside Turkey or the TRNC. The two officials of the TRNC, are: August 14 is the 226th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (227th in leap years), with 139 days remaining. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus(TRNC) {NOTE: the name is not accepted by UN} , in Turkish Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, is a self-proclaimed state occupying the northern third of the island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean. ... The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus(TRNC) {NOTE: the name is not accepted by UN} , in Turkish Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, is a self-proclaimed state occupying the northern third of the island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean. ... The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus(TRNC) {NOTE: the name is not accepted by UN} , in Turkish Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, is a self-proclaimed state occupying the northern third of the island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean. ...

  1. Kenan Akin, Minister of Agriculture, Forest and Natural Resources at the time.[citation needed]
  2. Erdan Emanet, Chief of Special Forces at the time.[citation needed]Rauf Denktaş, the President of the TRNC, was alleged to be present at this incident.[citation needed]
    Solomos shot by Kenan Akin and Erdan Emanet.
    Solomos shot by Kenan Akin and Erdan Emanet.

Both killings were witnessed by UNFICYP personnel (two of whom were injured by the shootings) and by the United Nations Force Commander [5]. Rauf R. DenktaÅŸ Rauf Raif DenktaÅŸ (in English often spelled Rauf Denktash) (born January 27, 1924) is the founder of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, a defacto state which is only recognized by Turkey. ... Image File history File links Solomou_shot_by_Kenan_Akin_and_Erdan_Emanet. ... Image File history File links Solomou_shot_by_Kenan_Akin_and_Erdan_Emanet. ...


None has ever been prosecuted to date. [citation needed]


In a UN Press Briefing right after the Solomou events New York Congressman Eliot Engel said: “For the first time in many years, the Turkish Government was not secular, and since it had come to power, "we've seen one provocation after another". The recent actions in Cyprus might be a symbol that the new Turkish Government was trying to provoke a war, he said[citation needed]. "The solution is the immediate demilitarization of Cyprus." [6] This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ...


Greek Cypriot Women Demonstrating against the island's partition

Greek Cypriot women repeatedly made attempts to return to their homes and properties and were stopped, many arrested by the Turkish Cypriot police. The case of Loizidou v. TURKEY for instance, began in 1989, when Turkish forces, which currently protect the TRNC, disallowed Ms. Loizidou, a Greek Cypriot citizen, from entering land which was legally hers.[7] The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus(TRNC) {NOTE: the name is not accepted by UN} , in Turkish Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, is a self-proclaimed state occupying the northern third of the island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean. ... Greek Cypriot refers to the Greek-speaking population of Cyprus. ...


On July 24, 1989, several thousand Greek-Cypriot women attempted to return to their homes and properties.[1] July 24 is the 205th day (206th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 160 days remaining. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


"Stop," a Turkish-Cypriot guard pleaded as the first phalanx of women waving white flags and banners reading "We Come in Peace" swarmed past him near the village of Lymbia southeast of Nicosia. Satellite photo of Nicosia, Cyprus For the Italian town, see Nicosia, Sicily Nicosia, in Turkish: Lefkoşa or Lefkosia (Greek: Λευκωσία , also colloquially Khora, Χώρα ), is the capital and largest city of Cyprus. ...


Six Greek Cypriot women were allegedly assaulted by Turkish-Cypriot prison guards[citation needed] and police after being arrested for taking part in the protest demanding to return to their properties. Greek Cypriot refers to the Greek-speaking population of Cyprus. ... Turkish Cypriots are those inhabitants of Cyprus who are ethnically Turkish, as opposed to those who are of Greek (the Greek Cypriots) or other ethnicities. ...

 Demonstration for missing Cypriots at the aftermath of the Turkish Intervention.
Demonstration for missing Cypriots at the aftermath of the Turkish Intervention.

Several hundred Greek-Cypriot women were in the fourth day of a sit-in outside the headquarters of the 2,300-man United Nations peacekeeping force. They were demanding freedom for 108 Greek Cypriot women arrested by Turkish-Cypriot police when they stormed across the U.N.-patrolled buffer zone to protest the Turkish presence in Northern Cyprus. Image File history File links Demonstration_for_missing_Cypriots_at_the_aftermath_of_the_Turkish_Invasion_of_Cyprus. ... Image File history File links Demonstration_for_missing_Cypriots_at_the_aftermath_of_the_Turkish_Invasion_of_Cyprus. ...


On March 20, 1989, about 3,000 Greek-Cypriot women stormed past troops into North Cyprus to protest the division of the island. Turkish-Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash, said anyone crossing the UN buffer zone would be arrested. Witnesses said women were dragged kicking and screaming into Turkish-Cypriot custody. Some had their hair pulled, received bruises or were cut by barbed wire.[citation needed] The Greek women, organized by a committee called Women Walk Home, ended both protests after about three hours. Many were among 200,000 Greek Cypriots who left their homes in the north after the Cyprus Peace Operation. March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rauf R. Denktash Rauf Raif Denktash (Rauf Raif DenktaÅŸ in Turkish; born January 27, 1924) is a Turkish-Cypriot political leader. ... UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus The UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus is a 300 km (187 mile) separation barrier along the 1974 Green Line (or ceasefire line) between the self-proclaimed Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and the internationally recognised Republic of Cyprus. ... In 1974, a coup detat by Greek Army officers stationed on the Mediterranian island of Cyprus, tried to overthrow the then-President Makarios. ...


Officially, any Turkish Cypriot living in the north (providing that he or she could prove Cypriot lineage before 1974), can work and reside freely in the south of the Republic of Cyprus or in Europe as the Turkish Cypriot communitys' rights are supposed to be safeguarded by the Constitution of Cyprus and the Cyprus membership in the European Union. Turkish Cypriots are those inhabitants of Cyprus who are ethnically Turkish, as opposed to those who are of Greek (the Greek Cypriots) or other ethnicities. ... European redirects here. ...


Notes

  1. ^ a b c http://countrystudies.us/cyprus/32.htm
  2. ^ http://countrystudies.us/cyprus/15.htm
  3. ^ http://www.hr-action.org/chr/tassos.html
  4. ^ http://www.hri.org/Cyprus/Cyprus_Problem/bikers/murder_2.html
  5. ^ http://agrino.org/humrights/hr06/derynia.htm
  6. ^ http://www.un.org/News/briefings/docs/1996/19960816.cyprus.16a.html
  7. ^ http://www.hr-action.org/action/loizidou.html

References

See also

External links


 
 

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