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Encyclopedia > Cypriot National Guard

The Cypriot National Guard (Greek Εθνική Φρουρά) , aka the Greek Cypriot National Guard,is the combined arms military force of the Republic of Cyprus. It is a combined arms force, with land, air and naval elements. Image File history File links Merge-arrows. ... The Military of Cyprus comprises the Cypriot National Guard, a combined arms force with land, naval and air elements. ... Combined arms is an approach to warfare which seeks to integrate different arms of a military to achieve mutually complementary effects. ... Combined arms is an approach to warfare which seeks to integrate different arms of a military to achieve mutually complementary effects. ...

Contents

Current Components

Land

The land forces of the Cypriot National Guard comprise the following units:

  • First Infantry Division (Ιη Μεραρχία ΠΖ)
  • Second Infantry Division (ΙΙα Μεραρχία ΠΖ)
  • Fourth Infantry Brigade (ΙVη Ταξιαρχία ΠΖ)
  • Twentieth Armored Brigade (ΧΧη ΤΘ Ταξιαρχία)
  • Third Support Brigade (ΙΙΙη Ταξιαρχία ΥΠ)
  • Eighth Support Brigade (VIIIη Ταξιαρχία ΥΠ)

Air

  • 449th Helicopter Gunship Squadron (449 ΜΑΕ) - operating SA-342L and Bell 206
  • 450th Helicopter Gunship Squadron (450 ME/P) - operating Mi-35P, BN-2B and PC-9

The Gazelle is a helicopter developed as part of an Anglo-French venture between the Westland and A rospatiale companies in 1968. ... The Bell Helicopter Model 206 JetRanger is a two-bladed main rotor, turbine powered helicopter with a conventional, two-bladed tail rotor. ... The Mil Mi-24 is a large combat helicopter gunship and low-capacity troop transport operated from 1976 by the Soviet Air Force, its successors, and over thirty other nations. ... The Britten-Norman Islander (also known as the BN-2) is a light utility aircraft manufactured by Britten-Norman of the United Kingdom. ... The Pilatus PC-9 is a single-engine, low-wing tandem-seat turboprop training aircraft manufactured by Pilatus Aircraft of Switzerland. ...

Sea

  • Cyprus Navy

Current Senior officers

  • Supreme Commander, Cypriot National Guard: Lt. Gen. Konstantinos Bisbikas
  • Deputy Commander, Cypriot National Guard: Lt. Gen. Savvas Argyrou
  • Chief of Staff, Cypriot National Guard: Brig. Gen. Georgios Sofianidis

Current Equipment of the Cyprus National Guard

See Military of Cyprus The Military of Cyprus comprises the Cypriot National Guard, a combined arms force with land, naval and air elements. ...


Creation of the Cyprus National Guard

The General Staff of the Cyprus National Guard in known domestically by its Greek designation "ΓΕΕΦ", or transliterated in the Latin alphabet as "GEEF".


The full name is "ΓΕΝΙΚΟ ΕΠΙΤΕΛΕΙΟ ΕΘΝΙΚΗΣ ΦΡΟΥΡΑΣ" which translates in English as "GENERAL STAFF OF THE NATIONAL GUARD". This name was assigned to the General Staff Headquarters organisation that commanded the National Guard in 1964, before which time and since 1963, the organisation had been briefly designated "Ειδικό Μικτό Επιτελείο Κύπρου" (ΕΜΕΚ), or translated in English as "Special Mixed Staff Cyprus" (EMEK).


The formation of GEEF in 1964 coincides directly with the establishment of purely Greek Cypriot ethnicity National Guard, following the outbreak of nationwide civil disturbances between Greek and Turkish Cypriot groups. Thus, as of 1964, the Turkish Cypriot minority were forced to abandon the original provisions to them of Article 129 - 132 of the 1960 Constitution, and withdrew any further participation in the National Guard, to which they had been entitled 40% of the total manpower, i.e. 2000 men. Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... Turkish Cypriots are those inhabitants of Cyprus who are ethnically Turkish[1], as opposed to those who are of Greek (the Greek Cypriots) or other ethnicities. ...


The GEEF was made constitutional in July 1964 by vote of the Cypriot Parliament, from which the Turkish Cypriot Vice President (along with his right of veto) and the Turkish Cypriot senators were removed, by which time the country had begun to slide into a total socio-political breakdown along ethnic lines.


Ethnic composition the Cyprus National Guard

Currently, the Cyprus National Guard conscripts only individuals of Greek Cypriot ethnicity, and this will continue until early 2008, when non-Turkish Cypriot minorities (Latin, Maronite, etc) of the Republic of Cyprus will be granted equality of conscription and service. Turkish Cypriots with Republic of Cyprus passports and residency are notably excluded from military service because of the continuing state of cold war between the Republic of Cyprus and Turkey. The Cypriot National Guard (Greek Εθνική Φρουρά) is the combined arms military force of the Republic of Cyprus. ... Greek Cypriot refers to the Greek-speaking population of Cyprus. ... Turkish Cypriots are those inhabitants of Cyprus who are ethnically Turkish, as opposed to those who are of Greek (the Greek Cypriots) or other ethnicities. ... Cyprus (in Greek Kypros Κύπρος and in Turkish Kıbrıs) is an island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, 113 kilometres (70 miles) south of Turkey and around 120 km west of the Syrian coast. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ...


Original Components of the Cyprus National Guard from 1964 until the 1974 Invasion

Land

  • GEEF (General HQ, Cyprus National Guard)
  • DPB HQ (Artillery Command HQ)
  • I ATD HQ – Ammochostos
  • II ATD HQ – Morphou
  • III ATD HQ – Lefkosia
  • II TS / III ATD HQ – Kyrenia
  • IV ATD HQ – Limassol
  • V ATD HQ – Paphos
  • DKD (Raiders Command)

Famagusta (Greek: Αμμόχωστος, Ammochostos; Turkish: GazimaÄŸusa) is a city on the east coast of Cyprus. ... District Nicosia District Government  - Mayor Eleni Mavrou Population (2004)  - City 270,000 (Greek part) 85,000 (Turkish part) 355,000 (Total) Time zone EET (UTC+2) Website: www. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... District Limassol Government  - Mayor Andreas Christou Population (2004)  - City 201. ... District Paphos Government  - Mayor Savvas Vergas Population (2001)  - City 47,300 Time zone EET (UTC+2) Website: http://www. ...

Air

  • 1SA Aircraft Flight
  • 419 MPA - Air Base Protection Squadron (Lakatamia Air Base)
  • 420 MPA - Air Base Protection Squadron (Tymbou Air Base)
  • 3 MSEP (Warning and Control Station Squadron) - on Mt. Kormakitis
  • 4 MSEP (Warning and Control Station Squadron) - on Mt. Kantara

Sea

Cyprus Navy


Equipment of the Cyprus National Guard 1964 - 1974

  • (Contains only equipment acquired during this period)

Land

Main Battle Tanks

Armoured Fighting Vehicles The T-34 is a Soviet medium tank first produced in 1940. ... M46, M47, M48 and M60 Patton were the U.S armys principal main battle tanks of the Cold War, with models in service from the late 1940s to the 1990s. ...

Armoured Personnel Carriers For other uses, see Dingo (disambiguation). ... The M8 Greyhound was a 6x6 armored car produced by the Ford Motor Company during the Second World War. ...

  • BTR-152V1
  • M113 (Captured)

Armoured Trucks The M113 is an armored personnel carrier family of vehicles in use with the US military and many other nations. ...

  • C17

Soft-Skin Vehicles

  • ZIL 157 GS
  • Bedford TK
  • UAZ 469
  • Land Rover Series II 109

Field Artillery Guns / Anti-Tank Guns

  • ZIS-3 / M1942 76.2mm
  • M116 Pack 75mm
  • 25-Pounder 88mm
  • BS-3M / M1944 100mm
  • 6-Pounder 57mm

Field Anti-Tank Rifles / Rocket Launchers

  • B-10 82mm
  • M18 57mm
  • M40A1 106mm
  • SPG-9 73mm

Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Weapon A B-10 being flown during a training session at Maxwell Air Force Base The Martin B_10 was the first all_metal monoplane bomber to go into regular use by the United States Army Air Corps, entering service in June 1934. ... M18 refers to: Messier 18 a Messier object and an open cluster in the Sagittarius constellation. ... The M40 is a sniper rifle used by the United States Marine Corps. ... The SPG-9 is a tripod-mounted, 73 mm recoilless gun developed by the Soviet Union. ...

  • AT-3 Sagger-B / 9M14M Malutka

Man-Portable Anti-Tank Unguided Weapon

  • RG-7V 85mm
  • M20 "Super Bazooka" 3.5-inch
  • EM-67 90mm

Air

Helicopter

  • Agusta Bell AB-47J (Loaned)
  • Fairchild Hiller FH-100

Fixed Wing 1944 Fairchild Argus III (G-BCBH) Fairchild were an aerospace manufacturing company based at various times in Farmingdale, New York, Hagerstown, Maryland, and San Antonio, Texas. ...

  • Dornier Do-27Q
  • Beechcraft C-45 Expeditor
  • Piper PA-22 Colt 108
  • T-6A Harvard (Embargoed)

Sea

  • R-41 Group Motor Minesweeper
  • P-6 / Type - 083 Motor Torpedo Boat
  • Esterel / Kelefstis Stamou Fast Patrol Craft (Embargoed)

Equipment of the Cyprus National Guard 1974 - 1994

  • (Contains only equipment acquired during this period)

Land

Main Battle Tanks

Armoured Fighting Vehicles The AMX 30 is a main battle tank designed by GIAT Industries with a focus on good firepower and superior mobility and first delivered to the French Army in 1966. ... The AMX 30 is a main battle tank designed by GIAT Industries with a focus on good firepower and superior mobility and first delivered to the French Army in 1966. ...

  • VAB-VCI/-VTT
  • VAB-VCAC
  • EE-9 Cascavel
  • EE-3 Jararaca

Field Artillery Guns / Anti-Tank Guns

  • M56 105mm
  • Mk F-3 155mm

Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Weapon

  • Euromissile Milan-2

Air

Helicopter

  • PZL Swidnik Kania (Mil Mi-2 Hoplite)
  • SA-342L1 Gazelle

Fixed Wing

  • Pilatus PC-9M

Equipment of the Cyprus National Guard 1994 - 2004

  • (Contains only equipment acquired during this period)

Land

Main Battle Tanks

  • T-80U
  • T-80UK

Infantry Fighting Vehicles The T-80 is a Soviet/Russian/Ukrainian main battle tank. ... The T-80 is a Soviet/Russian/Ukrainian main battle tank. ...

  • BMP-3

Armoured Personnel Carriers The BMP-3 is a Russian infantry fighting vehicle which was first observed by the West in 1990. ...

  • Leonidas-I
  • Leonidas-II

Field Artillery Guns / Anti-Tank Guns

  • Zuzana 155mm
  • TRF-1 155mm

Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Weapon

  • Euromissile Milan-3

Air

Helicopter

  • Mil Mi-35P Hind-F

The Mil Mi-24 is a large combat helicopter gunship and low-capacity troop transport operated from 1976 by the Soviet Air Force, its successors, and over thirty other nations. ...

Combat Actions

1963-1964

Significant combat actions were seen between the Cyprus National Guard and Turkish Cypriot combatants during this period, as the country slid into a state of civil-war.


1964-1974

Sporadic low-intensity conflict continued during parts of this period between Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot armed elements across the island.


1974

The Cyprus National Guard, under control of an Athens-inspired junta, seize control of the country in a short-lived coup, beginning on July 15, 1974. High intensity combat commences between the Cyprus National Guard and pro-Makarios supporters (including the Tactical Police Reserve). Consequently on July 20 1974, Turkey launches an invasion of the island, which is intensively resisted by the Cyprus National Guard and virtually all Greek Cypriot elements for a period of roughly one month. Ultimately, Turkish forces successfully captured and occupied 37% of the island. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Makarios was the adopted name of Mikhalis Khristodoulou Mouskos (August 13, 1913 - August 3, 1977). ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) (Turkish: Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri (TSK)) consists of the Army, the Navy (including Naval Air and Naval Infantry), and the Air Force of the Republic of Turkey. ...


1978

On the 19 February 1978, Egyptian commando forces attempted to intervene in a hijacking situation at Larnaca International Airport, without authorization from the Republic of Cyprus authorities. The Cypriot National Guard and Police forces surrounding the hijacked DC-8 aircraft responded with force, killing 15 Egyptian commandos and destroying the Egyptian C-130 transport plane in open combat. The result of the incident caused Egypt to severe diplomatic ties with Cyprus for a period of time. [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... |}Larnaca International Airport (Greek: ) (IATA: LCA, ICAO: LCLK) is an international airport located near Larnaca, Cyprus. ... Cyprus (in Greek Kypros Κύπρος and in Turkish Kıbrıs) is an island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, 113 kilometres (70 miles) south of Turkey and around 120 km west of the Syrian coast. ... The Douglas DC-8 is a four-engined jet airliner, manufactured between 1959 and 1972. ... The Lockheed C-130 Hercules, a four-engine turboprop aircraft, is the main tactical air transport aircraft of the United States and UK military forces. ...


Sources

Creation of National Guard

  • Cyprus National Guard Official Site
  • The Cyprus Conflict

Order of Battle

  • "Cyprus, 1974", by T. Cooper and N. Tselepidis, published October 28 2003 for ACIG.org.

Armaments

  • Cyprus National Guard Official Site
  • Table 23, Republic of Cyprus: Major National Guard Equipment, 1990, Library of Congress (Additional sourcing: Based on information from The Military Balance, 1989- 1990, London, 1989, 85; and Christopher F. Foss, "Cypriot Rearmament Completed," Jane's Defence Weekly [London], March 12, 1988, 445.)
  • APORRITOS ATILLAS, Savvas Vlassis
  • "1974: The Unknown Backstage of the Turkish Invasion", Makarios Drousiotis, Nicosia 2002, ISBN 9963-631-02-9
  • Cyprus 1974 - The Greek coup and the Turkish invasion, Makarios Drousiotis, Hellenic Distribution Agency
  • Conway's: All The World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995
  • Cyprus, 1955-1973 By Tom Cooper, www.acig.org
  • Cyprus 100 Years Alex Efthyvoulou, Laiki Cultural Bank Archive
  • British Pathe Archive

Combat Actions

  • The Cyprus Conflict
  • "1974: The Unknown Backstage of the Turkish Invasion", Makarios Drousiotis, Nicosia 2002, ISBN 9963-631-02-9
  • Cyprus 1974 - The Greek coup and the Turkish invasion, Makarios Drousiotis, Hellenic Distribution Agency
  • Cyprus, 1955-1973 By Tom Cooper, www.acig.org

External links

  • National Guard website


 
Military of Cyprus
Flag of Cyprus
Cypriot National Guard
  • Cyprus Country Study
The Military of Cyprus comprises the Cypriot National Guard, a combined arms force with land, naval and air elements. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cyprus. ... Austria Poland Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus Czech   Rep. ... The Portuguese Armed Forces (Portuguese: Forças Armadas Portuguesas or FAP) are divided into three branches: Army (Exército Português) Navy (Marinha Portuguesa) Air Force (Força Aérea Portuguesa) In the 20th century, Portugal had only two major military interventions, the first one in the 1st World War... The Romanian Army (Armata Română) consists of three branches: Romanian Land Forces Romanian Naval Forces Romanian Air Force The term army is used in Romania when referring to the entire military, while land forces deal only with the actual army itself. ...

 
 

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