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Encyclopedia > Cymbal
10-Inch (25 cm) AA Splash
10-Inch (25 cm) AA Splash

Cymbals (Fr. cymbales; Ger. Becken; Ital. piatti or cinelli; Por. pratos), are a modern percussion instrument. Cymbals consist of thin, normally round plates of various cymbal alloys; see cymbal making for a discussion of their manufacture. Most modern cymbals are of indefinite pitch (tuned sets have been manufactured but are rare), whereas small cup-shaped cymbals based on ancient designs sound a definite note (see: crotales). Cymbals ) was a Japanese rock band active from 1997-2003. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Sabian_AA_10_Splash. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Sabian_AA_10_Splash. ... A percussion instrument is any object which produces a sound by being struck with an implement, shaken, rubbed, scraped, or by any other action which sets the object into vibration. ... Cymbals are made from four main alloys, all of them copper-based. ... Modern cymbal making uses many different techniques, from traditional hand methods to completely automated mass-production. ... Crotales or antique cymbals are tuned percussion instruments. ...


Cymbals are used in modern orchestras and many military, marching, concert and other bands. They are one of the two instrument types that form the modern drum kit, the other of course being the drum, and as such are a basic part of much contemporary music. Even the most basic drum kit normally contains at least one suspended cymbal and a pair of hi-hat cymbals. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In music, a band is a company of musicians, or musical ensemble, usually popular or folk, playing parts of or improvising a musical arrangement on different musical instruments. ... A drum kit (or drum set or trap set) is mostly a collection of drums, cymbals and sometimes other percussion instruments arranged for convenient playing by a single drummer. ... Bass drum made from wood, rope, and cowskin A drum is common considered to be the oldest musical instrument known to man. ... In the broadest sense, contemporary music is any music being written in the present day. ... Classical suspended cymbal A suspended cymbal is any single cymbal played with a stick or beater rather than struck against another cymbal. ... The hi-hat stand has changed little since its invention. ...

Contents

Orchestral cymbals

Although cymbals are not often required they form part of every orchestra; their chief use is for marking the rhythm and for producing weird, fantastic effects or adding military colour, and their shrill notes hold their own against a full orchestra playing fortissimo. Cymbals are specially suited for suggesting frenzy, fury or bacchanalian revels, as in the Venus music in Wagner's Tannhäuser and Grieg's Peer Gynt suite. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Wilhelm Richard Wagner (May 22, 1813 – February 13, 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as he later came to call them). ... In the Venusberg by John Collier, 1901: a gilded setting that is distinctly Italian quattrocento. ... Edvard Hagerup Grieg (June 15, 1843–September 4, 1907) was a Norwegian composer and pianist. ... ...


Crash cymbals

A pair of clash cymbals in profile. The bell is in green and the straps are in red.
A pair of clash cymbals in profile. The bell is in green and the straps are in red.

Orchestral crash cymbals are traditionally used in pairs, each one having a strap set in the bell of the cymbal by which they are held. Such a pair is known technically as a pair of clash cymbals, although this term is rarely used, see clash cymbals. They are confusingly sometimes referred to simply as crash cymbals, although this term properly applies also to some suspended cymbals. made by me in Inkscape. ... made by me in Inkscape. ... A crash cymbal is a type of cymbal that produces a loud, sharp, but comparatively short-duration crash used mainly as an occasional accent effect. ... Clash cymbals or hand cymbals are cymbals used in identical pairs and are played by holding one cymbal in each hand and striking the two together. ... Classical suspended cymbal A suspended cymbal is any single cymbal played with a stick or beater rather than struck against another cymbal. ...


The sound can be obtained by rubbing their edges together in a sliding movement for a "sizzle", striking them against each other in what is called a "crash", tapping the edge of one against the body of the other in what is called a "tap-crash", scraping the edge of one from the inside of the bell to the edge for a "scrape," or shutting the cymbals together and choking the sound in what is called a "hi-hat chick." A skilled player can obtain an enormous dynamic range from such a pair of cymbals. For example, in Beethoven's ninth symphony, one of their first appearances in an orchestral work, they make their entry pianissimo, adding a touch of colour rather than an almighty crash. The Symphony No. ...


Clash cymbals are usually damped by pressing them against the player's body. A composer may write laissez vibrer, "Let them vibrate" (usually l.v.), sec (dry), or equivalent indications on the score; more usually, the player must judge exactly when to damp the cymbals based on the written duration of crash and the context in which it occurs. Damping is any effect, either deliberately engendered or inherent to a system, that tends to reduce the amplitude of oscillations of an oscillatory system. ...


Clash cymbals have traditionally been accompanied by the bass drum playing an identical part. This combination, played loudly, is an effective way to accentuate a note since the two instruments together contribute to both very low and very high frequency ranges and provide a satisfying "crash-bang-wallop". In older music the composer sometimes provided just one part for this pair of instruments, writing senza piatti or piatti soli (Italian: "without cymbals" or "cymbals only") if the bass drum is to remain silent. However, the modern convention is for the instruments to have independent parts. A bass drum is a large drum that produces a note of low definite or indefinite pitch. ...


Clash cymbals evolved into the low-sock and from this to the modern hi-hat. Even in a modern drum kit, they remain paired with the bass drum as the two instruments which are played with the player's feet. However, hi-hat cymbals tend to be heavy with little taper, more similar to a ride cymbal than to a crash cymbal as found in a drum kit, and perform a ride rather than a crash function. The hi-hat stand has changed little since its invention. ... A Zildjian 22 Z Custom Power Ride A ride cymbal is a type of cymbal that is a standard part of most drum kits. ... A crash cymbal is a type of cymbal that produces a loud, sharp, but comparatively short-duration crash used mainly as an occasional accent effect. ...


Suspended cymbal

The second main orchestral use of cymbals is the suspended cymbal. This instrument takes its name from the traditional method of suspending the cymbal by means of a leather strap or rope, thus allowing the cymbal to vibrate as freely as possible for maximum musical effect. Early jazz drumming pioneers borrowed this style of cymbal mounting during the early 1900's and later drummers further developed this instrument in to the mounted horizontal or nearly horizontally mounted "crash" cymbals of a modern drum kit. Classical suspended cymbal A suspended cymbal is any single cymbal played with a stick or beater rather than struck against another cymbal. ... A drum kit (or drum set or trap set) is mostly a collection of drums, cymbals and sometimes other percussion instruments arranged for convenient playing by a single drummer. ...


Suspended cymbals are most often played with yarn wrapped mallets. However, some composers request other types of mallets like felt mallets or timpani beaters for different attack and sustain qualities. Suspended cymbals can produce bright and slicing tones when forcefully struck, and give an eerie transparent "windy" sound when played quietly. A tremolo, or roll (played with two mallets alternately striking on opposing sides of the cymbal) can build in volume from almost inaudible to an overwhelming climax in a satisfyingly smooth manner (as in Humperdink's Mother Goose Suite). A pair of drum sticks. ... A timpanist in the United States Air Forces in Europe Band. ...


Furthermore, the edge of a suspended cymbal may be hit with shoulder of a drum stick to obtain a sound somewhat akin to that of a pair of clash cymbals. Other methods of playing include scraping a coin or a triangle beater rapidly across the ridges on the top of the cymbal, giving a "zing" sound (as in the fourth movement of Dvořák's Symphony No. 9). Other effects that can be used include drawing a cello or bass bow across the edge of the cymbal for a sound not unlike squealing car brakes. A pair of drum sticks. ... An old-fashioned triangle, with wand (beater) Angelika Kauffmann: LAllegra, 1779 The triangle is an idiophone type of musical instrument in the percussion family. ...


Cymbals may also be dropped, intentionally or otherwise, causing a range of sounds depending on whether it hits the floor full on or spins before coming to a rest. This is not particularly good for the cymbal, however.


Ancient cymbals

Ancient cymbals or tuned cymbals are much more rarely called for. Their timbre is entirely different, more like that of small hand-bells or of the notes of the keyed harmonica. They are not struck full against each other, but by one of their edges, and the note given in by them is higher in proportion as they are thicker and smaller. Berlioz's Romeo and Juliet calls for two pairs of cymbals, modelled on some old Pompeian instruments no larger than the hand (some are no larger than a crown piece), and tuned to F and B flat. The modern instruments descended from this line are the crotales. Crotales (singular crotal from latin crotalum) are percussion instruments consisting of small, tuned metal disks, each about 4 in diameter with a flat top surface and a nipple on the base. ...


Origins

The origins of cymbals can be traced back to prehistoric times. The ancient Egyptian cymbals closely resembled our own. The British Museum possesses two pairs, thirteen centimetres in diameter, one of which was found in the coffin of the mummy of Ankhhape, a sacred musician. Those used by the Assyrians were both plate- and cup-shaped, those of the Ancient Persians large-sized plates, made of brass, known as Sanj. The Greek cymbals were cup- or bell-shaped, and may be seen in the hands of innumerable fauns and satyrs in sculptures and on painted vases. The word cymbal is derived from the Latin cymbalum, which itself derives from the Greek word kumbalom, meaning a small bowl. The British Museum in London is one of the worlds greatest museums of human history and culture. ... A centimetre (American spelling centimeter, symbol cm) is a unit of length that is equal to one hundredth of a metre, the current SI base unit of length. ... An Assyrian winged bull, or lemmasu. ... Persia is the historical and alternative name for the state of Iran in the European languages. ... Sanj or Senj (Persian سنج) is a metallic Percussion Instrument, like cymbal, but much larger in diameter, cup- or bell-shaped plates. ... A faun, as painted by Hungarian painter Pál Szinyei Merse In Roman mythology, fauns were place-spirits (genii) of untamed woodland. ... Ancient Greek Satyr statuette In Greek mythology, satyrs (in Greek, Σάτυροι — Sátyroi) are young humans, possibly with horse ears, that roamed the woods and mountains, and were the companions of Pan and Dionysus. ...


Terminology

During the middle ages the word cymbal was applied to the Glockenspiel, or peal of small bells, and later to the dulcimer, perhaps on account of the clear bell-like tone produced by the hammers striking the wire strings. After the introduction of the keyed dulcimer or clavichord the spinet, the word clavicymbal was used in the Romance languages to denote the varieties of spinet and harpsichord. Ancient cymbals are among the instruments played by King David and his musicians in the 9th-century illuminated manuscript known as the Bible of Charles the Bald in the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris. Most orchestral glockenspiels are mounted in a case. ... A diatonic hammered dulcimer made by Masterworks The hammered dulcimer is a stringed musical instrument with the strings stretched over a trapezoidal sounding board. ... Large five-octave unfretted clavichord by Paul Maurici, after J.A. Haas The clavichord is a European stringed keyboard instrument known from the late Medieval, through the Renaissance, Baroque and Classical eras. ... A spinet is a smaller type of harpsichord or other keyboard instrument, such as a piano or organ. ... The Romance languages, also called Romanic languages, are a subfamily of the Italic languages, specifically the descendants of the Vulgar Latin dialects spoken by the common people evolving in different areas after the break-up of the Roman Empire. ... A spinet is a smaller type of harpsichord or other keyboard instrument, such as a piano or organ. ... Harpsichord in the Flemish style A harpsichord is any of a family of European keyboard instruments, including the large instrument currently called a harpsichord, but also the smaller virginals, the muselar virginals and the spinet. ... This page is about the Biblical king David. ... The new buildings of the library. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ...


Types of cymbal

Particular types of cymbal include:

Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Clash cymbals or hand cymbals are cymbals used in identical pairs and are played by holding one cymbal in each hand and striking the two together. ... This article is about the tone family of cymbals known as crash cymbals; For cymbals played by hand in pairs, see clash cymbals. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Hi-hat. ... Sanj or Senj (Persian سنج) is a metallic Percussion Instrument, like cymbal, but much larger in diameter, cup- or bell-shaped plates. ... The ride cymbal is used to keep a beat in the background. ... The swish cymbal and the pang cymbal are exotic ride cymbals originally developed as part of the collaboration between Gene Krupa and the Avedis Zildjian Company. ... A sizzle cymbal is a cymbal to which rivets, chains or other rattles have been added to modify the sound. ... A splash cymbal is a small cymbal used for an accent in a drum kit. ... Classical suspended cymbal A suspended cymbal is any single cymbal played with a stick or beater rather than struck against another cymbal. ... ZIL is a three-letter abbreviation with multiple meanings, as described below: Zork Implementation Language (ZIL) is the language which Infocom used to produce their works of interactive fiction. ... A gong is any one of a wide variety of metal percussion instruments. ...

See also

Armand Zildjian (1921 - December 26, 2002) was a manufacturer of cymbals and the head of the Avedis Zildjian Company. ... The Zildjian logo as seen on the official website The Avedis Zildjian Company is the worlds largest manufacturer of cymbals. ... Cymbals are made from four main alloys, all of them copper-based. ... Modern cymbal making uses many different techniques, from traditional hand methods to completely automated mass-production. ... Bass drum made from wood, rope, and cowskin A drum is common considered to be the oldest musical instrument known to man. ... A percussion instrument is any object which produces a sound by being struck with an implement, shaken, rubbed, scraped, or by any other action which sets the object into vibration. ...

Manufacturers

AJAHA Cymbals is a cymbal company, or cymbalmaker, which/who produced cymbals perhaps as early as the 1910s through the 1970s. ... The Zildjian logo as seen on the official website The Avedis Zildjian Company is the worlds largest manufacturer of cymbals. ... // About Bosphorus Bosphorus is a cymbal manufacturer based in Istanbul, Turkey. ... Claimed by some to be the best cymbals in the world, Istanbul cymbals are in 2003 made in two separate factories in Istanbul, Turkey. ... A 20 Istanbul Agop: Turk Custom Ride Istanbul Agop Cymbals is a Turkish firm that has been designing and manufacturing hand-made cymbals for more than twenty-five years in Istanbul, Turkey. ... Istanbul is the name of two brands of cymbals, Istanbul Agop and Istanbul Mehmet, made in Istanbul using traditional cymbal making methods. ... Cymbal manufacturers are involved in Cymbal making. ... Meinl Percussion is a leading manufacturer of cymbals and other percussion instruments, based in Neustadt in Germany. ... The Paiste logo A Paiste 2002 Sound Edge hihat. ... 10-Inch AA Splash Sabian is a Canadian cymbal designer and manufacturer. ... Saluda cymbals are a relatively new manufacturer of high-quality percussion instruments, particularly snare drums and hand crafted cymbals. ... UFIP is an Italian cymbal manufacturer, producing mainly high-quality bell bronze cymbals using rotocasting. ... Wuhan is a brand of cymbal, specialising in mid-range B20 cymbals and china type cymbals of all alloys and types. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Cymbals
  • Orchestral cymbal playing, with an excellent short history of cymbals

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cymbal (99 words)
A percussion instrument made of a circular brass plate.
The cymbal can be played as a pair which are struck sidelong against each other to produce a crashing sound (crash cymbals) or struck with sticks or mallets to cause the plates to vibrate.
See also crash cymbals; suspended cymbal; ride cymbal; hi-hat; sizzle cymbal; splash cymbal.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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