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Encyclopedia > Cylinder seal
Gilgamesh and Enkidu, cylinder seal impression from Ur III, with oldest type of 'pictographic' cuneiform
Gilgamesh and Enkidu, cylinder seal impression from Ur III, with oldest type of 'pictographic' cuneiform

The Cylinder seals in ancient times, were used to put an impression in clay. But in the case of the cylinder seal, it is a picture, (a 'picture-story'(glyptic) and later, notations with 'Mesopotamian hieroglyphs), rolled onto the clay, (into the clay). (In later periods, they were then used to "notarize", or 'attest' to a clay document (in multiple copies of impressions).) The seal itself is made from a hard stone, (or of glass(Egyptian "faience")), of many varieties, types of rocks, often lapis lazuli, because of the beauty of the blue stone. In graves, burials, etc, and other sites, for example a hoard of precious items, often contained gold, silver, beads, gemstones, etc. often including 1 or 2 Cylinder seals. The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... According to the Sumerian king list, Gilgamesh was the fifth king of Uruk (Early Dynastic II, first dynasty of Uruk), the son of Lugalbanda. ... Enkidu and Gilgamesh, cylinder seal from Ur III Enkidu appears in Sumerian mythology as a mythical wild-man raised by animals; his beast-like ways are finally tamed by a courtesan named Shamhat. ... UR, Ur, or ur can refer to several things: The City of Ur Ur, the first known continent Royal Game of Ur Unreal the computer game Ur is the name of a minor Gnostic deity. ... The Cuneiform script is one of the earliest known forms of written expression. ... This is an article about the ancient middle eastern region. ... Faience or faïence is the conventional name in English for fine tin-glazed earthenware on a delicate pale buff body. ... A block of lapis lazuli Lapis lazuli is one of the oldest of all gems, with a history of use stretching back 7,000 years. ... In archaeology and anthropology grave goods are the items interred along with the body. ...


Other mineral types, besides lapis for the cylinder seals: hematite, obsidian, steatite, amethyst, carnelian, etc. A block of lapis lazuli Lapis lazuli is one of the oldest of all gems, with a history of use stretching back 7,000 years. ... Amethyst is a violet or purple variety of quartz often used as an ornament. ... Imprint of a carnelian seal with Brahmi inscription Kusumadasasya (Flowers servant). 4-5th century CE, probably Punjab. ...


Because Iconography, (the topics and the scenes), varied with (time) period and region, these were some of the common uses of the Cylinder seal: Iconography is the study and interpretation of images in art. ...

Doors.
Storage jars.
Bales of comodities.
Clay tablets, and clay tablet envelopes, (see Met Museum Ref of: Tablets, Cones, Bricks, etc.) (Also, Kultepe.)
Components upon Fabricated Objects.
Amuletic– Philosophical value.

Cylinder seals, are listed in today's, present day books, and books from decades ago, as one, ( 1 ), of a small category of the Impression seal. The other common impression seal listed is ( 2 ), the Stamp seal, (other types may be: ring, amuletic (see Scaraboid seal, etc.). "Finger rings" may have sometimes been made, to also be an "impression" ring. The central lobby of the museum The Metropolitan Museum of Art, often referred to simply as The Met, is one of the worlds largest and most important art museums, located on the eastern edge of Central Park in Manhattan, New York, United States. ... Kültepe is the modern Turkish name for an ancient city in central eastern Anatolia, which was also called Kârum Kanesh merchant-colony city of Kanes in Assyrian (rendered Karum Kaniş in Turkish). ... An amulet from the Black Pullet grimoire An amulet (from Latin amuletum, meaning A means of protection) or a talisman (from Arabic tilasm, ultimately from Greek telesma or from the Greek word talein wich means to initiate into the mysteries. ... The Impression seal is the common seal, that leaves an impression, typically in clay (but not excluding the obvious wax impression seals). In antiquity they are common, because they represent themes, of the society. ... The Stamp seal and the Cylinder seal are stone type seals, first made in the Fourth Millenium and probably earlier. ... The Scaraboid seal is a category of the impression seals of Egypt. ... The Impression seal is the common seal, that leaves an impression, typically in clay (but not excluding the obvious wax impression seals). In antiquity they are common, because they represent themes, of the society. ...

Contents


Theme-driven, Memorial, and Commemorative nature

These "cylinder seal images", are in the 'main', theme driven (often Sociological/Religious). Instead of addressing the "authority" of the seal, a better study may be of the thematic nature of the seals, since the ideas of the society are presented, in pictographic, scenic, "action-scenes", "hieroglyphic" script, and also "cuneiform" script. In the "action-scene" example of Darius I's cylinder seal, Darius' chariot horse is trampling a deceased lion, while he is Aiming with Drawn Bow at an "Upright, Enraged Lion with 2 Arrows Impaled." The scene is also framed between 2 slim Palm Trees, a Block story of Cuneiform, and above the "Action Scene", the symbol of Ahura Mazda, the 'god' representation of Zoroastrianism. Hieroglyphs on an Egyptian funerary stela Hieroglyphs at the Memphis museum with Ramses II statue on the back. ... Cuneiform (from the Latin word for wedge-shaped) can refer to: Mesopotamian clay tablet 492 BCE, Field Museum of Natural History,Chicago, Illinois. ... Seal of Darius I, showing the king hunting on his chariot, and the symbol of Ahuramazda Darius the Great (Pers. ... Faravahar (or Ferohar), the depiction of the human soul before birth and after death. ... Faravahar (or Ferohar), the depiction of the human soul before birth and after death. ...

Cylinder seal Impression of Darius I showing the king hunting on his chariot and the Faravahar .
Cylinder seal Impression of Darius I showing the king hunting on his chariot and the Faravahar .

Seal of Darius I, from http://www. ... Seal of Darius I, from http://www. ... Seal of Darius I, showing the king hunting on his chariot, and the Faravahar Darius the Great (ca. ... Chariot was the name of a WW2 naval weapon, the British manned torpedo. ... This article needs to be wikified. ...

Cylinder seals

The reference below, Garbini, covers 'many' of the following "categories" of Cylinder seals. Note that the book is in the category of "Artworks, from World History".


A beginning Categorization of Cylinder seals:

  • Akkadian cylinder seals.
  • --Akkadian seal, ca. 2300 BC, stone seal w/ modern impression. See National Geographic Ref. The glyptic(the Scenes) shows "God in barge", people and offerings.
  • Assyrian cylinder seals.
  • Egyptian cylinder seals.
  • --Egyptian Naqada period (tombs, graves),(imported).
  • --Egyptian Faience.
  • Hittite cylinder seals.
    • --{Clay envelope usage, etc., see Kultepe.)
  • Kassite cylinder seals.
  • Mitannian cylnder seals.
  • Old Babylonian cylinder seals.
  • Persian cylinder seals; see Darius I.
  • Proto-Elamite cylinder seals.
  • Sumerian cylinder seals; See Gilgamesh.
  • ---Seals of the "Moon-God", see Sin (mythology).
  • ---see Ref.(Robinson), Seal of Ur-Nammu, 2112-2095 BCE. Close-up picture of Seal, and adjacent 'modern impression', high resolution, 2X-3X natural size.
  • Neo-Sumerian cylinder seals.
  • ---see Ref.(Garbini), "Seated God, and Worshippers", Cylinder seal, and a modern Impression, p. 40, (British Museum, London).
  • Syrian cylinder seals.

Akkadian language city of Akkad or Agad Akkadian Empire Sargon of Akkad the Amarna letters and Amarna Letters EA 296(Yahtiru) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Ra in his Solar barge A Solar barge (also Solar bark, Solar boat, Sun boat) is a mythological representation of the Sun riding in a boat. ... Naqada or Naquada is a village on the west bank of the Nile in southern Egypt. ... Faience or faïence is the conventional name in English for fine tin-glazed earthenware on a delicate pale buff body. ... Hittite can refer to either: The ancient Anatolian people called the Hittites; or The Hittite language, an ancient Indo-European language they spoke. ... Kültepe is the modern Turkish name for an ancient city in central eastern Anatolia, which was also called Kârum Kanesh merchant-colony city of Kanes in Assyrian (rendered Karum Kaniş in Turkish). ... Seal of Darius I, showing the king hunting on his chariot, and the symbol of Ahuramazda Darius the Great (Pers. ... According to the Sumerian king list, Gilgamesh was the fifth king of Uruk (Early Dynastic II, first dynasty of Uruk), the son of Lugalbanda. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Ur-Nammu (or Urnammu) was an ancient Sumerian king of Ur, fl. ... Shamash or Sama, was the common Akkadian name of the sun-god in Babylonia and Assyria, corresponding to Sumerian Utu. ... Cultic stela found at Mari Mari was an ancient city in Syria situated at the modern locality of Tell Hariri, on the western bank of Euphrates river. ...

Seal impression: a component of a liquid-offering receptacle

The Metropolitan Museum of Art publication, Ancient Near Eastern Art, contains ten (10) Cylinder seals, (and some stone types), and their modern Impressions. (One is in the "Picasso-esque style," and impossible to categorize, and it is also "short", a non-standard length, cylinder.) A "ceremonial" ceramic "Liquid-Offering Receptacle" is pictured(–possibly Syrian), and, as an explanation for some of the "cult" object's themes— This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... The central lobby of the museum The Metropolitan Museum of Art, often referred to simply as The Met, is one of the worlds largest and most important art museums, located on the eastern edge of Central Park in Manhattan, New York, United States. ... A young Pablo Picasso Pablo Picasso, formally Pablo Ruiz Picasso, (October 25, 1881 - April 8, 1973) was one of the recognized masters of 20th century art. ... The word ceramic is derived from the Greek word Κεραμεικος (the name of a suburb of Athens), and in its strictest sense refers to clay in all its forms. ...

  • It explains food and liquid offerings, ritually, (presumably daily).
  • It shows the "priest/priestess" class and dual roles of kingship and priest responsibilities: (by way of the Cylinder seal "story", but only 1/20th of the entire object presentation).
  • Iconography. The building roof-top, w/ the undefinable human figure is holding back two felines by the butt of the tails, (large Lion-headed, small bodies).
  • Iconography: A 'two-story' building, small (one room), circular ceiling timbers(3,4 per "story") in mud brick, and Roof-top: Human and lions, 2X-sized compared to the "building".

The 3.5 (in. square) x 12.5 in. (height) clay Liquid-offering Receptacle has an opening for the liquids, on the "roof" between the two lions. The liquid exits "frontward" through the "door"("openings", front side) of each story. At the front of the "Two Lions", a 'panel'–(as a Cornice, or a type of Lintel (archaeology)), runs the entire cylinder seal impression— in two halves. For the category of its Theme, the Cylinder seal impression approximates: " Procession, with Bearers Bringing Gifts to the God's Shrine ". See the Metropolitan Museum ref., pg 23, (Object 22). Iconography is the study and interpretation of images in art. ... A cornice is an overhanging edge of snow on a ridge or the crest of a mountain which are built up by drifting snow. ... In literature ur ass gets as big as ur head. ...


See

Look up seal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Categories: Disambiguation | Stub ...

See also

The Impression seal is the common seal, that leaves an impression, typically in clay (but not excluding the obvious wax impression seals). In antiquity they are common, because they represent themes, of the society. ... The Stamp seal and the Cylinder seal are stone type seals, first made in the Fourth Millenium and probably earlier. ... LMLK seals were stamped on the handles of large storage jars in and around Jerusalem during the reign of King Hezekiah (circa 700 BC) based on several complete jars found in situ buried under a destruction layer caused by Sennacherib at Lachish. ... Lachish was a town located in the Shephelah, or maritime plain of Palestine (Joshua 10:3, 5; 12:11). ... MMST (Hebrew Mem, Mem, Shin, Tau) appears exclusively on LMLK seal inscriptions, seen in archaeological findings in Israel, and its meaning has been the subject of continual controversy. ... The Scaraboid seal is a category of the impression seals of Egypt. ...

References

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Cylinder seal
  • Bahn,Paul. Lost Treasures, Great Discoveries in World Archaeology, Ed. by Paul G. Bahn, (Barnes and Noble Books, New York), c 1999. Examples of, or discussions of Stamp seals, Cylinder seals, and a "metal stamp seal".
  • Garbini,Giovanni. Landmarks of the World's Art, The Ancient World, by Giovanni Garbini, (McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, Toronto), General Eds, Bernard S. Myers, New York, Trewin Copplestone, London, c 1966. Discussion, or pictures of about 25 "cylinder seals"; also lists the "Scaraboid seal", an impression seal(needs to be a Mirror/Reverse to be an impression seal).
  • Metropolitan Museum of Art. Cuneiform Texts in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Tablets, Cones, and Bricks of the Third and Second Millennia B.C., vol. 1 (New York, 1988). The final section(Bricks) of the book concerns "Cylinder Seals", with a Foreward describing the purpose of the section as to instigate Research into Cylinder Seals. The 'cylinder sealing' on the Bricks, was done multiple times per brick. Some are of high quality, and some are not. (Also contains the only ( 2 ) el Amarna letters, in the USA, with Analysis.)
  • Metropolitan Museum of Art. Ancient Near Eastern Art, (Reprint), Metr. Mus. of Art Photograph Studio, Designed, Alvin Grossman, Photography, Lynton Gardiner, (Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin (Spring 1984)), c 1984. 56pgs.
  • Nat'l Geogr. Soc. Wonders of the Ancient World; National Geographic Atlas of Archeology, Norman Hammond, Consultant, Nat'l Geogr. Soc., (Multiple Staff authors), (Nat'l Geogr., R.H.Donnelley & Sons, Willard, OH), 1994, 1999, Reg. or Deluxe Ed. Origins of Writing, section, pp 68-75. Akkadian Cylinder seal, with its modern seal Impression. p. 71.
  • Robinson,Andrew. The Story of Writing, Andrew Robinson, (Thames and Hudson), c 1995, paperback ed., c 1999. (Page 70, Chapter 4: Cuneiform) Ur-Nammu cylinder seal (and impression), with 2095 BCE hieroglyphs, 2X-3X; Darius I, impression only, of chariot hunting scene, 2X, ca 500 BCE.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Seal (device) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1104 words)
Seals of this nature were applied directly to the face of the document or attached to the document by cords in the owner's, or to a narrow strip of the document sliced and folded down as a tail but not detached from the document.
Seals were also applied to letters and parcels to indicate whether or not the item had been opened since the seal was applied.
Seals are sometimes carved with a figure on the owner's zodiac animal on the top of the seal.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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