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Encyclopedia > Cutlery

Cutlery refers to any hand implement used in preparing, serving, and especially eating food in the Western world. It is more usually known as silverware or flatware in the United States, where cutlery can have the more specific meaning of knives and other cutting instruments. This is probably the original meaning of the word. Since silverware suggests the presence of silver, the term tableware has come into use. Implement(s) may refer to: Implementation — the process for putting a design, plan or policy into effect. ... Occident redirects here. ... Starch-polyester disposable cutlery Cutlery refers to any hand utensil used in preparing, serving, and especially eating food. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... Tableware are the cutlery, eating utensils, glassware, and dishware used when setting a table for dining. ...

Modern starch-polyester disposable cutlery.
Modern starch-polyester disposable cutlery.

Contents

Principal meaning

The major items of cutlery in the Western world are the knife, fork and spoon. Traditionally, good quality cutlery was made from silver (hence the U.S. name), though steel was always used for more utilitarian knives, and pewter was used for some cheaper items, especially spoons. From the nineteenth century, Electroplated Nickel Silver (EPNS) was used as a cheaper substitute; nowadays, most cutlery, including quality designs, is made from stainless steel. Plastic cutlery is made for disposable use, and is frequently used in fast food or take-away outlets and provided with airline meals. Occident redirects here. ... This article is about the tool. ... For other uses, see Fork (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Spoon (disambiguation). ... Sterling silver is an alloy of silver containing 92. ... For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). ... Pewter plate Pewter is a metal alloy, traditionally between 85 and 99 percent tin, with the remainder consisting of 1-15 percent copper, acting as a hardener, with the addition of lead for the lower grades of pewter, which have a bluish tint. ... Nickel silver is an alloy of copper with nickel and often but not always zinc. ... The 630 foot (192 m) high, stainless-clad (type 304) Gateway Arch defines St. ... For other uses, see Plastic (disambiguation). ... Fast food is food prepared and served quickly at a fast-food restaurant or shop at low cost. ... Take-out, carry-out ( in American English ) or take-away ( in British English ) is food purchased at a restaurant but eaten elsewhere. ... Lunch at Garuda Indonesia (long haul, economy class); Japanese style, with teriyaki beef and rice, dorayaki, buckwheat noodles, and a beverage An airline meal is a meal served to passengers on a commercial airliner. ...


Two forms of utensil combining the functionality of pairs of cutlery are the spork (spoon / fork) and knork (knife / fork). A titanium spork. ... A mechanized knork is demonstrated on Snowflake Day: A Very Special Holiday Episode of Clone High. ...


Etymology

The word cutler derives from the Middle English word 'cuteler' and this in turn derives from from Old French 'coutelier' which comes from 'coutel'; meaning knife. Middle English is the name given by historical linguistics to the diverse forms of the English language spoken between the Norman invasion of 1066 and the mid-to-late 15th century, when the Chancery Standard, a form of London-based English, began to become widespread, a process aided by the... Old French was the Romance dialect continuum spoken in territories corresponding roughly to the northern half of modern France and parts of modern Belgium and Switzerland from around 1000 to 1300. ...


History

Cutlery has been made in many places. In England, the industry became concentrated by the late 16th century in and around Birmingham and Sheffield. However, the Birmingham industry increasingly concentrated on swords, made by 'long cutlers' and on other edged tools, whereas the Sheffield industry concentrated on knives. For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about the British city. ... For other uses, see Sheffield (disambiguation). ... Swiss longsword, 15th or 16th century Look up Sword in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the tool. ...


At Sheffield, the trade of cutler became divided with allied trades emerging such as razormaker, awlbladesmith, shearsmith, and forkmakers becoming distinct trades by the 18th century. Collection of Modern Safety Razors - Gillette Fusion Power, Gillette M3Power, Mach3 Turbo Champion, Schick Quattro Chrome, Schick Quattro Power, Gillette Mach3, Gillette Sensor, Schick Xtreme3, Schick Xtreme SubZero, and Schick Xtreme3 Disposables A razor is an edge tool primarily used in shaving. ... An awl is a woodworking tool used to mark a piece of wood. ...


Before the mid 19th century when cheap mild steel became available due to new methods of steelmaking, knives (and other edged tools) were made by welding a strip of steel on to the piece of iron that was to be formed into a knife or sandwiching a strip of steel between two pieces of iron. This was done because steel was then a much more expensive commodity than iron. Carbon steel,is very fun 2 play with also called plain carbon steel, is a metal alloy, a combination of two elements, iron and carbon, where other elements are present in quantities too small to affect the properties. ... Steelmaking is the second step in producing steel from iron ore. ... For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). ... A wrought iron railing in Troy, New York. ...


After fabrication, the knife had to be sharpened, originally on a grindstone, but from the late medieval period in a blade mill or (as they were known in the Sheffield region) a cutlers wheel. Grindstone was a band that started some time around 1998. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


See also

Look up Cutlery in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Cutlery

Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... This is a list of food preparation utensils, some of what is known as kitchenware. ... The Oneida Society (Oneida Community) was a utopian commune founded by John H. Noyes in 1848 near Oneida, New York. ... Household silver (the silver) comprises dishware, cutlery and other household items made of sterling silver, usually bought in sets or combined to form sets, such as a set of silver candlesticks or a silver tea service. ... Table setting refers to the way to set a table with tableware—such as eating utensils and dishware—for serving and eating. ...

References

For Sheffield:

  • Hey, D. The Fiery Blades of Hallamshire: Sheffield and Its Neighbourhood, 1660–1740 (Leicester University Press 1991). 193–140.
  • Lloyd, G. I. H. The Cutlery Trades: An Historical Essay in the Economics of Small Scale Production. (1913; repr. 1968).

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cutlery - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (301 words)
Plastic cutlery is made for disposable use, and is frequently used in fast food or take-away outlets and provided with airline meals.
Two forms of utensil combining the functionality of various pairs of cutlery are the spork (spoon / fork) and knork (knife / fork).
The "Master Cutler" was the name of a train that ran between London Marylebone and Sheffield (the centre of the cutlery manufacture in the UK) during the 1950s and late 1960s.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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