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Encyclopedia > Cuthbert of Lindisfarne

Cuthbert of Lindisfarne (ca. 634March 20, 687) was an English monk and bishop who was one of the most important medieval saints of England. This article is about Lindisfarne, England. ... Events The Arabs invade Palestine. ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ... Events: December 15 - Sergius succeeds Conon as Pope King Theuderic III of Neustria is defeated by Pepin of Herstal, Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the British Isles Languages English (de facto) Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked 1st UK 50. ... A Roman Catholic monk A monk is a person who practices monasticism, adopting a strict religious and ascetic lifestyle, usually in community with others following the same path. ... A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who, in certain Christian churches, holds a position of authority. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the British Isles Languages English (de facto) Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked 1st UK 50. ...


Cuthbert was of Northumbrian origin, probably from the neighborhood of Dunbar, in modern-day Scotland. While still a boy, employed as a shepherd, he thought that he saw one night the soul of Aidan carried to heaven by angels and thereupon went to the monastery of Old Melrose and became a monk (651). Soon afterwards, however, he became a soldier for several years. Section from Shepherds map of the British Isles about 802 AD showing the kingdom of Northumbria Northumbria is primarily the name of a petty kingdom of Angles, Danes and Norwegians which was formed in Great Britain at the beginning of the 7th century, and of the much smaller earldom... View towards John Muir beach with North Berwick Law and the Bass Rock in the distance. ... Royal motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... In a draw in a mountainous region, a shepherd guides a flock of about 20 sheep amidst scrub and olive trees. ... Saint Aidan of Lindisfarne, the Apostle of Northumbria (?-651), is the founder and first bishop of the monastery on the island of Lindisfarne in England. ... The Annunciation - the Angel Gabriel announces to Mary that she will bear Jesus (El Greco, 1575) An angel is ethereal being found in many religions, whose duties are to assist and serve God. ... The Tikse monastery in Ladakh, India A monastery is the habitation of monks, derived from the Greek word for a hermits cell. ... Melrose is a small, historic town in the Scottish Borders. ... Events End of Yazdegard IIIs attempts to drive out the Saracens. ... A soldier is a person who has enlisted with, or has been conscripted into, the armed forces of a sovereign country and has undergone training and received equipment (such as a uniform and weapon) to defend that country or its interests. ...


After his return to the monastery, his fame for piety, diligence, and obedience quickly grew. When Alchfrith, king of Deira, founded a new monastery at Ripon, Cuthbert became its praepositus hospitum or entertainer of guests. Alchfriths father was Oswy King of Northumbria. ... Italic textBold text --203. ... Ripon is a small cathedral city in the Harrogate borough of North Yorkshire, England, 214 miles NNW from London. ...


Alchfrith, however, adopted Roman usages, and in 661 those monks who followed the Celtic tradition returned to Melrose, where Cuthbert was made prior. He spent much time among the people, ministering to their spiritual needs. The Roman Catholic Church (commonly known as the Catholic Church) is the Christian Church which is led by the Pope, the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. The Roman Catholic Church teaches that it is the one holy catholic and apostolic Church founded by Jesus Christ. ... Events Caliph Ali Ben Abu Talib is assassinated. ... Celtic Christianity is a term used for the form of Christianity practiced in Ireland, Wales, Cornwall and the Bretagne from the missions of Saint Patrick and Saint Ninian in the 5th century (also known as Old British Church, Celtic Catholic Church, Culdee Church), in Scotland from the mission of Columcille... Prior is a Latin adjective, meaning coming before, as earlier (as in a priori, regardless what comes next). ...


After the Synod of Whitby, Cuthbert seems to have accepted the Roman customs, and his old abbot, Eata, called on him to introduce them at Lindisfarne. It was an ungracious task, but Cuthbert disarmed opposition by his loving nature and patience. The Synod of Whitby was an important synod which eventually led to the unification of the church in Britain. ... Eata of Hexham (died October 26, 686) also known as Eata of Lindisfarne or Saint Eata was bishop of Lindisfarne from 678 until 685, and of Hexham from then until his death. ...


In 676 he adopted the solitary life and retired to a cave. After a time he settled on one of the Farne Islands, south of Lindisfarne, and gave himself more and more to austerities. At first he would receive visitors and wash their feet, but later he confined himself to his cell and opened the window only to give his blessing. While on the Farne Islands, he instituted special laws to protect the Eider ducks and other seabirds nesting on the islands; these may have been the first bird protection laws anywhere in the world. Consequently, eider ducks are often called cuddy ducks in modern Northumbrian dialects. Events November 2 - Donus becomes Pope. ... The Inner Farne seen from Seahouses harbour The Farne Islands (also referred to less formally as the Farnes) are a group of islands off the coast of Northumberland, England. ... This article is about Lindisfarne, England. ... Binomial name Somateria mollissima Linnaeus, 1758 Green: breeding Blue: winter/feeding The Common Eider (Somateria mollissima) is a large sea duck, which is distributed over the northern coasts of Europe, North America and eastern Siberia. ...


In 684, Cuthbert was elected as bishop of Lindisfarne, but he was reluctant to leave his retirement and become bishop; it was only after a visit from a large group, including king Ecgfrith, that he agreed to return and take up the duties of bishop. He was consecrated at York by Archbishop Theodore and six bishops, on March 26, 685. After Christmas, 686, however, he returned to his cell on Inner Farne Island, (two miles from Bamburgh, Northumberland), which was where he eventually died. He was buried at Lindisfarne. Events Wu Ze Tian took power in China. ... Ecgfrith (645–May 20, 685) was the King of Northumbria from 670 until his death. ... York is a city in northern England, at the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss. ... Theodore (602–September 19, 690) was the eighth archbishop of Canterbury. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (86th in leap years). ... Events Umayyad caliph Marwan I (684-685) succeeded by Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan (685-705) Justinian II succeeds Constantine IV as emperor of the Byzantine Empire Sussex attacks Kent, supporting Eadrics claim to the throne held by Hlothhere Pope Benedict II succeeded by Pope John V Cuthbert consecrated... Christmas (literally, the Mass of Jesus Christ) is a traditional holiday observed on 25 December. ... Events October 21 - Conon becomes Pope, succeeding Pope John V. Empress Jito ascends to the throne of Japan Kingdom of Kent attacked and conquered by West Saxons under Caedwalla Births August 23 - Charles Martel, winner of the Battle of Tours Deaths Emperor Temmu of Japan Korean Buddhist monk Weonhyo See... The Inner Farne seen from Seahouses harbour The Farne Islands (also referred to less formally as the Farnes) are a group of islands off the coast of Northumberland, England. ... looking east from the village green. ... Northumberland is a traditional, ceremonial and administrative county in northern England. ...


Legend has it that, when Cuthbert's burial casket was opened some years after his death, his body was found to have been perfectly preserved, see Incorruptibility. This apparent miracle led to the steady growth of Cuthbert's posthumous fame, to the point where he became the most popular saint of North England. Numerous miracles were attributed to him and to his remains. The noted 8th century author Bede wrote both a verse and a prose life of Cuthbert around 720. He has been described as "perhaps the most popular saint in England prior to the death of Thomas Becket in 1170."1 Incorruptibility is the property of a body — usually a human body — that does not decompose after death. ... According to many religions, a miracle, derived from the old Latin word miraculum meaning something wonderful, is a striking interposition of divine intervention by God in the universe by which the operations of the ordinary course of Nature are overruled, suspended, or modified. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ... Bede depicted in an early medieval manuscript Depiction of Bede from the Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493. ... Events Umayyad caliph Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz succeeded by Yazid II ibn Abd al-Malik The Nihonshoki (日本書紀), one of the oldest history books in Japan, is completed Births Bertrada, wife of Pippin III (d. ... Saint Thomas Becket (December 21, 1118 – December 29, 1170) was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1162 to 1170. ... For the thoroughbred, see Citation (horse). ...


In 875 the Danes took the monastery and the monks fled, carrying with them Cuthbert's body, in obedience to his dying injunction. After seven years' wandering it found a resting-place at Chester-le-Street until 995, when another Danish invasion led to its removal to Ripon. Then the saint intimated, as was believed, that he wished to remain in Durham. A new stone church was built, the predecessor of the present grand Cathedral. Events December 29 - Charles the Bald, king of west Danes capture Lindisfarne and arrive in Cambridge. ... Chester-le-Street is a market town in County Durham, England with a history going back to Roman times. ... Events (Erik Segersäll) is succeeded by (Olof Skötkonung), the first baptized ruler of Sweden. ... Durham (IPA: locally, in RP) is a small city and main settlement of the City of Durham district of County Durham in North East England. ... Durham Cathedral silhouetted against the sunset Durham Cathedral from nearby The Rose Window in the Chapel of the Nine Altars. ...


In 1104 Cuthbert's tomb was opened again and his relics transferred to a new shrine behind the altar of the recently completed Cathedral. When the tomb was opened, a small pocket gospel, now known as the Stonyhurst Gospel, was found. It was also discovered that his vest was made of Byzantine "Nature Goddess" silk, indicating the extent of the silk trade at this time.2 Events The worlds first factory, the Venice Arsenal, is founded in Venice. ... The St Cuthbert Gospel of St John (formerly known as the Stonyhurst Gospel) is a small Anglo-Saxon pocket gospel which belonged to Saint Cuthbert of Lindisfarne. ... Silk weaver Silk is a natural protein fiber that can be woven into textiles. ... For the thoroughbred, see Citation (horse). ...


Cuthbert is regarded as the patron saint of Northumbria. His feast day is March 20. In several forms of Christianity, but especially in Roman Catholicism, a patron saint has special affinity for a trade or group. ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ...


References

  1. Dominic Marner, St. Cuthbert: His Life and Cult in Medieval Durham (2000), page 9.
  2. Dr G.R. Jones, 'Anglo-saxon England and the Wider World' http://www.le.ac.uk/elh/grj1/asw.html
  3. Saint Cuthbert in Orthodoxy
Preceded by:
Saint Eata
Bishop of Lindisfarne
685 - 687
Succeeded by:
Saint Eadberht

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cuthbert of Lindisfarne - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (705 words)
Cuthbert was of Northumbrian origin, probably from the neighborhood of Dunbar, in modern-day Scotland.
In 684, Cuthbert was elected as bishop of Lindisfarne, but he was reluctant to leave his retirement and become bishop; it was only after a visit from a large group, including king Ecgfrith, that he agreed to return and take up the duties of bishop.
Cuthbert is regarded as the patron saint of Northumbria.
St Cuthbert biography (1131 words)
Although tradition says that Cuthbert was the son of an Irish king, it is most likely that he was born in the vicinity of Melrose, in present day Scotland, of poor parents.
The young Cuthbert may have been influenced by the nearby monks of Melrose Abbey in his choice of vocation; when he was sixteen he received a vision of the soul of St. Aidan being carried to heaven by angels.
Cuthbert was a perfect choice for such a sensitive role; his reputation for devotion and sanctity, and the fact that he himself had been raised in the Celtic tradition and now supported Roman rule made his gentle leadership ideal for the job at hand.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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