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Encyclopedia > Cusco region
Región Cusco
Logo of the Cusco region, Peru
Location of the Cusco region in Peru
See other Peruvian regions
President Carlos R. Cuaresma
Capital Cusco
Area 71,986.5 km²
Population
  - Total
  - Density

1 208 689 (2002 estimate)
16.8/km²
Subdivisions 13 provinces and 107 districts
Elevation
  - Lowest
  - Highest

532 m (Pilcopata)
4801 m (Suyckutambi)
Latitude
Longitude
11º10' to 15º18' S
70º25' to 73º58' W
Dialing code 084
Main resources Gold, maize, barley, quinoa, and tea
Poverty rate 75.3%
Percentage of country's GDP 2.18%
Official website: www.regcus.gob.pe

Cusco is a region in Peru. It is bordered by the Ucayali Region on the north; the Madre de Dios and Puno regions on the east; the Arequipa Region on the south; and the Apurímac, Ayacucho and Junín regions on the west. Its capital is the city of Cusco, the capital of the Inca Empire. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... The Political division of Peru has changed from time to time, beginning during the time after the nation obtained independence from Spain, until the present-day country. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, universities, and countries. ... Capital - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Cusco is a city in southeastern Peru in the Huatanay Valley (Sacred Valley), of the Andes mountain range. ... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Elevation has several related meanings: Geography The elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or possibly some other fixed point). ... Latitude, denoted by the Greek letter φ, gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the Equator. ... Map of Earth showing curved lines of longitude Longitude, sometimes denoted λ, describes the location of a place on Earth east or west of a north-south line called the Prime Meridian. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... Resources comprise the base material for an activity or industry: See resource (economics) for the term as used in economics See human capital for human resources (HR) and innovation See natural resources for material matter See resource (computer science) for the computer science meaning of resources This is a disambiguation... General Name, Symbol, Number Gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11 (IB), 6, d Density, Hardness 19300 kg/m3, 2. ... Species Zea diploperennis Zea luxurians Zea nicaraguensis Zea perennis References ITIS 42268 2002-09-22 Sorting Zea names This article is about the staple food. ... Binomial name Hordeum vulgare L. Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is a major food and animal feed crop, a member of the grass family Poaceae. ... Binomial name Chenopodium quinoa Willd. ... A cup of tea A tea bush. ... Poverty is the state of being without, often associated with need, hardship and lack of resources across a wide range of circumstances. ... Perus territory, according to the Regionalization Law which was passed on November 18th, 2002, is divided into 25 regions (regiones; singular: región). ... Categories: Stub | Departments of Peru ... Madre de Dios is a region in southeastern Peru, bordering Brazil, Bolivia and the Peruvian regions of Puno, Cusco and Ucayali. ... Puno is a department in Peru. ... Arequipa is one of the 24 departments in Peru. ... See other Peruvian regions President Luis Barra Capital Abancay Area 20,895. ... Ayacucho is a department in Peru. ... Junín is a region in Peru. ... Cusco is a city in southeastern Peru in the Huatanay Valley (Sacred Valley), of the Andes mountain range. ... The Inca Empire (called Tawantinsuyu in modern spelling Aymara and Quechua, or Tahuantinsuyu in old spelling Quechua, which means Land of the Four Corners), was an empire located in South America from 1438 CE to 1533 CE. Over that period, the Inca used conquest and peaceful assimilation to incorporate in...

Machu Picchu, the lost city of the Inca
Enlarge
Machu Picchu, the lost city of the Inca

Picture of Machu Picchu taken in the morning. ... Picture of Machu Picchu taken in the morning. ...

Geography

The Cusco region has a very diverse landscape where elevated alignments of mountains with vast altiplanos and plateaus with slight surfaces and deep valleys and canyons are mixed.


The Eastern Andes mountain range, which is the spinal column of this region, has been strongly eroded by the complex system of courses of waters draining toward the jungle as well as glaciers. Nowadays only three chains of mountains are left from the old Eastern mountain range which are oriented from the southeast to northeast part, such as Vilcabamba which defines the hydrographic systems of the Urubamba and Apurímac rivers with elevated peaks like Salkantay and Pumasillo; the Vilcanota with its most important peak, the Ausangate, which is also the region's highest peak; and the Paucartambo with smaller dimensions than the previous channels. Also, Cusco has alignments of mountains with smaller elevations and local characteristics like the residual highlands which originate from the wearing of the old andean altiplano caused by strong erosion of rivers due to the high andean lifting. The two most important highland zones are: Vilcabamba enclosing the valley of Cusco and whose most important peak is Huanacaure; and the Mountains of Cusco, located at the north of the city, whose highest peak is the Pachatusan. Note that the geology in this article currently reflects views from the first decade of the 20th century. ... Jungle refers usually to a forest. ... Austrias longest glacier, the Pasterze, winds its 8 km (5 mile) route at the foot of Austrias highest mountain, the Grossglockner. ... Look up Erosion in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Severe soil erosion in a wheat field near Washington State University, USA. Eroded paddock, Australia Detail of erosion Erosion is the displacement of solids (soil, mud, rock, and so forth) by the agents of wind, water, ice, movement in response to gravity...


Like in all Andean regions, the main rivers and its affluents have formed deep valleys and canyons, among the most important ones are those formed by the Urubamba, Apurímac and Paucartambo rivers. Fljótsdalur in East-Iceland A valley is a landform, which can range from a few square miles (square kilometers) to hundreds or even thousands of square miles (square kilometers) in area. ... Grand Canyon, Arizona A canyon, or gorge, is a valley walled by cliffs. ...


The valley of Urubamba shows alluvial terraces in its thick soils where a strong population dedicated to agriculture is established. The Urubamba river, under 2000 m, has formed a deep and narrow canyon which reaches all its beauty close to Machu Picchu, showing a rare landscape of bends. Due to the diversity of soil altitudes, the region has a great variety of climates and landscapes, which have strongly influenced on agriculture and the distribution of population. View of Machu Picchu Machu Picchu (literally means old peak; sometimes called the Lost City of the Incas) is a well-preserved pre-Columbian town located on a high mountain ridge, at an elevation of about 6,750 feet (2,057 m) above the Urubamba Valley in modern-day Peru. ...


Political division

The region is divided into 13 provinces (provincias, singular: provincia), which are composed of 107 districts (distritos, singular: distrito). The provinces, with their capitals in parenthesis, are: This article is about political regions. ... Districts are a form of local government in several countries. ...

Map of the Cusco region showing its provinces
Map of the Cusco region showing its provinces
  • Acomayo (Acomayo)
  • Anta (Anta)
  • Calca (Calca)
  • Canas (Yanaoacá)
  • Canchis (Sicuani)
  • Chumbivilcas (Santo Tomás)
  • Cusco (Cusco)
  • Espinar (Yauri)
  • La Convención (Quillabamba)
  • Paruro (Paruro)
  • Paucartambo (Paucartambo)
  • Quispicanchi (Urcos)
  • Urubamba (Urubamba)


Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Cusco is a city in southeastern Peru in the Huatanay Valley (Sacred Valley), of the Andes mountain range. ...

Peru National Flag Political division of Peru
Regions

Amazonas | Ancash | Apurímac | Arequipa | Ayacucho | Cajamarca | Callao | Cusco | Huancavelica | Huánuco | Ica | Junín | La Libertad | Lambayeque | Lima | Loreto | Madre de Dios | Moquegua | Pasco | Piura | Puno | San Martín | Tacna | Tumbes | Ucayali Large flag of Peru File links The following pages link to this file: Football World Cup Latin America Organization of American States Politics of Peru Aston Villa F.C. Freedom House Football World Cup 1930 PSV Eindhoven User:AntonioMartin List of Peruvians Football World Cup 1970 Football World Cup 1978... The Political division of Peru has changed from time to time, beginning during the time after the nation obtained independence from Spain, until the present-day country. ... Amazonas is a region in northern Peru. ... Categories: Peru ... See other Peruvian regions President Luis Barra Capital Abancay Area 20,895. ... Arequipa is one of the 24 departments in Peru. ... Ayacucho is a department in Peru. ... Cajamarca is a department in Peru. ... Categories: Departments of Peru ... Huancavelica is a department in Peru. ... Huánuco is a region in central Peru. ... Ica is a department in Peru. ... Junín is a region in Peru. ... La Libertad is a department in Peru. ... Lambayeque is a region in northwestern Peru. ... See other Peruvian regions President Miguel Ángel Mufarech Capital Huacho Area 32,126. ... Loreto is a department in Peru. ... Madre de Dios is a region in southeastern Peru, bordering Brazil, Bolivia and the Peruvian regions of Puno, Cusco and Ucayali. ... Moquegua is one of the 25 regions of Peru. ... Pasco is a department in Peru. ... Piura is a department in Peru. ... Puno is a department in Peru. ... San Martín is a region in Peru. ... Tacna is Perus southernmost region. ... Tumbes is a region in northwestern Peru. ... Categories: Stub | Departments of Peru ...

The Lima Province, seat of government, is not part of any of the twenty-five regions.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cusco region - encyclopedia article about Cusco region. (1826 words)
and Puno Puno is a region in southeastern Peru.
It is bordered by the Ica, Ayacucho, Apurímac and Cusco regions on the north; the Puno Region on the east; the Moquegua Region on the south; and the Pacific Ocean on the west.
, Ayacucho Ayacucho is a one of the regions of Peru.
Apurímac Region - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (885 words)
It is bordered on the east by the Cusco Region, on the west by the Ayacucho Region, and on the south by the Arequipa and Ayacucho regions.
Little is known about the region's origins, however chroniclers state the fact that the first settlers were formed by tribes of several regions that originated from the Quechua culture.
The Chancas settled in the region of Andahuaylas.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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