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Encyclopedia > Curfew

A curfew can be one of the following: Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Curfew are a jazz fusion band from England. ...

  1. An order by a government for certain persons to return home daily before a certain time. It can be imposed to maintain public order (such as those after the 2003 North America blackout and 2005 civil unrest in France), or suppress targeted groups (such as was enacted on Jewish people during the regime of Nazi Germany). Curfews have long been directed at certain groups in many cities or states, such as Japanese-American university students on the West Coast of the United States during World War II, African-Americans in many towns during the time of Jim Crow laws, or people younger than a certain age (usually within a few years either side of 18) in many towns of the United States since the 1980s; see below. Some jurisdictions have also introduced "daytime curfews" that would prevent high school-age youth from visiting public places during school hours or even during immediate after-school hours.
  2. An order by the legal guardians of a minor to return home by a specific time, usually in the evening or night. This may apply daily, or is separate per occasion (especially concerning dating), or varies with the day of the week (earlier on a so-called school night, i.e., if the minor has to go to school the next day).
  3. A daily requirement for guests to return to their hostel before a specified time, usually in the evening or night. Arriving later has the consequence of being locked out until the morning. It allows the hostel to dispense with a doorman during the night, and improves quietness at night.
  4. In baseball, a time after which a game must end, or play be suspended. For example, in the American League the curfew rule for many years decreed that no inning could begin after 1 A.M. local time.
  5. Many airports operate with rules that during certain times, the airport will be effectively closed, to facilitate noise restrictions in areas under the airports flight paths. Examples include LaGuardia Airport in New York City, and Kingsford Smith International Airport in Sydney, Australia. The practice is commonly known as an Operating Curfew, or Movement Restriction.

Contents

The 2003 North America blackout was a massive power outage that occurred throughout parts of the northeastern United States and eastern Canada on Thursday, August 14, 2003. ... A torched car in Strasbourg, 5 November. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Japanese Americans ) are Americans of Japanese descent who trace their ancestry to Japan or Okinawa and are residents and/or citizens of the United States. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... The term Jim Crow laws refers to a series of laws enacted mostly in the Southern United States in the later half of the 19th century that restricted most of the new privileges granted to African-Americans after the Civil War. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ... One definition of public space or a public place is a place where anyone has a right to come without paying an entrance or other fee. ... A legal guardian is a person who has the legal authority (and the corresponding duty) to care for the personal and property interests of another person, called a ward. ... The term date can refer to: A day according to a calendar; see calendar date. ... Not to be confused with hotel. ... A doorman (more commonly referred to as a bouncer) is a term for a person who deals with the general security of a bar, pub or nightclub. ... This article is about the sport. ... The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... An innings, or inning, is a fixed-length segment of a game in any of a variety of sports – most notably baseball and cricket – during which one team attempts to score while the other team attempts to prevent the first from scoring. ... LaGuardia Airport (IATA: LGA, ICAO: KLGA, FAA LID: LGA) is an airport serving New York City, New York, United States, located on the waterfront of Flushing Bay, and borders the neighborhoods of Astoria, Jackson Heights and East Elmhurst in the borough of Queens. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Sydney Airport Control Tower International Terminal forecourt Sydney International Terminal International Terminal, Qantas check-in lounge International Terminal car park Memorial to Charles Kingsford Smith, International Terminal Qantas AVRO 504K replica, first plane flown by Qantas, Domestic Terminal Sydney Domestic Terminal entrance Terminal Control Unit including the old Control Tower... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ...

Youth curfews

Youth curfews are "orders" from the government preventing children or teenagers from being in public spaces after a certain time. While in theory curfews are supposed to prevent juvenile crime from happening, youth curfews remain a controversial topic.


Some teenagers, like some adults, engage in illegal activities at night time. Advocates of curfews believe that forbidding teens to be out late at night will reduce teenage crime as well as prevent others from being victims. While proponents of curfews feel this may be unfair to well-behaved teens, they feel that this is outweighed by communities' responsibility to protect all of their citizens.


In addition to the obvious constitutional issues raised by youth curfews, opponents say that they are ineffective, as statistics show that most juvenile crimes occur between 3pm and 6pm (at the end of the school day), and many teenagers have little to do then but loiter. Some opponents of curfews believe that schools should increase investment in extracurricular activities to prevent loitering in the first place. Some also feel the implementation of curfew laws would cause an added burden on parents who may not be free all the time to take care and watch over their children. Extracurricular activities are activities performed by students that fall outside the realm of the normal curriculum of school or university education. ...


Different jurisdictions

  • United Kingdom: Zones had been created under the 2003 Anti-Social Behaviour Act allowing police to hold and escort home unaccompanied under-16s after 9pm, whether badly behaved or not. Although hailed a success [1], The High Court ruled in one particular case that the law did not give the police a power of arrest, and officers could not force someone to come with them. The ruling is being appealed by The Home Office. [2]
  • Denmark: The police in two cities Silkeborg and Slagelse has announced that they will detain and bring children below 15 years of ages to the police station and inform their parents to fetch them at the station if they are found in town between midnight and 5am. There is no law in Denmark to this day covering this area, so the children are not punished or warned in any way. However, Denmark has no separated juvenile penal system, so the danger caused by mixing adult and juvenile prisoners in the same cells should be warning enough to both the parents and the children [3][4]. The authorities in Aarhus has only suggested it and had sent a letter to the parents [5].
  • United States of America: curfew for most of the southern states, texas, colorado, oklahoma, etc. is 12:00p.m.. all minors under 18 must be inside or on there property by this time.
    • New York: Minors cannot be out on any roads, public places, or buildings past 1:00am between the days of Sunday and Thursday. Between Friday and Saturday, minors are allowed to stay out until 3:00am, with a grace period of 15 minutes. These times only apply between the seasons of Fall through Spring. Summer is as follows: Between the days of Sunday through Saturday, minors are allowed to stay out until 12:30am with no grace period. This change of event begins at 12:01am on the weekend following Father's Day (the following Sunday.)
    • Illinois Minors cannot be out on any roads, public places, or buildings past 11:00pm between the days of Sunday and Thursday. Between Friday and Saturday, minors are allowed to stay out until 12:00am. These times only apply between the seasons of Fall through Spring. Summer is as follows: Between the days of Sunday through Saturday, minors are allowed to stay out until 12:00am. This change of event begins at 12:01am on the weekend following Father's Day (the following Sunday.)
    • California: Minors cannot be out on any roads, public places, or buildings past 11:00pm between the days of Sunday and Thursday. Between Friday and Saturday, minors are allowed to stay out until 12:00am. These times only apply between the seasons of Fall through Spring. Summer is as follows: Between the days of Sunday through Saturday, minors are allowed to stay out until 12:30am. This change of event begins at 12:01 A.M on the weekend following Father's Day (the following Sunday.)
    • Michigan: Children under 16 cannot be out on any roads, public places, or buildings between 12:00 am and 5:00 am without a parent. This does not aplly if the child is traveling to school or work and provide proof of this.
  • Germany: According to the federal Jugendschutzgesetz or Youth Protection Code, minors under the age of 14 are allowed to attend public festivities without their parents or legal guardians until 8 pm, youths 14 and older until 10 pm, and youths 16 and older until midnight. Youths between the ages of 16 and 18 are not allowed in Gastst├Ątten (bars, restaurants, and the like) without a parent or legal guardian present between 12 am and 5 am. So-called "public dances" (essentially meaning dance clubs, discotheques etc.) are not to be attended without parental supervision by minors under the age of 16, and youths between 16 and 18 years of age are allowed to stay until 12 am without parents. An exception to these rules may be a letter of consent signed by a parent or legal guardian which will allow minors between the ages of 16 and 18 to attend beyond midnight, the same as adults 18 and older. Additionally, dance venue and bar/restaurant operators may and do establish policies not allowing minors under the age of 18 in altogether or not without a letter of parental consent.[6]

Her Majestys High Court of Justice (usually known more simply as the High Court) is, together with the Crown Court and the Court of Appeal, part of the Supreme Court of Judicature of England and Wales (which under the Constitutional Reform Act 2005, is to be known as the... The modern concept of Small Office and Home Office or SoHo , or Small or Home Office deals with the category of business which can be from 1 to 10 workers. ... Hjejlen (The Golden Plover) is an historic steamboat that sails from Silkeborg to Himmelbjerget. ... Slagelse, is a city in east Denmark, located in Slagelse municipality on the island of Zealand. ... For the Aarhus convention on public participation, see Aarhus Convention. ... This article is about the state. ... For other uses, see Fathers Day (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Largest metro area Metro Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ...

See also

For other uses, see Martial law (disambiguation). ...

Notes

  1. ^ Late night youth curfew a success
  2. ^ Boy, 15, wins curfew legal battle.
  3. ^ Press release from the police in Silkeborg
  4. ^ The streets of Slagelse cleaned of minors (In Danish)
  5. ^ Letter to the parents in three languages
  6. ^ http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jugendschutzgesetz_%28Deutschland%29

External links

Look up Curfew in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
  • BBC Report on legal challenge to curfew laws

  Results from FactBites:
 
An Analysis of Curfew Enforcement and Juvenile Crime in California (6169 words)
Whether enforcement of curfews is related to higher or lower levels of youth crime is examined by means of a standard correlation analysis.
Curfew enforcement is also associated with higher rates of violent crime by Asian youth and with higher rates of all types of arrest (subtracting curfew arrests) among white and Asian youth.
Therefore, since curfews apply to youth and not to adults, we would expect their most obvious effects to be on juvenile death rates net of (compared to) those of adults.
American Civil Liberties Union : Alaska Court Strikes Down Curfew Law as Violation of Parents and Childrens' ... (776 words)
The curfew had been upheld last year in a limited administrative appeal of an individual curfew citation given to David Treacy, and that case is currently on appeal by Treacy to the Alaska Supreme Court.
Curfews have been upheld in Texas and the District of Columbia.
Under the Anchorage municipal curfew ordinance, which took effect January 1, 1996, a minor (under age 18) commits a criminal offense if he or she is in any public place in Anchorage during curfew hours.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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