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Encyclopedia > Cupertino, California
City of Cupertino
Official seal of City of Cupertino
Seal
Location of Cupertino within Santa Clara County, California.
Coordinates: 37°19′3″N 122°2′31″W / 37.3175, -122.04194
Country United States
State California
County Santa Clara
Incorporated October 10, 1955
Government
 - Mayor Kris Wang
Area
 - City 10.9 sq mi (28.3 km²)
 - Land 10.9 sq mi (28.3 km²)
 - Water 0 sq mi (0.0 km²)
Population (2000)
 - City 50,546
 - Density 3,171.1/sq mi (1,224.35/km²)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
Website: http://www.cupertino.org/

Cupertino (IPA: [ˌkupɚˈtino]) is a suburban city in Santa Clara County, California, USA, on the western edge of the Santa Clara Valley with portions extending into the foothills of the Santa Cruz Mountains. The population was 50,546 at the time of the 2000 census.[1] Seal of the City of Cupertino, California. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (814x485, 11 KB)Location map of Cupertino, California within Santa Clara County, California. ... Santa Clara County is a county located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states, which are... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The U.S. state of California is divided into 58 counties. ... Santa Clara County is a county located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years). ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 10 km² (1000 hectares) and 100 km² (10,000 hectares). ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... The Pacific Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... PDT is UTC-7 The Pacific Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC-8). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... Santa Clara County is a county located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The Santa Clara Valley is a valley just south of the San Francisco Bay in northern California in the United States. ... The Santa Cruz Mountains, part of the Pacific Coast Ranges, are a mountain range in central California, United States. ...

Contents

Name origin

Cupertino was named after Arroyo San José de Cupertino (now Stevens Creek). The creek had been named by Spanish explorer Juan Bautista de Anza's cartographer, who named it after Saint Joseph of Cupertino. Saint Joseph (born Giuseppe Maria Desa, and later known as Giuseppe da Copertino) was named after the town of Copertino in the Apulia region of Italy. Copertino, the Italian diminutive of coperto, translates to "little blanket." The name Cupertino first became widely used when John T. Doyle, a San Francisco lawyer and historian, named his winery on McClellan Road "Cupertino". After the turn of the twentieth century, Cupertino displaced the former name for the region, which was "West Side". Juan Bautista de Anza Juan Bautista de Anza Bezerra Nieto (July 1736 - December 19, 1788) was a Novo-Spanish explorer for the Spanish Empire. ... Saint Joseph of Cupertino (or Giuseppe Desa) (June 17, 1603 – September 18, 1663) was an Italian saint. ... Copertino is a town and comune in the Italian province of Lecce in the Apulia region of south-east Italy. ... This article is about the Italian region. ... A diminutive is a formation of a word used to convey a slight degree of the root meaning, smallness of the object named, encapsulation, intimacy, or endearment. ...


History

Cupertino in the 1800s was a small rural village at the crossroads of Saratoga-Sunnyvale Road and Stevens Creek Road. Back then, it was known as the West Side and was part of Fremont Township. The primary economic activity was fruit agriculture. Almost all of the land within Cupertino's present-day boundaries were covered by prune, plum, apricot, and cherry orchards. A winery on Montebello Ridge overlooking the Cupertino valley region was also operating by the late 1800s. Prune has several meanings: Any of more than 125 varieties of fruit, most grown for drying. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Prunus armeniaca L. For other uses, see Apricot (disambiguation). ... “Cherry tree” redirects here. ...


Soon railroads, electric railways, and dirt roads traversed the West Side farmlands. Monta Vista, Cupertino's first housing tract, was developed in the mid-1900s as a result of the electric railway's construction. Monta Vista is an upper-class residential neighborhood in western Cupertino, California, with Rancho Rinconada sitting to its east. ...


After World War II, a population and suburban housing boom dramatically shifted the demographics and economy of the Santa Clara Valley, as the "Valley of Heart's Delight" was beginning to transform into "Silicon Valley". In 1954, Cupertino leaders began to drive for incorporation as they were concerned about unplanned development and rising property taxes. In the September 27, 1955 election, voters approved the incorporation of the City of Cupertino. Cupertino officially became Santa Clara County's 13th City on October 10, 1955. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Santa Clara Valley is a valley just south of the San Francisco Bay in northern California in the United States. ... A view of downtown San Jose, the self-proclaimed Capital of Silicon Valley. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years). ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ...


A major milestone in Cupertino's development was the creation by some of the city's largest landowners of VALLCO Business and Industrial Park in the early 1960s. Of the 25 property owners, 17 decided to pool their land to form VALLCO Park, 6 sold to Varian Associates (property later sold to Hewlett-Packard), and two opted for transplanting to farms elsewhere. The name VALLCO was derived from the names of the principal developers: Varian Associates and the Leonard, Lester, Craft, and Orlando families. A neighborhood shopping center and, much later, Vallco Fashion Park (now Cupertino Square) were also developed. Apple, Symantec, Tandem Computers and Portal Software also built their headquarters in Cupertino. Varian Associates was a company founded in 1948 by Russell and Sigurd Varian, William Hansen, and Edward Ginzton to sell the klystron, the first tube which could generate electromagnetic waves at microwave frequencies, and other electromagnetic equipment. ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ... Cupertino Square (formerly Vallco Fashion Park) is a three-level shopping mall located in Cupertino, California, USA. It is anchored by J.C. Penney, Macys, and Sears. ... Apple Inc. ... Symantec Corporation NASDAQ: SYMC, founded in 1982, is an international corporation which sells computer software, particularly in the realms of security and information management. ... Tandem Computers was an early manufacturer of fault tolerant computer systems, marketed to the growing number of transaction processing customers who used them for ATMs, banks, stock exchanges and other similar needs. ... Portal Software NASDAQ: PRSF, headquartered in Cupertino, California, USA, was founded in 1985. ...


De Anza College opened in 1967. The college, named for Juan Bautista De Anza, occupies a 112-acre site that was the location of a winery built at the turn of the last century, called Beaulieu by its owners, Charles and Ella Baldwin. Their mansion has now become the California History Center. De Anza College now has about 22,000 students and is a hub of activity in the city. Flint Center, the main auditorium De Anza College is a 112 acre (453,000 m²) community college located in Cupertino, California. ... Juan Bautista de Anza Juan Bautista de Anza Bezerra Nieto (July 1736 - December 19, 1788) was a Novo-Spanish explorer for the Spanish Empire. ...


Housing developments were rapidly constructed in the following years as developers created many neighborhoods, including Fairgrove, Garden Gate, Monta Vista, Seven Springs, and many other developments. Although originally low-cost housing, Silicon Valley's housing prices shot up dramatically as many houses that were formerly priced under $100,000 became million-dollar homes. The high cost of living in Cupertino can be seen in that neighborhoods with a median household income of $90,000 or $100,000 may have small, one-story houses that average 1,000 to 1,500 square feet in living space area. Monta Vista is an upper-class residential neighborhood in western Cupertino, California, with Rancho Rinconada sitting to its east. ... A square foot is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 foot long. ...


Demographics

General

Like most cities in the western Santa Clara Valley, Cupertino was originally developed in the early 20th century. Since the 1980s, Cupertino's demographics have gradually shifted so that Asian Americans (mostly of Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Indian descent) form one of the largest ethnic groups in Cupertino. An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ...


A major cause of this demographic shift is that many immigrants moving from Asia to the Bay Area wish to enroll their children in high-quality public schools, and select the well-known Cupertino Union School District and Fremont Union High School District. USGS satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... The Cupertino Union School District operates twenty elementary schools (K-5) and four middle schools (6-8) in the greater San Jose, California, USA area. ... The Fremont Union High School District (FUHSD) is a school district in California, serving Cupertino, most of Sunnyvale and parts of San Jose, Los Altos, Saratoga, and Santa Clara. ...


One sign of the demographic shift is the rise of Chinese-oriented shopping centers in Cupertino. The largest one is the Cupertino Village complex north of Vallco Fashion Park. This center, which replaced the unsuccessful Vallco Village project, has a 99 Ranch Market as its anchor. Other Asian-themed shopping centers are also centered around grocery supermarkets, such as Marina Food Market anchoring the Marina Square on Stevens Creek Boulevard, and Kumud Groceries on De Anza Boulevard. Some non-Asian themed large chain stores (Albertsons, Safeway, Nob Hill, Whole Foods, Target, Sears) also operate in Cupertino. 99 Ranch Market (also called Tawa Supermarket in its Chinese name, sometimes called Ranch 99 due to confusion based on its logo) is one of the largest Asian American supermarket chains in the United States. ... A typical Albertsons store. ... Safeway Inc. ... Whole Foods Market (NASDAQ: WFMI) is an Austin, Texas-based natural foods grocer, which, as of July 5, 2007, consisted of 196[3] locations in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the United States retail company. ... Sears, Roebuck and Company is an American mid-range chain of international department stores, founded by Richard Sears and Alvah Roebuck in the late 19th century. ...


Statistics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 50,546 people, 18,204 households, and 13,616 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,224.35/km² (3,171.1/mi²). There were 18,682 housing units at an average density of 659.3/km² (1,707.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 50.14% White, 0.69% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 44.44% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 1.26% from other races, and 3.14% from two or more races. 3.98% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The Hispanics in the United States or Hispanic American is an American citizen or resident of Hispanic ethnicity and can identify themselves as having Hispanic Cultural heritage. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 18,204 households out of which 41.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.9% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.2% were non-families. 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.19. For the record label, see Marriage Records. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 33.0% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.8 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $100,411, and the median income for a family was $109,455. Males had a median income of $91,191 versus $58,375 for females. The per capita income for the city was $44,749. About 3.7% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Cupertino was the only city with both a population over 50,000 and a median household income in excess of $100,000 in 2000. The highest-income places in the United States are usually considered to be in the Northeast; forty-one of the 100 highest-income counties by per capita income are located in the Northeast (including Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia in the Northeast designation) and forty-six by median household income. ... The median household income is commonly used to provide data about geographic areas and divides households into two equal segments with the first half of households earning less than the median household income and the other half earning more. ...


The crime rate for Cupertino is low compared to average suburban cities, with just two homicides between 1997 and 2002.


Geography

Cupertino is located at 37°19′3″N, 122°2′31″W (37.317492, −122.041949)¹ at the southern end of San Francisco Bay. The eastern part of the city, located in the Santa Clara Valley is flat while the western part of the city slopes into the Santa Cruz Mountains. The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... The Santa Clara Valley is a valley just south of the San Francisco Bay in northern California in the United States. ... The Santa Cruz Mountains, part of the Pacific Coast Ranges, are a mountain range in central California, United States. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.3 km² (10.9 mi²),GR1 all land. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Cupertino has mild weather with wet winters and dry summers. Oak and redwood forests cover the hills overlooking the Cupertino lowlands. Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Binomial name Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don) Endl. ...


Averages in July (at Santa Clara University)

  • Maximum - 82.0 °F (27.8 °C)
  • Minimum - 54.1 °F (12.3 °C)

Averages in January (at Santa Clara University)

  • Maximum - 58.2 °F (14.6 °C)
  • Minimum - 38.7 °F (3.7 °C)

Extremes

  • High - 114 °F (45.6 °C) - June 1961
  • Low - 16 °F (−8.9 °C) - December 1990

Neighborhoods

Cupertino is made up of numerous subdivisions, most of them developed since the 1960s. Two of the newest parts of Cupertino are actually among its oldest housing tracts. Monta Vista and Rancho Rinconada were developed outside of the city's boundaries in the 1950s and before, and were only recently annexed into Cupertino. The newest and most northern neighborhood, Oak Valley, borders Rancho San Antonio Park, and was developed around the year 2000. Monta Vista is an upper-class residential neighborhood in western Cupertino, California, with Rancho Rinconada sitting to its east. ... Rancho Rinconada is a residential neighborhood in Cupertino, California, bordered by Saratoga Creek (just west of Lawrence Expressway), Stevens Creek Boulevard, De Anza Boulevard, and Bollinger Road. ...


Layout

Cali Mill Plaza marks the traditional center of the city and the historical location of Crossroads. However, Cupertino does not have a traditional downtown shopping and commercial district.
Cali Mill Plaza marks the traditional center of the city and the historical location of Crossroads. However, Cupertino does not have a traditional downtown shopping and commercial district.

The Cupertino region is mainly suburban residential and technical-industrial with a relatively high standard of living. The two main thoroughfares are Stevens Creek Boulevard, which runs east-west, and De Anza Boulevard, which runs north-south. Cupertino City Center at the intersection of De Anza and Stevens Creek Boulevards in Cupertino, California, as photographed on December 23, 2004. ... Cupertino City Center at the intersection of De Anza and Stevens Creek Boulevards in Cupertino, California, as photographed on December 23, 2004. ... Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ...


Because Cupertino has developed so quickly since the 1960s, it has never developed a true downtown or Main Street. Instead, the major streets are lined with strip malls, shopping centers, offices and fast food restaurants. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Central business district. ... Main Street in Los Altos, California. ...


The closest equivalent to a downtown is the busy intersection of Stevens Creek and De Anza Boulevards, known as the Crossroads, where Cupertino first started. It is currently bordered by two open-air shopping centers, two gas stations, and the high-rise Cupertino City Center mixed-use complex at Cali Mill Plaza (with offices, newly built condominiums, Le Boulanger Bakery, Armadillo Willy's Steakhouse, and Cypress Hotel).


The goal of developing a true downtown has been regularly debated by the City Council ever since the city was incorporated in 1955. The city recently completed an update to its General Plan, which includes plans to move Cupertino to a more pedestrian-oriented community. Several more pedestrian-oriented developments are being proposed or built throughout the city.


In recent years large numbers of condominiums have been constructed throughout the city. Many residents have complained that these building increase traffic, classroom sizes and reduce housing prices. These condominiums tend to be semi-luxury apartments built close to medium size shopping centers.


Large mansions and undeveloped lands occupy the foothills of the Santa Cruz Mountains. Major roads in the hills include Foothill Boulevard, Prospect Road, Regnart Road, and Rainbow Drive. The Permanente Cement Plant, now operated by Hanson PLC, founded in the 1930s, is located on the western end of Stevens Creek Boulevard in the foothills. The Santa Cruz Mountains, part of the Pacific Coast Ranges, are a mountain range in central California, United States. ...


Economy

The headquarters of Apple Inc. on Infinite Loop in Cupertino.
The headquarters of Apple Inc. on Infinite Loop in Cupertino.

Cupertino is sometimes referred to as the "heart" of Silicon Valley, as the worldwide headquarters for Apple (the creator of the Macintosh, the iPod and the iPhone) are located here in a modern complex circled by the playfully named Infinite Loop. Apple has also recently announced that it will be building a new 50-acre campus along Interstate 280 near Pruneridge Ave. -- across the street from the 100-acre HP parcel. Other companies headquartered in Cupertino include Borland, NetManage, Packeteer, Portal Software, and Symantec. Over 60 high-tech companies have offices here, including Hewlett-Packard, IBM, and Sun Microsystems. Most of these high-tech companies are located on De Anza Boulvevard, Cali Mill Plaza, and Bubb Road. Image File history File links Apple Computer headquarters complex, Building 1, 1 Infinite Loop, Cupertino, California. ... Image File history File links Apple Computer headquarters complex, Building 1, 1 Infinite Loop, Cupertino, California. ... Apple Inc. ... Infinite Loop is a street encircling the buildings of Apple Computers headquarters in Cupertino, California. ... Apple Inc. ... The Macintosh 128K, the first Macintosh computer The iMac, a current Mac computer Mac (formerly Macintosh) is a brand name which covers several lines of personal computers designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. ... iPod (fifth generation) in Apple Universal Dock, iPod nano (second generation) and iPod shuffle (second generation) iPod is a brand of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple and launched in 2001. ... The correct title of this article is . ... Infinite Loop is a street encircling the buildings of Apple Computers headquarters in Cupertino, California. ... Borland Software Corporation is a software company headquartered in Austin, Texas. ... Packeteer (NASDAQ: PKTR), founded in 1996 by Craig Elliott, is an I.T. company based in Cupertino, CA listed on the NASDAQ. Hardware products focus on Application Traffic Management and optimization for wide area networks. ... Portal Software NASDAQ: PRSF, headquartered in Cupertino, California, USA, was founded in 1985. ... Symantec Corporation NASDAQ: SYMC, founded in 1982, is an international corporation which sells computer software, particularly in the realms of security and information management. ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ... IBM redirects here. ... Sun Microsystems, Inc. ...


Though Cupertino is home to the headquarters of many high-tech companies, very little manufacturing actually takes place in the city. The city's large office parks are primarily dedicated to management and design functions.


Earlier in its history Cupertino attributed some of its city income from Vallco Fashion Park (see above), at the time one of the only major indoor shopping malls in the South Bay area. People from the greater South Bay area would come to spend money and contribute to the sales tax. Since then, several other shopping malls have sprung up; Valley Fair (now known as Westfield Shoppingtown) in Santa Clara caters to the high end, expensive name brand boutique stores, while the Great Mall in Milpitas in the 1990s opened to the low-priced and bargain retailers. Vallco Fashion Park was hit hard by these developments, as well as the loss of one of its anchor stores, Emporium, and has had a hard time recovering ever since.


In 2002, Cupertino had a labor force of 25,780 with an unemployment rate of 4.5%. The unemployment rate for the Santa Clara County as a whole was 8.4%.


An industrial operation, which includes a cement kiln, operates in the foothills west of Cupertino. The gravel quarry and Kiln, run by Hanson PLC (formerly Kaiser Cement), were started in the 40's to supply cement for the War effort. State regulations require a study of emissions from the kiln. A three-volume report describing health risks, Air Toxic "Hot Spots" - AB2588: Health Risks Assessment, (Sacramento, California: Radian Corporation, 1991), has been compiled. The report describes health risks associated with particulate and chemical fallout. Maps showing areas affected by health risks extend as far as Monterey Bay and San Ramon. The study evaluates risks of exposure to arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel, crystalline silica, benzene, benzo(a)pyrene, formaldehyde, and hydrogen chloride resulting from operations at the facility. Emissions from the facility are regulated by agencies including the Bay Area Air Quality Management District. In the most general sense of the word, cement is a binder, a substance which sets and hardens independently, and can bind other materials together. ... Charcoal Kilns, California Gold Kiln, Victoria, Australia Hop kiln. ... Location of Sacramento in Sacramento County, California County Sacramento Government  - Mayor Heather Fargo Area  - City  99. ... San Ramon is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States. ... General Name, Symbol, Number arsenic, As, 33 Chemical series metalloids Group, Period, Block 15, 4, p Appearance metallic gray Standard atomic weight 74. ... General Name, Symbol, Number cadmium, Cd, 48 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 5, d Appearance silvery gray metallic Standard atomic weight 112. ... General Name, Symbol, Number mercury, Hg, 80 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 6, d Appearance silvery Standard atomic weight 200. ... General Name, Symbol, Number nickel, Ni, 28 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 10, 4, d Appearance lustrous, metallic and silvery with a gold tinge Standard atomic weight 58. ... The chemical compound silicon dioxide, also known as silica, is the oxide of silicon, chemical formula SiO2. ... Benzene is an organic chemical compound with the formula C6H6. ... The chemical compound formaldehyde (also known as methanal) is a gas with a pungent smell. ... R-phrases , S-phrases , , , , Flash point non-flammable Supplementary data page Structure and properties n, εr, etc. ...


Law and government

Cupertino was incorporated in 1955. The highest body in the city government is the City Council, made up of five members who serve overlapping, four-year terms. The council itself elects the mayor and vice-mayor for a term of one year. The city does not have its own charter. Instead, it is a General Law city, which follows provisions and requirements for cities established by the state of California.


Cupertino contracts with the Santa Clara County Sheriff's Office and the Santa Clara County Fire Department for public safety services. The Cupertino Library is part of the Santa Clara County Library System.


The city's symbol is a conquistador hat. A sculpture of this hat stands in the Civic Center, and it is also used as the city logo. Previous versions looked like a stylized snail. The sculpture was a gift to the city from its sister city in Japan. Cupertino's sister cities include Toyokawa (Japan), Hsinchu (Taiwan), Mysore (India) and Copertino (Italy), Cupertino's namesake. This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... Toyokawa (豊川市; -shi) is a city located in Aichi, Japan. ... The main landmark of Hsinchu is its East Gate. ... , For other uses, see Mysore (disambiguation). ... Copertino is a town and comune in the Italian province of Lecce in the Apulia region of south-east Italy. ...


Transportation

The city is served by an interconnected road system. Two freeways intersect in Cupertino, and like any typical middle-class California suburb, it has multi-lane boulevards with landscaped medians and a full set of traffic lights at all major intersections. Streets are in good condition and nearly all have sidewalks. The few exceptions are in unincorporated pockets at the city's edges, which are maintained directly by Santa Clara County. For specific systems, such as the Autobahns of Germany, see list of highway systems with full control of access and no cross traffic. ...


Gridlock traffic occurs at some main intersections during evening rush hour (5 p.m. to 7 p.m.), particularly at De Anza Boulevard and Interstate 280 because of freeway metering lights. A view of the scenic portion of Interstate 280 Interstate 280 (abbreviated I-280) is a 57-mile-long interstate highway in the San Francisco Bay Area metropolitan area of Northern California. ...


Cupertino has bike lanes on its boulevards, though due to the high volume of traffic bicyclists must exercise caution. Cycleway, Bicycle street and Pedestrian/Cyclist bridge in Nuremberg, Germany Segregated cycle facilities may consist of separate roads, tracks, paths or lanes designated for use by cyclists and from which motorised traffic is generally excluded. ... “Velo” redirects here. ...


The Union Pacific Railroad operates a branch line track up to the Hanson Permanente quarry from the mainline at San Jose Diridon Station. It is however strictly for the quarry and very little to no non-quarry traffic runs there. The Union Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting marks UP) (NYSE: UNP), headquartered in Omaha, Nebraska, is the largest railroad network in the United States. ... Diridon Station (formerly the Cahill Depot) is the central passenger rail depot for San Jose, California. ...


There is no commuter rail or light rail service in the city. Caltrain commuter rail runs through the cities to the north and east, and the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (VTA)'s Mountain View - Winchester light rail line runs to Campbell, California to the south. Bus service is also provided by VTA, and the prospect of twenty-four hour bus service on Stevens Creek Boulevard is being studied. Though this corridor (line 23) is one of VTA's most heavily used routes, there is no express or limited-stop service that takes commuters into San Jose, and the quality of service is therefore considered to be relatively poor, although better service would most likely not be economical because the population density of the area is very low due to the trend of the area toward independent houses and very small apartment blocks. Caltrain is a commuter rail line on the San Francisco Peninsula and the Santa Clara Valley in the United States. ... [[|right|200px]] Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (VTA) is a special-purpose district responsible for public transit services, congestion management, specific highway improvement projects, and countywide transportation planning for Santa Clara County, California, United States. ... Mountain View - Winchester is a light rail route operated by Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... Campbell is a city located in Santa Clara County, California, part of Silicon Valley. ... Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California. ...


Cupertino is landlocked and, like most Bay Area cities, depends on the Port of Oakland for most oceangoing freight. The Port of Oakland was the first major port on the Pacific Coast of the United States to build terminals for container ships. ...


Passenger and cargo air transportation is available at San Jose International Airport in San Jose. The closest general aviation airport is in Palo Alto; it is known as Palo Alto Airport of Santa Clara County. For the Costa Rican airport, see Juan Santamaría International Airport. ... Location of Palo Alto within Santa Clara County, California. ... Palo Alto Airport of Santa Clara County is located in Palo Alto, California, USA, near the south end of San Francisco Bay on the western shore. ...


Education

Primary and secondary

Cupertino Schools* The Cupertino Union School District operates twenty elementary schools (K-5) and four middle schools (6-8) in the greater San Jose, California, USA area. ... The Fremont Union High School District (FUHSD) is a school district in California, serving Cupertino, most of Sunnyvale and parts of San Jose, Los Altos, Saratoga, and Santa Clara. ...

  • Not all schools are in Cupertino
  • CUSD = Cupertino Union School District
  • FUHSD = Fremont Union High School District
  • LS = Lottery School
  • Bold = Primary Path
  • -Italic- = Secondary Path
  • -Bold Italic- = Both Primary and Secondary

Cupertino School Map

Elementary School (CUSD) 2005-06 API Score
(LS) Faria A+ 999
(LS) Portal 982
Regnart 964
-Blue Hills- 964
-Garden Gate- 955
Lincoln 948
Montclaire 947
-Collins- 945
-Stocklmeir- 944
Stevens Creek 941
Eaton 939
Meyerholz 928
West Valley 923
Muir 892
Eisenhower 885
Sedgwick 867
De Vargas 835
Nimitz 812


The Cupertino Union School District operates twenty elementary schools (K-5) and four middle schools (6-8) in the greater San Jose, California, USA area. ...

Middle School (CUSD) 2006-07 API Score
Kennedy 959
-Lawson- 955
Miller 951
Cupertino 904
Hyde 840


The Cupertino Union School District operates twenty elementary schools (K-5) and four middle schools (6-8) in the greater San Jose, California, USA area. ...

High School (FUHSD) 2006-07 API Score
-Monta Vista- 911
Lynbrook 901
Homestead 842
-Cupertino- 810
Fremont 706


The Fremont Union High School District (FUHSD) is a school district in California, serving Cupertino, most of Sunnyvale and parts of San Jose, Los Altos, Saratoga, and Santa Clara. ...



Cupertino is very well known for its high achieving primary and secondary schools. For example, Faria Elementary School is the number one ranked elementary public school in the state of California, per California API test scores. Kennedy Middle School is the third best in the state.Furthermore, Monta Vista High School is ranked number 23 out of all the public schools in the nation. Faria Elementary School is a public elementary school and magnet school in the Monta Vista or Faria neighborhood of Cupertino, California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The California Academic Performance Index (API) measures the academic performance and the growth of public schools on a variety of academic measures. ...


Primary (K-8) public schools are organized into the Cupertino Union School District, while the Fremont Union High School District is responsible for high school students. Cupertino High School and its feeder school, Hyde Middle School, are located in the Rancho Rinconada section of Cupertino, while Monta Vista High School and its feeder, Kennedy Middle School, are in the Monta Vista neighborhood in the western half of Cupertino. There is also a new school called Lawson Middle School that feeds mostly Cupertino and Monta Vista High. In addition, Homestead High School is located in the northwestern portion of Cupertino, along the city border with neighboring Sunnyvale. The school system covers Cupertino plus some southern areas of Sunnyvale and Los Altos. Cupertino High School is a four-year comprehensive public high school located in the Rancho Rinconada neighborhood of Cupertino, California, USA. It is part of the Fremont Union High School District. ... Hyde Middle School, official name Warren E. Hyde Middle School, is a middle school located in the Rancho Rinconada neighborhood of Cupertino, California. ... Rancho Rinconada is a residential neighborhood in Cupertino, California, bordered by Saratoga Creek (just west of Lawrence Expressway), Stevens Creek Boulevard, De Anza Boulevard, and Bollinger Road. ... Front of the high school. ... The John F. Kennedy Middle School (KMS) is a middle school located in Cupertino, California which educates grades six through eight. ... Old Monta Vista downtown Monta Vista is an upper-income residential neighborhood in western Cupertino, California. ... // Sam H. Lawson Middle School is a public three year middle school located in Cupertino, CA, USA. Lawson recently opened in August 2005 for the 2005-2006 school year. ... Homestead High School serves western Cupertino, western Sunnyvale, and portions of southern Los Altos, in Santa Clara County, California. ... Location of Sunnyvale within Santa Clara County, California. ... Los Altos (IPA: ) is a city at the southern end of the San Francisco Peninsula, in the San Francisco Bay Area. ...


Stevens Creek Elementary lawsuit

On November 22, 2004, Stephen Williams filed suit in federal district court against the Cupertino Union School District, alleging violations of his rights under the First Amendment. Williams has taught the fifth grade at Stevens Creek Elementary School for six years and describes himself as an "orthodox Christian." November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Bill of Rights in the National Archives The First Amendment to the United States Constitution is a part of the United States Bill of Rights. ...


With the assistance of the Alliance Defense Fund, Williams alleged that the school had violated his rights when principal Patricia Vidmar began to screen the handouts that he intended to give to his fifth-grade class during lessons on the history of the United States. Media coverage indicates that this was probably done in response to complaints by Williams's students (and their parents) that he was talking about God all the time. The Alliance Defense Fund (ADF) is a conservative Christian non-profit organization with the stated goal of defending the right to hear and speak the Truth through strategy, training, funding, and litigation. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ...


The handouts included quotations from the Declaration of Independence, various state constitutions, George Washington's journal, John Adams's diary, and William Penn's writings. The quotations appear to have been selected to highlight the use of religious references by the Founding Fathers of the United States and other earlier leaders. There was also a handout that included quotations from various U.S. presidents and Jesus Christ on why it is good to read the Bible. A declaration of independence is an assertion of the independence of an aspiring state or states. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... John Adams, Jr. ... William Penn William Penn (October 14, 1644 – July 30, 1718) founded the Province of Pennsylvania, the English North American colony that became the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States, by Howard Chandler Christy. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ...


Unfortunately for the school district, the Associated Press incorrectly reported that Williams was alleging that he was being prevented from teaching the Declaration of Independence. Conservative websites and such commentators as Alan Keyes[2] played up the story as a blatant instance of hostility to religion. These interpretations were based on the Alliance Defense Fund press release. As Media Matters for America explained:[3] The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... Dr. Alan Keyes (born August 7, 1950) is a former Reagan administration diplomat, a Harvard-educated constitutional scholar, and a conservative political activist. ... Screenshot from Media Matters for America (Jan 6, 2006) Media Matters for America (or MMfA) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization founded in 2004 by self-described liberal (formerly conservative) journalist and author David Brock; it is an organization that hosts a website featuring watchdog journalism. ...

Even the lawsuit ... acknowledged that the school has not imposed an outright prohibition on the mention of God or the discussion of religious beliefs in the classroom. The lawsuit recognized that "other teachers are permitted to show films and distribute handouts containing references to God", and that Williams had been permitted to teach "lessons on the origins of religious holidays" during that school year and had provided handouts relating to religion in the past "without any problems." Despite that acknowledgement, an Alliance Defense Fund press release about the lawsuit was headlined "Declaration of Independence Banned from Classroom".

David Brock, Media Matters for America David Brock b. ... Screenshot from Media Matters for America (Jan 6, 2006) Media Matters for America (or MMfA) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization founded in 2004 by self-described liberal (formerly conservative) journalist and author David Brock; it is an organization that hosts a website featuring watchdog journalism. ...

The full text of the Declaration of Independence (like that of the U.S. Constitution) already appears in all California social studies public school textbooks, including the one used at Stevens Creek.


Because of the play given to the distorted version of the story, the school, the school district, and Williams were buffeted by a wave of email, faxes, phone calls, and postal mail. Some of the messages received by the school were threatening in nature, so the school's security officer had to patrol the school more aggressively during the month of December 2004.


The City of Cupertino also received some messages from out-of-state people who do not understand that California school districts are funded and regulated by the state Department of Education.


On December 9, 2004, Fox News's Hannity and Colmes program visited Flint Center and filmed a show there with Williams and his attorney. The Center was packed by a crowd of more than 3,000. December 9 is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In April 2005, Federal Judge James Ware disallowed three of the four claims, allowing the fourth to proceed. A hearing date was set for October. Koko B. Ware & Frankie James Ware aka Koko B. Ware is a professional wrestler. ...


In August 2005 Williams dropped the lawsuit, preferring to settle out of court. Per the settlement, the school made several policy statements which contradicted the reasoning previously given for the school's actions, and no payment was required between the parties.[4] Several days later Williams resigned from the school district. Principal Vidmar, a defendant in the original suit, continued in her position as Principal of Stevens Creek Elementary.[5]


Colleges and universities

Cupertino is home to De Anza College, one of the two community colleges in the Foothill-De Anza Community College District. De Anza runs a facility called Flint Center, a large enclosed theater which is the primary venue for performing arts in the West Valley, which is widely used as a music hall by various California Youth Symphony and the San Francisco Symphony. Flint Center, the main auditorium De Anza College is a 112 acre (453,000 m²) community college located in Cupertino, California. ... In Canada and the United States, a community college, sometimes called a technical college, county college, junior college or a city college, is an educational institution providing higher education and lower-level tertiary education, granting certificates, diplomas, and Associates degrees. ... The performing arts are those forms of art which differ from the plastic arts insofar as the former uses the artists own body, face and presence as a medium, and the latter uses materials such as clay, metal or paint which can be molded or transformed to create some... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Logo. ...


The University of California, Santa Cruz (Extension) and the University of San Francisco (a private Catholic university) have satellite campuses in Cupertino. The University of California, Santa Cruz, also known as UCSC or UC Santa Cruz, is one of the ten campuses of the University of California. ... University of San Francisco (USF) is a private Jesuit and Catholic University in San Francisco, California, United States. ...


San Jose State University is also close by (about a 15 minute drive). San Jose State University San José State University, commonly shortened to San Jose State and SJSU, is the oldest university in what became the California State University system. ...


Notable residents

Brian Mantia is a drummer. ... Primus is a Grammy-nominated American rock band formed in California in the mid-1980s. ... Aaron E. Eckhart (born March 12, 1968) is a Golden Globe nominated American film actor. ... Darrell Kurt Rambis (born February 25, 1958 in Cupertino, California) is an American former professional basketball player and current assistant coach for the Los Angeles Lakers. ... “NBA” redirects here. ... Lakers logo 1966-1991 The Los Angeles Lakers are a National Basketball Association (NBA) team based in Los Angeles, California. ... Daniel Puder (born October 9, 1981 in Cupertino, California) is an American professional wrestler and mixed martial artist, best known for his stint in World Wrestling Entertainment and its developmental territory Ohio Valley Wrestling. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... City San Francisco, California Other nicknames Niners, The Red And Gold, Bay Bombers Team colors Cardinal red, metallic gold and black Head Coach Mike Nolan Owner Denise DeBartolo York and John York General manager Lal Heneghan Mascot Sourdough Sam League/Conference affiliations All-America Football Conference (1946-1949) Western Division...

The Cupertino Effect

The word processing glitch, commonly known as the Cupertino Effect[6], is named after this locality, for no other reason that some versions of Microsoft Word's English spelling checkers did not recognise the word "cooperation" and suggested "Cupertino" as its first suggestion. Overly trusting users clicking "Change All" without checking whether the spelling checker's first suggestion is the correct one, resulting in even official documents with phrases like "as well as valuable experience in international Cupertino"[7] and "and reinforcing bilateral and multinational Cupertino and assistance actions"[8].


References

  1. ^ US Census 2000 Data for Cupertino, CAcensus.gov, Retrieved July 10, 2007]
  2. ^ Alan Keyes on teaching the Declaration of Independence in the schools Renewamerican.us
  3. ^ FOX peddles false report that California school "banned Declaration of Independence because it mentions God" "Mediamatters.org
  4. ^ http://www.alliancedefensefund.org/issues/ReligiousFreedom/Default.aspx?cid=4020 "The facts regarding Williams v. Vidmar", Retrieved April 11, 2007
  5. ^ Peter J. Boyer, "Jesus in the classroom: parents loved Cupertino's schools, then a teacher said he was being discriminated against as a Christian", The New Yorker, March 21, 2005, p. 62.
  6. ^ http://itre.cis.upenn.edu/~myl/languagelog/archives/002911.html
  7. ^ http://www.anc.org.za/un/reddy/indiira-conf.html
  8. ^ http://www.morm.gov.mk/english/Events/Conference%201998/italy.htm

is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... March 21 is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Official site
  • Fremont Union High School District official site
  • Cupertino Courier
  • Cupertino's name and history (PDF)
  • Maps and aerial photos for 37°19′03″N 122°02′31″W / 37.317492, -122.041949Coordinates: 37°19′03″N 122°02′31″W / 37.317492, -122.041949

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cupertino, California - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2353 words)
Cupertino (IPA: /[kupɝɹtino]/) is a suburban city located in Santa Clara County, California, USA, on the western edge of the Santa Clara Valley with portions extending into the foothills of the Santa Cruz Mountains.
Cupertino was the only city with both a population over 50,000 and a median household income in excess of $100,000 in 2000.
Cupertino High School is located in the Rancho Rinconada section of Cupertino, while Monta Vista High School and its feeder, Kennedy Middle School, are in the Monta Vista neighborhood in the western half of Cupertino.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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