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Encyclopedia > Cumbria
Cumbria
Image:EnglandCumbria.png
Geography
Status Ceremonial & Non-metropolitan county
Origin 1974
Local Government Act 1972
Region North West England
Area
- Total
- Admin. council
Ranked 3rd
6,768 km²
Ranked 2nd
Admin HQ Carlisle
ISO 3166-2 GB-CMA
ONS code 16
NUTS 3 UKD11/12
Demographics
Population
- Total (2006 est.)
- Density
- Admin. Council
Ranked 41st
496,200
73 / km²
Ranked 28th
Ethnicity
96.7% White British
1.7% White Other
0.6% S.Asian
0.5% Mixed Race
0.2% Chinese
0.2% Afro-Carib.
0.1% Other
Politics

Cumbria County Council
http://www.cumbria.gov.uk/
Executive Conservative / Liberal Democrats
Members of Parliament
Districts
  1. Barrow-in-Furness
  2. South Lakeland
  3. Copeland
  4. Allerdale
  5. Eden
  6. Carlisle

Cumbria (IPA: /ˈkʊmbriə/), is a shire county in the extreme North West of England. Cumbria came into existence as a county in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972. The county consists of six districts, and has a total population of 498,800. map of Cumbria within England File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of English administrative division used for the purposes of local government. ... The Local Government Act 1972 (1972 c. ... North West England is one of the nine regions of England. ... Area is the measure of how much exposed area any two dimensional object has. ... This is a List of Ceremonial counties of England by Area. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... This is a List of Administrative shire counties of England by Area, that is to say Administrative counties with a two-tier County council structure, not including Administrative counties which are Unitary Authorities. ... For other uses, see Carlisle (disambiguation). ... The ISO 3166-2 codes for the United Kingdom correspond to the nations administrative divisions. ... The Office for National Statistics coding system is a hierarchical code used in the United Kingdom for tabulating census and other statistical data. ... The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) is a geocode standard for referencing the administrative division of countries for statistical purposes. ... For other uses, see Density (disambiguation). ... This is a List of Ceremonial counties of England by Population - 2002 mid-year estimates from the Office for National Statistics, unrounded figures published by the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister in the Entitlement Notification Reports for Revenue Support Grants [1]. See also: List of Administrative shire counties of... This is a list of non-metropolitan counties of England by population. ... Arms of Cumbria County Council. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This is a list of MPs elected in the UK general election, 2005 to the House of Commons for the Fifty-Fourth Parliament of the United Kingdom at the United Kingdom general election, 2005, arranged by constituency. ... Thomas Anthony Cunningham (born 16 September 1952, Workington) is Member of Parliament for Workington in the United Kingdom, and a member of the Labour Party. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... Tim Farron Timothy James Farron (born 27 May 1970) is a British politician who is the Liberal Democrat member of parliament for Westmorland and Lonsdale. ... The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, are a liberal political party based in the United Kingdom. ... The Rt Hon. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... David John MacLean (born May 16, 1953, Scotland) is a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Eric Anthony Martlew (born 3 January 1949) is a politician in the United Kingdom. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... Jamieson Ronald Reed (born August 4, 1973 [1] in Whitehaven) is the newly elected Labour Member of Parliament for the UK constituency of Copeland, elected in the 2005 general election. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... Barrow-in-Furness is a local government district and borough in the administrative county of Cumbria, and the historic County of Lancashire, England. ... South Lakeland is a local government district in Cumbria, England. ... Copeland is a local government district and borough in western Cumbria, England. ... Allerdale is a local government district and borough in Cumbria, England. ... Eden is a local government district in Cumbria, England. ... The City of Carlisle is a local government district with city status in Cumbria, England. ... A shire county or non-metropolitan county in England, is a county level entity which is not a metropolitan county. ... North West England is one of the nine regions of England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... The Local Government Act 1972 (1972 c. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ...


Cumbria, the third largest county in England, is bound to the west by the Irish Sea, to the south by Lancashire, to the southeast by North Yorkshire, and to the east by County Durham and Northumberland. Scotland lies directly to the north. This is a List of Ceremonial counties of England by Area. ... Relief map of the Irish Sea. ... Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ... North Yorkshire is a non-metropolitan or shire county, located in the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England, and a ceremonial county in that region and also partly in North East England. ... County Durham is a county in north-east England. ... Northumberland is a county in the North East of England. ... This article is about the country. ...


A predominantly rural county, Cumbria is home to the Lake District National Park, considered one of the most beautiful areas of the United Kingdom. The area has provided inspiration for generations of British and foreign artists, writers and musicians. Much of the county is mountainous, with the highest point of the county (and of England) being Scafell Pike at 978 m (3210 ft). All the territory in England that is over 3,000 feet above sea level is in Cumbria. Crinkle Crags as seen from the adjoining fell of Cold Pike. ... For other uses, see Mountain (disambiguation). ... At 978 metres (3,210 feet), Scafell Pike is the highest mountain in England. ...


Parts of Hadrian's Wall can be found in the northernmost reaches of the county, in and around Carlisle. // Hadrians Wall is a stone and turf fortification built by the Roman Empire across the width of modern-day England. ... For other uses, see Carlisle (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Boundaries and divisions

Cumbria is neighboured by Northumberland, County Durham, North Yorkshire, Lancashire, and the Lieutenancy areas of Dumfries and Roxburgh, Ettrick and Lauderdale in Scotland. Northumberland is a county in the North East of England. ... County Durham is a county in north-east England. ... North Yorkshire is a non-metropolitan or shire county, located in the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England, and a ceremonial county in that region and also partly in North East England. ... Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ... The Lieutenancy areas of Scotland are the areas used for the ceremonial lords-lieutenant, the monarchs representatives, in Scotland. ... This article is on the Scottish town. ... Roxburgh, Ettrick and Lauderdale (Rosbrog, Eadaraig agus Srath Labhdair in Scottish Gaelic) is a Lieutenancy area of Scotland. ...


The boundaries are along the Irish Sea to Morecambe Bay in the west, and along the Pennines to the east. Cumbria's northern boundary stretches from the Solway Firth along the border with Scotland to Northumberland. Relief map of the Irish Sea. ... Morecambe Bay at low tide from Hest Bank, looking towards Grange-over-Sands. ... Typical Pennine scenery. ... Map of Solway Firth. ... This article is about the country. ... Northumberland is a county in the North East of England. ...


It is made up of six districts: Allerdale, Barrow-in-Furness, Carlisle, Copeland, Eden and South Lakeland. For many administrative purposes Cumbria is divided into 3 areas - East, West and South. East being the districts of Carlisle and Eden, West - Allerdale and Copeland and South Lakeland and Barrow making up South Cumbria. The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Allerdale is a local government district and borough in Cumbria, England. ... Barrow-in-Furness is a local government district and borough in the administrative county of Cumbria, and the historic County of Lancashire, England. ... The City of Carlisle is a local government district with city status in Cumbria, England. ... Copeland is a local government district and borough in western Cumbria, England. ... Eden is a local government district in Cumbria, England. ... South Lakeland is a local government district in Cumbria, England. ...


In January 2007, Cumbria County Council voted in favour of an official bid to scrap the current two-tier system of county and district councils in favour of a new unitary Cumbria Council, to be submitted for consideration to the Department for Communities and Local Government.[1] A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. ... The Department for Communities and Local Government is a United Kingdom government department. ...


The county returns 6 Members of Parliament to the House of Commons, representing the constituencies of Carlisle, Penrith & The Border, Workington, Copeland, Westmorland and Lonsdale and Barrow & Furness. A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... Type Lower House Speaker Michael Martin, (Non-affiliated) since October 23, 2000 Leader Harriet Harman, (Labour) since June 28, 2007 Shadow Leader Theresa May, (Conservative) since May 5, 2005 Members 659 Political groups Labour Party Conservative Party Liberal Democrats Scottish National Party Plaid Cymru Democratic Unionist Party Sinn Féin... Carlisle is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Penrith and The Border is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Workington is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Copeland is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Westmorland and Lonsdale is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Barrow and Furness is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ...


History

Main article: History of Cumbria

The county of Cumbria was created in 1974. It was a combination of the area of the administrative counties of Cumberland and Westmorland, the Cumberland county borough of Carlisle, along with the North Lonsdale or Furness part of Lancashire (including the county borough of Barrow-in-Furness), and from the West Riding of Yorkshire, the Sedbergh Rural District. The name "Cumbria" has been used for the territory for centuries. The modern English administrative county of Cumbria has a long history. ... The Local Government Act 1972 (1972 c. ... The division into counties is one of the larger divisions of England. ... Cumberland is one of the 39 traditional counties of England. ... Westmorland (formerly also spelt Westmoreland, an even older spelling is Westmerland) is an area of north west England and one of the 39 historic counties of England. ... For other uses, see Carlisle (disambiguation). ... Furness (IPA: ) is a peninsula in the southern part of Cumbria, in north-west England. ... County borough was a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom to refer to a borough or a city independent of county administration. ... Barrow-in-Furness is a town in Cumbria, England. ... The West Riding as an administrative county prior to its abolition in 1974. ... Sedbergh Rural District was a rural district in the West Riding of Yorkshire in England from 1894 to its abolition in 1974. ...


Following the creation of Cumbria as a non-metropolitan county, some people, particularly those born or brought up in the area,[citation needed] continue to refer to some parts of Cumbria as part of the ancient county boundaries; this includes the Furness area as a part of Lancashire, and the Kendal and surrounding area as a part of Westmorland. The historic counties of England are ancient subdivisions of England. ... Furness (IPA: ) is a peninsula in the southern part of Cumbria, in north-west England. ... Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ... For the 1832-1918 Parliamentary constituency, see Kendal (UK Parliament constituency). ... Westmorland (formerly also spelt Westmoreland, an even older spelling is Westmerland) is an area of north west England and one of the 39 historic counties of England. ...


Local papers The Westmorland Gazette and Cumberland and Westmorland Herald are continue to be named on this pre-1974 county basis. Others, including local government, promotional material for the area, the Lake District National Park Authority, and most visitors describe the area as being in "Cumbria". A MORI poll in the county found 79% of those polled identified "very strongly" or "strongly" to Cumbria throughout the county, but dropping to 55% and 71% in Barrow and South Lakeland districts, which incorporate part of historic Lancashire.[2] The panorama across Eskdale from Ill Crag. ...


Culture

Cumbria as an English county on the border with Scotland has faced repeated invasion. Resisting such attacks and many attempts by the Kingdom of Scotland to annex it has given Cumbria a strong sense of pride and a very strong Northern English culture, shared with its neighboring counties, particularly Lancashire and Northumberland.


The culture of the area was predominantly Celtic until fairly late after the annexation by the Anglian Kingdom of Northumbria (see Rheged), and the name for the area derives from its name in the Cumbric language. It is etymologically connected to the Welsh term Cymru, meaning "Land of brothers", which is now used as the Welsh name for Wales itself. The Cumbric language has been extinct since about the 11th century. Celts, normally pronounced // (see article on pronunciation), is widely used to refer to the members of any of the peoples in Europe using the Celtic languages or descended from those who did. ... White cliffs of Dover in England White cliffs of Rugen down the Baltic coast from Schleswig The Angles is a modern English word for a Germanic-speaking people who took their name from the cultural ancestor of Angeln, a modern district located in Schleswig, Germany. ... Northumbria is primarily the name of an Anglian or Anglo-Saxon kingdom which was formed in Great Britain at the beginning of the 7th century, and of the earldom which succeeded the kingdom. ... Entrance to the Rheged Discovery Centre Rheged was a Brythonic nation of Sub-Roman Britain, where the natives spoke Cumbric. ... Cumbric was the Brythonic Celtic language spoken in England in Cumbria, Lancashire, some parts of Northumbria and Yorkshire and in southern Lowland Scotland, i. ... Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ... This article is about the country. ... This article is about the country. ...


Cumbria also had very strong links with Norse culture due to Viking invasions. Leaving behind evidence particularly in the genetics of the local population. Studies have shown that the county of Cumbria has one of the most striking signs of Scandinavian genetics in England.


Dialect

The Cumbrian dialect is spoken throughout the region. There is quite a large variation in accent and words, especially between north and south and west coast. Not to be confused with the Celtic Cumbric language Cumbria, in the extreme North West of England, is by no means unique in having a traditional local dialect, but the isolation of the area and its rich history mean that this is perhaps one of the most interesting rural dialects...


Many of the traditional dialect words are remnants of Norse settlement, with Norwegian settlers probably arriving in Cumbria in the 10th century via Ireland and the Isle of Man.


Sport

Carlisle United are the only professional football team in Cumbria. They attract support from across Cumbria. However, Barrow A.F.C., has been one of the best supported non-league football teams in the UK since their relegation in the 1970s. Recently Workington Reds have also made a rapid rise up the non league ladder and now compete with Barrow in the Conference North. Carlisle United F.C. are an English football team currently playing in Conference National. ... Barrow A.F.C. are a football team based in the town of Barrow-in-Furness in Cumbria, England (although many fans prefer to identify with the county of Lancashire, of which Barrow and surrounding districts were part until 1974). ... The National League System, otherwise known as the football pyramid, is a comprehensive league structure for football clubs in England playing below the level of the FA Premier League and The Football League. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... Workington A.F.C. are an English football club from Workington, Cumbria. ...


Rugby league is a very popular sport in West Cumbria. Whitehaven RLFC, Workington Town and Barrow Raiders all compete in the National Leagues. Carlisle RLFC played in the national competitions between 1981 and 1997, Carlisle today has Carlisle Centurions in the Rugby League Conference. There are amateur BARLA teams playing in the National Conference, notablely Wath Brow Hornets and Millom as well as a Cumberland League and Barrow & District League. Rugby league football (usually shortened to rugby league, football, league) is a full-contact team sport played with a prolate spheroid-shaped ball by two teams of thirteen on a rectangular grass field. ... Whitehaven RLFC is a rugby league team playing in Whitehaven in West Cumbria. ... Workington Town is a rugby league team playing in Workington in West Cumbria. ... Barrow Raiders are a British rugby league team from Barrow-in-Furness in Cumbria. ... The Rugby League National Leagues (currently known as the LHF Healthplan National Leagues as a result of sponsorship) form the basis for rugby league competition in Great Britain below Super League. ... Carlisle RLFC were a rugby league team based in Carlisle, Cumbria. ... The Rugby League Conference (RLC) (also known as the Co-operative Rugby League Conference as a result of sponsorship from United Co-operatives is a series of regionally based divisions of amateur rugby league teams spread throughout England, Scotland and Wales. ... The British Amateur Rugby League Association (BARLA) is the governing body for social and recreational rugby league in the United Kingdom. ... The National Conference League is the top league in the pyramid of amateur rugby leagues run by the British Amateur Rugby League Association (BARLA). ... Millom RLFC is an amateur rugby league club based in the town of Millom in Cumbria. ... The Cumberland League is a series of rugby league divisions in the traditional county of Cumberland. ... The Barrow & District League is a series of rugby league divisions in and around Barrow in Furness. ...


Rugby union is very popular in the east of the county with teams such as Carlisle RUFC, Kendal RUFC, Kirkby Lonsdale RUFC, Keswick RUFC, Upper Eden RUFC and Penrith RUFC (who have recently been promoted to the National Leagues) competing in many local and national competitions. For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ...


'Wrestling

Cumberland and Westmorland wrestling is an ancient and well-practised tradition in the county with a strong resemblance to Scottish Backhold. Cumberland and Westmorland wrestling also known as Cumbrian Wrestling, is an ancient and well-practised tradition in Cumbria. ... Scottish Backhold Wrestling is a fighting style originating from Scotland. ...


In the 21st century Cumberland and Westmorland wrestling along with other aspects of Lakeland culture are practiced at the Grassmere Sports and Show, an annual meeting held every year since 1852 on the August Bank Holiday. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The origin of this form of wrestling is a matter of debate, with some describing it as having evolved from Norse wrestling brought over by Viking invaders,[3][4] while other historians associate it with the Cornish and Gouren styles[5] indicating that it may have developed out of a longer-standing Celtic tradition.[6] Cornish wrestling (or wrasslin as it is sometimes called in Cornish English) is a form of wrestling similar to judo, which has been established in Cornwall (South West Britain) for several centuries. ... Gouren is a style of wrestling which has been established in Brittany for several centuries. ...


Economy

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of East Cumbria at current basic prices published (pp.240-253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

Year Regional Gross Value Added[7] Agriculture[8] Industry[9] Services[10]
1995 2,679 148 902 1,629
2000 2,843 120 809 1,914
2003 3,388 129 924 2,335

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of West Cumbria at current basic prices published (pp.240-253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

Year Regional Gross Value Added[7] Agriculture[8] Industry[9] Services[10]
1995 2,246 63 1,294 888
2000 2,415 53 1,212 1,150
2003 2,870 60 1,420 1,390

Education

Although Carlisle has a comprehensive system almost in toto, it has one state grammar school in Penrith. There are 42 state secondary schools and 10 independent schools. Sixth-form provision is good (mainly as schools in the county's rural areas are far apart, so education has to be less geographically spread out). The exception is Barrow-in-Furness district where no schools have sixth forms, and this is the same for three schools in Allerdale and South Lakeland, and one in the other districts. Carlisle, Allerdale and South Lakeland all have the largest school population by year of about 1250, with Eden the smallest. In general, year sizes are low, with six schools having year sizes under 50. In England, 45.8% of pupils gain 5 good GCSEs including Englsh and Maths; for Cumbria LEA's 6100 pupils taking GCSE at 16, it is 45.3% - slightly under the average. This is misleading as in the rural areas, the schools generally get good results. The best comprehensive school at GCSE is the Cockermouth School with 68%, followed by the Queen Elizabeth School in Kirkby Lonsdale with 64% and the William Howard School in Brampton with 61%. The worst is the Alfred Barrow School in Barrow in Furness with 17%. The catholic schools in Whitehaven and Barrow-in-Furness are the best schools by far in the towns, as most are underperforming in these two towns. The school system in Carlisle has five underperforming schools, with the rest doing much better; not unlike a selective system. The same could be said for Allerdale district. At A-level, like at GCSE, Cumbria performs exactly at the England average. The best state school (in 2006), understandably is the Queen Elizabeth Grammar School, Penrith. The better comprehensive schools do very well at A-level, with the Queen Katherine School in Kendal being the best, followed by Keswick School. The best overall at A level is Casterton School, a girls school in Casterton. This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... Queen Elizabeth School could refer to one of the following: Queen Elizabeth High School - A public school in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada A number of other schools in the United Kingdom and commonwealth countries have the same name, such as those in: Edmonton, Alberta, Canada Hexham, Northumberland, England Bromyard, Herefordshire... Kirkby Lonsdale is a town in Cumbria, UK, on the River Lune. ... The William Howard School is a co-educational comprehensive secondary school on Longtown Road (A6071) in Brampton, Cumbria, England for pupils aged 11-18. ... St. ... For other uses, see Queen Elizabeths Grammar School (disambiguation). ... The Queen Katherine School is a Technology College in Kendal, Cumbria, England. ... , Casterton is a small village and civil parish close to Kirkby Lonsdale on the River Lune in the South-East corner of Cumbria, England. ...


GCSE results by district council (%)

2006 results for % of state school pupils gaining grades A-C at GCSE including English and Maths; compare to average house price.

  • South Lakeland 54.9
  • Eden 54.8
  • Allerdale 47.4
  • Carlisle 39.8
  • Barrow-in-Furness 38.4
  • Copeland 38.0

Demographics

This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the county of Cumbria, England. ...

Towns and Villages

Carlisle is the largest and only city in the county, whilst Barrow-in-Furness (the largest town) is between 2 and 3 times larger than the second largest town (Kendal). Image File history File links Size of this preview: 504 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 714 pixel, file size: 352 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For other uses, see Carlisle (disambiguation). ... Barrow-in-Furness is a town in Cumbria, England. ... For the 1832-1918 Parliamentary constituency, see Kendal (UK Parliament constituency). ... For other uses, see Workington (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Penrith could be Penrith in Australia Penrith in Cumbria, England This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... This article is about the country. ... Dumfries and Galloway (Dùn Phris agus an Gall-Ghaidhealaibh in Gaelic) is one of 32 council areas of Scotland. ... Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ... Northumberland is a county in the North East of England. ... North Yorkshire is a non-metropolitan or shire county, located in the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England, and a ceremonial county in that region and also partly in North East England. ... North Yorkshire is a non-metropolitan or shire county, located in the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England, and a ceremonial county in that region and also partly in North East England. ... County Durham is a county in north-east England. ... County Durham is a county in north-east England. ...


The twelve most populated settlements in Cumbria are listed below:

Rank Town Population District Percentage of Cumbria's population
1 Carlisle 105,200 Carlisle 21.1%
2 Barrow-in-Furness 71,980 Barrow-in-Furness 14.4%
3 Workington 32,849 Allerdale 5.5%
4 Kendal 27,521 South Lakeland 5.1%
5 Whitehaven 25,500 Copeland 5.0%
6 Penrith 14,756 Eden 3.0%
7 Maryport 11,275 Allerdale 2.3%
8 Ulverston 11,210 South Lakeland 2.2%
9 Dalton-in-Furness 11,000 Barrow-in-Furness 2.2%
10 Cockermouth 7,787 Allerdale 1.6%
11 Cleator Moor 6,963 Copeland 1.4%
12 Harrington 5,000 Copeland 1.0%
13 Brampton 4,001 Carlisle 0.8%
14 Grange-over-Sands 4,000 South Lakeland 0.8%
15 Bowness-on-Windermere 3,814 South Lakeland 0.8%
16 Egremont 3,707 Copeland 0.7%
17 Sedbergh 3,691 South Lakeland 0.7%
18 Silloth 3,305 Allerdale 0.7%
19 Aspatria 3,266 Allerdale 0.7%
20 Longtown 3,000 Carlisle 0.6%

For other uses, see Carlisle (disambiguation). ... The City of Carlisle is a local government district with city status in Cumbria, England. ... Barrow-in-Furness is a town in Cumbria, England. ... Barrow-in-Furness is a local government district and borough in the administrative county of Cumbria, and the historic County of Lancashire, England. ... For other uses, see Workington (disambiguation). ... Allerdale is a local government district and borough in Cumbria, England. ... For the 1832-1918 Parliamentary constituency, see Kendal (UK Parliament constituency). ... South Lakeland is a local government district in Cumbria, England. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Copeland is the name of some places in the world, a family name, etc: Copeland, County Down Copeland (UK Parliament constituency) Copeland, England Copeland, Kansas, United States of America Copeland, Indie rock band Stewart Copeland, drummer for the band The Police Edwin and Herbert Copeland, biologists David Copeland, neo-nazi... Statistics Population: 14,756 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: NY515305 Administration District: Eden Shire county: Cumbria Region: North West England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Cumbria Historic county: Cumberland Services Police force: Cumbria Constabulary Fire and rescue: {{{Fire}}} Ambulance: North West Post office and telephone... Eden is a local government district in Cumbria, England. ... , Maryport is a town within the Allerdale borough of Cumbria, England. ... Allerdale is a local government district and borough in Cumbria, England. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... South Lakeland is a local government district in Cumbria, England. ... Market Street, Dalton-in-Furness Dalton-in-Furness is a small town of approximately 11,000 people outside Barrow-in-Furness. ... Barrow-in-Furness is a local government district and borough in the administrative county of Cumbria, and the historic County of Lancashire, England. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Allerdale is a local government district and borough in Cumbria, England. ... Cleator Moor is a small town in the county of Cumbria, England. ... Copeland is a local government district and borough in western Cumbria, England. ... Harrington is on the Cumbrian coast south of Workington and North of Whitehaven. ... Copeland is a local government district and borough in western Cumbria, England. ... Brampton is a small market town in Cumbria, England about 14 km east of Carlisle and 2 Roman miles south of Hadrians Wall. ... The City of Carlisle is a local government district with city status in Cumbria, England. ... Grange-over-Sands is a town in Cumbria, England, and in the traditional county of Lancashire. ... South Lakeland is a local government district in Cumbria, England. ... For other towns with the same or similar names, see Bowness. ... South Lakeland is a local government district in Cumbria, England. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Copeland is a local government district and borough in western Cumbria, England. ... Sedbergh (pronounced Sedber or even, by the locals, Sebber) is a small town in the county of Cumbria, traditionally part of the West Riding of Yorkshire. ... South Lakeland is a local government district in Cumbria, England. ... Silloth is a port in Cumbria, on the Solway Firth, 36 km west of Carlisle. ... Allerdale is a local government district and borough in Cumbria, England. ... Aspatria is a town in Cumbria, England, and is between Maryport and Wigton, on the A596. ... Allerdale is a local government district and borough in Cumbria, England. ... Longtown is a town in northern Cumbria, United Kingdom, with a population of around 3,000. ... The City of Carlisle is a local government district with city status in Cumbria, England. ...

Density

Cumbria as a whole is the second least densely populated county in England with only 73 people per square kilometre. Despite it being the third largest in area (6,768 km²), about a third of the county is taken up by the Lake District National Park. Below is a table listing each district by population density. For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Crinkle Crags as seen from the adjoining fell of Cold Pike. ...

District Population Density Population Area
Barrow-in-Furness 924 / km² 71,980 77.87 km²
Carlisle 101 / km² 105,200 1,039.97 km²
Copeland 97 / km² 71,500 737.59 km²
Allerdale 77 / km² 96,300 1,553.39 km²
South Lakeland 66 / km² 102,900 1,257.79 km²
Eden 24 / km² 52,800 2,156.45 km²

This article is about the physical quantity. ... Barrow-in-Furness is a local government district and borough in the administrative county of Cumbria, and the historic County of Lancashire, England. ... The City of Carlisle is a local government district with city status in Cumbria, England. ... Copeland is the name of some places in the world, a family name, etc: Copeland, County Down Copeland (UK Parliament constituency) Copeland, England Copeland, Kansas, United States of America Copeland, Indie rock band Stewart Copeland, drummer for the band The Police Edwin and Herbert Copeland, biologists David Copeland, neo-nazi... Allerdale is a local government district and borough in Cumbria, England. ... South Lakeland is a local government district in Cumbria, England. ... Eden is a local government district in Cumbria, England. ...

Ethnicity

The data below is based on recent available 2005 estimates.

District White British White Other Mixed Race S. Asian Chinese Afro-Caribbean Other
Allerdale [1] 97.3% 1.4% 0.4% 0.4% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1%
Barrow-in-Furness [2] 96.7% 1.8% 0.5% 0.6% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2%
Carlisle [3] 96.5% 1.7% 0.4% 0.6% 0.3% 0.2% 0.1%
Copeland [4] 97.1% 1.3% 0.4% 0.6% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1%
Eden [5] 97.1% 1.6% 0.4% 0.5% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1%
South Lakeland [6] 95.6% 2.3% 0.6% 0.6% 0.4% 0.3% 0.2%
Cumbria Average 96.7% 1.7% 0.5% 0.6% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1%

Increase
Cumbria has previosuly been considered an almost all white county, however since the millenium, the county has experienced one of the UK's largest increases in the population of non-indigenous communities. Below is a table noting the percentage change for each respective ethnic group between 2004 and 2005 compared to England as a whole. Altough please note that this table does not reflect how many people of each race recide in each district, large percentage increases in such places as Copeland and Eden often mean that a community could have just increased from 30 to 37 [7]. White British is an ethnic classification used in the United Kingdom Census 2001, 92. ... White Other is a term used in the UK census to describe white persons of non-British descent. ... British Mixed is the term given to Britons of mixed race/ethnic descent. ... The term British Asian is used to denote a person of Southern Asian ancestry or origin, or sometimes Western Asian origin, who was born in or was an immigrant to the United Kingdom. ... See also: British African-Caribbean community, Caribbean British, British Asian,Britsh Mixed Black British is term which has had different meanings and uses as a racial and political label. ... The 2001 UK Census ethnic groups include White British, White Other, Mixed Race, Asian British, Black British and Chinese or other ethnic group. ... Allerdale is a local government district and borough in Cumbria, England. ... Barrow-in-Furness is a local government district and borough in the administrative county of Cumbria, and the historic County of Lancashire, England. ... The City of Carlisle is a local government district with city status in Cumbria, England. ... Copeland is the name of some places in the world, a family name, etc: Copeland, County Down Copeland (UK Parliament constituency) Copeland, England Copeland, Kansas, United States of America Copeland, Indie rock band Stewart Copeland, drummer for the band The Police Edwin and Herbert Copeland, biologists David Copeland, neo-nazi... Eden is a local government district in Cumbria, England. ... South Lakeland is a local government district in Cumbria, England. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...

Ethnic Group  % Change for Cumbria  % Change for England District with smallest increase District with largest increase
White British -0.1% 0.0% Allerdale -0.4% Eden 0.1%
White Irish 1.7% -1.7% Barrow-in-Furness -0.4% Eden 6.5%
Other White 12.3% 7.2% Copeland 9.1% Barrow-in-Furness 15.9%
White and Black Caribbean 11.5% 3.2% Barrow-in-Furness 9.1% Eden 16.0%
White and Black African 11.1% 6.4% South Lakeland 6.7% Eden 20.4%
White and Asian 11.0% 6.0% Allerdale 9.1% Copeland 14.9%
Other Mixed 9.3% 5.6% South Lakeland 7.7% Copeland 14.0%
Indian 22.3% 5.1% Allerdale 18.7% Copeland 27.0%
Pakistani 21.2% 3.8% Allerdale 16.4% Copeland 23.6%
Bangladeshi 11.9% 3.6% Copeland 6.0% Eden 23.7%
Other Asian 17.1% 6.4% Barrow-in-Furness 8.4% Copeland 28.4%
Black Caribbean 18.9% 0.7% South Lakeland 15.1% Allerdale 27.1%
Black African 27.4% 6.1% Barrow-in-Furness 21.8% Copeland 32.0%
Other Black 15.4% 3.2% Barrow-in-Furness 10.5% Allerdale 24.5%
Chinese 14.8% 10.2% Allerdale 8.2% South Lakeland 17.8%
Other Ethnic Group 17.8% 8.2% Copeland 14.7% Eden 21.9%

Notable Non-Indigenous Ethnic Communities White British is an ethnic classification used in the United Kingdom Census 2001, 92. ... Irish Britons are residents of Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) whose birth place and/or ancestry originates in the island of Ireland. ... White Other is a term used in the UK census to describe white persons of non-British descent. ... British Mixed is the term given to Britons of mixed race/ethnic descent. ... British Mixed is the term given to Britons of mixed race/ethnic descent. ... British Mixed is the term given to Britons of mixed race/ethnic descent. ... British Mixed is the term given to Britons of mixed race/ethnic descent. ... The term British Asian is used to denote a person of Southern Asian ancestry or origin, or sometimes Western Asian origin, who was born in or was an immigrant to the United Kingdom. ... See also: British African-Caribbean community, Caribbean British, British Asian,Britsh Mixed Black British is term which has had different meanings and uses as a racial and political label. ... See also: British African-Caribbean community, Caribbean British, British Asian,Britsh Mixed Black British is term which has had different meanings and uses as a racial and political label. ... See also: British African-Caribbean community, Caribbean British, British Asian,Britsh Mixed Black British is term which has had different meanings and uses as a racial and political label. ... The 2001 UK Census ethnic groups include White British, White Other, Mixed Race, Asian British, Black British and Chinese or other ethnic group. ...

For other uses, see Carlisle (disambiguation). ... British Mixed is the term given to Britons of mixed race/ethnic descent. ... Barrow-in-Furness is a town in Cumbria, England. ... See also: British African-Caribbean community, Caribbean British, British Asian,Britsh Mixed Black British is term which has had different meanings and uses as a racial and political label. ... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Latin American Britons (Spanish: ) are citizens born or mainly raised in the United Kingdom who are of Latin American background. ...

People of interest

Ade Gardner (b. ... Phil Jackson is a former Great Britain rugby league captain and centre as well as a Barrow club legend. ... Nella Last (October 4, 1889 - 1968) was a housewife who lived in Barrow-in-Furness, England. ... Jimmy Lewthwaite (10 November 1920 - 23 December 2006), who was born in Cleator Moor, Cumberland, was a rugby league winger for Barrow and Great Britain. ... Harold Hadley (born October 26, 1877 in Barrow-in-Furness, died September 12, 1942 in West Bromwich) was an English professional footballer and football manager. ... Shana Haji is a professional Iranian football player and he plays as a right midfielder. ... Willie Horne was born in Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire on 23rd January, 1922. ... Mick Hucknall in Bremen Michael James Hucknall (born 8 June 1960 in, Manchester, England) is a British singer and songwriter. ... Nigel Kneale (born Thomas Nigel Kneale on April 18, 1922 in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, England, UK) is a Manx television and film scriptwriter, who has worked mostly in the UK. He is best known for his creation of the character of Professor Bernard Quatermass, who has appeared in three... Ian McDonald (born May 10, 1953 in Barrow-in-Furness) is a former English footballer. ... Frank McPherson (born May 14, 1901 in Barrow-in-Furness) was an English football player. ... Vic Metcalfe (born 1922 in Barrow-in-Furness) was a professional footballer who played as a midfielder for Huddersfield Town and Hull City. ... Dave Myers (Barrow-in-Furness) and Simon Si King (Newcastle-upon-Tyne), collectively known as The Hairy Bikers, are British TV presenters who have fronted the series The Hairy Bikers Cookbook (2005-6) and The Hairy Bikers Ride Again (2007) for BBC Two. ... Jack Pelter (born 30 July 1987 in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria) is a football player, currently playing for Sunderland A.F.C.[1], as a centre back. ... Peter Purves (publicity portrait) Peter Purves (born February 10, 1939) is a British actor and television presenter. ... Constance Spry (December 5, 1886 - January 3, 1960) was a famous British florist and author in the mid-20th century. ... Michael Gary Stevens (born in Barrow-in-Furness, England, 27 March 1963) was an English footballer who shot to fame in the great Everton side of the 1980s. ... Dame Stella Rimington in her official photo as Director-General of MI5 Dame Stella Rimington, DCB (born May 1935) was the Director-General (DG) of MI5 from 1992 to 1996. ... Thomas Round (born October 18, 1915) is a retired English singer and actor, best known for his performances in the tenor roles of the Savoy Operas with the DOyly Carte Opera Company, Sadlers Wells Opera (now known as English National Opera), and Gilbert & Sullivan for All. ... Adam Wayne Roynon (born 30 August 1988 in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria)[1] is a speedway rider in the United Kingdom, riding with the Rye House Rockets in the Premier League. ... Karen Taylor is an English comedienne from Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria. ... Keith Tyson (born August 23, 1969) is an English artist. ... Leonard Litton Wilkinson (born November 5, 1916, Northwich, Cheshire, died September 3, 2002, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire) was an English cricketer who played in 3 Tests from 1938 to 1939. ... Aim (real name Andy Turner) is a British musician, DJ and producer, who was born in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria. ... This article is about the English statesman Sir John Barrow. ... (William) Norman Birkett, 1st Baron Birkett (September 6, 1883 - February 10, 1962) was a noted British Barrister and judge who served as the alternate British Judge during the Nuremberg trials after World War II. Norman Birkett KC MP in 1930 Norman Birkett was a native of Ulverston near Barrow-in... Sir Christian John Storey Bonington, CBE (born 6 August 1934 in Hampstead, London) is an English mountaineer. ... Donald Malcolm Campbell, CBE (23 March 1921 – 4 January 1967) was a British car and motorboat racer who broke eight world speed records in the 1950s and 60s. ... Glenn Cornick (born Glenn Douglas Barnard Cornick, 24 April 1947, in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria) was the first bass player in the rock band, Jethro Tull. ... Wayne Curtis (born 6 March 1980 in Barrow-in-Furness) is an English football striker. ... Steve Dixon is a newsreader for Sky News. ... Maurice Gerald Flitcroft (November 23, 1929 – March 24, 2007) was an audacious British amateur golfer and a hoaxer. ... Melvyn Bragg, Baron Bragg, FRSL, FRTS (born 6 October 1939, in Wigton, Cumberland) is a British author and broadcaster. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Fletcher Christian, an artists impression Fletcher Christian (September 25, 1764 – October 3, 1793) was a Masters Mate on board the Bounty during William Blighs fateful voyage to Tahiti for breadfruit plants (see Mutiny on the Bounty). ... Lady Anne Clifford (1591-1676) was the only surviving child of George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland (1558-1605) by his wife Margaret Russell, daughter of the Earl of Bedford. ... Mark John Frank Cueto (born December 26, 1979 in Workington, Cumbria) is an English international rugby union player. ... Samuel Taylor Coleridge (October 21, 1772 – July 25, 1834) (pronounced ) was an English poet, critic, and philosopher who was, along with his friend William Wordsworth, one of the founders of the Romantic Movement in England and one of the Lake Poets. ... John Dalton John Dalton (September 6, 1766 – July 27, 1844) was an English chemist and physicist, born at Eaglesfield, near Cockermouth in Cumberland. ... Thomas de Quincey (August 15, 1785 - December 8, 1859) was an English author and intellectual. ... Douglas Ferreira, O.B.E., (1929 - 2003) was the longest serving General Manager of the Ravenglass & Eskdale Railway, a heritage railway in Cumbria, England known as the Ratty. He was at the heart of the Ratty for thirty four years. ... Margaret Fell or Margaret Fox (1614 - April 23, 1702) was one of the founding members of the Religious Society of Friends, and was popularly known as the mother of Quakerism. She is considered one of the Valiant Sixty, early Quaker preachers and missionaries. ... Willie Horne was born in Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire on 23rd January, 1922. ... Francis Howgill (1618-November 20, 1668) was a prominent early member of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) in England. ... Emlyn Walter Hughes, OBE (August 28, 1947 - November 9, 2004) was an English footballer who captained the much-decorated Liverpool F.C. side of the 1970s. ... Thomas Henry Ismay (7 January 1837 – 23 November 1899) was the founder of the Oceanic Steam Navigation Company, more commonly known as the White Star Line. ... Stan Laurel (born Arthur Stanley Jefferson; 16 June 1890 – 23 February 1965) was an English comic actor, writer and director, famous as part of the comedy double act Laurel and Hardy, whose career stretched from the silent films of the early 20th Century until post-World War II. // Stan Laurel... Hugh Cecil Lowther, 5nd Earl of Lonsdale (1857 - 1944), was an English nobleman. ... Fell running, also known as mountain running and hill running, is the sport of running and racing, off road, over upland country where the gradient climbed is a significant component of the difficulty. ... Norman Cornthwaite Nicholson OBE, (January 8, 1914 – May 30, 1987), was an English poet, known for his association with the Cumberland town of Millom. ... Saint Ninian (c. ... Catherine Parr or Jane Grey Catherine Parr (c. ... John Peel (1776?-1854) was a British huntsman and is the subject of the 18th century song Dye ken John Peel? He was a Cumberland farmer, who kept a pack of fox hounds. ... Helen Beatrix Potter (28 July 1866 – 22 December 1943) was an English author and illustrator, botanist, and conservationist, best known for her childrens books, which featured animal characters such as Peter Rabbit. ... Sir James Ramsden (1822 – 19 October 1896) was a British civil engineer, industrialist, and civic leader, who played a dominant role in the development of the new town of Barrow-in-Furness, serving five successive terms as mayor on its first achieving municipal borough status, from 1867 onwards. ... Canon Hardwicke Drummond Rawnsley (born on September 29, 1851 at Shiplake-on-Thames near Henley-on-Thames, died in 1920 at Allan Bank, Grasmere, Cumbria, England) was a clergyman, poet, writer of hymns and one of the co-founders of the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural... Portrait of Miss Willoughby, second half of 18th century. ... Upper: Steel-plate engraving of Ruskin as a young man, made circa 1845, scanned from print made circa 1895. ... Charles Montagu Slater (born in 1902 in Lancashire, died in December 1956 in London) was an English writer and librettist most notable for writing the libretto to the Benjamin Britten opera Peter Grimes, based on George Crabbes poem The Borough. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Robert Southey, English poet Robert Southey (August 12, 1774 – March 21, 1843) was an English poet of the Romantic school, one of the so-called Lake Poets, and Poet Laureate. ... Michael Gary Stevens (born in Barrow-in-Furness, England, 27 March 1963) was an English footballer who shot to fame in the great Everton side of the 1980s. ... Stuart Stockdale is a fashion designer born in Carlisle, UK. He graduated from St Martin’s College, London and has worked for DKNY, Jasper Conran, Romeo Gigli and J Crew. ... Edward Troughton (October 1753 – June 12, 1835) was a British instrument maker, who was notable for making telescopes and other astronomical instruments. ... Keith Tyson (born August 23, 1969) is an English artist. ... Josefina Alys Hermes de Vasconcellos (26 October 1904-20 July 2005) was an English sculptor of Brazilian origin. ... Alfred Wainwright c. ... Lord Soulsby of Swaffham Prior Ernest Jackson Lawson Soulsby, Baron Soulsby of Swaffham Prior (born 23 June 1926) is a distinguished microbiologist and parasitologist. ... John Iron-Mad Wilkinson (1728 – 1808) was a British industrialist who suggested the use of iron for many roles where other materials had previously been used. ... Dorothy Mae Ann Wordsworth (December 25, 1771 – January 25, 1855) was an English poet and diarist. ... Wordsworth redirects here. ...

Places of interest

Key
Image:AP_Icon.PNG Abbey/Priory/Cathedral
Accessible open space Accessible open space
Amusement/Theme Park
Image:CL_icon.PNG Castle
Country Park Country Park
English Heritage
Image:FC icon.png Forestry Commission
Heritage railway Heritage railway
Historic house Historic House
Museum (free)
Museum
Museums (free/not free)
National Trust National Trust
Zoo

See also: List of castles in Cumbria Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Abbeys and priories in England is a link page for any abbey, priory, friary or other monastic religious house in England. ... Access Land icon for use on UK lists of places of interest, created by Joe D. File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This is a list of amusement parks which are or were based in the UK. Alton Towers Adventure Island American Adventure Barry Island Pleasure Park Blackpool Pleasure Beach Blackgang Chine Brean Leisure Park Brighton Pier Camelot Theme Park Chessington World of Adventures Clarence Pier Crealy Dobwalls Diggerland Drayton Manor Dreamland... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Castles in England is a link page for any castle in England. ... Image File history File links Country_Park1. ... A country park is an area designated for people to visit and enjoy recreation in a countryside environment. ... English Heritage icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest. ... The standard of English Heritage English Heritage is a non-departmental public body of the United Kingdom government (Department for Culture, Media and Sport) with a broad remit of managing the historic environment of England. ... Forrestry Commision logo for use on UK lists of places of intrest. ... The Forestry Commission (established in 1919) is a non ministerial Government Department responsible for forestry in Great Britain. ... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... A scene on a heritage railway. ... Historic House icon For use with Template:EngPlacesKey or any other use. ... Historic houses in England is a link page for any stately home, country house or other historic house in England. ... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... The Louvre Museum in Paris, one of the largest and most famous museums in the world. ... Small National Trust for England logo for use on UK lists of places of interest. ... The standard of the National Trust The National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, usually known as The National Trust, is a British preservation organization. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The following is a partial list of zoological gardens (zoos): // Egypt Giza Zoo Alexandria Zoo Qariyet El Assad (Lions Village) South Africa National Zoo, Pretoria Johannesburg Zoo[1] East London Tanzania Saa Nane Museum and Zoo, Mwanza Afghanistan Kabul Zoo, Kabul Bangladesh Dhaka Zoo, Mirpur, Dhaka China Beijing Zoo Chengdu... Castles in England is a link page for any castle in England. ...

Map of the lake from 1925 Bassenthwaite Lake seen from Blackstock Point The south end of Bassenthwaite Lake Bassenthwaite Lake is located in the Lake District in England. ... Bewcastle is a village and civil parish in the City of Carlisle district of Cumbria, England. ... Black Combe is a fell in the far south of the English Lake District, just four miles from the Irish Sea. ... This article is about the house in Cumbria; for the Belfast football club see Brantwood F.C. Brantwood, overlooking Coniston Water, Cumbria, England, was the home of Victorian writer and painter John Ruskin from 1872 until his death in 1900. ... Historic House icon For use with Template:EngPlacesKey or any other use. ... Brough Castle is a ruined castle overlooking the town of Brough in Cumbria, England. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... English Heritage icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest. ... Brougham Castle near the confluence of the River Eamont and River Lowther, 2004 Brougham Castle is about 2 miles to the south-east of Penrith, Cumbria (grid reference NY537290). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... English Heritage icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest. ... Brougham Hall is located in the village of Brougham, Penrith, Cumbria, England. ... , Broughton-in-Furness is a small town on the southern boundary of Englands Lake District National Park. ... Brougham Castle near the confluence of the River Eamont and River Lowther, 2004 Brougham Castle is about 2 miles to the south-east of Penrith, Cumbria (grid reference NY537290). ... Image:Beautiful britain buttermere. ... Cartmel Priory Cartmel Priory, at Cartmel, Cumbria, England, is a priory founded in 1190 by William Marshal, later 2nd Earl of Pembroke for the Augustinian Canons and dedicated to Saint Mary the Virgin and Saint Michael. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Carlisle Castle is situated in the historic town of Carlisle, Cumbria in England. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... English Heritage icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Castlerigg Stone Circle near Keswick is one of the most visually impressive prehistoric monuments in Britain, and is the most visited stone circle in Cumbria. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Coniston Water as seen from Holme Fell, 3 kilometres to the north. ... Crummock Water is a lake in the Lake District in Cumbria, England. ... The Cumbria Coastal Way at Sandscale Haws, Cumbria The Cumbria Coastal Way (CCW) is a long distance footpath which follows a majority of the coast from Silverdale in Lancashire to Gretna, allowing users to travel from Cumbrias southern border to just north of the English - Scottish border. ... Long-distance trails (or long-distance tracks, paths, footpaths or greenways) are trails or footpaths covering large distances, typically 50 km or more, used for rambling (that is, hiking or backpacking). ... The Cumbria Way is a Long Distance Footpath in Cumbria, England. ... Long-distance trails (or long-distance tracks, paths, footpaths or greenways) are trails or footpaths covering large distances, typically 50 km or more, used for rambling (that is, hiking or backpacking). ... The Dales Way is a Long Distance Footpath in northern England. ... Long-distance trails (or long-distance tracks, paths, footpaths or greenways) are trails or footpaths covering large distances, typically 50 km or more, used for rambling (that is, hiking or backpacking). ... Dalton Castle is a 14th-century tower situated in Dalton-in-Furness, Cumbria, England, and in the ownership of the National Trust. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Small National Trust for England logo for use on UK lists of places of interest. ... A view of Derwent Water in the English Lake District Derwent Water (alternative spelling, Derwentwater) is one of the principal bodies of water in the Lake District National Park in the north of England. ... The Dock Museum is a museum situated in the British town of Barrow-in-Furness (Cumbria). ... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... Egremont Castle was in the town of Egremont, Cumbria. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... English Heritage icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest. ... The Eden Valley Railway is located near Appleby-in-Westmorland in Cumbria. ... A scene on a heritage railway. ... Ennerdale Water, as seen from Revelin Crag Ennerdale Water is one of the smaller lakes in the region of northern England known as the Lake District. ... Fell Foot Park is a Victorian country park situated beside Lake Windermere in Ulverston, Cumbria, England, and in the ownership of the National Trust. ... Small National Trust for England logo for use on UK lists of places of interest. ... Firbank Fell is a hill in Westmorland between the towns of Kendal and Sedbergh that is renowned as a place where George Fox, an early leader in the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers), preached. ... Furness (IPA: ) is a peninsula in the southern part of Cumbria, in north-west England. ... Categories: Cistercians | Ruins | England | Stub ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... [[1]] Coal mining in Whitehaven dates back to the thirteenth century when the monks from St Bees Abbey supervised the opening of coal mines at Arrowthwaite. ... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... Harrison Stickle is the centre peak of The English Lake District and has great geographical and historical significance, which is the southern-most feature of a series of fells that lead northwards to the centre mere (lake) of The English Lake District, Thirlmere. ... // Hadrians Wall is a stone and turf fortification built by the Roman Empire across the width of modern-day England. ... Hartley Castle was a castle near Kirkby Stephen, Cumbria The manor was confiscated circa 1315 from Roger de Clifford and granted to Andrew de Harcla (anglicized to Andrew de Harclay or Hartley) Fortified in 1323 it was granted to Ralph de Nevill and later purchased by Thomas de Musgrave. ... Haweswater seen from high up on Harter Fell Haweswater is a reservoir in the English Lake District built in the valley of Mardale in the county of Cumbria. ... The museum operates in the old Hawkshead Grammar School building from April through to October. ... Hoad Monument is a 100 ft (30. ... Hodbarrow Nature Reserve is on the edge of the Lake District National Park in Cumbria, England. ... Holker Hall in 1880. ... Historic House icon For use with Template:EngPlacesKey or any other use. ... Kendal Castle is situated on a mound-like hill, known as a drumlin, to the east of the town of Kendal, Cumbria, in northern England. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Access Land icon for use on UK lists of places of interest, created by Joe D. File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK... Green Quarter Kentmere valley (Grid reference NY456042) is situated in the Lake District National Park, a few miles from Kendal, Cumbria, England. ... Killington Beck is a stream or beck in Cumbria, England about 15 km long. ... Kirkby Lonsdale is a town in Cumbria, UK, on the River Lune. ... LMS Class 4MT no. ... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... Windermere from the north. ... Categories: Stub | Cumbria | Abbeys in England | English Heritage ... Levens Hall circa 1880. ... Historic House icon For use with Template:EngPlacesKey or any other use. ... Longsleddale is a valley in eastern Cumbria. ... , Millom is a town on the estuary of the River Duddon in Cumbria, England, which, in Victorian Times, was merely a small hamlet by the name of Holborn Hill. ... Millom Folk Museum has a full scale drift mine exhibit and also houses information about the world famous local poet Norman Nicholson. ... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... National Nature Reserves in Cumbria in England are established by English Nature and managed by them or by non-governmental organisations such as the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds or the National Trust. ... The Pennine Way is a long-distance footpath in England. ... Long-distance trails (or long-distance tracks, paths, footpaths or greenways) are trails or footpaths covering large distances, typically 50 km or more, used for rambling (that is, hiking or backpacking). ... Penrith Castle was built between 1399 and 1470 as a defense against Scottish raids. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... English Heritage icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest. ... Piel Island also known as Piel Island lies half a mile (1420 km) off the southern tip of the Furness Peninsula in the administrative county of Cumbria, though formerly in the area of Lancashire north of the sands. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... English Heritage icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest. ... The Quaker Tapestry consists of 77 panels illustrating the history of Quakerism from the 17th century up to the present day. ... For the 1832-1918 Parliamentary constituency, see Kendal (UK Parliament constituency). ... RAF Millom opened in January 1941 as No. ... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... The Ravenglass & Eskdale Railway is a heritage railway in Cumbria, England. ... A scene on a heritage railway. ... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... Entrance to the Rheged Discovery Centre Rheged was a Brythonic nation of Sub-Roman Britain, where the natives spoke Cumbric. ... Rydal Water is a small lake in the central region of the English Lake District, in the county of Cumbria. ... The Sellafield facility on the Cumbrian coast, United Kingdom Sellafield is the name of a nuclear site, close to the village and railway station of Seascale, operated by Sellafield Ltd, but owned since 1 April 2005 by the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority. ... The village of Silecroft in Cumbria is situated between the towns of Millom and Bootle, and also neighbours the towns of Haverigg and Kirksanton. ... Sizergh Castle & Garden are a castle, stately home and garden in Sizergh, Cumbria, England, about four miles south of Kendal, and in the care of the National Trust. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Small National Trust for England logo for use on UK lists of places of interest. ... See also Staveley-in-Cartmel, Cumbria Staveley village viewed from Reston Scar Staveley (grid reference SD469981) is a village in Cumbria some 7 miles north-west of Kendal, situated at the mouth of the Kentmere valley. ... Swarthmoor Hall was the home of Margaret Fell, a 17th Century English Quaker. ... Thirlmere is a reservoir in the Lake District National Park, England. ... The middle and lower reaches of Ullswater from Hallin Fell Ullswater is the second largest lake in the English Lake District, being approximately 9 miles (14. ... Vickerstown is an area located on the Isle of Walney, in the town of Barrow-in-Furness, England. ... Wast Water seen from the summit of Great Gable, 4. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Whinfell forest is small area of woodland that lies south east of Penrith in Cumbria and just off the A66 Roman road leading to Appleby in Westmorland. ...

See also

The Anglo-Scottish border runs for 96 kilometres (60 miles) between the River Tweed on the east coast and the Solway Firth in the west. ... The county of Cumbria in the north west of England has a long and complex history of human settlement. ... Not to be confused with the Celtic Cumbric language Cumbria, in the extreme North West of England, is by no means unique in having a traditional local dialect, but the isolation of the area and its rich history mean that this is perhaps one of the most interesting rural dialects...

References

  1. ^ County council votes to pursue a single council for Cumbria. Retrieved on 2007-02-24.
  2. ^ [http://www.boundarycommittee.org.uk/files/dms/REPCUMB_12840-9355__E__.pdf Local Government Review in the Cumbria County Council Area]. Retrieved on 2007-02-24.
  3. ^ Kronos; A Chronology of the Martial Arts and Combative Sports. Retrieved on 2007-02-24.
  4. ^ Cinaet Scothack. Wrestling in Gaelic Culture. Retrieved on 2--7-02-24.
  5. ^ Amateur Wrestling. Retrieved on 2007-02-24.
  6. ^ Kronos; A Chronology of the Martial Arts and Combative Sports. Retrieved on 2007-02-24.
  7. ^ a b Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  8. ^ a b includes hunting and forestry
  9. ^ a b includes energy and construction
  10. ^ a b includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured
  11. ^ Polish immigrants in Carlisle
  12. ^ Chinese immigrants in Carlisle
  13. ^ Filipino immigrants in Barrow
  14. ^ Kosovan immigrants in Barrow

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Cumbria
  • Official Tourist Board Website
  • Cumbria Tourist and Historical Website
  • BBC Cumbria Digital Lives Project
  • Carlisle Diocese (Church of England)
  • Rydal Hall - Carlisle Diocesan Retreat and Conference centre

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cumbria - the Lake District: Golakes website, lake district hotels, b&b, lake district cottages, luxury hotel lake ... (347 words)
Cumbria - the Lake District: Golakes website, lake district hotels, b&b, lake district cottages, luxury hotel lake district.
As the official tourist board website for Cumbria - The Lake District, golakes, has much to offer in terms of accommodation and area information.
Accommodation in Cumbria – The Lake District is varied to suit all needs and budgets.
Cumbria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (398 words)
Cumbria is a county in the North West region of England.
Cumbria is neighboured by Northumberland, County Durham, North Yorkshire, Lancashire, and the Lieutenancy areas of Dumfries and Roxburgh, Ettrick and Lauderdale in Scotland.
The modern county of Cumbria was created in 1974, by combining the area of the abolished administrative counties of Cumberland and Westmorland, plus the Furness part of Lancashire, and a protrusion of Yorkshire (the former Sedbergh Rural District).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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