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Encyclopedia > Cumberland River
Cumberland River
Canoers on the Cumberland River
Origin Oven Fork, Kentucky
Mouth Ohio River
Basin countries United States
Length 687 mi (1,106 km)
Source elevation 1,575 ft (480 m)
Avg. discharge 30,441 ft³/s (862 m3/s
Basin area 18,081 mi² (46,830 km²)

The Cumberland River is an important waterway in the southern United States. It is 687 miles (1,106 km) long. It starts in Letcher County in eastern Kentucky on the Cumberland Plateau, flows through southeastern Kentucky before crossing into northern Tennessee, and then curves back up into western Kentucky before draining into the Ohio River at Smithland, Kentucky. The native American name for the Cumberland River was the Warrito. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A canoe is a relatively small boat, typically human-powered, but also commonly sailed. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... The Ohio River is the largest tributary by volume of the Mississippi River. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (yellow outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (blue lines) of a contiguous area. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... In hydrology, the discharge of a river is the volume of water transported by it in a certain amount of time. ... The U.S. Southern states or The South, known during the American Civil War era as Dixie, is a distinctive region of the United States with its own unique historical perspective, customs, musical styles, and cuisine. ... Letcher County is a county located in the state of Kentucky. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... The Cumberland Plateau includes much of eastern Kentucky and western West Virginia in the United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... The Ohio River is the largest tributary by volume of the Mississippi River. ... Smithland is a city located in Livingston County, Kentucky. ...


In 1748, Dr. Thomas Walker led a party of hunters across the Appalachian Mountains from Virginia. Walker, a Virginian, was an explorer and surveyor of renown. He gave the name "Cumberland" to the lofty range of mountains his party crossed, in honor of Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland whose name became popular in America after the Battle of Culloden (Stewart, 1967). Walker's party pursued their journey by way of the Cumberland Gap into what is today Tennessee. Finding a beautiful mountain stream flowing across their course they called it the "Cumberland River." It is probable that Walker's party hunted along the river as far as French Lick, and from there back to Virginia through Kentucky. Events April 24 - A congress assembles at Aix-la-Chapelle with the intent to conclude the struggle known as the War of Austrian Succession - at October 18 - The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle is signed to end the war Adam Smith begins to deliver public lectures in Edinburgh Building of... Dr Thomas Walker was an English physician and explorer who led an expedition to what was then the Transalleghany area of British North America in the mid-18th century. ... A rainy day in the Great Smoky Mountains, Western North Carolina Appalachia, the central and southern Appalachian Mountains of the United States, also including the Allegany and Cumberland Plateaus The Appalachian Mountains (French: les Appalaches) are a vast system of North American mountains, partly in Canada, but mostly in the... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,793 sq mi (110,862 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ... The Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, KG, KB, PC (15 April 1721–31 October 1765), a younger son of King George II of Great Britain and Queen Caroline, was a noted military leader. ... Combatants Royal Army Jacobite Forces Commanders William Augustus Bonnie Prince Charlie Strength ca. ... Cumberland Gap in winter The Cumberland Gap is a pass across the Cumberland Mountains region of the Appalachian Mountains, famous in American history for its role as the chief passageway through the mountains for early settlers. ... For other cities named Nashville, see Nashville (disambiguation). ...


Walker's journal entry for April 17, 1750, reads in part: "I went down the creek a-hunting, and found that it went into a river about a mile below our camp. This, which is Flat Creek and some other join'd, I called Cumberland River."


Previous to Walker's trip, the Cumberland River had been called Warioto by Native Americans and Shauvanon by French traders. The river was also known as the Shawnee River (or Shawanoe River) for years after Walker's trip. [1] An Aani (Atsina) named Assiniboin Boy. ... The Shawnee, or Shawano, are a people native to North America. ...


The Cumberland River is a wild river above the headwaters of Lake Cumberland. Cumberland Falls, a 68-foot waterfall on this section of river, is one of the largest waterfalls in the eastern United States, and the only place in the Western Hemisphere where a moonbow can be seen. Most of the river below Lake Cumberland's Wolf Creek Dam is navigable because of a number of locks and dams. A 90 mile section of its Big South Fork is protected by the National Park Service as Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area. Cumberland Falls by day. ... Hopetoun Falls near Otway National Park, Victoria, Australia A waterfall is usually a geological formation resulting from water, often in the form of a stream, flowing over an erosion-resistant rock formation that forms a sudden break in elevation. ... Photograph of a Moonbow (Lunar Rainbow) A moonbow (also known as a lunar rainbow or white rainbow) is a rainbow that occurs at night. ... Wolf Creek Dam The Wolf Creek Dam is a dam on the Cumberland River in the Western part of Russell County, Kentucky. ... Canal locks in England. ... Scrivener Dam, in Canberra, Australia, was engineered to withstand a once-in-5000-years flood A dam is a barrier across flowing water that obstructs, directs or retards the flow, often creating a reservoir, lake or impoundment. ... The Big South Fork of the Cumberland River is a major drainage feature of the Cumberland Plateau, a major tributary of the Cumberland River system, a world-class whitewater canoeing and kayaking stream, and the major feature of a National Recreation Area bearing its name. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... The Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area preserves the Big South Fork of the Cumberland River in northern Tennessee and southern Kentucky. ...


Dams at various locations of the Cumberland River have created large reservoirs for recreation such as Lake Barkley in western Kentucky and Lake Cumberland (the deepest lake in the Tennessee and Cumberland river valleys) in southern Kentucky. Cordell Hull and Old Hickory Lake to the east of Nashville and Cheatham Lake to the west. Laurel Lake, on the Laurel River in southern Kentucky, the Dale Hollow Reservoir on the Obey River in northeast middle Tennessee, and Percy Priest Lake on the Stones River in Nashville are each created by dams just upstream from their respective confluence with the Cumberland River. Lake Barkley, a man-made lake in Kentucky and Tennessee, was impounded by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in 1966 upon the completion of Barkley Dam. ... Map of Lake Cumberland Aerial composite of Lake Cumberland Lake Cumberland is an artificial lake in South-Central Kentucky created by the construction of the Wolf Creek Dam in 1950 at a cost of $80. ... The Old Hickory Lock and Dam forms Old Hickory Lake. ... Dale Hollow Dam and Lake, pictured in early autumn. ... J. Percy Priest Dam forms Percy Priest Lake on the Stones River. ... For other cities named Nashville, see Nashville (disambiguation). ...


Several American Civil War battles occurred near the Cumberland River, including the battle for Fort Donelson. The Union Army of the Cumberland was named after the river. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert Edward Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... This article or section should be merged with Battle of Fort Donelson Fort Donelson, Tennessee, was the site of the first significant Union victory of the American Civil War. ... The Union was a name used by many to refer to the Northern states during the American Civil War. ... Union army in the west during the American Civil War, commanded at various times by Generals Robert Anderson, Don Carlos Buell, William S. Rosecrans, and George Thomas. ...


References

  • Albright, Edward. "Early History of Middle Tennessee". (1908).
  • Stewart, George R. "Names on the Land". (Boston: 1967) (See George R. Stewart)
  • Arthur Benke & Colbert Cushing, "Rivers of North America". Elsevier Academic Press, 2005 ISBN 0-12-088253-1

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cumberland River - LoveToKnow 1911 (422 words)
CUMBERLAND RIVER, a large southern branch of the Ohio river, U.S.A., rising in the highest part of the Cumberland plateau.
At the mouth of the river lies Cumberland Island, in the Ohio.
During low water of the latter stream the Cumberland discharges around both ends of the island, but in high water of the Ohio the gradient of the Cumberland is so slight that its waters are held back, forming a deep quiet pool that extends some 20 m.
TN Encyclopedia: CUMBERLAND RIVER (1544 words)
This section of the river from the 63-foot-tall Cumberland Falls to Burnside, Kentucky, is bounded by 300- to 500-foot-high cliffs of conglomerate and sandstone.
River width from Burnside to Carthage varied from 550 to 600 feet, and the valley from one-half to one mile wide.
At the end of the twentieth century, the Cumberland River continues to be used for the movement of coal, oil, and gravel, but recreation on Corps of Engineer-constructed lakes has become a major part of the river economy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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